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Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border,” | land. The first chapter must, in that and my indefatigable friend sent out case, be a rather dullish description of the “ Ballads of Nithsdale" in less the island, extracted from any histhan a fortnight after the event. Then torian or traveller, with a few trifling came the time when poetry was all alterations, and an account of the the rage, and his neat hot-pressed place to which you first introduce your volume miglit be seen, elegantly readers. bound, in half the booksellers' shop “In the second chapter, throw a windows in London. For a long time few of your characters into the tale, he imitated Walter Scott; but when and let them talk about nothing till Childe Harold made such a noise, he the end of the volume, in order to let instantly became misanthropic, and the reader into their respective diswrote in the Spenserian stanza. And positions, &c. It is an invariable lastly, since the overwbelming popu- rale, to make the first volume a mere larity of the Scottish novels, he has vehicle for talking, that has no concern regularly published three romances with the plot. (See the Antiquary and per annum, only varied by “ An Ameri the Pirate, vol. 1., with various other can Novel," composed at Canterbury, popular works.)-N. B. Mind you and a Tragedy, which bore a masked place the witch in the foreground, portrait in the title-page, to indicate and take care to describe her dress that the author was one of the Pisan from the top of her cap to the sole of Trio. He has an immense library, her shoe. Let her display supercomposed entirely of his own works, natural powers, and never explain a list too numerous to mention. But them away. To get acquainted with to the purpose; that is, his regulations this way of pleasing the public, read for composing a novel, and directions the account of the Reim-Kennar's infor writing a Scottish novel.

vocation to the storm, and its effects, “ FOR VOL.1.

in the Pirate, Vol. 1. “ Take special care never to invent a “For Vol. 11, write daringly on, and, plot for the book you are about to about every fifty pages, plunge into write. It used to be in fashion once, one of the extractable passages any. but it is not now; and I well recollect how. I know a friend who actually a young lady, about twenty years ago, crammed an account of the siege of who, on perusing the first five pages Ascalon into a modern novel. If, anyof my thirty-third novel, immediately how, you meet with a curious old tract, cried out, “Then Belville kills Del- insert it. (See Pontefract Castle, vol. mour, and is married to Clarinda :" 2., in which the legend of Sir George which was, in fact, the catastrophe of Villiers' appearance to a friend of the the story. All that you have to care Duke of Buckingham's is lugged in, about is, to introduce plenty of dia- somehow, but in a bungling way.) To logue, to scribble, beforehand, a few learn how to do the thing genteelly, passages, as favourable specimens to you may as well read the legend of be extracted in the Literary Gazette, Martin Walbeck, and the Demon of and to fill up one thousand pages, the Harz-forest, in the Antiquary, which is the regular quantnm.

vol. 2, which takes up about fifty “As to the characters, these will suit | pages. the public perfectly well. A milk-and I For Vol. 111.--Now, my friend, water hero, a fierce, fiery, impatient | plunge, thick and thin, into business, young fellow, (to be killed at the three and make something like a plot, hundred and twenty-first page of the which you may defer to the beginning third volume, which must, invariably, of this volume, as Sir Walter Soot be thicker than either of the two pre- / has done in the Antiquary. ceding,) an old whimsical character, 1. “ These are directions for the begina hair-brained rattler (for instance, | ning and middle of your story. The end Mike Lambourne, in Kennilworth, or | is so entirely dependent on your will, Jack Bince, in the Pirate,) two Minna that it is impossible to give any. Some and Brenda-like heroines, the former twenty years ago, poetical justice was of whom must be made unhappy, and always rendered to every character, the latter happy at the end of the tale, vice was punished, and virtue rewardand an old witch, like Meg Merrilies ed. But that is now quite out of or Norna.

fashion; and I would therefore advise .. "Suppose you place the scene in Ice | you to draw cuts, whether you shall

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kill the villain or the hero, and make | important partisans of Richard to rethe end happy or unhappy.

tain their towers and their domains, “When you have finished your tale, | for fear that if he attempted to punish take it to Colburn's, or some other them, the populace of Wales, indigfashionable publishers, and get five nant at such an invasion of their hundred guineas for it. If you follow rights, should take up arms against my directions, your work will become him. Of course, these latter persons, popular, and he will offer double, or | (that is, the Welsh nobles who retaintreble, or even quadruple, as much for ed their titles and estates,) endeavourthe next: although I, being a regular ed, by all the means in their powor, customer, only have one thousand to harass and weaken their opponents, pounds for each of my romances. so that, in case of a rising in favour of But, to say the truth, if he gives you king Richard, they might not be able, more than that, he will not take more again, to thwart their purposes; and than one per annum; and I prefer to this they did so effectually, that sevewrite three, for three thousand a year, ral of the opposite party, to save than only one for two.

