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whom endeavoured to extinguish all | tend. It will not accommodate more the fire that was then in the earth, and than about 1200 persons, and in addithat the other, in order to prevent his tion to this, it is highly probable that, brother's intention, set fire to all the after the present year, it will be no surrounding woods; that one of them longer obtainable ; and how strange killed a relation, and transformed him soever it may appear to those who into a dog, from which all the New have not minutely examined the subZealanders' dogs proceed.

ject, there is not an attainable edifice They have also inferior gods, who, in any part of the metropolis, adapted they conceive, have no power to save, for the purpose. It must be obvious, but only to destroy.

that multitudes are now prevented The Tamewat, or god of the sea, is from attending on public occasions, supposed to be made up of the spirits through the want of accommodations; of those children who have died in in- while vast numbers in the country, fancy, or from the womb. His power despairing of obtaining admission, is very great, he being able to cast a remain at home, against their inclinaship on the shore, or to destroy a tion and their wishes. It is therefore canoe, &c.

by no means improbable, if a building They have also gods of the sky, sufficiently commodious, were procursuch as Thunder, Lightning, &c.; and ed, that the numbers of those who of the earth, such as Lizards, Cater- now attend would be more than doupillars, and insects of different kinds. | bled; and, as a natural consequence,

Every evil is likewise a god, and so the funds of the various institutions is everything odious and hurtful; would be considerably increased. In hence a dead body is a god, because the present state of things, public it excites fear. Death, also, and the meetings are attended with great exmiseries which have fallen upon men pense, which would be much dimion account of disobedience, are look-nished, if a suitable building could be ed upon as gods.

procured. For such an edifice an eligible piece of ground, it appears,

may now be obtained, in an open and PUBLIC BUILDING, TO ACCOMMODATE

airy situation ; but if the present opTHE FRIENDS OF ALL RELIGIOUS

portunity be suffered to slip, years AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS,

may elapse before another, equally WITHOUT DISTINCTION OF seçt Or

advantageous, may present itself. PARTY.

The shares already covered by subIt is well known, that although pure scriptions amount to about threeBenevolence has for many years erect fourths of the sum required; and as ed her standard in Great Britain, the building is to be erected on a there is not a building in the kingdom broad foundation, for the accommodawhich she can justly call her temple. tion of all parties, without being unThis has been long felt, and sincerely der the influence of any sectarian pedeplored, by her numerous friends, culiarities, the appeal is made to the but until the present time no vigorous friends of Christianity of every denomeasures have been adopted, to reme- mination, and we can hardly entertain dy the evil of which all complain. a doubt of its ultimate success.

From an advertisement, however, which appears on the wrapper of this number of our magazine, we learn,

BRITISH MUSEUM-MR. GOODWYN's that this inconvenience is likely very

MANUSCRIPTS. shortly to be removed ; and it will af- Those who are interested in matheford us much pleasure, if any observa matical computations, and the tabutions of ours tend in any degree to | lation of their results for practical facilitate this truly philanthropic de purposes, will learn with pleasure sign, in favour of which many con that the curious and extensive mana. curring circumstances appear to co | script tables of the late Henry Goodoperate.

wyn, Esq. of Blackheath, have, by the Our readers need not be told that advice of Dr. Gregory, professor of Freemason's Hall has generally been mathematics in the Royal Military the place of resort at public anniver Academy, been deposited by Mr. saries. But this is much too small to Goodwyn's family in the library of contain the numbers who wish to at the British Museum. The following

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copy of Dr. Gregory's account of the lumes of manuscripts, lettered Table general nature of the manuscripts will of Complete Quotients: Mr. Goodwyn serve to convey the requisite informa- bad finished their computation, and, tion to our readers :

by subsequent calculations, had near

ly, if not entirely, verified the correct“ The late Henry Goodwyn, Esq. /ness of the whole. He had also adof Blackheath, being for several years vanced considerably in the computakept, by ill health, from the more ac- tion of the Tabular Series, the results tive pursuits of life, devoted a great being entered and duly arranged in portion of bis time to the most labori- five volumes large quarto ; in the last ous computations; many of them re- of which, however, the platform of his lating to topics, and leading to results, labour is alone exhibited. A compathat are exceedingly curious and in- rison of the respective manuscripts, teresting.

