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august parent; the one treating him, | unkind to be neglected by him, and at through life, with gratitude, and the the same time begged the prelate to king with alınost unbounded confi- let him know that he wished to speak dence. So pleased, indeed, was bis with bim the next day. The good majesty with the facile mode of com- | bishop delivered the friendly message, municating knowledge which distin- and his chaplain, of course, waited guished the instructor of his son, and upon Mr. Addington on the following so gratified was he with the solid foun- morning, and after some conversation dation of moral principle laid in the abont former days, at parting, the mind of the prince, without pedantry, I premier said, “ Well, since you have that when called upon to provide for condescended to visit me at last, it the education of the presumptive shall not be said that you have been heiress to the crown, though then in with the prime minister for nothing; her infancy, the king found not the so I have the pleasure of addressing smallest difficulty in determining his you as bishop of St. David's." This choice of a teacher. In the mean time, was on the death of Lord George the bishopric of Exeter becoming va- Murray, and the conge d'elire was capt, by the death of Dr. Reginald made out immediately; and in what Courtenay, His Majesty at once nomi. manner the episcopal function has nated Dr. Fisher to that see, and on been discharged, the whole principathe 17th of July, 1803, the consecra-lity of Wales will bear both amplo tion took place in Lambeth chapel, and grateful testimony. where also Dr. Thomas Burgess was. In 1804, bishop Fisher became one then set apart, with the same solemni- of the vice-presidents of the Bible ty, to the government of the diocese of Society, and the same year he made St. David's; the sermon being preach- bis primary visitation of the diocese ed by Mr. Ralph Churton, of Brazen- of Exeter, beginning with Devonshire; nose college, Oxford. Two such pre- and the following year, he extended his lates have not often been consecrated episcopal inquiry through Cornwall, together; both being men of great On both occasions he delivered the learning, remarkably modest, and un- same charge, which made such a affectedly pious. Of both it may be deep impression on the hearers, that, said, that though they did not refuse at their unanimous and repeated rethe episcopal chair, they neither of quest, his lordship sent it at last to them sought it; and when the dignity the press. In this excellent pastoral was offered them, it came upon them address, which would have done ho. by surprise. The king himself first pour to Chrysostom, the ainiable bishop communicated his intention to Dr. went over several points of importance Fisher, who, of course, received the as regarding doctrine and manners, gracious proffer with the respect due At the time of its delivery, two subto his sovereign. Of the other right jects particularly agitated the public reverend prelate,we shall here, without mind, neither of which hath, as yet, scruple, relate an anecdote which is subsided, or is likely to lose that highly honourable to all the parties degree of interest wbich belongs to concerned, and for the truth of which religious questions when taken up in we can safely pledge our credit. connexion with parties. On the claims
Dr. Burgess, it is well known, was of the Roman Catholics, which were patronized in early life by the present then urged with great vehemence, the venerable bishop of Durham, at that bishop of Exeter said, “I am sure time bishop of Salisbury, who made your good sense will anticipate me in bim his chaplain, and gave him his thinking, that toleration is one thing, first preferment. The doctor received civil power, rewards, and privilege, his education at Winchester school, another. When toleration is granted, where he was contemporary with Mr. that is granted, to which all peaceable Adding ton, now Lord Sidniouth. Af- and conscientious dissenters have a ter the elevation of that statesman to claim. But when men ask to be the office of prime minister, he took armed with extensive and formidable an opportunity of addressing the powers, it is very natural, it is strictly bishop of Durbam in the House of justifiable, it is highly prudential, to Lords, and asking, whether his old ask, how power bas been used by this friend and schoolfellow Burgess was-sect in time past? If doctripes sancin town, said, that he thought it very I tioned by the highest authority in the Church of Rome, have never, by the men of ardent piety and humility, it same authority, been repealed or dis- cannot be depied, of the Calvinistic avowed, it cannot reasonably be ex-controvertists in general, that they pected, that their practices (if the have been distinguished in their dismeans of execution were allowed) putations by the stern spirit of fatalwould be materially different. It is ism which they professed to believe, a well-known truth, that from no one as the Roman orator said of the works principle which the Church of Rome which he read, “ Studiosus legerim has ever authoritatively made, it has seniio orationem mean illorum cantu ever authoritatively receded.”.
