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the leaves which the sybil scattered seed-time and harvest, and summer in the wind.
and winter, shall never cease, Gen. 24.–The great effort of practical viii. 22. To some of them, indeed, he wisdom is to imbue the mind with has granted large portions of the good right tastes, affections, and habits, things of this life. So we read of Job, the elements of character, and the mas that he was the greatest of all the men ters of action.
of the East. Abraham, too, was bless25.-Truth is simple and uniform, ed with abundance of temporal good while error may be infinitely varied. things. And Jacob, who had fled
26.-If a system of politeness, the from the fury of an offended brother, mere garb of humility, be of such in- was so overpowered with the goodness dispensable necessity, that society of God, in this respect, that he excould not subsist without it, how much claimed, on his return to the land of better still would the harmony of the his nativity, “With my staff I passed world be preserved, were the conde- over this Jordan, and now I am bescension, deference, and respect, so come two bands," Gen. xxxii. 10. studiously displayed, a true picture of And who does not recollect the granthe heart?
deur and magnificence of Solomon, 27.-There is no vice so opposite to that they were even proverbial among the spirit of Christianity, as pride; the nations ? yet there is none which, even in the Now, all this may teach us, that no Christian world, has, under various rank in society, bowever elevated, is pretences, been treated with so much absolutely incompatible with the life indulgence.
of God in the soul; though it still 28.--Humility is the first fruit of holds as a general principle, that not religion.
many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are
called ; but that God revealeth himESSAYS TO THE Jews.
self to babes, and bath chosen the (Continued from col. 707.)
poor of this world to be rich in faith, Essay VIII.-Of the Privileges of the and heirs of the kingdom, 1 Cor. i. 26. Spiritual Seed of Abraham.
James ii. 5. . HAVING determined the important Though God promised to Abraham, point, that it is believers of all ages that bis natural descendants should and nations, and them only, who con possess the land of Canaan as their stitute the spiritual children of Abra inheritance in this transitory state, ham ; we proceed to remark, concern yet as that seems only to have been ing their privileges, that as every be. | for certain reasons peculiar to themliever is a compound being, consisting selves ; so, in speaking of the tempoof a body as well as a soul, like the ral good things which the spiritual rest of his brethren of mankind-an Israel of God in general enjoy, we do old life derived from his connexion not think it would be proper to take with the first man, and a new or spi- | the promise of that land of Abraham, ritual life, hid with Christ in God and his literal descendants, as the therefore, as long as both these are to pattern of the temporal blessings to be be maintained, his wants, and the enjoyed by the spiritual Israel. Though bountiful supply of them from the the heathen, for instance, be promised hand of the munificent God, in which to Christ for an inheritance, and the consisteth his privileges, must, by uttermost ends of the earth for a posconsequence, be of a mixed nature. session; yet this is to be understood Though the spiritual children of Abra- only in a spiritual sense. Nor is there ham are not of this world, yet as they a promise in the whole scripture, of are, for many wise and gracious pur- | any particular portion of the globe poses, designed for a season to be more than another, to which the consojourners in it; so, wbile here, they verted among the nations are to rehave a variety of bodily wants to be sort. supplied, in common with other men.' It then follows, that the general God, therefore, who causeth his suncovenant with Noah, that “while the to shine on the evil and on the good, earth should remain, seed-time and on the just and on the unjust, has, for harvest, and summer and winter, the sake of his people in general, de- should not cease;" and the grant, creed, that while the earth remaineth, I that “every moving thing that liveth,
should be meat for man, even as the world ; so now, through grace, is it green herb was from the beginning," most blessed, having obtained peace Gen, ix. 3. are the only examples and with God, through their Lord Jesus patterns to which we can refer, in Christ, 1 Cor. ii.9. Eph.ii. 12. Rom. v.1. respect of the temporal blessings to It would be to our purpose, were be enjoyed by the spiritual seed of we here to enumerate all the blessings Abraham. And to these agree the of the new covenant, or covenant of words of our Saviour, when speaking grace; or, in other words, that old of the same subject, Mat. vi. 25, &c. covenant which was formed and plan“ Take no anxious thought for your ned in the councils of eternity, ere the life, what ye shall eat, or what ye world began ; and which is termed shall drink; nor yet for your body, new, because it was never ratified, so what ye shall put on," &c. “ Behold to speak, save in a symbolical and the fowls of the air, for they sow not, typical manner, till the shedding of neither do they reap, nor gather into the blood of Christ, in this new disbarns; yet your heavenly Father pensation, which is the blood of this. feedeth them. Are ye not much better | new and everlasting covenant. This than they? And why take ye thought covenant, which regards the salvation for raiment? Consider the lilies of of the guilty, and which is indissoluble the field, how they grow; they toil and eternal in its nature, extends to not, neither do they spin; and yet I the whole elect of God, who either say unto you, that even Solomon, in have, or do, or shall exist in the world. all his glory, was not arrayed like It knows no distinction between Jew one of these. Wherefore, if God so and Gentile, Barbarian, Scythian, clothe the grass of the field,shall he bond or free, but regards all men not much more clothe you, o ye of alike. The only distinction it recoglittle faith ?"
