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Jing faith

And whatever object mere earth can present, the day; and it matters not what the

Howe'er with vermilion or gold overspread, subiect is, provided some one will but A thief, whose encroaches no skill can prevent,

ent write upon it. Travels and voyages, Leaves clay for the ore, and deep shade for the Red.

however, seem to be in peculiar favour

at the present moment. And indeed But yet there's a world in a larger conceald, it is no bad criterion of the public (As the mystical wheel o'er the seer's* sa

taste, that we should feel a considercred head,) When time, like the angelt in mortal dress

able share of interest in the concerns veild,

and welfare of those from whom we In love kills our comforts-deep sullies our are separated by the immense deep. Red!

The sacred character and refined

taste of the author whose work is now There sorrowing Christians, whose bright ster

before us, will, we have no doubt, Was tried by fierce fires wherever they sped,

procure him a ready passport to the Assuredly find (at the end of the path)

library of every friend to true ChristiThe flame, lost in mercy, no longer is Red. anity. This narrative is not a mere

summary of the names of countries, The drawn sword of justice, broad, gleaming,

towns, streets and lanes; with these is and sharp, That formerly fill’d them with soul-whelming

blended a perfect history of the mandread,

ners, customs, and religion of the peo(That yet must be sheath'd in the enemy'st | ple, and thus we are enabled to form beart)

à comparative estimate of the state In vital streams querch’d, now no longer is

of morality in that and our own · Red.

country. Thus says our author :But yet there's a world—nor afar off it lies " There too the awkward and inconvenient Where all that is gracious, and glorious, and

vehicles, from the diligence to the travelling bright,

carriages, and the coarse harness and rope That e'er warm’d the bosom, or cheer'd the

traces of the horses, contrasted with the gay glad eyes,

attire of some of the postilions, were also Still break on the soul with new beams of

subjects of derision; and not less so the imdelight.

perfect condition of machinery in general.

But, viewed in connexion with the advance. There, time quite exhausted, bis frosts cannot ment of the mind, there were other things shed,

which we noticed with feelings very different No grace can he steal, or e’én turn op his

to those of merriment. For example, the higlass!

deous looking crucifixes, erected at intervals There, death the grim tyrant ne'er dare shew on the road-side, which seem more like a his head;

mockery, than a record of the most important There joys (unlike this wor

event in Christian history. Can a clumsy respeedily pass,)

presentation of oar Lord's sufferings on the Continue for ever!-for ever are Red!

oross, with an image whose features are fright

fully distorted, surrounded with all the imple* Ezekiel. See Parnel's Hermit.

ments that are supposed to have been used at # Lake xix. 27.

the crucifixion, and the whole carved in petty

detail, and presenting a combination of objects Review.-Narrative of an Excursion

which is any thing but reverend ; can sach a

sight raise the thoughts from earth to heaven?" to the Mountains of Piedmont, and p. 6 and 7. Researches among the Vaudois or Waldenses Protestant Inhabitants of

We perfectly agree with our author, the Cottian Alps. With Maps, Plates,

that this anhallowed and unsanctified

mode of recalling the recollection of and an Appendix, &c. &c. By the

man to the divine love and glorious Rev. William Stephen Gilly, M.A.

1: triumph of his Redeemer, is calculated Rector of North Farnbridge, Essex, Author of The Spirit of the Gos

et, to excite but little of that grateful re

flection, that penitent humility, and pel,Academic Errors," sc. Two

sincere contrition, which such recolvols. 4to. pp. 279-224. London.

lections should always inspire. C. and J. Rivington. 1824.

In

deed, the very spot whose history has The present might well be termed the suggested these reflections, affords age of learning, were we to be decided but too lamentable a picture of the by the number of works which daily degraded morality of a population emanate from the press. It is no trained up by a constant familiarity, longer a question of, where shall we and inappropriate converse, to look find readers ?-but, where shall we find upon such subjects with a mental authors ? Reading is now the order of l apathy and indifference. This may

be

hab

277

Review

Excursion to the Mountains of Piedmont.