quasi colorari.” “I found my own comThe other point on which the bishop positions coloured by their strains." felt himself called, by his intercourse But to return to the subject of this with the clergy, to give his opinion, memoir: In 1806, the bishop preached was, the alleged Calvinism of the the anniversary sermon at the meeting Church of England; a charge, as he of the charity-schools, before the Soobserved, perfectly groundless, and ciety for Promoting Christian Knowflatly contradicted in the articles them- ledge, in St. Paul's cathedral. In this selves, where universal redemption is sermon, which was printed with the stated in express terms, as well as the report of the Society, the good prelate possibility of falling from grace. On took occasion to enter somewhat miCalvinism itself, the bishop says, “I nutely into the want of places of worconfess, I never could be induced to ship in the large outlying parishes think that the doctrines peculiar to of the metropolis, where the increase Calvin (for of such only I speak) are of the population obviously called for analogous to those ideas wbich all an additional number of churches and religion, natural as well as revealed, chapels. The observation produced suggests to us, concerning the per- a lively effect at the time, but owing fections of a God. It was wisely ob- to the pressure of the war, no plan served, by an ancient philosopher, that adequate to the necessity conld then peculiar care was to be taken in ob- be adopted by the government, and taining sound and right sentiments without that support, the benevolent concerning the Deity and his attri- suggestions of the bishop were bardly butes. Whatever perversity of opinion practicable. He had the pleasure, enters into men's creed on this head, however, to see his ideas taken up must in a great measure tincture their actively, and on an extensive scale, whole conduct; and I think it can both by parliament and the people. scarcely be denied, that the concep In the following year, bishop Fisher tions of those who are biassed towards preached the Fast Sermon before the Calvinism, seem peculiarly calcu- | House of Lords, in Westminster Ablated to influence and keep alive a bey; and three months afterwards, on spirit of fanaticism, not altogether the death of that distinguished scholar, reconcileable with true charity and Dr. John Douglas, he was translated humility. Those who can work them- to the diocese of Salisbury. His selves up to a persuasion, that, from lordship's attention was now very all eternity they have been the de- much engaged in superintending the signated vessels of the Divine favour, education of the Princess Charlotte of without any reference to their virtue, Wales, an office of no ordinary magnitheir moral conduct, or even their tude at any tinie, but in the presentcase, faith, will naturally be elated with a and under the peculiar circumstances fanatic presumption, little calculated of the royal family, it was rendered to render them moral in their dealings, peculiarly difficult. The bishop, we mild in their deportment, or submis know, had frequent trials, and some sive to those whom it has pleased of them exceedingly painful ones too, Providence to place over them.” for the exercise of his patience, inso
Severe as this remark upon the much, that nothing but a profound influential character of the Calvinistic respect for his sovereign could have system may seem, it would be no dif- induced him to continue in the imficult matter to prove the correctness portant and honourable charge with of it by historical references ; for which he was intrusted. By persevethough, beyond all question, numbers rance and mildness, indeed, he overwho have professed their sincere be- came most of the obstacles which, for lief in the quinquarticular points, were la considerable time, embarrassed and
693 Memoir of the Right Rev. John Fisher, D.D. 694 distressed him; so that at length, the point to mould the temper of his royal service, instead of being irksome, | pupils according to that principle of proved extremely pleasant. But here, self-command, which he had so emifor many reasons, suspenso pede incen- nently acquired for his own governdere, as the subject is of too delicate ment. It is well known, that the a nature to admit of farther detail. Princess Charlotte was, at one period,
In February 1809, the bishop of of so very impetuous a disposition, as Salisbury was called to preach the an- | to occasion the bishop considerable niversary sermon for the Society for trouble. At length, he desired Her Propagating the Gospel; and with this Royal Highness to learn these lines of the list of his publications ends, for Pope's Universal Prayer :though no divine of his rank was bet Teach me to feel another's wo, ter qualified to instruct men from the
To hide the fault I see ; press, as well as the pulpit, bis in
That mercy I to others shew, vincible modesty was such, that no
That inercy shew to me. thing but a compliance with establish-| Having fixed the stanzas strongly in ed usage could have prevailed upon the memory of the Princess, he beghim to publish even the few discourses ged, that whenever she found her rehere enumerated. After a life of ac- sentment rising against any one, to tivity, but not ostentatiously devoted | repeat the verse which she bad learnt; to the duties of his high station, this and though sometimes youthful heat excellent prelate died at his house in would get the better of the monition, Upper Seymour-street, on Sunday, yet generally the lesson had a good May 8th, 1825, and on the 16th his effect. remains were interred, with appro- At one time the bishop came into the priate ceremony, in St. George's cha- room where the Princess was scolding pel, Windsor.
