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«rron...... owcro.....sonorerroneoeco-recocrccoiros nosoconcastrensese man-like hamour.-C. And yet a lie is third we left desperately sick at Flomore pardonable than calumny, orrence, and I believe he is in heaven than either doing the office of a pick-long ere this.-C. Was be a very thank, or encouraging it, or lavishing good man ?-A. The best droll in naaway a man's time and fortune in ture.-C. Why should you think he is gaming.-A. I am of your opinion. in heaven, then!--A. Because he had

C. But, then, there's another benefit a whole satchel full of large indulI reap from my travels. If I should gences.-C. I hear you; but it is a find any friend of mine tainted with huge way to heaven, and a dangerous this phrenzy, I should advise bim to one, as I am told, there are sgch a stay at home; as a mariner that has world of thieves in the middle region been wrecked himself, bids another of the air.-A. That's true ; but he bave a care of the place where he mis- was so fortified with bulls.-C. In what carried.--A. This caution would have language.--A. In Latin.-C. Well, and done well if it had come in time.-C. does that secure him ?-A. Yes, unless Why, are you sick of the same disease he should fall opon some spirit that too!-A. Yes, I have been at Rome does not understand Latin; and in myself, and at Compostella.-C. Bless that case he must come back to Rome, me! How proud I am to play the fool and get a new instrument.-C. Do in such company! But what angel put they sell any bulls there to the dead?this into thy head ?-A. What deyil, A. Yes, yes, as thick as hops.-C. rather? Especially to leave a hand- Have a care what you say, for there some young wife, several cbildren, are spies abroad.-A. I don't speak and a family at home, and nothing in against indulgences, though I can't but the world to maintain them but my laugh at the freak of my fuddling comdaily industry.-C. It must be some panion. He was otherwise the vajnest mighty matter, sure, that could carry trifler that ever was born, and yet you away from all these obligations; chose rather to venture his salvation what was it, I pray thee ?--A. I am upon a skin of parchment, than upon ashamed of it.-C. What, to me, thy the amendment of his life. But when friend and thy fellow-sufferer?

shall we have the trial of skill you told , A. There was a knot of neighbourly us of ?-C. We'll set a time for a little good fellows of us drinking together; drinking bout ; give notice of it to our and when we were high-flown, one comrades, and then meet and tell lies was for making a visit to St. James ; | in our turns, helter-skelter. another to St. Peter: if you'll go, I'll go, says one; and I'll go, if you'll go, says another; till at last we conclud THE CAMERA OBSCURA. ed upon it, to go all together. I was

(Continued from col. 841.) willing, I confess, to keep up the re

No. XXIII. - Myself, putation of a fair drinker; and rather

Brutus. Go to, you are not Cassius. than break company, I e'en past my Cassius. I am. promise. The next question was, Brutus. I say you are not." whether we should march for Rome or

SHAKSPEARE. Compostella? And upon the debate, I sat me down, and placed a mirror it was determined, that (God willing) before me, that I might examine my we should begin our journey the very face. The result of that examination next morning, and visit both.-C. A shall be the subject of the present learned sentence, and fitter to be re- paper. corded in wine than upon copper.- A. There were a certain number of After this, a swinging glass was put features :-eyes, ears, nose, mouth, about to the bon voyage; and whep chin, &c. These features were capaevery man in his course had done rea- ble of being differently affected by the son to it, the vow was sealed, and be- various passions of the human mind came inviolable.-C. A new religion! which might act upon them. The inBut did you all come safe back again ? ternal faculties and capacities of the - A. All but three. One died upon man give a character to, and stamp the way; but gave us in charge to re- certain peculiarities on, his face; the member his humble service to Peter mere unconnected form of that face and James; another at Rome, who is nothing. bade us commend him, when we re- I thought to myself, if pleasure turned, to his wife and children; the reigned in my heart, as sometimes

