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That in his third Voyage, he discover'd a whole Kingdom of Philosophers, who govern by the Nilatheinaticks; with whose admirable Schemes and Projects he returned to beneñt his own dear Country; but had the misfortune to find them rejected by the envious Ministers of Queen anne, and himself sent treacherously away.
And hence it is, that in his fourth Voyage he discovers a Vein of Melancholy proceeding almost to a Disgust of his Species ; but above all, a mortal Detestation to the whole flagitious Race of Ministers, and a final Resolution not to give in any
:emorial to the Secrctary of Siate, in order to subject the Lands he discovered to the Crown of Great Britain.
Now if, by these hints, the Reader can help himself to a farther discovery of the Nature and Contents of these Travels, he is welcome to as much light as they afford him ; I ain obliged, by all the tyes of honour, not to speak more openly.
But if any man shall ever see such very extraordinary Voyages, into such very extraordinary Nations, which manifest the most distinguishing marks of a Philofopher, a Politician, and a LegiNator; and can imagine them to belong to a Surgeon of a Ship, or a Castain of a Merchantman, let him remain in his Ignorance.
And whoever he bc, that shall farther observe, in every page of such a book, that cordial Love of Mankind, that inviolable begard to Truth, that Pallion for his dear Country, and that particular attachment to the excellent Princess Queen Anne ; surely that man deserves to be pitied, if by all those visible Signs and Characters, he cannot distinguish and acknowledge the Great Scriblerus *.
* Gulliver's Travels were frit intended as a part of Scribleus's Menoir:. S
CH A P. XIV,
Of the Discoveries and Works of the Great
Scriblerus, made and to be made, written and to be written, known and unknown.
TERE therefore, at this great Period, we
end our first Book. And here, O Reader, we entreat thee utterly to forget all thou hast hitherio read, and to cast thy eyes only forward, to that boundless Field the next thall open unto thee; the fruits of which (if thine, or our fins do not prevent) are to spread and multiply over this our work, and over all the face of the Earth.
In the mean timc, know what thou owest, and what thou yet may'st owe, to this excellent Perfon, this Prodigy of our Age; who may well be called The Philojopher of Ultimate Causes, since by a Sagacity peculiar to himself, he hath discover'd Effects in their very Cause; and without the trivial helps of Experimen's, or Observations, hath been the Invenior of most of the modern Systems and Hypotheses.
He hath enriched Mathematicks with many precise and geometrical Quadratures of the Circle. He first discovered the Caue of Gravity, and the inteftine Motion of Fluids.
To him we owe all the observations on the Parallax of the Pole-Star, and ail the new Theories of the Deluge.
He it was, that first taught the right use fometimes of the Fuga Vacui, and sometimes of the Materia Subtilis, in resolving the grand Phänomena of Nature.
He it was, that first found out the Palpability of Colours ; and by the delicacy of liis Touch, could
distinguish the different Vibrations of the heterogeneous Rays of Light.
His were the Projects of Perpetuum Mobiles, Flying Engines, and Pacing Saddles; the Method of discovering the Longitude by Bomb-Vessels, and of increasing the Trade-Wind by vast plantations of Reeds and Sedges.
I shall mention only a few of his Philosophical and Mathematical Works.
1. A compleat Digest of the Laws of Nature, with a Review of those that are obsolete or repealed, and of those that are ready to be renewid and put in force.
1. A Mechanical Explication of the Formation of the Universe, according to the Epicurean Hypothesis.
3. An Investigation of the Quantity of real Matter in the Universe, with the proportion of the specifick Gravity of solid Matter to that of Auid.
4. Microscopical Observations of the Figure and Bulk of the constituent Parts of all Auids. A Calculation of the proportion in which the Fluids of the earth decrease, and of the period in which they will be totally exhausted.
5. A Computation of the Duration of the Sun, and how long it will last before it be burn'd out.
6. A Method to apply the Force arising from the immense Velocity of Light to mechanical purposes.
7. An answer to the question of a curious Gentleman; How long a New Star was lighted up before its appearance to the Inhabitants of our earth? To which is subjoined a Calculation, how much the Inhabitants of the Moon eat for Supper, considering that they pass a Night equal to fifteen of our natural days.
8. A Demonstration of the natural Dominion of the Inhabitants of the Earth over those of the Moon, if ever an intercourse should be opened between them.
With a Proposal of a PartitionTreaty, among the earthly Potentates, in case of fuch discovery.
9. Tide-Tables, for a Comet, that is to approximate towards the Earth.
10. The Number of the Inhabitants of London determined by the Reports of the Gold-finders, and the Tonnage of their Carriages; with allowance for the extraordinary quantity of the Ingola and Egefta of the people of England, and a deduction of what is left under dead walls, and dry ditches.
It will from hence be evident, how much 2!! his Studies were directed to the universal Benefit of Mankind. Numerous have been his Projects to this end, of which Two alone will be sufficient to show the amazing Grandeur of his Genius. The first was a Proposal, by a general contribution of all Princes, to pierce the first crust or Nucleus of this our Earth, quite through, to the next concentrical Sphere. The advantage he propofed from it was, to find the Parallax of the Fixt Stars ; but chiefly to refute Sir Isaac Newton's Theory of Gravity, and Mr. Halley's of the Variations. The fecond was, to build Two Poles to the Meridiari, with immense Light-houses on the top of them; to supply the defect of Nature, and to make the Longitude as easy to be calculated as the Latitude. Both these he could not but think very practicable, by the Power of all the Potentates of the World.
May we presume after these to mention, how he descended from the sublime to the beneficial parts of Knowledge, and particularly his extraor
dinary practice of Physick. From the Age, Complexion, or Weight of the person given, he contrived to prescribe at a distance, as well as at a Patient's hed-side He taught the way to many modern Physicians, to cure their Patients by Intuition, and to others to cure without looking on them at all. He projected a Menftruum to diffolve the Stone, made of Dr. Woodward's Universal Delugewater. His also was the device to relieve Consumptive or Asthmatick persons by bringing fresh Air out of the Country to Town, by pipes of the nature of the Recipients of Air pumps : And to introduce the Native air of a man's country into any other in which he should travel, with a seafonable Intromiffion of such Steams as were most familiar to him ; to the inexpressible comfort of many Scotsmen, Laplanders, and white Bears.
In Physiognoniy, his penetration is such, that from the Picture only of any person, he can write his Life; and from the features of the Parents, draw the Portrait of any Child that is to be born.
Nor hath he been so enrapt in these Studies, as to neglect the Polite Arts of Painting, Architecture, Musick, Poetry, etc. It was he that gave the first hint to our modern Painters, to improve the Likene,'s of their Portraits by the use of such colours as would faithfully and constantly accompany the Life, not only in its present state, but in all its alterations, decays, age, and death itself.
In Architecture, he builds not with so much regard to present fymmetry or conveniency, as with a Thought well worthy a true lover of Antiquity, to wit, the noble effect the Building will have to posterity, when it shall fall and become a Ruin.
As to Music, I think Heidegger has not the face to deny that he has been much beholden to his Scores.