278

be readily established by the descrip- extraordinary and miraculous means tion of a Parisian Sunday:

by which Providence averted the in“A Sunday in Paris. ( December 15.) with pending evil. We shall give the ac, the sight of open shops, and hundreds of busy count of this piece of FANATICism in tradesmen, did not help to satisfy my mind as the author's own words :to the efficacy of wbat the Romanists consider “Our visit to one of the houses of La Torre, the external helps and adjuncts of religion. had a degree of intense interest communicated Processions of priests, and an ostentations to it, by receiving a confirmation of the borridisplay of popish emblems, are again to be ble plot against the Vaudois, in 1794, which seen in the metropolis of France ; but the spi. Mr. Lowther bas detailed in his little memoir rit of devotion does not seem to be much more with so much feeling. We were shewn the ed by these outward signs of it. Considering, very spot on wbich the generous Odetti comhowever, wbat this country was a few years municated the nature of the conspiracy to the back, we have cause to congratulate her even father of the present possessor of the house, upon the slightest symptoms of religious ob and it was explained to us how the windows servances. There is a tale in the Arabian

and entrances were to have been barricadoed, Nights' Entertainments, where it is told, that

and the feeble means of defence prepared the holy word, Alla, God, accidentally pro- against the treacherous assault. M. Odetti nounced, broke the enchantment over a whole was a captain of the Piedmontese militia, then city of idolaters, and restored its inhabitants, embodied, and acting against the French inwho had been changed into stone, to their bu vaders; and a little before the fatal blow was man form. The transformation of hearts of to have been struck, he had been invited to stone to hearts of flesb, may not be far distant join the conspirators in a general massacre of even in France."-p.7.

the Vaudois. 'M. Odetti was a rigid Catholic,

I and it was expected that the well-known seHow very strange is such a mode

verity of bis principles would have induced of spending the sabbath, compared

him to sanction any measure for the destruc. with that adopted by us. No shops tion of heresy. The curè of Lucerna, M. Briopen, no business of any kind, the anza, was also admitted into the secret ; but streets almost deserted, except the

these two worthy men had too much of the

real spirit of Christianity even to conceal, going to and returning from church,

much less to join in, the plot. Brianza sent a no plays or amusements.

private message to La Torre, to apprize the “ It was delightful,” continues our author,

| inhabitants of their danger; bat did not sucanaplants

w " to turn out of streets, where the sabbath ceed in putting them sufficiently apon their

t hin presents no appearance of being a day of rest guard. Odetti, knowing that the hour of acor holiness, into the court-yard of the British tion was so near, that nothing but very prompt Ambassador, and to find our way into his cha. measures could frustrate the sanguinary depel; for there, at least, there was some evi

sign, set out from Cavour himself, wbich is on dence that a reverential esteem of things sa

the other side of the Pelice, and at some discred was not quite effaced from every heart in

tance from La Torre, and hastened to his this gay and noisy capital. The congregation

friend, to give bim the alarming information. consisted of about six hundred ; and a devout I am afraid,' said he, that I am too late to air prevailed among all present. It is not prevent bloodshed. There is a conspiracy easy to believe, that when persons are in a | against you. The assassins are even now on strange land, they can go into a place of wor

foot; but if I cannot save you, I will perish ship, where the language of prayer and praise with you. The

ise with you. The honour of my religion is at is heard in the well-known terms of our bean- |

stake, I must justify it by sharing your dantifal Liturgy, without being seriously affected.ger. Many of those who were assembled upon this

« The consternation in La Torre was beyond occasion, were absentees from their native all description at the horrible intelligence, soil, whom illness, or afflicting events, had which was now spread from house to house, sent abroad in search of health, or composure

and every habitation soon assumed the appearof mind. To each of these, the formulary of our ance of bopeless terror. The windows were church spoke something so applicable to their closed and barred, and piles of stone were colimmediate condition, that many of the pas

lected to burl down upon the heads of the as. sages might almost appear to have been com sailants; bat aged men, and women, and chil. posed for their particular cases, and could not

dren, were the only persons lest to use them. have been heard with indifference.”-p. 7 & 8. The strength and flower of the population were

eight or nine miles off, and occupied in de. The work before us increases in in- fending the mountain passes against the terest as we advance in its pages. French. Scarcely a man who could bear arms The effects of bigotry and superstition

was away from this loyal duty, and yet this are fully and clearly developed, in that

was the moment at which no less than eight

hundred bigoted monsters had sworn to ex. intolerance which characterizes the terminate all the Protestants of the valley of clergy and government of these coun- Lucerna, and to spread murder and devasta. tries. The author gives an account tion trom San Giovanni to Bobbio. of a plot against, the Vaudois, which