with the two royal octavo printed vo“ Some of these be applied to prac- lumes entitled Table of the Circles, and tical inquiries relative to interest and Tabular Series, and with the quarto annuities; others to the determination pamphlet to which this is annexed, of powers and roots; others to the will enable any competent judge to reduction and comparison of weights appreciate the extent of these classes and measures, whether British or fo- | of Mr. Goodwyn's labours, their utireign, and to the formation of a gene-lity, and the comparative value of ral system; and others he rendered those portions which still remain unapplicable to the rules of mensuration, published. and to still higher inquiries among “ Mr. Goodwyn's family, anxious mathematicians.

to consign these manuscripts of their “ In the pursuit of these researches revered relative to some institution he developed various interesting pro where they may be occasionally conperties indicative of the mutual consulted by the friends and promoters nexion between circulating decimals of mathematical science, do now, with and prime numbers entering either | the consent of the governors of the simply or compositively into the de British Museum, deposit them in the nominators of fractions respectively library of that magnificent national equivalent to those decimals; of which institution.. properties some have been long known

“ OLINTHUS GREGORY. to mathematicians, while others had - Royal Military Academy, almost, if not altogether, escaped

Woolwich, Nov. 1824." their notice. A few of these are explained in the appendix to the quarto pamphlet to which this paper is at

MR. WILSON LOWRY. tached ;* and in that appendix one of Mr. Goodwyn's ingenious improve-In our preceding number we gave a ments in computation is described portrait, accompanied with a memoir, and applied.

of this distinguished artist. Since “The results of his persevering and that time we have been favoured with long continued labours have, as yet, the following observations from bis been only very partially laid before widow and relatives, to which we the public, in a few detached pam- most gladly give publicity. pblets, volumes, &c. copies of all of His friends state, that during the which are transmitted herewith. last twenty-four years of his life he

“ But his two works of greatest la- | was liberally remunerated for bis labour, the one denominated a Table of bour; that he never occupied any Complete Decimal Quotients, and the situation in St. Thomas's Hospital, other a Tabular Series of Decimal Quo- but was admitted simply as a student; tients for all the Proper. Vulgar Frac- that he never invented any machine tions, of which, when in their lowest for striking parabolical and hyperboliterms, neither the numerator nor the cal curves; and that he bas left bis fadenominator is greater than 1000, still mily in circumstances which furnish remain in manuscript. The former of them with no occasion for regret." these is comprised in four folio vo That Mr. Lowry was amply re..

warded for his labours as an operaEntitled “ The First Centenary of a Se

tive artist, we never doubted; but ries of Concise and Useful Tables."

from a large commercial and scientific

pation, to the honour of which he had even at the outset, and tbat it will increase ra. so essentially contributed, a man of pidly every year, until ibe price of steam will bis superior talents and attainments so high a rate, as to make the existing cban.

| cause the charge for carriage to be raised to bad certainly a right to expect some

dels of conveyance cheapest. thing more.

Mushet's Process for alloying Copper for Ships.

In order to increase the tenacity of pare

copper, to render it more fibrous, and to pre-, ANSWER TO A QUERY ON THE MOONS

vent the common effects of sea water opon it, OF JUPITER.

Mr. Mushet bas taken out a patent for the folMR. EDITOR.

lowing process :He mixes with the copper,

as an alloy, regalus of zinc, in the proportion Şir,-Seeing a query in col. 108, by of two ounces of zinc to 100lbs. 'weight of E.B. on the Moons of Jupiter, I sub-copper; or two ounces of block or grain tin; mit the following solution to your or foar ounces of regulas of antimony; or eight notice.

ounces of regalus of arsenic, in the same

quantity of copper. Or, instead of employing Sheffield, Jan. 20, 1825. B. S. B. these substances alone in the above mentioned

proportions, to 100lbs. of copper he proposes FROM the tables of M. de Lalandé we to add balf an ounce of regulas of zinc, half have the 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th satel-1 an.

nd ath satelan ounce of grain or block tin, one ounce of

regalas of antimony, and two ounces of regulas lites respectively, 5.67; 9; 14:38; and 25.3, semidiameters of Jupiter from Siemen's Improvement on the Process of making his centre. Then, by trigonometry : Brandy from Potatoes. The introduction of as,

this process, which bas been adopted in many rad.

parts of Germany and in the north of Europe, 6.67 : 1::1:-1763668 tang. of 100 0' 0"47" has been recommended to the Swedish govern

9:1:: 1 : •1111111 .. 6 20 24 39 | ment by M. Berzelias, and to tbe Danish go14:38:1::1:0695411 . . 3 58 40 52 verpment by Professor Versted. From 106 25.3 :1:: 1 : 0395256