nizes, is a distinction of cbaracter, But as it is not by miracle we are alone produced by the belief of the to expect the supply of our wants, truth. And as it is character alone but by the ordinary means God has wbich it recognizes, so there are cerappointed; the believer must attend tain terms it applies to those who posto his duty, and be diligent in business, sess the character, to distinguish them at the same time he is fervent in from others. In plain language, despirit, serving the Lord; knowing that void of all figures, they are distinif any will not work, neither should he guished as believers, righteous, justieat, and that he that provideth not fied, sanctified, &c. In figurative for his own, and especially for those language, they are called Jews, Isof his own house, hath denied the raelites, the circumcision, the children faith he professes, and is worse than of God, the children of the proan unbeliever, Rom. xii. 2. 1 Tim. v.8. mise, the seed of Abraham, and so
Such are the temporal privileges of on. But it is to be observed, that believers; and we have the experience to tbese figurative expressions, there of one, who says, “I have been young, | are generally annexed some qualifyand now am old; yet have I never ing phrases, wbich, on the one hand, seen the righteous forsaken, nor his shew that they are not used in the children begging bread." No, indeed ; literal sense, and, on the other, deter“ the hand of the diligent maketh rich, mine the sense in which they are emand qualifieth him to stand before ployed. When the term “Jew," for kings, and not before mean men,” instance, is employed in this spiritual Psalm xxxvii. 25. Proverbs x. 4. and sense, they are said not to be Jews xxii. 29.
outwardly, butinwardly, Romans ji. 28, With respect to their spiritual pri- | 29. “Circumcision" is distinguished vileges, “ eye hath not seen, nor ear in like manner, and also by a worshipheard, neither could it enter into the ping of God in the spirit, Phil. iii. 3. heart to conceive the things which “ Israel,” by the expression, that they God hath prepared and revealed in are not all Israel who are of Israel, the scriptures, for them that love him." Rom. ix. 6. And when they are reAs their situation was once the most presented as “the cbildren of God,” deplorable, being aliens from the com- or “ children of the promise," or“ seed monwealth of Israel, and strangers of Abraham,” then we are referred to from the covenant of promise, having the typical signification of the birth of no hope, and without God in the Isaac, who was the child of the promise; 81.-VOL, VII.
and thus are we led to conclude, one way of salvation, and one only, for from Gal. iv. that his supernatural all men; for Jews and Gentiles, rich birth, by the power of God, typified and poor, old and young; for those the regeneration, or new birth, pro- | born of believing parents, and those duced in the souls of men by the same who are not; and that such only as power. Thus, we perceive, in the are converted, in every age and nacases both of Abraham and of Isaac, tion, are to be reckoned, in the spiritual that while the one was constituted the and higher sense, the children of Abrafather of all believers, the circum- ham by faith, and heirs of the prostances attending the birth of the mises, to whom the inheritance, in other, were of such a nature as figura- this highest and most excellent sense, tively to represent this relation, wbichsball undoubtedly be made sure. subsists between Abraham and his In order to the further illustration spiritual children.
of this subject, I might refer, in the This is evidently the light in which first place, to the epistle to the Hethe apostle places the subject, in the brews, in which the reader will find passage above alluded to. It is Isaac's the subject, as it regards the spiritual and Ishmael's birth only, which are import of the former dispensation, exthere spoken of as being typical. The plained by an infallible guide ; and in one typified the real, spiritual, and the next place, to all the epistles adfree-born people of God in all ages; dressed to the churches, in wbich both the other, the state of the Jews as a the present privileges and future prosnation, from the days of Abraham, or, pects of believers are so fully detailed, more properly speaking, of their great that, to do justice to the subject, it legislator, till the coming of Christ. would be necessary to transcribe a And as it was the very nature and great proportion of them verbatim. design of that dispensation to con- In the epistle to the Hebrews, for vince of sin, and so keep the sinner in example, the first superior privilege bondage, till he found an escape by mentioned, as accruing to believers faith in the promised Seed, which was under the gospel dispensation, is, the yet to come ; so, the type, Ishmael, dignity of the messengers employed in. and the bond-maid, fitly represented its promulgation, Heb. i. 1, 2. “God, not only the moral state of the Jews, who, at sundry times, and in divers during this dispensation, but the state manners, spake in time past unto the of the whole human race in the sight fathers by the prophets, hath, in these of God,-in like manner as Isaac, who last days, spoken unto us by his Son,” was born of the free-woman, repre- whom he hath constituted heir of all sented the state of believers in all things; who is described as the brightages.
