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such a selection, had it not been for | in customs, manners, and religion, the accomplishment of this grand &c, do the Jews yet differ from them event. There was nothing happened all, and are one among themselves, similar to it before, nor has any thing scattered as they are in all regions of like it existed since; and the event the earth? This fact is so striking, bas shewn, that though the Jews have that you may know a Jew to be a Jew remained, even to the present times, in any region of the world; for wbat a distinct people, yet their distinction they are, as it respects their distinis not of that kind which could now guishing peculiarities in any one promote the end for which they were place, that they are all the world over. at first selected. They are still dis- | Hence they are to be considered, tinguished as a people, it is true, but though not designing it themselves, jumbled together as to tribes; so that, as a witness for God,-as a standing supposing the Messiab not to have testimony to the truth of his word, come, it would be impossible now to and as a miracle daily performed, so distinguish him in the ordinary, and, to speak, in the face of the whole of course, the most satisfactory way, world, which all the cavils of scoffers when he does come. He was to come and infidels will never be able to overof the tribe of Judah, and of the family
turn. of David; but not to mention the pre
(To be continued.) dictions of the time, as given by Daniel, even the family and the tribe can
THE CAMERA OBSCURA. never be ascertained as the accom
(Continued from col. 436.) plishment of prophecy, without regular registers and records being kept
No. XIX.--Joseph Scott. for this purpose, from the earliest to
“Oh yes! that sunken eye with fire once
gleam'd, the latest period. If the Jews in the
And rays of light from its broad circlet stream'd, present day, therefore, have nothing But now neglect bas stung bim to the core, of this kind to produce, it forms the And hope's wild raptures thrill bis heart no strongest presumption that the Mes more.” HENRY KIRKE WHITE. siah has indeed come, and that it is in He was a young man with many acvain for them to look for his advent as complishments,-he was remarkably future. Still, however, not to insist handsome in person,-had received a here on the prophecies of the time of good education,-possessed an excelhis advent, we maintain, that 'down to lent understanding, with a fertile the period in which we assert he did imagination,--he was far above the come, such registers and records were generality of men in most respects,regularly kept; and whenever they his station was respectable, and his came to fall into disuse, it was the future prospects cheering,-he was clearest demonstration that Provi-| beloved by his intimates, and of a dence had no occasion for them, and very sanguine temper; and being fultherefore permitted them to fall to the ly acquainted with his intellectual ground, like the other peculiarities of powers and talents, he had formed their system; which, we say, were high ideas of his future success in first appointed for the sake of bring- life ;-enthusiasm was the principal ing forth the Messiah, and received characteristic of bis disposition. I in general their completion in his have to add, that, at the age of twentyadvent.
five, I saw this individual return a As there are many things recorded beggar to his native town, and die, of the natural descendants of Abra- three months after bis return, in abject ham subsequent to this era, however, misery. Of some men, it is to be said so a few words respecting them may that they were born in a higher stanot be improper. The scriptures say, tion than that in which they died; that they were cast off because of un--of others, that they were born and belief, but that when they shall turn died in the same station, with little to the Lord their God, and worship | variation;-and of some, that they were him with a true heart, they shall be re- | born poor, and died rich ;-and these ceived in again. But it is worthy of in- | three classes compose the whole of quiry, Why do they still remain a dis- mankind. But, it will be my object tinct people? Why, though scattered at present, to trace poor Joe Scott's through so many different nations, progress through the latter part of his which differ so much from each other life.
He had served his apprenticeship / ing that his wounds (which had been to a surgeon, and went up to London inflicted by a blow with a poker) were to attend lectures at one of the hospi- not so bad as appearances indicated, tals there.