with great vehemence a very young feThe benevolence of the good bishop | male domestic, who stood trembling was unbounded, and after his ad- before her, without being suffered to vancement to the episcopate, he made stir out of the royal presence. The it a rule to distribute a considerable | bishop having dismissed the poor portion of the revenues of each diocese culprit, whose offence was of the most to charitable uses. One proof of his trivial description, asked the angry uncommon disinterestedness appear | Princess whether she had repeated ed in his declining to renew the lease the lesson which she had been taught. of the best mapor belonging to the tem- “No,” said she, “ I was in too great poralities of the see ot' Salisbury, by a passion to remember that, or any which extraordinary sacrifice, the sumthing else.” The excellent preceptor of thirty thousand pounds falls into then recited the lines, and applied the hands of his worthy friend and them so forcibly to the occasion, that successor, bishop Burgess. The prin- | the Princess burst into tears, and cipal feature in the character of the spontaneously calling for the servant, late bishop, was the command of his asked her forgiveness in the most tentemper. Though he suffered for a der and feeling manner. great portion of his life under severe With this anecdote we shall conbodily indisposition, he was seldom clude the biographical sketch that heard to complain; but endured pain we have so feebly delineated, adding with a peculiar placidity of manner, only, in the words of Lucian, onui and even generally with a smile on bis Ouros palisa en alvog ačios clul, oooc TO countenance. He appeared, indeed, undev et apxn wv, ouws enti peya a poexwto make it his first study, to raise his unoa, ačkog apxn : “ Those cbietly are: mind to such a state, that it should wortby to be commemorated, who not partake of the irritability of the have raised themselves by their merit body; and if a basty expression ever to a high station, and, though obscure chanced to escape him, it was instant- originally, bave been deemed worthy Jy checked, and followed by an urbane of command." expression, and an anxious desire to Since the funeral, letters of adminisremove, by an act of kindness, any tration have been granted by the Coinuneasiness that he might have occa mons to Dorothea Fisher, widow and sioned.
executrix of the bishop, by wbich it In the course of his labours as an appears, that the personal property instructor, he constantly made it a l amounted to no more than £20,000.
APHORISMS EXTRACTED FROM THE 10.-Christianity will civilize, it is
""true, but it is only when it is allowed WRITINGS OF THE REV. R. HALL.
to develop the energies by which it 1.–The influence of religion on the sanctifies. heart depends not on the multiplicity, 11.-It may be inquired, whether but on the quality of the objects. all classes of Christians have not re
2.-The grandeur and efficacy of the ceded from the standard, if not by the gospel results pot from an immense adoption of positive error, by a disaccumulation of little things, but from proportionate attention to some parts its powerful exhibition of a few great of revelation? ones.
12.- Faith, considered as a mere 3.—The unnecessary multiplication speculative assent to the truth of a diof articles of faith, gives a character vine testimony, may be looked upon of littleness to Christianity, and tends, as uniform or stationary; but when in no small degree, to impress a simi- we consider it as a practical principle, lar character on its professors. as one of the graces of the Spirit, we
4.-Terms have been invented for perceive it to be, in common with the purpose of excluding error, or others, susceptible of continual enmore accurately defining truth, to largement and increase, which the New Testamentis a stranger; 13.-In the degree of power which and on these terms, associations and future and invisible realities exert impressions ingrafted, which, in some over the mind, in the practical energy instances, perhaps, little correspond of what men profess to believe, in the with the divine simplicity of the promptitude and certainty with which gospel.
it determines them to a correspondent 5.-It is to the immoderate attach- conduct, there is the utmost diversity, ment to secular interest, the love of even among those who believe with power, and the want of reverence for the heart. truth, not to the obscurities of revela 14.- The faith to wbich the scription, we must impute the unhappy tures attach such momentous consecontentions among Christians.
quences, and ascribe such glorious 6.-There is an intimate connexion exploits, is a practical habit, which, between the perception and relish of like every other, is strengthened and truth, and a right disposition of mind, increased by continual exercise. that they have a reciprocal influence 14.-It is nourished by meditation, on each other, and that the mystery of by prayer, and the devout perusal of faith can only be placed with safety the scriptures; and the light which it in a pure conscience.
diffuses, becomes stronger and clearer 7.-It is the business of the states-'| by an unintercepted converse with its man to project for this world, of the object, and a faithful compliance with Christian minister for eternity. The its dictates; as, on the contrary, it is former proposes to improve the ad- / weakened and obscured by whatever vantages, and to mitigate the evils, of wounds the conscience, or impairs the life ; the latter, the conquest of death, purity and spirituality of the mind. and the achievement of immortality.