ness of his glory, and the express In speaking of the privileges of the image of his person, by whom also he spiritual people of God, therefore, we made the worlds, and upholds all ought to pursue the same method of things; and so is infinitely superior in illustration under both dispensations; nature and office to all God's former for all the blessings of the new dis messengers, by whom he revealed his pensation existed in the old, under a will of old, whether they were the variety of types, and shadows, and inost eminent prophets, such as Moses, symbolical representations; so that, or even angels, by whose ministry the were we to draw a contrast between law was delivered at Mount Sinai. the two, we might see, that in point of From this superior privilege of the clearness indeed, this which succeeds, divine dignity of the Founder of the excels much that which went before; gospel dispensation, the apostle justly but that still one and the same object, infers a corresponding duty in those and, of course, privilege, was common who profess it. Is it the case, that to both. It is upon this principle, that God, who, at sundry times, and in the apostle, in writing to the Hebrews, divers manners, spake in time past proceeds; in which he clearly shews unto the fathers by the prophets, hath the admirable unity that runs through in these last days spoken unto us by the whole plan of mercy, from begin- his Son, we ought, therefore (or on ning to end. All was designed to this account) to give the more earnest teach the same heavenly truths ; to heed to the things which were spoken bring in the whole world as guilty bec by so dignified a messenger, lest at any fore God; to shew that there is but | time we should let them slip. For if
the word spoken by angels was stead- | were priests on earth, ministers of a fast, and every transgression and dis.worldly sanctuary, and of the holy obedience received a just recompense places made with hands, which were of reward; how shall we escape, if only figures of the true; but Christ we neglect so great salvation ; which, having risen from the dead, is not a at the first, began to be spoken by the priest on earth, but has passed through Lord, and was confirmed unto us by the heavens with his own blood, and them that heard him, &c. Heb.ii. 1-3. is a high-priest, who is set on the right
Another privilege of the gospel dis- hand of the throne of the Majesty in pensation, consists in the subjection the heavens, where he officiates as a of all things under the power and go-minister of the heavenly sanctuary, vernment of the Son of God: That and of the true tabernacle, which the the gospel kingdom is not subjected Lord pitched, and not man; and there to the government of any of the angels, he ever lives a merciful and faithful however dignified, but to that of the high-priest, making intercession for Son of God alone; to whom all things, his people, and so is able to save to without exception, are subjected, and the uttermost them that come unto under whose feet all his enemies shall God by him : chaps. iv. vii. viii. ix. finally be subdued: And that though With regard to the sacrifices and he was for a little while made lower purifications prescribed by the law'; than the angels, by assuming the same the apostle shews, that though, by mortal flesh and blood with the chil-virtue of God's appointment, they dren which God had given him, and so sanctified to the purifying of the flesh became subject to sufferings and death; from ceremonial defilements; yet they yet was it for such a glorious purpose were but figurative institutions and as was every way worthy of God, carnal ordinances, imposed upon the namely, that by his death he might Israelites until the time of reformation, expiate their sins, defeat their enemies, when they should all be set aside. sympathize with and succour them They had no intrinsic worth or virtue under all their trials and afflictions, in themselves, to procure a real and and, as the Captain of their salvation, everlasting remission of sins; for it is conduct them to the glory of the hea- impossible that the blood of bulls and venly kingdom. This is all clearly of goats should take away sins, or set forth in chap. ii.