::
. - 2 15 48 31 |
2 16 48 31 trials made at Copenhagen, it would appear

that one-third more brandy is produced tban wbich are the respective angles the by the usual processes. 'In Professor Oersemidiameter of Jupiter subtends, as sted's report, we find the following account of seen from each satellite.

the process :-The potatoes are pat into a Consequently, 20° 0' 1" 34"" ; 120 40 close wooden vessel, and exposed to the ac49' 18"; 70 57' 30" 44"; and 40 31' 37"

tion of steam, wbich heats them more than

boiling water. The potatoes can thus be re21" are the apparent diameters.

duced to the state of the finest paste with the Also, since the semidiameter of greatest facility, it being necessary only to stir Jupiter is 44585 miles, the distance them with an iron instrument furnished with of each satellite from his centre is cross pieces. Boiling water is then added to nearly as follows:

the paste, and afterwards a little potash, ren

dered caastic by quicklime. First,

This dissolves 44585 x 5:67= 256847 miles.

the vegetable albumen which opposes the Second, 44585 x 9 = 401265 complete conversion of the potato starch into Third, .44585 X 14:38 = 641132 a floid. Professor Oersted frees the potato Fourth, 44585 X 25•3 =1128000 brandy from its peculiar flavour by means of

the chlorate of potash, which is said to make
it equal to the best brandy made from wine.-

Gill's Tech. Repos.
GLEANINGS.

Geology.-Baron Cavier has just completed New University. In consequence of the bis new edition of “ Recherches sur les Ossemens overflow of students at the universities of Ox- Fossiles,(Researches into the Nature of Fosford and Cambridge, it is in contemplation to sil Bones,) in which that celebrated naturalist found a third university in the neighbourhood lays down the distinctive characters of several of York; to which, it is said, Earl Fitzwilliam animals, the species of which have been debas promised to subscribe fifty thousand stroyed by the revolutions of the globe. This pounds.

valuable work consists of 7 volumes, quarto, Missionary Zeal. --The Society for the Pro adorned with 316 engravings, and will be read pagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts ex with attention by all those who interest them. pended last year £23,733. 3s. 8d. Its esti- selves in the study of natural history, and par. mate for the present year is £28,775, of which ticalarly of the science of geology, £15,000. will be by parliamentary grant.

Waste Lands.-The waste lands in Great Rail-Roads.--A writer in the Oxford Joar. Britain, by examination in the year 1794, were nal, on the subject of rail-roads, calculates, found to be 22,351,000 acres, which, if cultithat to form a mile of single road, 184 tons vated and enclosed, reckoning an apnual in16 cwts. of iron will be

in the mana- crease of 9s, per acre, the annual rept would facture of which 757 tons 13 cwts. of coal will amount to £10,057,950.; and on a sopposition be ased. He supposes that to make all the that the yearly produce would be £1. 78. per proposed rail-roads, there will be required acre on three rents, it would be worth 8,142,316 tons of coal; and to maintain them, | £30,173,850 per annam to the nation ! 2,363,606 tops annually. He considers that A newly-discovered Island. The last papers such a demand for coal must raise its price I received from New Soath Wales gire an ac.

301

Literary Notices.

302

count of the discovery of an island in the cases of fire, or where any suffocating or noxSootbern Ocean, by Captain Hunter, of the lious vapour exists. It consists of a bood Donna Carmelita, on the 29th of June, 1824. A and mooth-piece, so contrived as to enable number of natives in canoes, on seeing tbe the wearer to breathe, with perfect ease ship, fled with great precipitation; but a canoe and safety, in the midst of the densest smoke. being intercepted, one of the people was per In case of dwelling-houses, warebouses, faosuaded to go on board the ship, where, having tories, ships at sea, &c. being on fire, its adreceived a present, which be exhibited to his vantages are incalculable. In one trial of the countrymen, they soon dispelled their fears apparatas, he went into a stove-room, in wbicla and visited the vessel. These people are about salphur, hay, &c. were barning at the same the colour of the Malays, but have inore of the time. He was sbut in for the space of twenty Earopean features. The ship's boat was sent minutes, and came out, at the expiration of that on shore with the chief officer, who being con time, perfectly sound and uninjured. Had any veyed to the monarch, found him surrounded one without the apparatus remained in the by attendants, armed with spears. A shirt was room longer than a mioute, it would bave been presented to the king, and another to his bro attended with certain death. iber; and afterwards a looking-glass was given, To preserve Fisk.—The preservation of fish which excited great surprise. The king gave during long journeys or voyages, may, it is the donor a shell from his neck, and after said, be effected by removing their entrails, wards accompanied him to the beach, where

and sprinkling them internally and externally the queen and other females attended. All

with a mixtare of sugar and pounded charcoal, the men had their little fingers cut off at the

which will, for a considerable period, prevent second joint on the left hand, and the women the least taint, and may be washed clean oft', had their cheek-bones perforated-and some

previous to cooking the fish so preserved. of them were tattooed. A ram and an ewe were left on the island for the benefit of future

