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upwards of three hundred pounds towards the enlargement of the vestry, and the erection of the school-room over it only a few years since. Our Tablet of benefactions, moreover records a subsequent act of his generosity, which will perfume his memory amongst the congregation assembling here for ages to come.
But we must now draw to a close our sketch of this worthy man's noble career. This is neither the time nor the place for indulging in unmixed eulogy, than which nothing would be more offensive to our lamented friend, could he be cognizant of it as applied to himself. It will be readily conceded that he had his failings and imperfections ; and it is doubtless wisely ordered that much dross, in some shape or other, shall mingle in the composition of the best of mortals, that man may not “glory in man.” Though ordinarily remarkable for accessibility and courtesy, he had often an abruptness and occasionally a sternness in his manner and address, which obscured—to strangers especially-the truly kind and sympathizing heart which animated his bosom; and his uncompromising plainness of speech sometimes displeased even his warmest admirers. It will however be admitted that his pungent rebukes were generally directed against what he took to be acts of negligence and inefficiency in the discharge of official duty, and were never intended to provoke-except to good works.
His last illness was a very long and trying one,-involving a confinement of nearly four years to the house. Still, under this weighty affliction, no one it is believed ever heard him utter a word approaching to complaint, or witnessed in him a gesture indicative of impatience. On the contrary, he often expressed his thankfulness that, in his state of weakness, he had not his bread to earn, and that he was not only himself surrounded with many comforts and alleviations, but had the means also of administering to the wants of others of low degree in similar circumstances of extremity.
Although he was not in the habit of prominently introducing his religious experience in his ordinary conversation, it was abundantly manifest, to those who were honored with his intimacy, that in his declining days his mind was steadily supported by the doctrines of that sacred book which he was ever so anxious to assist in circulating, through the medium of the Bible Society, to earth's remotest bounds. The twenty-third Psalm was a very favourite one, often quoted, and evidently the source of great consolation to him. He used to dwell especially, in his allusions to it, with considerable emphasis on the first clause of the third verse, “He restoreth my soul.” He was not a man of pharisaical profession, but of consistent action; and while sparing of words, said most distinctly, by his conduct, with the Apostle
James, “I will shew thee my faith by my works.” For these works he claimed no merit, while none who knew him well could doubt that he did all under the influence of the highest motive, “To the glory of God;" and most un feignedly would he have complied with the scriptural injunction, “having done all, say, we are unprofitable servants."
He had often, during his illness, been heard to declare that his reliance was on the Lord Jesus Christ alone for salvation, and in nearly his last conscious hour, he again repeated, as his dying testimony, "I have a humble hope through the merits of my Saviour."
No more striking witness could be given to the worth of any private individual than was borne by the inhabitants of this borough on Thursday last, when he was carried to his long home. The general suspension of business, the all but universal closing of the windows both of shops and private houses, and the spontaneous junction of so large a proportion of the people in the funeral procession, plainly told the estimation in which he was held to the last. It was evidently felt by all that the town had lost a friend.
It may be interesting to you to know what I am authorized to announce, that his will contains the following bequests to public institutions, of which he was the constant benefactor during his life.
In the Three per Cent Consols.
1000 British School, Tewkesbury ............
800 Deaf and Dumb Asylum, Birmingham ..........
500 Gloucester Infirmary ...................................
500 Gloucester Lunatic Society ....
500 Gloucester Magdalen Society ...
In Brazilian Bonds.
............ £.1000 Baptist Missionary Society............
1000 Religious Tract Society
1000 Irish Evangelical Society .............
1000 British and Foreign School Society .........
1000 Sterling. School for the Blind, Bristol. ........
£.500 Congregational Home Missionary Society ...........
400 Church Missionary Society .........
300 Infants' School, Tewkesbury.......
100 Dispensary, Tewkesbury........
In the year 1844, on the occurrence of an unexpected contingency, he decided upon becoming his own executor as respects two important institutions originally embraced by his will, viz.
The British and Foreign Bible Society .................... £.2000
Lady Huntingdon's College, Cheshunt .................... 1500 He at the same time gave £.500 to this congregation, which has been before alluded to; and about the same amount to other objects, in addition to his usual annual contributions,
Enquiries and Correspondence.
Preaching of the Gospel. DEAR SIR,—Will you favor me with your opinion on the following question.
Am I right to attend a church where, according to my views, the sermons preached are not scriptural, or is it better to stay away, there being no other place of public worship ? Should I not, by going, countenance what I disapprove ; also, set an example to others to attend likewise, and thus, it may be, doing damage to their souls as well as my own, by listening to false doctrine.