cleanse the conscience of the worshipAnother privilege consists in the per from the guilt of them, otherwise superior dignity of his sacerdotal of- they would have ceased to be offered ; fice, and the sacrifice which, as the whereas, in the repetition of these saPriest of the Most High God, he offer crifices, there is a remembrance again ed up. Attached, as the Jews were, made of sins every year, wbich shews to the legal priesthood and sacrifices, that they were not really expiated. the apostle expatiates at great length With these ineffectual sacrifices, the upon the superior excellence and effi- apostle contrasts the sacrifice of Christ, cacy of the priesthood and sacrifice of and proves, Psalm xl. that Christ camé Christ. The Levitical priests were into the world to do his Father's will, made according to the law, and after by offering the one sacrifice of himself, the order of Aaron; but Christ was by which he hath set aside all the legal made a priest by the word of the oath sacrifices; made at once a complete which was since the law, and after the atonement for sin, and hath for ever superior order of Melchisedec, who perfected them that are sanctified; and was both a king and a priest. They that his sacrifice is not to be repeated, were mortal men, and not suffered to like the legal sacrifices, it having procontinue by reason of death, and so cured, which they never could, an were many priests, succeeding one everlasting remission of sin, as is another; but He is a priest for ever, evident from the circunstance, that after the power of an endless life, and when he had offered it, he “ for ever so his priesthood does not pass from sat down on the right hand of God,”. him to a successor. The priests under and from God's promise in the new the law had sinful infirmities, and so covenant, “ their sins and iniquities had to offer for their own sins as well will I remember no more.” “Now," as for the sins of the people; but He therefore, as the apostle concludes, was without sin, being holy, harmless, “where remission of these is, there is undefiled, separate froin sinners. They no more offering for sin," chap. ix. X.
Thus, in every view of the subject, | The mind is the more disposed to reis the superiority of the privileges of ceive impressions of this nature, in this latter dispensation over those of proportion to the degree of its ignothe former, quite apparent. The rance; and hence much of the surspiritual seed of Abraham, to which prising, that is to be discovered in the the privileges and spiritual blessings writings of the earlier inquirers, and of the new covenant belong, are said in popalar opinion, is found to assume to be “come unto Mount Zion, and a different and more moderate aspect unto the city of the living God, the in the severer researches of the modern heavenly Jerusalem, and to an in- naturalists. To guess, is the work of numerable company of angels, to the a moment, and asks only a lively imageneral assembly and church of the gination ; but patient assiduity and first-born, which are written or enrolled repeated observation are necessary, in heaven, and to God, the judge of before such facts can be collected as all, and to the spirits of just men shall stand the test of experience. I made perfect, and to Jesus, the me- have endeavoured to keep these things diator of the new covenant, and to the in view, whilst recording my remarks blood of sprinkling, that speaketh bet- relative to this creature ; and though ter things than that of Abel.” And they lie under the disadvantage of the contrast between these glorious being made in a country foreign to its privileges, and those of the former natural habits, yet even this is not dispensation, is clearly stated in the without its use, since it enables us to passage at large, Heb. xii. 18-24. ascertain the variations this animal So that the spiritual seed of Abraham, can endure, and the effect they are from among the Jews, instead of sus capable of producing. taining any privations by the abroga- The chameleon is classed by natation of the old economy, and introduc ralists in the genas Lacerta, or Lizard. tion of the new, are great gainers by The individual, of which I became the exchange. The apostle's inference possessed, measured ten inches in from the above-mentioned privileges, length, of which the tail was four and is therefore as natural as it is solemn: a half. The head is compressed, the “ See that ye refuse not him that jaws of equal length, having slight speaketh. For if they escaped not cartilaginous teeth ; from above the who refused him that spake on earth, upper jaw, in front, commences on much more shall not we escape, if we each side a ridge that passes upward turn away from him that speaketh over each eye. In the centre of the from heaven,” Heb. xii. 25.
top of the head, begins another ridge, (To be continued.)
which, passing backward, forms an elevated crest, of a triangular shape,
the posterior edges of which pass OBSERVATIONS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE down, one on each side, to the hinder
NATURAL HISTORY OF THE CHAME angles of the jaw. The eye is large · Leon.
and conical, covered with the com(By J. Coach, F.L.S.)
mon skin; the pupil is deeply seated The chameleon is a creature that has in a hole scarcely larger than that attracted much attention from the which a pin would make; it is black observers of nature, on account of the and lively, surrounded with a goldextraordinary circumstances connect-coloured iris, as slender as a thread. ed with its history. And, as is always The eyeball is capable of very extenthe case, where there is any thing sur sive movement, the actions of one eye prising, it has also given origin to being independent of those of the stories largely partaking of the ro- 1 other; so that they are very rarely mantic. Observers, not content with seen directed to one object, except barely recording the things that are when the creature is in the act of remarkable, or speculating on their taking its prey. The body is much causes and connexions, frequently set compressed, the back ridged, and, on their imaginations to work; and that account of the tubercles, slightly serwhich is sufficiently wonderful in itself rated; the belly also has an obscure receives an accession from the nature ridge. Above the hinder legs, the of the medium through which it is body is much attenuated. The tail is viewed, so as to render it still more flattened at its origin, round and taperwonderful and extraordinary. - ling through its latter half. The legs