he dressed them as well as he could, As he was one night returning from and having seen bim put to bed, and a lecture, and coming through a nar-promising to call again the next day row street in an unfrequented part of to see how matters went on, walked the city, be heard a great noise pro- home to his lodgings. ceeding from a house just as he pass- He performed his promise. And ed it. The voices of men in high the first thing which struck him, when altercation with each other, became he came to the house again, was the louder and louder, and horrid impre-extraordinary beauty of the female cations were mingled with their words; whom he had seen the preceding evenand the screams of a woman were ing. He had not observed it before. plainly distinguishable. Presently, | She was not tall, but her figure was (for he stayed to see the end of the perfect symmetry, her skin was transmatter,) he distinctly heard blows, parently white, and her eyes and her some metal article appeared to be hair were raven black. The tale she thrown against the wall, that rang told to him, about the affair which had when it came in contact with it, and first caused his appearance, and the also when it fell to the floor, and then circumstances in which she was plaanother sound was heard like the ced, does not at all matter to our sound of a violent blow, which was subject. I have forgotten it. The smothered from the compliant nature wounded man was her brother; the of the object which received it,--and other her father. Joe's admiration of a voice said, in a painful hurried tone, her person, all at once filled his heart. “Oh Godd-n,”-and then it seemed He knew not what to do. His soul as if a lifeless carcase dropt upon the was taken by surprise. He began to ground. All now was silent, except | love,--to love all at once,-instantathe noise which arose from a suppress-neously. The fury of the flame had ed sobbing, for more than a minute. spread itself all over him, before he Joe stayed no longer, but placing his knew there was fire in the case,-it foot against the door, (after having spread, and burnt and destroyed all first tried the latch, by which he could that came in its way. She was a bad not open it,) with a violent effort, woman,-need I tell the rest? drove it furiously off its hinges,-he I must now pass over some months strode forwards, and, in far less time of time,- no matter how many. Perthan I can describe it, found that he haps a picture will best convey this was admitted into a cheerless uncom- part of my tale to the reader. fortable apartment,-very few articles It is a rainy, uncomfortable night. of furniture were in it,—and the only / All without doors is drizzle and cheerthing which, in other circumstances, lessness; and this is the same street could have enlivened the scene, was a into which we came with Joe on his fire, which burnt in a large grate, all journey from hospital lectures,-this, over rust. At the front of this grate, too, is the same house, whose door be with the side of his head leaning pushed open, here is the apartment against what might be termed the man- where the father, son, and daughter tle-piece, stood a man, with his hat were quarrelling, -and on one side of off,-a dark, scowling, envious, ha- the fire-place, sits a woman in rags, tred-like looking man, who, in the looking vacantly at the grate,-on the cold, moveless posture in which he other is a fellow with his elbows reststood, might have passed for a statue ing upon his knees, and his hands of Satan. His forehead projected for supporting his head, nothing but the ward as it heightened, his eyes were back of which can be seen. It is all almost hidden by his brows, and his silence-all misery,—and the man is lips were so pressed together, that Joe Scott. His father had died innothing of them was seen. Upon the solvent; but there were still plenty of ground lay a man, whose head was modes of procuring a livelihood. He bleeding profusely, and who lay in might have been supported by his sensibly; and a few feet from him, a | friends through his course of studies woman sat sobbing and wailing. Joe as a surgeon,-but he followed the raised up the wounded man, and find- / guidance of his false mistress,-and
there he sits. He rose,-strode across | fected him. He had not an idea of the the room,-put his hat on, and pulled real scenes which war presents ;-the it over his brows,-opened the door, horrid confusion that seems always to and walked out,—to the gambling- rest upon a field of slaughter,-few, I table, or perhaps worse.
may say none, but those who have When I either tell a tale, or hear seen it have. And then, when I say one told, or read one, I always love that his wounds were dreadful, bis to lose sight of the steps or means by pains excruciating, and his body now which the characters of the tale came totally disabled for life, I have drawn into the situations there related, and a picture of some months of his exonly notice the prominent situations istence. themselves. The changes appear He returned to his native country a more really what they are, and, in mere beggar; and determined, (for short, I am going to adopt the same pride and haughtiness had given place plan at present.
to-what shall I call it?-despairing The situation which I shall next no- moodiness,) to go back again to his tice, as being occupied by our hero, own home. is a very different one from the last. He traced his way through part of The apartment in which he is now, England, begging for his support,instead of being small and confined, is encountering the laughs of the mercilarge and roomy. Instead of being less, the refusals of the covetous, and comfortless, it has every benefit which whatsoever else is offered to the indian apartment could have; and although gent and distressed. He had, all the it is night, the multitude of wax tapers way along, to compare his present in the room make it as light as day. journey with the last he had made There are but two men in the place. through this self-same path. Hope One is sitting with his arm on a table, was then helped on by youth and joy, whilst his body is turned away from now, at least, the bright feelings of it, as a posture of perfect ease; the youth were past, and joy was succeedother is reading to him, from a manu ed by a mellowness of tearful sorrow. script that lies on the same table. From town to town he went,-along The latter is Joe Scott; the former is frequented and unfrequented roads, a great political character. Joe has his right leg helped his wooden stump been employed to write on the side of to limp on, and the right sleeve of his the politician, and this is an examina- coat hung unoccupied down his side. tion of one of his productions. When At last he came within about a mile the reading was finished, a few alte- of his native place. He there went rations were commanded,-a sum of from the road to see if a pool of water money was paid,—and Joe made a were yet remaining, in which, when a servile bow, and went his way.
