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doing? This I can tell you, he eats and drinks very moderately, but keeps his chamber rather long, and thirteen hours appear to be not too much for him.* When I informed him, that his work On the Earths in the Universe, had been translated and published, he was much delighted, and his eyes, which are always smiling, became still more brilliant. He is now indefatigably at work; yea, I must say, that he labors in a most astonishing and superhuman manner at his new work. Only think! for every printed sheet (4to.) he has to prepare four sheets of manuscript; he now prints two sheets every week, and corrects them himself, and consequently he has to write eight sheets every week; and what appears to me utterly inconceivable, he has not a single line beforehand in store.f His work is to consist, as he himself states, of about eighty sheets in print; and he has calculated that it will not be finished before Michaelmas. The title of this work is the following : True Christian Religion, containing the Universal Theology of the New Church, predicted by the Lord in Daniel chap. viii. 1, 3, 14, and in the Apocalypse chap. xxii. 1, 2, by Emanuel Swedenborg, servant of the Lord Jesus Christ. I could not, in my open manner, conceal my astonishment, that he should put himself upon the title page as a servant of the Lord Jesus Christ. But, he replied, “I have asked, and have not only received permission, but have been ordered to do so.' It is astonishing with what confidence the old gentleman speaks of the spiritual world, of the angels, and of God himself. If I were only to give you the substance of our last conversation, I should fill many pages. He spoke of naturalists (those who ascribe all things to nature) whom he had seen shortly after their death, and amongst whom were even many theologians, or such, at least, as had made theology their profession in this life. He told me things which made me shudder, but which however, I pass by, in order not to be over hasty in my judgement respecting him. I will willingly admit, that I know not what to make
* It must be observed that his time was not all consumed in sleep, but a great portion of it in meditation and spiritual intercourse, when he would, of course, prefer being secluded from the world.
+ This, we think, is a mistake; for Swedenborg had contemplated his last work several years before he printed it. He had written it at home and brought it to Amsterdam to be published, after having been at Paris for that purpose. He, no doubt, revised the MS. as he sent it, sheet by sheet, to the press, and probably made additions and alterations, and this might lead ab Indagine to suppose that he composed it immediately before it was sent to press. Respecting the publication of this work, see an interesting anecdote in Noble's Appeal, last edition, p. 208.
alreaded in conver I allowed
of him; he is a problem that I cannot solve. I sincerely wish, that upright men, whom God has placed as watchmen upon the walls of Zion, had sometime since, occupied themselves with this man.”
The Swedish Documents mention also another letter, written by the same person, addressed to a respectable merchant at Hamburg, dated March 5, 1771; in which he says, amongst other things, “I cannot forbear to tell you something new about Swedenborg. Last Thursday, I paid him a visit, and found him, as usual, writing. He told me, that he had been in conversation that same morning, for three hours, with the deceased king of Sweden. He had seen him already on the Wednesday ; but, as he observed that he was deeply engaged in conversation with the queen, who is still living, he would not disturb him.' I allowed him to continue, but, at length, asked him, how it was possible for a person, who is still in the land of the living, to be met with in the world of spirits? He replied “that it was not the queen herself, but her spiritus familiaris, or her familiar spirit.' I asked him, what that might be? for I had neither heard from him any thing respecting appearances of that kind, nor had I read any thing about them. He then informed me, that every man has either his good, or bad spirit, who is not only constantly with him,* but sometimes a little removed from him, and appears in the world of spirits. But, of this, the man still living, knows nothing; the spirit, however, knows every thing. This familiar spirit has every thing in accordance with his companion upon earth; he has, in the world of spirits, the same figure, the same countenance, and the same tone of voice, and wears also similar garments; in a word, this familiar spirit of the queen,' said Swedenborg, “appeared exactly as he had so often seen the queen herself at Stockholm, and had heard her speak. In order to allay my astonishment, he added, that Dr. Ernestit of Leipzig, had appeared to him, in a similar manner, in the world of spirits, and that he had held a long disputation with him. What will this learned professor say, when he comes to hear of it? Probably he will say, that the old man is in his second childhood; he will only laugh at it, and who can be surprised? I have often wondered at myself, how I could refrain from laughing, when I was hearing such extraordinary things from him. And what is more, I have often heard him relate the same things in a numerous company of ladies and gen
* “Every man has bis associate spirit; and every man attracts to himself a spirit similar to the affection of his will, and hence to the perception of his understanding.” T. C. R., 380., see also A.C., 5470.
+ See T.C. R., 737, where Swedenborg alludes to this circumstance.
tlemen, when I well knew that there were mockers amongst them; but, to my great astonishment, not a single person even thought of laughing. Whilst he is speaking, it is as though every person who hears him were charmed, and compelled to believe him. He is by no means reserved and recluse, but open-hearted, and accessible to all. Whoever invites him as his guest may expect to see him. A certain young gentleman invited him last week to be his guest, and although he was not acquainted with him, he appeared at his table, where he met Jewish and Portugese gentlemen, with whom he freely conversed, without distinction. Whoever is curious to see him has no difficulty ; it is only necessary to go to his house, and he allows any body to approach him. It can easily be conceived, however, that the numerous visits, to which he is liable, deprive him of much time.