Mexican Canal.—The President of the Mexi

can Republic, on the 4th of November last, is navigators, and signs were made to the na

said, in parsuance of an order of the Sovereign tives not to kill them. The women wore a small covering only round the body, and the

Congress, to have advertised for plans and men a mat, with leaves of trees woven in

proposals for outting open a communication them. The island was entirely composed of

between the Pacific Ocean and Golf of Mexicn,

across the Isthmus of Tehuantapao; and for lava, in some places almost a metal ; it lies in lat. 15. 31 South, long. 176. 11. East.

rendering navigable the following rivers, viz.

the Alvarado, the Panaco, the Bravo del Prognostication of a Change of Wind.--A writer in a late number of the Philosophical

Norte, the Santiago, and the Colorado of the

West. Magazine says,—“ Having frequently amused myself on fine evenings in summer with a very

Portable Masts.-Framed masts, in portable Jarge paper kite, in order to watch the dif pieces, are now in preparation in Portsmouth ferent currents of wind in the air, I had occa dock-yard, on Sir R. Sepping's plan, such as sion to notice the following curious fact, can be carried out, for the replacing of da. that when a kite on mounting very high ac

maged or lost inasts. Mr. Rice is going out quired a different direction from getting into a

with a set of these masts to South America, to different currerit of air, the wind nsually blew superintend their fitting in the Spartiate, manfrom the same quarter on the earth's surface of-war, of 78 guns, which lies there, disabled, before the expiration of 24 hours. Thus the from rotten masts; and afterwards to sail in changes of the wind seem to take place first in her, and observe carefully, and report on, their the higher regions of the air, and are propa

sufficiency in blowing weather. gated downwards. I bave oonfirmed this experiment, and established the fact, by the use of small air-balloons, but the kite answers the

Literary Notices. porpose quite as well.”

Motion of the Electric Fluid.-It has long been received as a fact, that an electrical dis

Just Published. charge was capable of being transmitted Lectures on the Essentials of Religion, Perthrough a very considerable distance (say sonal, Domestic, and Social. By H. F. Bur. three or four miles) instantaneously, and with der, M.A. 9s. out any sensible diminution of its intensity. The Christian Father's Reasons for ChristiMr. Barlow, however, by employing wires of anity, in Conversation between a Father and various lengths up to 840 feet, and measuring bis Children, on Paganism, Jadaism, Mohamthe energy of the electric aotion by the deflec medanism, and Christianity. By the Rev. T. tion produced in a magnetic needle, has found Simpson. 1 vol. 18mo. boards. that ihe intensity diminishes very rapidly, and The Christian Father's Present to his Chilvery nearly as the inverse square of the dis dren. By the Rev. J. A. James. Second tance. Hence the idea of constructing eleo Edition. ' 1 vol. 12mo. 78. boards. trical telegraphs is quite chimerical. He « The Blessedness of the Dead, that die in found, also, that the effect was greater with a the Lord;" A Funeral Sermon, occasioned by wire of a certain size, than with one smaller, the lamented death of the late Mrs. Rachel yet that nothing was gained by increasing the Harbottle, with a brief Memoir of the Dediameter of the wire beyond a given limit. ceased. By W. Roby.

Important Invention. -A person of the name | Advice on Playing the Pianoforte and Singof Roberts, who is at present in Bolton, has | ing. 3s. constructed an apparatas whicb will prove A Descriptive Catalogue of the Embellished useful and valuable in the bigbest degree. Its Works on Architectural Antiquities and To, object is the safety of life and property, in pography. By J. Britton.

IL

The Protestant Reformation vindicated. By / on steel from Corbould's desigos. Foolscap Joseph Fletcher, M.A.

8vo. On the Prophecies concerning Antichrist. In two elegant post 8vo. volumes, Novem. By Joseph Fletcher.

ber Nights, a series of Tales. By the Author The Christian's Great Interest. By the of “ The Innkeeper's Album,” • Warrenia," Rev. William Guthrie. With an Introductory | &c. &c. Essay by Thomas Chalmers, D.D. 3s. bds. The Author of “ Tales from Switzerland"

Batler's Analogy of Religion, Nataral and has in the press a Tale of considerable pathos, Revealed. With an Introductory Essay, by called The Shepherdess of the Mountains, inthe Rev. Daniel Wilson, A.M. London. 6s. terspersed with Poetry boards.