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she does, for I have joyful moments as fulness of man. God has made his well as others of my fellow-creatures, various works to perform their functhen these features would express the tions in the simplest ways possible, pleasure. If the heart laughed, al- and yet in ways, the principles of though the mouth need not express which, no human being can underthe sentiment, the eye might laugh stand. In operation they are easy; too; the whole face might seem to be in original design they are inscrutable. cast in a mould of joyfulness, and the By one and the same simple means characteristics of that mould be im- we can look a hundred different feelpressed every where alike. If some ings,-sorrow and joy, pleasure and weighty and burdensome care pressed pain, and what not; and yet simple, heavily upon me, then the trouble of and uniform, and easy to be employed ; my face would be but an index to the and, often used as these means may be, trouble of my heart; the brows would if we trace them to their source, we be bent over the eyes, the lips would shall be completely lost. And manbe pressed both together, the forehead the perfection of God's plans, he has would be puckered and wrinkled, and turned to the Devil's advantage ; and the whole countenance would have a the facilities which he had given him thick, gloomy, and heavy expression. / for expressing certain ideas without If scorn were the ruling passion of the the medium of words, impressing upon hour, then the nose would be turned his face the thoughts of his soul, he upwards, an unjoyful laugh would has turned to facilities for spreading play upon the mouth, whilst a steady the banefal character of his passions. expression of hatred glanced coolly There is something to be learned from the eye. It is wonderful, thought from a face. A great man has a noble I, wonderful, for as I look now upon face, and a wicked man a bad face ; a the face, I can distinguish nothing but drunkard bas frequently a red face; the forms of features which have no and a glutton a bloated one; and al. particular character.

though to all rules of this kind there Man knows not what a day may | are a multitude of exceptions, yet, bring forth. My life is like my face ; with proper restrictions, I think wemay it is capable of an innumerable varie go a great way in judging of character ty of changes; and although, as I from feature. look at its present condition, I may The last observation led mé, almost think I can thoroughly understand it, irresistibly, to pay a more particular yet that condition may, in a few days, attention to the form of my features, be entirely altered and destroyed, and and I tried to make a system of phyall my thoughts respecting it baffled. siognomy of my own. I tried, as much God may cause events to happen, per- as possible, to gain an insight into my haps unexpectedly, that will produce character, from what I might behold not only surprise, but also remarkable in my examination, and tell what was changes, over which I have no control, inside, by what I could find on the and of whose design I have no con- outside. ception. How necessary, therefore, I began with the nose, because it are the duties of humility and depends was the most prominent object. You ence. As we are solicitous always to must know, then, that my nose always, keep our faces in proper trim, and not in my own opinion, resembles the to permit deformity to place his dread claw of a lobster; and this idea being cd hand upon them, let us also re- fixed in my mind, I thus reasoned from member so to regulate our lives, that it. A lobster's claw is the instrument the rectitude of our conduct may cor- by which he catches the unwary, and respond with the rectitude of our fea- | inflicts punishment on those who are tures. The immorality or instability of so presumptuous as to put their fingers a man's heart will not unfrequently near it. It therefore follows, that my indelibly impress its character upon nose denotes justice, vengeance, cunthe features of his face.

ning, or something of the sort, (for I It is really strange, that the same need not be very particular, as, if I things-should perform so many differ- come near the mark, it will do ;) so, ent offices. The expression of differ- putting it down that I was either a ent passions upon the same face may very just, a very brave, or a very wise serve to illustrate two things; the man, (I did not care which,) I properfection of God's work, and the sin- I ceeded to the mouth. 82.-VOL. VII.

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Of this I hardly knew what to make, spective districts. I must presume, for it was almost hidden by the meet- that in one instance mentioned in my ing of the nose with the chin, and, only last letter, (col. 718,) the aggregate of concluding that the backward fashion the evil has been diminished; but till in which it was placed expressed I hear to the contrary, I must suspect depth of thought, I passed on to the this to be an insulated case; and that forehead.

in many counties, large sums of money Now, my forehead is rather a singu- have been expended, with no other lar one. It is as round as if the moon result but a greater accumulation of were stuck on the top of my face; and, human misery, ander the affliction of therefore, as a circle knows neither mental derangement, than there would beginning nor end, I concluded, that have been, if no such institution had it denoted either an interminable ex- ever existed. I can, without hesitatent of knowledge, or, on account of tion, believe, that in a large county its being destitute of angles or corners, before alluded to, the number of inand being also perfectly smooth, a curable lunatics would have been very great placidity of temper.

much reduced within the last seven My eyes next came under review. years, if one-tenth part of the money They have a peculiar expression, pos- wbich has been expended on a large sessing the property of looking three asylum, and its subsequent support, or four ways at the same time, and had been judiciously applied to the whilst one points itself to the east, the cure of insanity while in its recent other may be found sending out its state. Instead of which, the number beams towards the west; and I there- of that most unfortunate class of our fore unhesitatingly laid it down, that fellow-beings, who have been proI was endued with the faculty of com- nounced to be incurable lunatics, is prehending all subjects with equal three times what it was seven years facility, and that I also possessed a ago. great variety of mental resources. I I have lately had an opportunity of