I am, &c.,
D. P. ab INDAGINE.”
SKETCH OF SWEDENBORG. From the "American New Jerusalem Magazine." [The following extract we found in a late number of the Corsair,- periodical
lately established in New York, couducted with great ability, and having, as we understand, a wide circulation. A large part of each number consists of selections from English works, and this stands among such selections, but without any reference which would tell us where it came from. This we should be very glad to know. We feel certain that it should be attributed to no work and no writer in England, professedly of the New Church; and that such an article as should contain the following, (for it seems to be an extract,) should be written and published there out of the Church, gives to it a peculiar
interest.) EMANUEL SWEDENBORG was (and the reader ought to know it) one of the greatest and most respectable of men. He was also more than this. He was deeply versed in every science: a first-rate mechanician and mathematician; one of the profoundest of physiologists ; a great military engineer, conducting battles and sieges for Charles the
Twelfth ; a great astronomer; the ablest financier in the Royal Diet of Sweden; the first metallurgist of his time, and the writer of vast works, which, even at this day, are of sterling authority on mining and metals. Then he was a poet, and a master of ancient and modern languages; and a metaphysician, who had gone through all the long mazes of reflective philosophy, and done besides what metaphysicians seldom do, for he had found his way out of the mazes, and got back to reality again. In short, as far as the natural sciences go, N. S. NO. X.-VOL. I.
(and we include among them the “science of mind”), it is much more difficult to say what he was not than what he was.
He was occupied fifty-five years in being and doing the things we have just recorded. Having thus laid an immense basis for his mind, in nature, and a knowledge of the actual, and yet only a basis, he now, like a stately pyramid, rose into the ideal. He pierced through the cloudy curtains of space and time. Nature became to him but the mantle of living souls, giving fixed images to the reason, and distinctness of object to the will. The whole of his theological works, which have consigned him for the present to a neglect he anticipated and had no care for, were now produced. The spiritual world was the object, as well as the subject of his thought; and this produced what we may call the realism of his psychology. In his mind, imagination and sentiment, properly so called, had no place; but, instead of imagination, there was reason, producing itself in images; instead of sentiment, affections forming themselves into reasons. Hence, there is at once the greatest boldness and the greatest method in his thoughts,-one startling proposition developing itself after another, and each coming forth by the most fixed rules of genesis ; a superficial formality, an internal freedom.
COLERIDGE'S OPINION OF SWEDENBORG. Extracted from the last volume of his “ Literary Remains,".
“So much, even from a very partial acquaintance with the works of Swedenborg, I can venture to assert, that, as a moralist, Swedenborg is above all praise, and that, as a naturalist, psychologist, and theologian, he has strong and varied claims to the gratitude and admiration of the professional and philosophical student." (Vol. IV. P. 424.)
[This passage is taken from the British Magazine for September, p. 300, where there is an article recommending the clergy to examine the writings of Swedenborg.]
SWEDENBORG'S WORKS ON MINING AND
For the sake of such as understand Latin, we must not pass by that
magnificent and laborious work of Emanuel Swedenborgius, entitled, Principia Rerum Naturalium, sive novorum Tentaminum Phoenomena Mundi Elementaris Philosophice explicandi: Dresdæ et Lipsia, 1734, in 3 tomes, in folio; in the 2nd and 3rd tomes of which he has given the best account, not only of the methods and newest improvements in metallic works in all places beyond the seas, but also of those in England, and in our Colonies in America; with draughts of the furnaces and instruments employed. It is to be wished we had extracts of this work in English. So industrious are the Swedes in improving themselves in the art of Metallurgy, that they send young gentlemen yearly to travel, not only all over England, but all over Europe, to learn every thing new in regard to mines ; while we in England sit still at home, and seldom go beyond a county or two; though if more diligent search was to be made by persons of skill, there is great reason to believe that nature hath enriched these our Isles with as great subterranean treasures, even the virgin silver of Potosi not excepted, as any other spot of the same extent.
THE EDUCATION AND INCREASE OF THE MINISTRY
OF THE NEW CHURCH. To the Editors of the Intellectual Repository, fc. GENTLEMEN, I PERCEIVE, with great satisfaction, from the Minutes of the late Gen. eral Conference, that a committee was appointed, to take into serious consideration the most appropriate means of educating and increasing the ministry of the New Church.
I do sincerely hope, that this Committee will be actuated by a deep sense of the importance of their duty in deliberating upon this subject, and in devising means for its accomplishment. No arguments are required to prove a self-evident truth. That the spread of our heavenly doctrines will be in proportion to the efficiency of the means employed to disseminate them, cannot, I think, be doubted. The first and most efficient means is, doubtless, that of manifesting them in the life,“ So let your light shine before men that they may see your good works and glorify your Father which is in heaven.” Unless this great condition be complied with, little can, comparatively, be done to spread the truth, and to cause it to be sincerely regarded and affectionately received. But other means, in great variety, should be employed, to make the glorious things of the New Dispensation known to mankind; and I hail with great delight the appointment of a Committee by Con