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fat one;

The rising fun our grief did see,

The setting fun did see the same,
While wretched we remembred thee,

O Sion, Sion, lovely name. 6. The MACROLOGY and PLEONASM are as generally coupled, as a lean rabbit with a

nor is it a wonder, the fuperfluity of words and vacuity of sense, being just the same thing. I am pleased to see one of our greatest adversaries employ this figure. + The growth of meadows, and the pride of fields,

The food of armies and support of wars.
Refuse of swords, and gleanings of a fight,
Lesen his numlers, and contract his hoff
Where'er his friends retire, or foes succeed,

Cover'd with tempests, and in oceans drown'd. Of all which the Perfection is

I Break thro' the billows, and - divide the main

In smoother numbers, and -- in softer verse.
S Divide—and part-the sever'd IVorld--in two.

With ten thousand others equally musical, and plentifully flowing thro' most of our celebrated modern Poems.

* Ibid,

+ Camp. vol, iv. p. 291. 4th Edit,

† Tons. Misc. 120 § Ibid. vol. vi. p. 121.


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Of Expression, and the several Sorts of Style

of the present Age. TI

HE Expression is adequate, when it is pro

portionably low to the Profundity of the Thought. It must not be always Grammatical, left it appear pedantic and ungentlemanly, nor too clear for fear it becomes vulgar; for obscurity bestows a cast of the wonderful, and throws an oracular dignity upon a piece which hath no meaning.

For example, sometimes use the wrong Number; The Sword and Pestilence at once devours, instead of devour. * Sometimes the wrong Cafe ; And who more fit to footh the God than thee? instead of thou : And rather than fay, Thetis saw Achilles weep, she heard him weep.

We must be exceeding careful in two things : first, in the Choice of low Words: secondly, in the sober and orderly way of ranging them. Many of our poets are naturally bless'd with this talent, insomuch that they are in the circumstance of that honest Citizen, who had made Prose all his life without knowing it. Let verses run in this manner, just to be a vehicle to the words : (I take them from my last cited author, who, tho otherwise by no means of our rank, seemed once in his life to have a mind to be fimple.) + If not, a prize I will myse'f decree, From him, or him, or else perhaps from ther.

I full of Day's was he; Two ages past, he liv'd the third to see. * Ti. Hom, Il. i.

+ Ti. Hom. II. i. p. II. Idem, p. 17.

$ The

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* The king of forty kings, and honour'd more

By mighty Jove than e'er was king before.
+ That I may know, if thou my pray’r deny,

The most despis’d of all the Gods am I.
I Then let my mother once be ruld by me,
Tho' much more wise than I pretend to be.

Or these of the same hand.
$ I leave the arts of poetry and verse

To them that practise them with more success :
Of greater truths I now prepare to tell,

so at once, dear friend and muse, farewel. Sometimes a single Word will vulgarize a poetical idea ; as where a Ship set on fire owes all the Spirit of the Bathos to one choice word that ends the line.

|| And his scorch'd ribs the hot Contagion fry’d.
And in that description of a World in ruins,
** Should the whole frame of nature round him break,
He unconcern'd would hear the mighty Crack.

So also in these.
++ Beasts tame and savage to the river's brink,

Came, from the fields and wild abodes--to drink.
Frequently two or three words will do it effec-
If He from the clouds does the sweet liquor squeeze,

That chears the Forest and the Garden trees.

* Idem, p. 19.

+ P. 34.

I P. 38. § Tonf. Misc. 120 vol. iv. p. 292, fourth Edit. || Pr. Arthur, p. 151.

Tóns. Misc. vol. vi. p. 119: ++ Job, 263 II Id. Job, 264.


expression. If

It is also useful to employ Technical Terms, which estrange your style from the great and general ideas of nature: and the higher your subject is, the lower should you search into mechanicks for your

If you describe the garment of an angel, say that his * Linnen was finely Spun, and bleached on the happy Plains. Ý Call an army of angels, Angelic Cuirassiers, and, if you have occafion to mention a number of misfortunes, style them

I Fresh Troops of Pains, and regimented Woes.

STYLE is divided by the Rhetoricians into the Proper and the Figured. Of the Figured we have already treated, and the Proper is what our authors have nothing to do with. Of Styles we shall mention only the Principal which owe to the moderns either their chief Improvement, or entire Invention.,

1. The FLORID Style, t'ian which none is more proper to the Bathos, as flowers which are the Lowest of vegetables are most Gaudy, and do many times grow in great plenty at the bottom of Ponds and Ditches.

A fine writer in this kind presents you with the following Pofie: $ The groves appear all drest with wreaths of flowers,

And from their leaves drop aromatic powers,
Whose fragrant heads in mystic twines above,
Exchang'd their sweets, and mix'd with thousand

As if the willing branches strove

To beautify and Made the grovega which indeed most branches do.) But this is still excelled by our Laureat, * Prince Arthur, p. 19.

# Ibid. p. 339. I Job, p. 86.

Ś Behn's Poems, p. 2.

* Branches

* Branches in branches twin'd compose the grove,

And shoot and spread, and blossom into love.
The trembling palms their mutual vows repeat,
And bending poplars bending poplars meet.
The distanţ plantanes seem to press more nigh, ,
And to the sighing alders, alders figh.

Hear also our Homer.
+ His Robe of State is form’d of light refir'd,

An endless Train of lustre spreads behind.
His throne's of bright compacted Glory made,
With Pearl celestial, and with Gems inlaid :
Whence Floods of joy, and Seas of Splendor

flow, On all thangelic gazing throng below.

2. The Pert Style. This does in as peculiar a manner become the low in wit, as a pert air does the low in stature. Mr. Thomas Brown, the author of the London Spy, and all the Spies and Trips in general, are herein to be diligently studied : In Verse Mr. Cibber's Prologues.

But the beauty and energy of it is never fo conspicuous, as when it is employed in Modernizing and Adapiing to the Tafie of the Times the works of the Antients. This we rightly phrase Doing them into English, and Making them English; two expressions of great Propriety, the one denoting our Neglect of the Manner how, the other the Force and Compulsion with which it is brought about. It is by virtue of this style that Tacitus talks like a Coffee-House Politician, Josephus like the British Gazetteer, Tully is as short and smart as Seneca or Mr. Argill, Marcus Aurelius is excellent at

Guardian, 12mo 127.

+ Blackm. Pf. civ.


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