themselves from this persecution, and “Be sure to send off the work, with indignant at the ingratitude of Bolingthe author's compliments, (and if you broke, renounced their principles, apu are voracious for praise, with about a espoused the cause of the weak descore of sovereigns,) to the editor of scendant of Edward the Black Prince. some weekly director of the public Others, disdaining such conduct, which taste, who will, of course, exalt you, at they regarded as equally senseless least, to the next rank to the author of and disgraceful, betook themselves to Waverley. Add their opinion to all the mountains, in which Wales your advertisements, and, take my abounds, and commenced a trade, word for it,

which they regarded as less mean, “You will succeed.

that of subtracting from the luxuries Having now given you all the advice of the wealthy, or, in other words, of which my worthy friend has thought

plundering the defenceless traveller. proper to offer to young aspirants, I

" While this was going on, the Engshall proceed to the Opening Chapter,

| lish governors taking possession of the which gives the title to my present

castles, to the command of which they number.

had been appointed, expelled, with “ Owen GLENDOWER.-CHAP. I.

merited disgrace and scorn, the Red- "In such a state, Lord Claudio,

hands, who were regarded as their is this country, if the king still holds this way.

most valuable inhabitants by the anward course, our power will fail, and our own

cient possessors. These men, who heart's-blood dye the hungry jaws of rade were nothing less than daring ruffians, Sicilian hounds.”-SICILJAN OUTLAW. ready to execute any mandate of their

“About the beginning of the reign of ruthless lord, how cruel or how wickking Henry the Fourth, the mountain ed soever it might be, found themous country of Wales was ripe for selves, as we said before, expelled from rebellion. This circumstance was, the venerable towers in which they chiefly, produced by the neglect the had long resided; and,“ to work new sovereign displayed to his Welsh unable, and to beg ashamed,” joined adherents, who being, in general, the the bands of robbers formed by the younger sops of powerful chieftains, disappointed Bolingbrokians. Inhad joined his band, in the hope that, structed by these men, the others, in the anarchy consequent to a who had hitherto given to the poor change in the government, they might half of what they forcibly obtained mend their broken fortunes with the from the rich, became bloodthirsty spoils of the partisans of Richard, or and murderous; they no more assistin the expectation that their imported those who were destitute of other ant services would be fully rewarded aid, and they frequently killed the in case of success. But Bolingbroke travellers whom they robbed. · Rich regarding the claims of his English and poor, both became inimical to supporters as more imperative, be them, and joined in supplicating the stowed on them the command of the English governors, then almost the Welsh fortresses which fell into his only men of consequence in the counhands, and, at the same time, im try, to put down, by force, these desprudently suffered several of the more perate brigands. But the foreigners', shewed no disposition to comply with part with this; as well as the necestheir desires ; whenever, indeed, they sity of some degree of caution, lest, as caught a Red-hand, they hung him, many, and perhaps the most do, we sans ceremonie, on the next tree; but deceive ourselves, and be at last found they remarked, that it was totally un deficient in those essential things reasonable to expect them to panish which are connected with an immortheir comrades, who were known totality of glory and honour. have assisted Bolingbroke in his dar | The prayer, indited by the Holy ing attempts to gain the diadem of Ghost in the heart of David, was, “So England. The Welsh villagers, how teach us to number our days, that we ever, to whom it was a matter of in- may apply our hearts unto wisdom;" difference, that the principles of their -a prayer in which all may and should plunderers were friendly or hostile, join-suited to human nature, its to the government, determined, with changes, and its duties, as well as their usual hotheadedness, to take that accountability, which constitutes the matter into their own hands, and at once its danger and its eminence. soon provided themselves with glaives, All that is grand, all that is noble and spears, crossbows, and all other in- dignified, in man, all that elevates bim struments of war. But the English above the mere animal creation, is governors, fearing that, in case of any intimately associated with the solemsudden disturbance, these weapons nities of a day, when God shall jadge might be turned against themselves, the secrets of all hearts, “and render sent soldiers to command their de to every man according to bis works.” liverance. The Welshmen remon- But how much is human nature turnstrated ; hard words and harder blows ed aside, how far gone from original succeeded; a few soldiers were stretch- righteousness, when man can so deed lifeless on the greensward; and grade himself, as voluntarily to subere reinforcements had arrived, their merge all that is noble in his intellectual slayers had fled to the mountains. character, that is elevated and grand, Thus was Wales ripe for rebellion, in those low principles of animal nafrom one end to the other ; for the ture, which he possesses in common Bolingbrokian brigands, incensed at with the lowest order of living creathe treatment they had experienced tures? This might be accounted for, from king Henry, determined, in case could man rid himself of his responsiof any new contest, to espouse the bilities as easily as he avoids the cause of Richard.”