Yours, with much respect, A. G.
Much depends on what the views of A. G. herself are. A vast deal of prejudice is often mixed up with those opinions which we consider to be scriptural; and we are almost always more tender with regard to these prejudices than to the essential truths of religion.
The preaching of the Gospel is the great instrumentality appointed by God for the salvation of the world : if, therefore, the Gospel be not preached, the obligation to attend public worship is void. But the consequences of neglecting God's house are so awful, that we cannot advise A. G. to absent herself on account of a mere difference of opinion. Let her use the good old rules laid down by St. John, and “ try the spirits whether they be of God.”
Creation of the Sun and Moon. From a desire at all times to give a fair hearing to our correspondents, we insert the following communication ; though, we must confess, that it appears to us somewhat irrelevant.
The question asked in our last number (p. 92) was simply this,-how there could be light without the sun, moon, or stars ; and our answer was, that these luminaries did not constitute the light itself, but were the mere receptacles, dispensers, or reflectors of it.
Our present correspondent thinks, however, that we should have made of this question, a peg on which to hang a long essay on the squabbles of geologists, and forwards us the three extracts which we have appended to his communication.
High as is our respect for both the authors cited, we think they have rather evaded, than removed the difficulty of “A Doubter.” The first assumes that the sun was created on the first day,—which is just what the Scriptures seem to deny; and the second fortifies this assumption by bringing forward a variety of ingenious proofs. We do not say that either of them is mistaken; but we venture to affirm, most decidedly, that neither of them clears up the difficulty started by our correspondent, by satisfactorily answering the question, -How there could be light without the sun, moon, or stars.-(Ed.)
To the Editor of “ The Youths' Magazine.” Sır,—Observing in the “Youths' Magazine," for the present month, the query relating to the Creation of the Sun and Moon, signed “A Doubter," I beg leave, very respectfully, to offer a few remarks upon your reply to the enquiry of your correspondent.
The question is so closely connected with a most interesting and important subject,—viz. the relation between the popular interpretation of the Mosaic cosmogony and the views entertained by the ablest geological writers, that it might have been expected, your answer, if it did not refer to the discoveries of geology, would, at least, have been in consistency with its established truths. It is to me a matter of regret, that this is not the case. The mind of your enquirer may be satisfied with your reply to this one question ; but there are several apparent inconsistencies between the incontrovertible facts of geological science and the Mosaic account of the creation, that require an explanation that will not accord with the one you have here given. Would it not have been advisable to have replied to this question in Buch a way, as to have removed other difficulties suggested by the Mosaic narrative; and if space did not allow a full explanation, to have referred your readers to those works where ample satisfaction may be obtained ?
The difficulty which your correspondent experiences in reconciling the command, “Be light, and light was,” with the subsequent account of the sun's creation, has been satisfactorily removed by many writers upon this subject.
I have made extracts from two works which I happen to have at hand,-Dr. Buckland's Bridgewater Treatise, and Dr. Pye Smith's work on “ Scripture and Geology,” whose eminent scientific attainments, united with equally eminent piety, demand for his opinions the utmost regard.
I must apologize for intruding these observations upon your notice. They are written by one who has often experienced both pleasure and profit from the perusal of your Magazine. I am, Sir,
Yours, very respectfully, J. S.
From Dr. Buckland's Bridgewater Treatise on Geology. “ If we suppose all the heavenly bodies, and the earth, to have been created at the indefinitely distant time, designated by the word · beginning ;' and that the darkness described on the evening of the first day, was a temporary darkness, produced by an accumulation of dense vapours' upon the face of the deep :' an incipient dispersion of these vapours may have re-admitted light to the earth, upon the first day, whilst the exciting cause of light was still obscured : and the further purification of the atmosphere upon the fourth day, may have caused the sun, and moon, and stars, to re-appear in the firmament of heaven, to assume their new relations to the newly modified earth and to the human race.”—(2nd Edition, pp. 29—30.)
From Dr. Pye Smith on Scripture and Geology. “A prevalent, though not universal interpretation of the archaic narrative, is that the sun, and all the other heavenly bodies, were created on the fourth day after the creation of the earth. An obvious objection to this opinion is, that light is mentioned in the account of the first day : “God said, Be light and light was.” But to this, the common answer is, that light was created in a diffused state ; and that, on the fourth day, it was condensed and collected into a centre, for the solar system of planets; that this centre is the sun, or within the sun; and that