8.-*** Antinomianism; that thick, skinped monster of the ooze and the
POPERY AND UNITARIANISM. mire, which no weapon can pierce, no dicipline can tame.
MR. EDITOR. 9.-The qualities of Antinomianism Sir,- Can you account for the singu. are, vulgarity of conception, paucity of lar affection that has recently taken ideas, a determined hostility to taste, place between the Romapists and science, and letters. It includes, with- Unitarians? The fact is indisputable, in a compass which every hand can for in several instances the two parties contain, and every tongue can utter, have associated together with uncom. a system which cancels every moral mon familiarity, and paid one another tie, consigns the whole race to the most extraordinary compliments. The extremes of presumption and despair, union is so much like that of Herod enacts religion on the ruins of mora- and Pilate, as to make one suspect the lity, and imparts to the dregs of stu-motives of both to be of a similar pidity all the energy of the most ac- description, and that, though there is tive power.
apparently nothing in common between
them, they are alike actuated by a | if not worse, they confederated with desire to pull down an establishment, the Pope, to set Louis, the dauphin of the faith of which is at variance witb France, upon the throne of England. their own. This is one of the para- | How his holiness contrived to cheat doxical wonders of our planet-stricken the one and the other, as the monkey times, when men of active minds seem did the two cats in the fable, by getting to vie with each other in discovering the crown surrendered to himself, is pew principles of moral action, and in too notorious to need recital in this exploding truths of old date. Hence, place. we are told that the Roman Church The present is called a thinking was never either idolatrous or intoler generation, but the spirit of inquiry, ant, and that to it the English people which is said to be spreading far and are actually indebted for the liberties wide, seems to be of a headlong they enjoy ; because the great charter quality ; for while men are intent upon was wrested from an arbitrary mo finding out new things, they appear to narch by bis Catholic subjects.
treat the lessons and examples of forThat the barons bold' were papists, mer days as tales of idle import, that is most true, for there were no secta- may be adapted to any argument, and ries in those days, and the whole rendered subservient to any purpose. western world was under the dominant That the Unitarians, of all people, rule of the tiara. But this particular should have discovered something history is rather unfortunate for the barmless and amiable in the barsh cause wbich it is cited to support; features of popery, would seem very since the two factions, who coalesced unaccountable, did we not know against the king, were neither of them that extremes will occasionally meet. actuated by the noble principle of Therefore, as formerly, the leaders of jastice and freedom. The ecclesias- that party proposed an alliance with tics aimed at the aggrandizement of the Mohammedans, on the simple their order, and an exemption from basis of a reciprocal acknowledgment all imposts; while the barons strove of the divine unity; setting aside all to render themselves totally indepen- other articles of faith as of no modent of the crown, and to have an ab- ment; so now their successors may solute sovereignty over their vassals be disposed to think that there is or tenantry of every quality. In this no essential difference between them struggle for power, the Pope took a and the Romanists, since, if the ono part, for his own emolument; and laid have degraded the Messiah to a state the kingdom, as well as John, under of peccable humanity; the others have an interdict, the consequence of which lowered his dignity as a mediator, by was, that religious service of every raising to the same rank a host of kind was suspended throughout Eng- male and female saints, whose powerland for the space of five years. ful intercession, particularly that of
During that frightful period, there the Virgin, is considered as being, at was neither a sermon preached, nor least, equally efficacious with that of baptism, mass, or any funeral cere- the Saviour of the world. Under mony performed in all the land, so that these circumstances, the transit from the very form of religion was destroy-Popery to Socinianism, and vice versa, ed by the arbitrary act of the Head of is not so wonderful a thing as, at first the Church. It is true, that in this sight, might appear; and it merits case, as in most others, good came notice, that many such changes have out of evil; but no thanks are due occurred in the present day, as well either to the barons, the pope, or the as in former times; the relation of clergy, for that beneficial result which which would be very serviceable as the whole of them, as well as the warnings against that latitudinarianmiserable monarch himself, would ism which invariably leads either to have prevented, if they could. The infidelity or superstition. W. same band of rebellious chieftains, wbo made their stand against John, sold three of the northern counties,
THE SCRAPBOOK. Northumberland, Westmoreland, and
No. I.-On Belief. Cumberland, to the king of Scotland, I MR. EDITOR. to enable them to make war upon their SIR,-The MSS. of a gentleman, lateown sovereign; and what was as bad, I ly deceased, having been put into my