But the expression of my counte- | looking into the arcana of a public nance, considered as a whole, com- lunatic asylum, and, Good heavens ! pletely puzzled me. There was some- what a retrospect of about ten years thing in it which I could not by any has it afforded. It has disclosed means understand. It looked as if it scenes at which common decency must united in itself the opposite physiog-deeply blush, morality revolt, and hunomies of a pudding and a saw. The manity be horror-struck; and a bold padding part may mean sociality, and attempt to remove all abuses from it, the other may represent an aptitude at bas met discomfiture from the very separating subjects into their proper party mostinterested in their removal. divisions ; but I heard a loud laugh And yet this institution is fair in apbehind me, and turning quickly round, pearance, internal as well as extersaw my niece, who had crept closely nal; and the managers are, no doubt, to my chair unperceived, while I had all honourable in the common affairs been so intently occupied about my- of life, but unfortunately they must be self; and as I looked her, half asham- | totally ignorant of the just claims of ed, in the face, she exclaimed, “ Ob! the insane, and only looking upon you vain old fellow !”

them as in a state of irreclaimable (To be continued.)

degradation, and meriting nothing

better than a miserable existence, in ON THE TREATMENT OF THE INSANE.

close and irksome confinement, where MR. Editor.

“ hope never comes.'

Were I to enter into details, it SIR,—Taking it for granted, that the would only cast a severe censure upon Imperial Magazine is read in every a respectable community, whose greatcounty of the United Kingdom, that est fault has been the deputing that can boast of a public lunatic asylum, care and trust to a junto, which was I have been expecting that the ma- | the interest and duty of the whole. nagers of some of them would, ere To say nothing of the improper this, have given to the world a state- | treatment of the inmates of madment of their having been the means houses, to say nothing of vulgar of diminishing the dreadful evil of opinions upon insanity, what shall be prevailing insanity, within their re- said upon the sentiments of people of

897

On the Treatment of Insanity.

898

education and rank in society, as it consequence than that of giving 'an regards this grievous malady? A very indiscreet publicity to wbat really worthy clergyman, and much esteem-merited exposure. It was recomed chaplain to a large public establish- mended to him to take a few days for ment, was lately visited by mental | the purpose of regaining his former derangement. Without giving time serenity of mind and feeling. This for a chance of recovery, and in op- was immediately followed by the inposition, as I am told, to the opinion formation that he was not to be reinand anxioas wishes of his physician, stated, and an unjust imputation cast he was superseded, and, under the au- upon him, which will always attach to thority of allowing him one fourth him and his family, and it may be part of his former income, as a super- greatly injurious to his future prosannuated pension ; he was sent to a pects in life; and all this without a distant public asylum, where, to him, single act of criminality being imputed most assuredly, hope will never come; to him. for, by destroying all his future pros Some years ago, a neighbour bad pects in life, all hopes of perfect re | an attack of delerium tremens, and was covery are entirely excluded. | brought to Spring-Vale, from whence

Had this been the act of characters he was discharged, recovered, at the less dignified, less learned, or less end of one week; and he was certainly honourable, it would be matter of less as well, in his mental capacity, after, wonder. But even with them, the act as he ever had been before. Several may be referred to an undefinable feel- years after this, he met with very illing of horror and aversion, which a treatment, and he, very properly, apmental disease so generally excites in plied to the magistrates acting for the the breasts of those who are unac- district for redress; and they granted quainted with its nature, and of its him a summons for the offending party near alliance to the best qualities of to come before them; but upon its the human heart, and the highest at- being slyly whispered to them, that tainments of the buman intellect, and the complainant had been a patient at from which none can be safe, but with Spring-Vale, they refused to hear him, the total absence of those virtues and dismissed the case with all costs upon mental energies which most adorn, the unfortunate and injured party ; and are the most praise-worthy in, the and such treatment will frequently human character. The feeling may be await those who have had the imputacompared to what a firm believer in tion of insanity cast upon them. It witchcraft would experience upon is a general vulgar notion, that those seeing a supposed witch. I have seen who have ever been insane cannot wany turn pale, and becomegreatly agi- take an oath, or buy or sell in a martated, on being introduced to a lunatic, ket or fair, or make a will; and that though previously assured that he was those who have had the care of them perfectly harmless; and, indeed, I might have smothered them, if they have often observed the same effects had thought fit to do so, without com

from being introduced to a very harm-mitting any offence against law or - less mad-doctor.

