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and lower spokes, wbich have arrived at the blackening the characters of those who have vertical position, appeared to be considerably exerted themselves to terminate the diabolical curved. The curvature is in the same direc- | system. tion on both sides of the apright spokes, so Discovery.--Three small islands were distbat they all seem to turn upwards; and the covered west of America, on the 26th of May, same appearance presents itself whether the 1824, in latitude 18. 11. south, and longitude wheel be moving to the right or to the left of 114.48. west. They lie near each other, but the spectator. Dr. Roget, in bis late lecture appeared to be uninhabited. No notice bad at the Royal Institution, has traced this decep- previously been taken of them in any existtion to the law of the permanence of impres- ing cbart. sions on the retina; the form of the curve being that resulting from the continued intersections of a revolving radias, with a vertical

Literary Notices. line moving parallel to itself. Buried Trees discovered. Lately at Stockport,

Just Published. as some men were digging, they discovered, In one vol. 12mo. boards, price 5s. Christian about three feet below the surface of the Characteristics, or an attempt to delineate the ground, two fine oak trees imbedded in the most prominent features of the Christian Chaclay. They were perfectly sound, quite black,racter. By the Rev. Thomas Lewis, minister and so exceedingly hard as to be susceptible of of Union Chapel, Islington the finest polish. The largest of them, sixty A Letter to the Rev. Ralpb Wardlaw, D.D. five feet in length, has been sold for £30. Or on some passages in bis Dissertation on Infant their age no conjecture can be formed. Many | Baptism. By Jobp Birt. Price ls. Also the such discoveries have been made in various third edition of the late Dr. Williams's Essay places, but in general, on exposure to the at- on the Equity of Divine Government, and mosphere, the timber, notwithstanding its Sovereignty of Divine Grace. One volame hardness, soon becomes decomposed. Should 8vo. 12s. this be the case with the tree lately found and Six Lectares on Popery, delivered in Kingsold. the varcbaser will have a poor bargain. | street Chapel, Maidstone. By William Gro

South American Toleration. By the late trea- | cer. 5s. boards. ty into which this country has entered with The second edition of The Rural Residence, Buenos Ayres, we are happy to find, among a poem in four books, containing Reflections of other stipulations, that Englishmen may cele- / a Moral and Religious Nature. By W. Stones. brate their religious rites in that country | Post will the same freedom as in their native land. Juvenile Essays, which obtained the prizes They may erect protestant or other chapels, proposed by the proprietor of the Teacher's and have their own cemeteries. To crown Offering. 2s. boards. all, these powers engage to co-operate for the The Rotunda, or Characteristic Sketches of abolition of the slave-trade. The treaty seems the Speakers at the religious Meetings held founded on liberal principles, and is bighly

there. honourable to the contracting parties.

Sonnets and other Poems. By D. L. RichardImprisoned Bird's Nest.-While some men, son. 8vo. boards. at Bathley, near Newark, were sawing the log Reflections on the Word of God for every of an oak-tree, a bird's nest was discovered, Day in the Year. By W.Ward, of Serampore. with three eggs in it, supposed to bave be 6s. 6d. boards. longed to a gray woodpecker. The nest was The Apostate's Progress from the Kingdom in the heart of the tree, and the surrounding of Christ to the Dominions of Satan, &c. 2s.6d. timber was without crack or aperture. The boards. nest, eggs, and parts of the tree, about a yard The Sacred Harp, a Poem. By Samuel long, have been preserved. The cavity in Bromley. Is. which the nest was found, bad assumed the A Brief Statement of Facts, for the Informaform of an egg. The log measured forty feet tion of those who inquire, " What are these in length, and its diameter, where the nest was Methodists ?” By Valentine Ward. Is. 60. enclosed, about six feet from the top, is seven The Nature and Loveliness of Youthful teen inches.