boy, he had many times, in the cool It was at the close of the battle of of a summer's evening, bathed with Talavera, in the year 1810, that a poor other boys. The next object that enprivate, in one of the English regi- gaged his notice, was a field in which ments of foot, was taken to the hos- he had played at cricket many and pital desperately wounded. His left many a time; and then came the casleg and right arm were shot off, and tle which was seen in the distance, he was huddled away in company an old, romantic, ruined castle, which with several others, all groaning, and stood upon a bigb hill at one end of sighing, and bleeding together. The the town. It kept in view all the repoor inan's life (he was Scott) was, mainder of his way. This, and the for some time, despaired of, but after grounds around it, in childhood, were inconceivable pain and misery, his the places in which he had daily walksituation began to improve. Distress ed. He had climbed the ruinous and despair had driven bim into the walls ; explored all the nooks and army. The life of strict discipline corners about them,-nutted in the which privates are obliged to lead, trees, and gathered blackberries from being contrary to his habits, afflicted the bushes. This was interwoven and perplexed him. His spirit was with his very existence; and whenbroken by his situation; he became ever his native town had presented hamble and desponding,--and, to itself to his recollection, this had pushcrown all, the battle in which he had ed itself forward as a prominent fea. been wounded, had wonderfully af- ture in the picture. When he came
within the boundaries of the place, he / unwary, and pronounce the solemn turned from the straight road, and services of the sanctuary. walked over the grounds and through But the tongue was long ago found the ruins, before he entered the town, to be an upruly member; like every determined to indulge his feelings in thing human, speech bas too often been the natural picturesque objects he exercised for the worst of purposes. had known and loved so long, and to Who has not heard the voice of the vent his tears in ruinous solitude. swearer? Who has not detected the - As he walked through the town, the lying lip? And slander, calumny, and church, the streets, the shops, even detraction have proceeded out of the the men, struck upon his feelings, and mouth. The seat of these evils is deep, made them return a musical sound. it is in the heart. Cleanse this foun
The days of youth came up for a mo- tain, and its streams will be more ment to chase present misery, but it pure. Reason, ifunbiassed by strong was sorrow, and not joy, that brought prejudice, and conscience, if not searthem. I will not go on regularly to ed by long continuance in vice, will the end.
both in their measure rectify the evil. He died with a-no, it could not be The swearer will be deterred by rea broken heart, and yet it was like a morse. The liar will expect his dubroken heart-bis mortal disease was plicity to be discovered, and the slana kind of composition of moody joy derer will expect to feel the arrows of and acute misery.he was slain with a mischief pierce his own reputation.' keen, but a woful instrument.
The faculty of speech is important Why have I told this tale? Why with respect to its bearings upon the lengthened out Joe Scott's history? social nature of man. Our father I cannot tell. Perhaps pity prompted Adam found it not good to be alone, the action. Perhaps it was a recol- and we, his posterity, inherit the dislection of incidents that happened positions and feelings of our great
lang syne,' that moved my pen. I re- progenitor. Hence, individuals and member him a very enthusiast,--when families are associated together into his laugh was louder than any one societies and communities, all deriving else's, when his anticipations were benefit from the union, and each constronger, when he had an open tributing his quota to the general generous heart,-a tear for the dis- | good, by an exchange of kind offices, tressed, and then, when he was and an interchange of ideas; and the lamed, and his figure stooped, and his | more improved the state of society eyes were sunken, and his face.--He becomes, the greater is the necessity is dead; and his life may teach a of a polite and refined conversation. lesson.
Considering the pleasure and advan(To be continued.)
tage resulting therefrom, it is not a
little surprising, that to the art of disREMARKS ON CONVERSATION.
coursing well, so little attention is paid.