thought of them. But when no act, Thus ends “ Owen Glendower,”

no subterfuge, no systematic rejecChap. 1. and the Manuscriptomaniac,

tion, can change his duties orbis No. 3.

destination ; when he must be carried ARTHUR HOWARD.

forward, profess what system be plcase; when he cannot lengthen timo, or add to his present existence; when

he can offer no plea to arrest the jusREFLECTIONS ON THE PROGRESS OF

tice, or claim the mercy, of his Creator; TIME.

are we not compelled to wonder at How fast do we number the years ! the folly of human nature, and to say, And what are years numbered, but “O that they were wise, that they years gone for ever, and indelibly im- understood this, that they would conpressed with all the responsibilities of sider their latter end !” Those who have been taught to number It is strange that the right improvetheir calendar, and, perhaps thought-ment of time is, perhaps, among the lessly, to rejoice as the number is last and highest attainments of human added, and their amount increased. nature. To feel that it ought to be

Certainly, to one who can rejoice in employed as the only return we can a well-secured expectation of a better offer to the glory of Him who gave it, rest, where years are not numbered, who lengthens it out year by year, and time and duration never thought and that as a talent to be improved-is of, it may be well to rejoice, yet to among our highest privileges. Man rejoice with solemnity. For in pro- | is so corrupted by sin, and that corportion to the value of such an in- ruption extends so deep, is so closely heritance, becomes the importance of associated with all the secret springs the proof that it will be ours when we and motives of human nature, that, as

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far as its governing power prevails, it yet been inserted. If you can find regulates every pursuit, and brings all room for a few plain remarks on the our employments within its influence. doctrine of the Trinity, and on its We misemploy time, because our frequent introduction into our comhearts are not right in the sight of mon church service, you will much God. It is from the throne of cor- | oblige your humble servant. ruption-the human heart--that pro

FREDERICUS. ceed evil thoughts, vain pursuits, dis Olney, Bucks, April 18th, 1824. inclination to self-denial, and indolence in divine duties. The more we Your correspondent, signing himfeel we do not rightly improve our self “ADOLESCENS,"inquires, "What time, the more earnestly should we is the reason of the frequent use of pray God to purify our hearts, “to Glory be to the, &c,' and · As it was search and know our hearts, to try in the beginning, &c.' in the church us and know our thoughts, to see if service? and whether it is not frethere be any wicked way in us, and quently very inapplicable ?" lead us in the way everlasting.”

The word Trinity does not occur at We should remember, we get good, all in the scriptures; it was invented or lose it, every day we live-we by the primitive fathers; they used it either do right, or we add to our sips- in order to designate the specific when holy thoughts and duties do not number and unity of the Persons in the occupy the time, Satan has ever at Godhead. That there are three Perhand vain thoughts and imaginations sons of tbe same undivided nature, is -the world has always inducements most clearly manifest from the word to sinful pursuits-there is no truce, of God. St. Paul says, “Through him no stay, in this warfare-four time be (that is, Christ,) we both have acnot devoted to Him who holds heaven cess, by one Spirit, unto the Father." and its glories as gifts of bis hand, Three Persons are here distinctly and objects worthy of every sacrifice; mentioned, the Father, the Son, and I must be employed in his service, Holy Spirit. First, there is the Perwho promises present rest, or plea-son whom we address; secondly, the sure, or gain, but always deceives, Person through whom ; and, thirdly, and, if we be not delivered from his the Person by whom, we do it. Now, power, will everlastingly disappoint. would it not be very absurd to speak

But a right improvement of time is of doing a thing to a person, through consistent with the discharge of our the same person, and by the same commonest and most secular duties. person? No one, for a moment, would They are associated with it; however scruple to say, that three must be trivial we may be tempted to think concerned ; and sach is the number them, compared to eternal pursuits. spoken of in these words of the We may eat, and we may drink, or apostle St. Paul; nor is the number even, occasionally, relax ourselves, more or less. If we search the Bible and do all to the glory of God. Let from beginning to end, we shall meet cur aim be this that God in all things with three Persons, and but three, in may be glorified in us, relying wholly the “ holy, blessed, and glorious on the intluences of his good Spirit; Trinity.” Thus our Lord and Saviand then we shall not deeply regret, our says, “ If ye love me, keep my when time ceases for ever, that we commandments; and I will pray the neglected our opportunity, or threw Father, and he shall send you another away the greatest mercy of God to us, Comforter." And St. Jobn says, even though we have necessarily been “ There are three that bear record in employed with pursuits apparently heaven, the Father, the Word, and confined entirely to our present in the Holy Ghost;" in whose names, acterests.