“ But even assassins like these must for its atrocity is unrivalled, and be

bave some false motive to disguise their real

object. Piedmont was at this period the comes peculiarly interesting, not only scene of operations between the French on the above account, but from the and the allied armies. The plan of the cam

paign on the part of the republicans was, to frightened children, sent forward from Læ penetrate into the country with a vast superi. Torre to basten their pace. Many of these, in ority of forces, to extend their line from the their terror and despair, assured them that Valais to the sources of the Stena, and to they were too late; that tbe business of death seize the first favourable opportunity to march was even then proceeding. upon the capital. The invading army had a 1 " With breaibless baste, and in a state of division of 25,000 men preparing to more upon excraciating suspense, they hurried on. The the provinces of Pinerolo and Saluzzo only, shades of the evening fell with increasing darkand keeping up a line of communication with ness, and with them a storm of rain that brought 50,000 more, who were waiting to strike a the torrents down the mountains, and tbreatblow against Turin. The French troops badened to impede their farther advance. They met with such effectual resistance in attempt began to accuse Providence of being leagued ing to enter the valleys of the Vaudois by the against them. The waters poured down from other passes, that they determined to try what the heights with such ace mulated violence, could be done in a quarter where they were that it was almost madness to prosecute their not so much expected to make an attack. A march; nothing but desperation could have detachment crossed the mountains between prompted them to go on. Tbe last torrent Mount Visco and the Col d'Aliries, or Abries, ihat they had to pass was rushing with unusual and suddenly appeared before the sort of Mi- | ippetaosity, but they dashed through it in rabouc, which stands at no great distance from safety, and in a few minutes after arrived the source of the Pelice, and at the very ex-within sight of La Torre. At the same motremity of the valley of Lucerna. Not a Vau- ment they beard the tolling of the vespers belt dois was in the fort when it sorrendered, but of the convent of the Récollets; this they had the fanatical party thought it a good opportu been told was to be tbe fatal signal for the aspity to inflame the pablic mind against the sassins to sally forth. Protestants, and it was pretended that they “ Tbe anlappy men felt that they were too had betrayed the fortress. The cry of re- late. We will revenge,' they cried,' if we venge, revenge !' passed from mouth to inouth; cannot prevent ;'--and their speed was not the night of the 14th of May was appointed for abated.' They rushed into the streets of the the execution of it, and the house and garden village; the tramp of their feet, and the clangor of the Catholic care of La Torre were the of their arms, were heard within the houses, bead-quarters, or rendezvous, from which the and, to the unutterable joy of these gallant deconspirators were to rush upon their defence- liverers, hundreds of voices were raised to less prey.

welcome and bless their appearance. “ Not an instant was to be lost: the day was “The arm of God had done that which man's already arrived when Captain Odetti gave the could not de : the time was not enough to alinformation, and at sunset the marderers were low of the arrival of the Vaadois, before the to begin to assemble.

signal was to bave been given for the conspi" The only chance of safety consisted in rators to put themselves in action ; but ihe sending notice of the plot to General Godin, a rain, storm, and violence of the torrents, which Swiss officer, wbo commanded the Piedmon had no terrors for men advancing in a good tese troops on the nearest frontier. That brave cause, had alarmed and stopped the murderman turned a deaf ear to the messenger, be- ers. Many of those who sbould have arrived cause he could not believe in the existence of at the rendezvous, had not reached it, and 80 base a conspiracy. Another and another those who were there di messenger arrived, but with no better success. upon this sanguinary enterprize until their At length several fugitives made their appear- numbers were inoreased. ance from La Torre; the dreadfal news reach. “Considering the violent state of exciteed the Vaudois soldiers themselves, and in a ment to which the passions of the Vaudois state of the utmost apprehension for the lives soldiery were raised, it is

is natural to suppose, of their families, they insisted upon being de- that, surrendering themselves up to the feelings spatched to their succour. The general became of the moment, they wreaked their vengeance sensible of his error, but not in time to give upon the most criminal, at least, of the enehim hopes of being able to preserve the inno- mies. But no, not a drop of blood was spilt; cent victims. The day was wearing away, the satisfied with the preservation of their friends, fatal hour was named in wliich the work of | they were guilty of no violence upon the perblood was to commence, and nothing but ex- sons or property of any of the Catholics, who traordinary speed could possibly enable a de-were accomplices in the plot. The assassins tachment to reach the spot before it began. To escaped in the darkness of the night, and the repair his unfortunate error, the general com- | Vaudois took no other steps towards the manded the brigade of Vaadois to march in-chastiseinent, than to forward a list of the constantly, and followed himself with another spirators to the government, who made no indivision.

quiry into the matter, and suffered them to go “ The wretched husbands and fathers por unpunished.”—p. 109 to 114. sued their way in almost frantic desperation.

