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estate by gaming. The love of gaming will corrupt the best principles in the world.
CHA P. I V.
An augry man who suppresses his passionis thinks worse than he speaks ; and an angry man who will chide, speaks worse than he thinks. :
A good word is an easy obligation ; but not to speak ill requires only our silence, which costs us nothing.
It is to affectation the world owes its whole race of coxcombs. Nature in her whole drama never drew such a part ; she has sometimes made a fool, but a coxcomb is always of his own making · It is the infirmity of little minds to be taken with every appearance, and dazzled with every thing that sparkles; but great minds have but little admiration, because few things appear new to them.
It happens to men of learning, as to ears of corn; they shoot up, and raise their heads high, while they are empty ; but when full, and swelled with grain, they begin to flag and droop.
He who is truly polite, knows how to contradict with respect, and to please without adulation ; and is equally remote from an insipid complaisance, and a low familiarity.
The failings of good men are commonly more published in the world than their good deeds ; and one fault of a deserving man; shall meet with more reproaches, than all his virtues, praise : such is the force of ill-will, and ill-nature. It is harder to avoid censure, than to gain
applause; for this may be done by one great or wise action in an age ; but to escape censure , a man must pass his whole life without saying or doing one ill or foolish thing.
When Darius offered Alexander ten thousand talents to divide Asia equally with him, he answered, the Earth cannot bear two suns, nor Asia two kings. Parmenio, a friend of Alexander's , hearing the great offers Darius had made , said : Were I Alexander I would accepl them. So would I , replied Alexander , were I Parmenio.
Nobility is to be considered only as an imaginary distinction , unless accompanied with the practice of those generous virtues by which it ought to be obtained. Titles of honour conferred upon such as have no personal merit , are at best but the royal stamp set upon base metal.
Though an honourable title may be conveyed to posterity, yet the enobling qualities which are the soul of greatvess, are a sort of incommunicable perfections, and cannot be transferred. If a man could bequeath his virtues by will, and settle bis sense and learning upon his heirs, as certainly as he can his lands , a noble.descent would then indeed be a very va luable privilege.
Truth is always consistent with itself, and needs nothing to help it out. It is always near at hand, and sits upon our lips, and is ready to drop out before we are aware : whereas a lie is troublesome, and sets a man's invention upon the rack ; and one trick needs a great many more to make it good.
The pleasure which affects the human mind with the most lively and transporting touches, is the sense that we act in the eye of infinite wisdom , power, and goodness that will crown our virtuous endeavours here with a happiness hereafter, large as our desires, and lasting as our immortal souls ; without this the highest state of life is insipid, and with it the lowest is a paradise.
CHA P. V.
HONOURABLE age is not that which standeth in length of time, nor that is measured by number of years ; but wisdom is grey hair unto man, and umspotted life is old age.
Wickedness condemned by her own witness, is very timorous, and being pressed with conscience, always forecasteth evil things : for fear is nothing else, but a betrayer of the succours which reason offereth.
A wise man will fear in every thing. He that contemneth small things, shall fall by little and little.
A rich man beginning to fall is held up by his friends ; but a poor man being down, is thrust away by his friends. When a rich man is fallen , he has many helpers : he speaketh things not to be spoken , and yet men justify him : the poor man slipt, and they rebuked him ; he spoke wisely and could have no place. When a rich man speaketh, every man holdeth his tongue, and look, what he saith, they extol it to the 'clouds; but if a poor man speaks , they say, What fellow is this?
Many have fallen by the edge of the sword, but not so many as have fallen by the tongue : well is he who is defended from it, and hath not passed through the venom thereof; who hath not drawn the yoke thereof, nor beer bound in her bonds ; for the yoke thereof is a yoke of iron, and the bands thereof are bands of brass ; the death thereof is an evil death.
My son, blemish not thy good deeds, neither use uncomfortable words, when thou givest any thing. Shall not the dew assuage the heat ? so is a word better than a gift. Lo, is not a word better than a gift ? but both are with a gracious man.
Blame not , before thou hast examined the truth ; understand first, and then rebuke.
If thou wouldest get a friend, prove him first, and be not hasty to credit him ; for some men are friends for their own occasions, and will not abide in the day of thy trouble.
Forsake not an old friend, for thenewone is not comparable to him: a new friend is as new wine; when it is old, thou shalt drink it with pleasure.
A friend cannot be known in prosperity; and an enemy cannot be hidden in adversity.
Admonish thy friend ; it may be, he bath not done it ; and if he have , that he do it no more. Admonish thy friend ; it may be, he hath not said it , or if he have, that he speak it not again. Admonish a friend ; for many times it is a slander ; and believe not every tale. There is one that slippeth in his speech, but not from his heart ; and who is he that hath not offended with his tongue ?
Whoso discovereth secrets, loseth his credit, and shall never find a friend to his mind.
Honour thy father with thy whole heart, and forget not the sorrows of thy mother : how canst thou recompense them the things they have done for thee.
There is nothing so much worth as a mind well instructed.
The lips of talkers will be telling such things as pertain not unto them ; but the words of such as have understanding are weighed in the balance. The heart of fools is in their mouth, but the tongue of the wise is in their heart.
To labour, and to be content with that a man hath, is a sweet life.
Be in peace with many; nevertheless have but one counsellor of a thousand.
Be not confident in a plain way.
Let reason go before every enterprize, and counsel before every action.
CHA P. V I. .
THE latter part of a wise man's life is taken up in curing the follies, prejudices, and false opinions he had contracted in the former.
Censure is the tax a man pays to the publie for being eminent.
Very few men, properly speaking, live at present, but are providing to live another time.
Party is the madness of many, for the gain of few.
To endeavour to work upon the vulgar with fine sense, is like attempting to hew blocks of marble with a razor.
Superstition is the spleen of the soul.
He who tells a lie is not sensible how great a task he undertakes : for he must be forced to invent twenty more to maintain that one,
Some people will never learn any thing, for this reason, because they understand every thing too soon.
There is nothing wanting to make all rational and disinterested people in the world of one religion, but that they should talk together every day.