justice. But it must be well known Since the above-mentioned transac- to the readers of the Imperial Magation, I have come to the knowledge of zine, that the most foolish, the most a much more cruel one, though some ignorant and superstitious notions, what similar. A man, with a family, generally prevail respecting mental had entered, a few months before, upon complaints, to which all, who possess a very arduous and important situa- the power of thought, and are subject tion; he was over-anxious to perform to human feelings and human passions, the duties of it; this, and the heat of must be liable,-and that it must be the weather, and other unfortunate the interest and duty of every one to concurring causes, brought on a ner | remove, as much as possible, the evils vous fever,-it never arrived at the of them; to soften down their aspericharacter of confirmed insanity; there ties; to assuage the sorrows they ocwas no incoherence of language, it casion; and to do the same justice to only exbibited an over-intensity of those afflicted with them, as to others, feeling and action, in the performance It is well known to be a law of the of what was his line of duty; and it land, that the king is the guardian of all was attended by no other unpleasant | lunatics, and as his ministers are hu

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manely disposed, I do hope and trust, But ere I introduce my readers to that, ere long, an enlightened and im- this important manuscript, let me first partial inspection of all madhouses, endeavour to collect together a few and receptacles for the insane, wil biographical anecdotes of the writer, produce the most important and happy since Addison informs us, that it is results. Nor can I see any reason totally impossible to be pleased with why the United Kingdom should not a man's writings, unless you previousestablish as good and as rationally ascertain bis height, age, figare, acmeans of core for the poor who are complishments, defects, &e. &c, which afflicted with mental diseases, gratis, general rule has at least two great exas are to be found in any other part ceptions, in the Wizard of the North, of the world; I cannot see any reason and the author of Junius's Letters, why the United Kingdom cannot fur- not to mention the various “ gentlenish as good and as rational means of men who write with ease,” in Blackcure for mental disease, as a public wood's, the London, and the New measure, as were furnished two thou-Monthly, and who would as soon cut sand years ago ; and there is no their throats as subscribe their plain scheme of a public charity upon the Christian names and sirnames at the face of the globe, that can do so much end of every old joke they cooked good at an equal expense, as a charity anew and amplified for their employers. for the best means of curing insanity -But to the point. Richard Everett would produce; and the party who was, as I am informed by Moseley, in shall be the means of establishing his celebrated treatise, « De Auctorisuch a charity upon the best possible bus Neglectis," born at Hemel-Hempprinciple, for the cure, which the pre- stead, in Hertfordshire, in the year sent state of knowledge can afford, 1566. His family being one of the will have their names immortalized most ancient in England, and being amongst the first worthies of the hu nearly connected with the celebrated man race.

Thos. BAKEWELL. Sir Martin Forbisher, he received a Spring-Vale, near Stone, 5th Sept. 1825. good education, with a view to his be

coming a seafaring man. When he THE MANUSCRIPTOMANIAC,

was ten years of age, his family re

moved to Harrow-on-the-Hill, where (Continued from col. 355.)

a curious incident occurred to our No. IV.--The Spanish Armada. hero, which we shall tell in his own AGREEABLY to my promise, I basten words, as he has thought proper to to dip my sharp-nibbed pen in the relate it in his “ Historie of English large standish that is stationed at pre- Affayres during the reign of our late sent on the table before me, and tran- | Most Gracious Soveraigne, the high scribe the curious account of the and mightie Princesse Elizabeth," defeat of the Spanish Armada, which published A. D. 1610. Sir Robert Bradgate justly accounted one of his chief literary treasures. It

“The peace of the kingdome was is written on parchment, and seem- also, about this tyme, mach disturbed ingly with a skewer dipped in mud, 1 by the conspiracie of Babingtone, and so that it is with great difficulty and his wycked companyons, which befell pain I contrive to decipher it. The as hereafter followeth, * * * * wretchedness of the hand, combined | " Sir Francis Walsinghame, justlie with the antiquated spelling, the suspecting this most wycked and unnumerous flourishes, the occasional naturall plotte, did comande unto one rents, and the dirtiness of the manu- of his servantes, one Seudamore, 10 script, on which Sir Robert once un- keepe a strict watche over Babingtone, luckily overturned a new-filled ink- which accordinglie be did. Sir Francis stand, oblige me to make a few con- hitherto had kept this matter secret, and jectural emendations, in order that I as appeares from bis letters, thought may not startle my attentive readers to conceale it still longer, but the with the ghastly apparition of a dozen Queene, for private reasones, comandcrosses, and those awful worthies, ed him to reveale it. Whereupon, he Cætera desunt," or " Hiatus maximè sent a letter to this Soudamore, by a deflendus," which, otherwise, I should trustie messenger, to comand him to bě compelled to do at least once insecure Babingtone that night. This every thirty lines.

messenger (as he hath since informed

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