Piety. A Sermon. By James Simmons. Is. Remains of a Serpentine Animal. As some men Tbe Committee of the Protestant Dissenters' were lately excavating the ground on the race

Grammar School at Mill Hill, brought to tbe course, Lincoln, to obtain a supply of water, Bar of the religions Public. By the Rev.John they dug op a large mass of bine lias, wbich, I Hamphries, late Principal. wben broken, was found to contain the remains

In the Press. of some serpentine animal coiled up. The ex- | A volume of Sermops, on important subjects, act dimensions we have not heard ; but the chiefly intended to aid the devotion of the vertebres and external form are said to be in closet, and the religious exercises of the family. tbe finest state of perfection.

By the Rev.John Bruce. Wages of Iniquity.- The General Assembly of On the 1st of July next will be published, in Barbadoes bave proposed voting to the editor of Dublin, the first number of a new monthly a Glasgow newspaper, a piece of plate, value periodical work, to be entitled “ The Chris£500, "for bis zealous endeavours to whitewash tian Examiner, and Church of Ireland Magaslavery, for bis skill in dressing the planters / zine;" to be conducted by Clergymen of the and overseers in the garb of humanity, and for | Established Church.,

LONDON: PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed]

Kamus Baldn'in Bronn,

(of the winer Temple)
Barrister at Lan's

Published by Henry Fisher, Carton, London, 1825.

..

.

THE

Imperial Magazine:

OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, 8. PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

JULY.

"READING IS THE CIRCULATING MEDIUM OF INTELLECTUAL COMMERCE."

(1825.

MEMOIR OF

| time one of the largest boardingJAMES BALDWIN BROWN, ESQ. LL. D.

schools in England, where he finished

that part of his education for which he OF TAE INNER TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.

is not indebted to his own unaided ( With a Portrait.)

exertions. “Ah, who can tell bow hard it is to climb His earliest inclination was for the The steep wbero Fame's proud temple shines bar, and in the mimic courts of justice afar?

BEATTIE,

established, mainly by his influence, Trite as this quotation is, it always amongst his schoolfellows at Peckcomes recommended to the fancy by ham, this bias of his genius marked its truth, which is of universal recog-him out for the leading advocate, under nition. In proportion to the difficulty the title of Attorney-general; though of such an ascent as is here alluded he had a formidable opponent in his to, is the pleasure which we derive school-fellow and friend, Dr, Raffles, in seeing it effected ; and when it is whose talents were destined, as perhaps accomplished by the unaided efforts they were more fitted, for that sublimer of genios, through long discourage- field of eloquence in which they have ment and toil, by one of the most since been exerted with such distinrugged paths that lead to that envied guished success. Prudential motives height, we can neither regard without forbad, however, the indulgence of this admiration the success of the young deeply-rooted predilection, until the aspirant, nor trace the steps which death of his father left him at liberty, conducted him to eminence, without at the period when he came of age, to the liveliest curiosity,

devote himself to a pursuit from which JAMES BALDWIN BROWN, the subject his mind could never be diverted, and of the present memoir, was born on the to embark in his preparation for it 6th of June 1790, at Enfield, in Middle- the very slender patrimony to which sex, where his mother's family resided, he succeeded. He was accordingly that of his father having for some time entered a student of the Inner Temple, been engaged in the crape, which is and devoted himself most assiduously · also the staple manufactory of the to legal studies; though, partly as a county of Suffolk, though its members relief from the application which these were not of the number of those who, required, and partly, it is to be premade large fortunes in it.

Tsumed, to augment his very limited Being an only child, he received a finances, he employed the fragments liberal education, the foundation of of his time, those, namely, which were which was laid by a maternal uncle in spent in his walks to and from Westhis native town. At the age of ten, he minster-hall, in preparing for the press was removed to the academy at Peck- a poem on the battle of Albuera. ham, then under the care of the Though a hasty production, and publate Rev. Martin Ready, with whom, lished anonymously, “The Battle of as his preceptor, he passed as much of Albuera" was most favourably rethe short peace of 1802 and 1803, as the ceived by the public, and by the direcspeedy renewal of hostilities would tors of the public taste, all of whom allow, in France, where, as some spoke of it in terms of the highest drawback on the advantage of ac commendation. The poem, indeed, quiring a thorough knowledge of the was very generally attributed to an language of that country, he ran no individual, the productions of whose slight risk of being one of those who muse had already secured for him a were there detained, in opposition to large.. share of public approbation. the rules of war and the law of nations. The real author meanwhile continued Soon after bis return, he was removed in concealment, except to the more to Aspley, in Bedfordshire, at that intimate of his friends, and a few of 79.-VOL. VII.