Such appear to be the observations The imminent danger of their wives and children rendered any regularity of march out of the which this author has made during question: they precipitated themselves down his travels. They are interesting, as steeps which they would bave shuddered to shewing the effects of bigotry and suencounter upon any other occasion, urged each perstition, and the powerful influence other on with wild shouts, and prayed aload to heaven to give them additional speed. As

which through them may be exerted they advanced on the road, they were repeat-over unenlightened minds. At a peedly met by parties of distracted women, andriod when the claims of the Catholics 281

Reviews Lectures on the Lord's Prayer.

282

in these kingdoms are urged with a points out what he was, what he is, perseverance and determination which and what he must be, before he can threaten to bear down all opposition, be qualified for the enjoyment of the above narrative may be advan- eternål bappiness. The neglect of tageously perused by all who have prayer is illustrated by some affecting any influence in their concession. incidents, standing on an authority

We would by no means be under- which cannot fail to command our stood as desiring, or recommending confidence, and excite our commisethe adoption of, an illiberal and so far ration. mistaken policy ; but a question of In the subsequent lectures, the such political importance requires the clauses of this divine prayer follow in most mature and attentive considera- regular order; their import and beartion, before the final decision. One ing are pointed out in a comprehenof the greatest objections to conces sive manner, from all of which Mr. sion, on their own terms, to the Ca Booker deduces the necessity of extholics, seems to be the political influ- perimental and practical godliness. ence which a foreign potentate would Tbe lectures are eleven in number, thus obtain in the cabinet and govern- each of which concludes with a short ment of this country. It may perhaps but appropriate prayer; but we have be urged that this would be trifling, neither time nor room to enter into an compared with the weight in the op- analysis of their various contents. posite scale, and, no doubt, no bad | They appear evidently adapted for consequences could result for a con- general use; and those who peruse siderable period, -certainly not dur-them with attention, can hardly leave ing the present nor perhaps succeed. the volume without receiving edificaing generation; but power once obtained is always increasing, till at last · In addition to the lectures, the allit may become too unwieldy, and then thor has introduced two discourses : it falls with a tremendous crash. In one on the crime of suicide, occasioned fine, it is a question which we do not by two melancholy instances that occonceive adapted for our solution, curred in the neighbourhood of Dudand therefore we shall leave it to ley, where they were delivered ; and more able politicians for their deci- the other on bàrbarity towards the sion, and shall take our leave of the animal creation. In the former of discussion, and what has given rise to these discourses he introduces a fund it, by recommending a perusal of the of striking, though popular arguments, book to all readers interested in such which no apologist for suicide can literature.

possibly repel; and in the latter he evinces much humanity and sympa

thetic feeling. In addressing his auReview. - Lectures on the Lord's

dience, he does not confine himself to · Prayer; with Two Discourses on in

hypothesis and theory, but enforces teresting and important Subjects. By

his observations by an appeal to facts the Rev. Luke Booker, LL.D., &c.

with which many of his hearers were 8vo. pp. 203. London. Simpkin

but too well acquainted. One of these and Marshall. 1824.

is as follows:These lectures contain an exposition « Retorning from a journey, I was, for some of the Lord's Prayer, rather than a time, impeded on the public road by a vast paraphrase of its various and mo- concourse of people, many of them in a state mentous passages. The first lecture

of intoxication, uttering the most horrid oaths,

who were leading from the stake one of those delineates in strong, but not affected

noble animals, which, at rural festivals, and language, the nature, importance, effi even at the festival of Christ, are too frecacy, and necessity of prayer; and quently baited and tormented. So cruelly shews, in a striking manner, that

baited and tormented had been this poor aniwithout divine illumination we know

mal, thai, torn hy dogs which are kept solely

for this savage purpose, its ears, nose, and not what we should pray for as we

lips, seemed strings of bleeding flesh! And ought. Hence, the inference is obvi- yet so inoffensive was its nature, or so exous, that the heart must be engaged hausted and broken was its spirit, that, notin all the solemnities of our devotion, withstanding all the injurious treatment it had in all our addresses to the throne of

experienced, it was led along like a lamb amid

the continued provocations of its enemies,-grace. In this part the author briefly

nay, even bearing one of them upon its back touches on the moral history of man;" with anopposing gentleness and forbearance,