To almost every thing else, an unThe noblest corporeal faculty, and wearied application is given. Horrs that which most obviously marks the of study are devoted to the attainment superiority of man over the brute crea- of comparatively useless languages. tion, is that of speech. Animals hav- Accomplishment is added to accoming neither ideas to communicate, nor plishment, except that charming one emotions to express, other than those of uttering our thoughts in an elegant produced by mere sensation, find a and graceful manner. Nature may do language sufficiently copious in the much, but she requires assistance ; few simple, and, to us, incoherent care and assiduity will greatly make sounds they are enabled to utter. But up her deficiency; to attempt improveman, who reflects and reasons, who, ment, is to succeed. in addition to mere sensitive feelings, If we inquire into the cause of that has a mind formed for powerful exer- want of interest so often discernible tions and high attainments, requires in the social circle, it will be found and possesses a capability of utterance principally to originate in a deficiency suited to the dignity of his nature. of general information, an habitual By this he speaks his wants, his fears, disinclination to think, and an abhis sentiments, his hopes; by this he sorption of the mind into self and selfcan instruct the ignorant, warn the important affairs. Thus the time we
desire to spend in pleasant relaxation | told tale?” He should have a com at the friendly visit, instead of being municative disposition, à generous employed to our comfort, is wasted to heart, a pleasing address, a consider: our regret; instead of having partaken able share of self-denial, and be cauof an intellectual feast, our mental tious in the display of that rare and appetite is left unsatisfied, or vitiated splendid, but dangerous quality, wit. by impare and unwholesome food. A great preventive to conversaCertainly, those who lead the conver- tion is, that constant, yet perhaps sation of parties are not expected to unintentional, reserve observable in enter into elaborate disquisitions, or many persons, and frequently in those to discuss knotty points of theology ; who are much esteemed for the ur. but instead of the too common chit- banity of their manners and the excel. chat, might not something be said of lence of their moralcharacter;who poswhat is now taking place in the po sess a relish for intellectual enjoyment, litical or the religious world ?-of re and whose mental attainments are cent discoveries and improvements in great. These persons, even if induced science? The merits or demerits of to speak, are apt to deliver themselves celebrated personages might furnish in a dignified and sententious manner, a theme, if carried on with tempe wbich is discouraging, especially to rance, io a proper spirit. Comparison those not well acquainted with them, might be drawn between them and their or who feel their own inferiority either predecessors in office and honours, in outward circumstances or endow. now amongst the illustrious dead. The ments of mind. A reserved disposicharacters of our neighbours and tion is most contagious. Silence soon acquaintances should, however, but engenders silence. Even our kindred rarely come under discussion in mixed and acquaintances, thosc wbo are company; our encomiums may flatter bound to us by the ties of consangui: their vanity and increase their pride, nity or intimacy, at length imbibe the whilst our censures will probably pro- infection. duce petulance and anger, without ef- Perhaps but few persons accustomfecting any reformation in their princi- ed to travel, and mix with those wholly ples or conduct, for but few are dis unknown to them, have not sincerely posed to edify by the strictures of their regretted the reserve, the timidity, the equals and contemporaries. Perhaps suspicion, or the indescribable someit would be better to dwell less upon thing, that has prevented the enjoys' persons than upon things. And here ment of mutual conversation till almost an ample range of intellect presents about to part. After the asual salutaitself. The fair volume of nature is tions, the sentences have been few and continually open to our view; its de- far between, or even a vacant silence lightful study will fill the mind with bas ensued, until some fortunate acenergy and the lips with eloquence. cident has afforded an opportunity to The historic page,“ rich with the speak. But why is this? Are there spoils of time,” is also open to our not neutral topics, on which the veriest research; and, above all, the book of strangers might converse? Whilst it heavenly truth, which contains know- is admitted that great caution, especiledge in its purity, will furnish un- | ally on the part of the young, is necesfailing tesources for conversation. sary, (for alas ! the fairest countenance
It should be remembered, however, is sometimes worn by the possessor of that a well-stored mind is not all that the foulest heart, and the most alluris requisite to enable a person to suc- ing winningness of manner is frequentceed in this pleasing art, there are 1 ly but the instrument to accomplish other qualifications, without which he the basest of designs, yet it must be will fail to please. The ideas must maintained, that the majority of civinot only be good, but clear and un lized mankind are not so depraved, confused, that he may express them but that we might with prudence enluminously. His sentences should be joy the temporary society of those we well formed, and free from ambiguity, know not, and occasionally derive à and his fanguagé such as will not keen, because unexpected, gratificaoffend the ear of taste. A rétentive tion from a tête-à-tête with an amiable memory is desirable, that he may not and intelligent stranger. be guilty of tautology and repetition ; Yet if taciturnity be an evil, great “ for what is so tedious as a twice- loquacity, with its attendants, egotism, 78.- VOL. VII.