2 p

..............oroccorror.o.o.com.ri........................ the most eminent poets of the day, to | The author,” they observe,“has drawn whose notice it was the medium of his materials from the best sources, advantageously introducing him

and has evinced a degree of diligence This, his first appearance before the in his research, which is highly creditpublic as an author, was made in the able to bimself, and which the reader year 1812, and the poem soon passed will see good reason to commend in through a second edition. Scarcely, the variety of important and interesthowever, had its transient interesting particulars which he has brought subsided, than Mr. Brown published together for his instruction and amusea work of a very different nature, and ment.”+ calculated to procure for its author al This elaborate production was the more enduring reputation. This was means also of introducing Mr. Brown "An Historical Account of the Laws to the favourable notice of the Marenacted against the Catholics, both in quis of Wellesley, to wbom the work England and Ireland ; of the ameliora- was dedicated, to Mr. Canning, the tions which they have undergone, and late Mr. Grattan, and other supporters of their existent state ;" to which were of Catholic Emancipation, in both added, “A short account of the Laws houses of parliament, no less than to for the Punishment of Heresy in gene-Lords Shrewsbury and Fingal, the ral; a brief Review of the merits of leading Catholic peers of England and the Catholic Question; and copious Ireland; but what was eventually of notes, tending principally to illustrate yet greater advantage to hini, it prothe views and conduct of the Church of cured for him the acquaintance of Sir England, the Presbyterians, and Secta: John Cox Hippisley, who afterwards rians, with regard to toleration, when became one of the warmest and most in the enjoyment of power.” Herein he useful of his friends. established a character for patience of At the entreaty of that gentleman, investigation and liberality of senti- who perhaps studied the question ment, that procured for him the highest in all its bearings, more deeply, and commendations from the leading re-obtained more information to illustrate views in favour of this important it, than any man living, he commenced question; and the views which be a task, which some of the reviewers adopted, he advocated with all the very aptly designated as Herculean, in ardour of a young man who had not ! an "Historical Inquiry into the Ecclepassed his two-and-twentieth year. siastical Jurisdiction of the Crown of He illustrated, moreover, his subject Great Britain, from the earliest period with much more depth of historical to the Reformation," where he intendresearch than could have been expected to put a close to an investigation, ed from the time devoted to its com- the object of wbich was to prove to position ; to wbich, however, he gave the Catholics, that the concession of himself with the greatest industry, ar- a Veto to the crown, upon the apranging by night the materials he had pointment of the Irish bishops of that rescued from the dusty recesses of the church, was in strict accordance with public libraries, during those hours of the practice of ancient days, when the the day which were not occupied, in whole Christian world was of its perterm time, by his attendance on the suasion. He printed, however, but à courts, where he was a sedulous note- very small portion of this most extentaker. For these great exertions, he sive and erudite inquiry, embracing was rewarded by the praises of the that part of the reign of Constancritics, who declared, with justice, tine the Great which related to the innot only that “ learning, judgment, terference of that emperor in the Donatemper, and industry, upite in recom tist and a portion of the Arian schism, mending the work to general perusal,"* in the proceedings relative to which but that “it contains all the informa the British bishops took a part. In tion which can be desired, relative to the illustration of this very limited and the disabilities to which the Roman very obscure portion of ecclesiastical Catholics of England and Ireland have history, Mr. Brown appears to have been heretofore, or are at present sub-consulted and cited some hundreds of jected, on account of their adherence authors, many, perhaps the majority, to the religion of their ancestors. of the Fathers of the Church, and

* Monthly Review, July 1813..

+ Critical Review, Nov. 1813.

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