And well indeed it might be thus gentle and The subjects collected together in subdued; for I was informed by a pitying this volume are fifty-eight in number; spectator, that, for four successive days, it had

among which the virtues that adorn, thus been tortored without mercy! Gracious God! • are not these things noted in thy

and the vices that dishonour, human book ? Doubtless they are ; and man must nature, hold a conspicuous rapk, Seaccount for all sach cruelties to the brate veral important topics, which enter creation. For all these things, God will bring into the essence of morals and divibim into judgment.' "-p. 199 to 2016

nity, here present themselves to our On the brutal treatment which the view, embodied in language that in inoffensive and laborious ass receives every sentence exhibits the emanafrom wantonness and inhumanity, the tions of a refined and vigorous intelauthor has made many pointed re- lect. The following paragraphs we marks; and the barbarity of cock-take almost promiscuously from the fighting he has justly exposed to the pages as they open before us, having abhorrence of humanity. Those who no occasion to make any nice seleccall themselves gentlemen come in fortion to secure the reader's approbaa share of bis animadversions ; but tion. On Truth we have about twelve upon these characters bis facts fall short paragraphs, of which the followwith much more severity than his lan- ing may be considered as a fair speguage. To that delight in blood which cimen: infancy is taught by example to che 1 « The powerful of the earth wish to exercise rish, be ascribes in many instances their sovereignty over every thing. One would the commission of murder in riper imagine that the Truth itself were under their years; and we cannot say that his

control : it must be found wherever they wish

to place it. They are not conscious of being strictures are more severe than just.

wrong; and to oppose them with argament, is

to render ourselves guilty of a crime little less Review.-Massillon's Thoughts on dif

tban felony. The very air we breathe around

them possesses a strange kind of malignity, ferent Moral and Religious Subjects, which disorders our whole frame of mind, so extracted from his works, and ar- | that he who, at a distance from grandeur, and ranged under distinct heads. Trans- / in the obscurity of a distant county, secretly lated from the French, by Rutton

valued bimself upon his faithfulness, no longer

finds the same fortitade and courage when ex Morris, English Minister at St.

posed to the full blaze of the court. We twist Pierre and Calais. 8vo. pp. 274.

the law; we trim it to time, humour, and neLondon. Westley. 1824.

cessity : we possess no sentiments properly The name of Massillon is too well whom we consider it advantageous to please."

our own; we have only the sentiments of those known, and too much celebrated-p.11. throughout the Christian world, either « Avarice. The covetoos man amasses to dread an eclipse, or to require riches only for the sake of amassing them, not

*** to supply his wants; he denies bimself such commendation. Associated in cha

indulgence. His money is more precious to racter with Saurin and Fenelon, these him

bim than bis health or his life. All his actions,

an his health or his life au illustrious divines form a brilliant views, and affections, are directed to this one constellation in the hemisphere of worthy object. No one is deceived in him; theology, and ages must elapse be- he takes no pains to conceal from the eyes of fore they can dwindle into stars of

the public the miserable propensity with which

he is possessed : it is the nature of this shamethe second magnitude.

ful passion to discover itself on every side; it Of the work before us we cannot takes no step that is not marked with this acperhaps give a more correct account cursed character, and which is not a mystery than the translator has furnished in

to every one but him wbo is possessed by it. his advertisement:-“All the thoughts

The other passions all aim, at least, to save

appearances, and to hide themselves from the which compose this collection are eyes of the world : imprudence may sometimes short, detached from each other, and discover them, though the criminal seeks obwithout any necessary connexion. We scarity as much as possible; but the avaricious may read one or two at a time, may man conceals his passion only from bimself. pass on from one subject to another,

So far from taking precautions to hide it from or turn back, without any inconveni

the public, every thing in him exposes it,

every thing plainly discovers it; he bears it ence; and there is not one of these written (so to speak) upon his speech, bis acthoughts which does not contain some tions, and all his conduct, and even upon bis great principle, some judicious reflec- forehead."--p. 119. tion, or some edifying truth, the whole

I “ Injustice.-An unjust man has bis eyes placed in the most favourable light, find an opportunity of oppressing them. Like

constantly fixed upon the poor, that he may and clothed with all the graces of a lion concealed at the mouth of his den, he elocution."

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