J, W. cording to St. Matthew, all nations

were to be baptized.

Divinity, also, undoubtedly belongs OBSERVATIONS ON THE TRINITY.

to each of these three Persons ; hence - MR. EDITOR,

the words of our incomparable creed, Sir,- In the first volume of your “ The Father is God, the Son is God, Magazine, column 834, is a query, and the Holy Ghost is God. Our which, till lately, escaped my observa- Lord, in order to shew that his Father tion; and, I believo, no reply to it has had not only given him his commis


sion, but owned him in it, observes, most complete and exalted parts of “For him hath God the Father seal- | Christian worship.ed.” And the apostle says, that we That exalted confession of the are “ redeemed by the precious blood Christian faith, called “The Creed of of Christ.” And another apostle de- St. Athanasius,” is ridiculed, and clares, that this blood is the blood of cavilled at, by multitudes ; but, I am God! so that Christ is God.

persuaded, were the principles of the When Ananias and Sapphira en-objectors fully known, their very obdeavoured to practise an imposition jections would shew, in the strongest upon the apostles, they were said to light possible, the great necessity and “lie unto the Holy Ghost;" and after- utility of that very creed. I confess, wards, it is added, that they “lied the doctrine of the Trinity is a mystenot unto men, but unto God;" so that rious subject; but the mystery with the Holy Ghost is God. Yet “ they are which it is involved, does not, cannot, not tbree Gods, but one God." They for one single moment, invalidate its are the same divine self-existent na-truth: you know a child cannot enter ture, which is expressed in that sin into the depths of the philosophy of gle, yet comprehensive word, Jeho- | Newton; must it therefore follow, that vah; they are one in essence, one this philosophy is false, because the in perfections. This, then, is the child is unable to comprehend it? doctrine of the infallible word of God; Why then deny the doctrine of the it is the doctrine of the church of Eng-Trinity because we cannot fathom it? land; it is the foundation-stone on God has asserted it in His Word, and which all her other doctrines are built; wbatever we find there, how dark and take it away, and the superstructure mysterious soever it may appear, or immediately falls to the ground. how hard soever to be understood,

The compilers of our admirable we are bound to believe it; it is at Liturgy were, doubtless, aware of our peril to reject it ; for to dispute this, and therefore so frequently in- against it, is to dispute against the troduced into the formularies of our light, and to fly in the face of Omnipochurch, that angelic and poble song of tence. It is a prime article of our praise to the Trinity : “ Glory be to faith; a denial of it saps the very the Father, and to the Son, and to foundation of Christianity, and, at one the Holy Ghost. As it was in the blow, destroys all our hopes of eternal beginning, is now, and ever shall be, salvation ; for where shall we look for world without end. Amen.”

a gracious acceptance, if the Father But perhaps it is the doctrine con be not God? Where shall we look tained in this doxology, as well as its for deliverance from the wrath to come, constant recurrence in our church ser- if the Lord Jesus Christ be not God? vice, that gives offence to your cor- | And where shall we look for grace to respondent; probably he may belong sanctify the soul, if the Holy Ghost be to one of those classes of separatists not God? from our national church, who treat Although your correspondent may this holy, this sublime and consola- not flatly deny the doctrine contained tory doctrine, with contempt, who de- in the expression in question, yet is ny the divinity of the Son of God, and he not in danger of undervaluing, or exclaim with the Jews of old, “We will thinking too lightly of this glorious, not have this man to reign over us.” this all-important truth, “which exThe amiable and pious Dr. Watts cept a man believe faithfully, he cansays, “Though there may be some not be saved ?" I think he must, or excesses of superstitious honour paid he never would have inquired the to the words of it, which may have reason of the frequent use of the wrought some unhappy prejudices in “ Gloria Patri,” in the church service, weaker Christians; yet I believe and whether it is not frequently very it still to be one of the noblest parts of inapplicable ? Christian worship. The subject of it! I am fully convinced, that this song is the doctrine of the Trinity, wbich is of glory to the sacred Trinity can never that peculiar glory of the divine na- / be inapplicable in a Christian conture, that our Lord Jesus Christ has gregation; and that if it occurred in so clearly revealed unto men, and is our public formularies still oftener so necessary to true Christianity. The than it does, it would not come under action is praise, which is one of the the censure of our Saviour, when he

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