Triuinphs of Genias and Perseverance ; beWorks of the Rev. John Maclaurin, late / ing the Lives of Men eminent for their abiliMinister of Glasgow. With an Introductory ties, and remarkable for tbe obstacles they Essay by the Rev. John Brown, Edinburgh. have surmounted in the cultivation of them. 6s. 6d. boards.

By the Author of “ Self-Advancement" and The Mourner's Companion. With an In- Practical Wisdom.” troductory Essay by Robert Gordon, D.D. Edinburgh. 4s. boards. The Christian Philosopher, or the Connexion

Queries TO CORRESPONDENts. of Science and Philosophy with Religion. By Thomas Dick. 8s. boards.

1. R. O. asks- What is the best method The Life of Bernard Gilpin. By William of preparing quills for writing ? Gilpin, A.M. With an Introductory Essay 2. A Subscriber at Orrell bas a circular by the Rev. Edward Irving, A.M. London. piece of land, 200 yards in diameter, whicb, 35. boards.

Tying low, is overflowed in wet weather. To Poems, by William Cowper, Esq. With prevent this, he designs to make a ditch round an Introductory Essay by James Montgome.

it, of equal breadth and depth, so that tbe ry, Esq. Author of " The World before the

earth thrown out of it, and spread over the Flood," &c. 6s. boards.

remaining part of the land, shall raise it 18 Essays on various subjects of Ecclesiastical

inches higher ;-required the breadth and History and Antiquity. By the Rev. James

depth of the ditch ? Townley, D.D. The Saints' Everlasting Rest. By the Rev.

3. Another Subscriber asks--How far are Richard Baxter. Abridged by B. Fawcett,

der. Abridged by B. Fawcett. | the Wesleyan Methodists to be legally consi. A.M. With an Introductory Essay by Tho- | dered as Dissenters ? mas Erskine, Esq. 55. boards.

4. R. N. inquires-When an individaal is Memoirs of the Rev. Thomas Halyburton. balloted into the militia, and procures a substiWith an Introductory Essay by the Rev. tute, what proportion of the sum paid does the David Young, Perth. 4s. boards.

parish advance, and under wbat circumstances. The Scrap Book, a collection of Amusing and by whom oan it be legally claimed ? Pieces. With an Introductory Essay and Occasional Remarks, by John M.Diarmid. Vol. II. 8s. 6d. boards.

Amount of Duty on Paper paid into the

Exchequer, for the Year ending
In the Press, &c.

Jan. 5, 1825.
History of the Protestant Church of the England, £542,073.-_Scotland, £61,400.
United Brethren. By the Rev. J. Holmes,
Author of “ Historical Sketcbes of the Mis-

Drawback on Exports from England, sions of the United Brethren,” &o. Tbis

£24,117. 15s. 6%d. work is divided into Two Parts. The former In our number for Feb. 1824, we took an contains a Narrative of the principal events in occasion to notice the improved and improving the Bretbren's Church, from its Origin in Mo- | state of the revenue. Since that time it has ravia, in 1457, to its suppression in that coun- | been regularly advancing in prosperity; and try, in 1624. In the Second Part a relation is notwithstanding the repeal of taxes amounting given of the Revival of the Church in Saxony, to between £1,100,000 and £1,200,000, there in 1722, by the descendants of the ancient has been an increase during the year of Moravians, and the history continued to the £1,67,691. The last quarter alone has furpresent time.

nished an increase of £146,000. Tbis tangible A New and Splendid Edition of “ The As proof of prosperity encourages a hope, that trologer of the Nineteenth Century,” with 4 during the ensuing session of parliament a farcoloured copper-plates and 60 singular hiero-ther reduction of imposts will take place. We glypbioal illustrations, will be ready for deli. | sball rejoice in having an opportunity of statvery in the ensuing month.

ing that all the assessed taxes are abolished. An Historic Defence of Experimental Re. The vast consumption of paper furnishes a ligion, and the Doctrine of Divine Influence. conclusive evidence, that the state of literaBy Thomas Williams. 7s. boards.

ture in this country is in a flourishing condiA new work of considerable interest, from | tion. Reading and Printing keep pace with the pen of Mr. Taylor, of Ongar, with a plate each other,

LONDON: PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H, FISHER.

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