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any of the English, French, Spanish, be dogmatical, because they think Portuguese, Danish, or Swedish co-that obstinacy alone prevents others lonies, and I challenge contradiction from seeing as they see. The man, to such averment.

| however, who exercises reason on the All Europe is in the habit of esti evidence which 'scripture affords in niating human labour ! but, to estimate favour of certain doctrines, is both the value of the human body or soul, is modest in his own opinions, and cannot within the precinct of human com did towards the opinions of others; prehension.

for he learns by experience, that there I remain, sir, your very humble ser- are many difficulties and impediments vant,

PHILANTHROPUS. in his way to truth, and therefore sees Tottenham, Feb. 4, 1825.

the great probability there is of his own failure, and admits the sincerity

of others who may come to a conclu· CATHOLICS AND PROTESTANTS .

sion different from his own. We may, CONTRASTED.

therefore, infer, that many ProtestThe Romish Church puts tradition ants err in the same way that the Caand the decisions of councils on the tholics do, viz. by setting aside their same footing with the word of God; own judgment, and trusting to the but dishonour the latter by subjecting opinions of others. There are also it to the judgment of the former, and many Protestants who rest on their by perverting it in the confirmation own persuasions, instead of their conof the former. Protestant churches victions, in reference to the doctrines restrict all authority in doctrines and of the gospel. Were we to particumorals to the word of God; but are, larize, we could give many instances in general, guided in their exposition out of all parties. of the scriptures by the authority of Aberdeen, Jan. 6, 1825.

Z. reformers, leaders, &c.

Catholics receive their religious opinions from the principle of sub the MANUSCRIPTOMANIAC. mission to human authority, the au

(Continued from col. 116.) thority of councils, which they credulously believe to be equal to divine

No. II.-History of the Gunpowder authority; and the generality of Pro

Plot, by a Popish Priest. testants receive their religious opini- As I anticipate that my readers will ons from the same principle of sub- be laudably impatient to taste the mission to human authority, but with beauties of Sir Robert Bradgate's this difference, that they ground the collection of ancient manuscripts, I reason of the choice of their guides in basten to transcribe one of the most opinions, on qualifications which do interesting, (in the point of view to not necessarily secure the subjects of which I afterwards direct them,) to them from error; while the Catholics which is appended a curious stateground the reason of the choice of ment in the baronet's own hand, writtheir guides, on a false interpretation ton in a neat gentlemanly style, and of scripture; which interpretation containing information which was, I they must, as consistent Catholics, believe, collected from some letters receive on the authority of the guides in another part of the library. Here themselves; and thus become absurd it is :by reasoning in a circle.

“ In the reign of King James I. the Many Protestants resign their judg- occupant of Bradgate Hall was ments to their guides, imagining at Sir Edmund, my renowned ancestor, the same time that they are using whose book of travels may still be them without any bias. This decep- found at some old bookstalls, (it is tion arises from the circumstance that | numbered 31 in the present collecthey think they are exercising their tion,) and shares, with the relations of judgment about scripture, while they Pinto and Mandeville, the imputation are only exercising it about the quali- of falsity. The principal stimulant to fications of the guides of their opini- | action of my noble forefather was, as ons. Thus many persons think their I have heard, CURIOSITY. He visited opinions accord with scripture, be- Egypt to ascertain the height of a pycause they were held by pious and ramid, and, in the disguise of a na.. useful men; hence such persons must tive, endeavoured to penetrate into

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the interior of Africa, to discover whe- the inditer some trouble. The followther it was inhabited or not, and other ing is a “ true copy:"matters which he was anxious to learn. But not to be tedious; it hap

“ Historie of THE RENOWNEDDE pened that, in the year 1605, he was

PLOTTE TO overTHROWE HIS MOST in England, and at Bradgate Hall,

GRACIOUSE MAJESTIE, WITH THE and was meditating on new journeys,

LORDES AND COMMONES, BY GUN

POWDERRE. RELATEDDE BY OSwhen the Gunpowder Plot was discovered.

WOLDE DESMONDE, A POPISH “ The affair had scarcely subsided,

PRIEST. (IN HIS OWNE WORDS.)* when, one day bunting through the “ At the beginning of January, in the neighbouring forest with a couple of year 1605, I had been out one day adexcellent bloodhounds, which he al- ministering extreme unction to a poor ways used in that sport, they diverged man who died in the holy Catholic from the track pursued by the game, faith, and whose death had been and ran to a little cave by the side of chiefly brought to pass by the executhe path, from which was soon heard | tion of his son for heresy, he having by the cries of a man evidently in great his manly conduct given great offence fear. Sir Edmund, who possessed a to the blood-thirsty persecutors of our very benevolent heart, went in to call church. As I advanced along the them off, and found inside an old street which led to my dwelling, I man, clad in the habit of a Romisb could not help reflecting on the prepriest, on whom the dogs were mak-sent condition of those who held our ing an attack. He bade them lie tenets. “When that persecutor of down, and then sternly demanded of our religion, Queen Elizabeth, bad the fellow his name, and business expired,' said I, we thought that in there. The other, exceedingly terri- the present monarch we should have fied, fell at his feet, and implored him another blessed exterminator of the not to give him up to his pursuers, pestilent seeds of heresy like Queen for that he was Oswald Desmond, one Mary, another favourer of the opof the Jesuits who was said to have pressed and trodden-under-foot Caencouraged the gunpowder plot con- tholics; but, alas! he is a mere dull spirators to proceed in their truly pedant, and so far from following in diabolical machinations, and whom the steps of his mother, who was stedall were then endeavouring to appre fast on the scaffold, and resisted, in hend, in order to bring them to con sight of the axe and block, all the ardiga punishment, as some pounds (Iguments at conversion made by the forget how many) were offered for his Dean of Peterborough; he is even seizure. Sir Edmund had compassion after the heart of the traitor Murray, on him, and told him, that if he would whom Hamilton deservedly destroyed truly relate to him all he knew about in the streets of Linlithgow, when the the plot, he would assist him to escape silly populace saluted him with their from England. The following is the fickle acclamations. And must our narrative that the Jesuit related, writ- holy faith sink to the ground without ten in Sir Edmund's own hand, to one effort to preserve it from destrucwhich (as I must confess that it can- tion, and replace it on its ancient not easily be read by reason of the throne, controlling the potentates of enormous loops to the l's, and the re- the earth, and destroying in their rise semblance of his r's to k's, by which all those heresies which would otherthe printer of his travels has been led wise disturb its peace? May some into putting ‘king' for ring,' in the avenger arise from the blood of the 7th chapter, I have appended a copy slaughtered saints, and, hurling the made for my own use, by John Robin oppressive tyrant of Britain from his son, who writes very well.-R. B." seat, annihilate with him this wicked

sect of Protestants !' With this simple narrative I found “As I said thus, I approached my an ill-written manuscript bound up, own dwelling, which was situated in which I turned over, to come to a one of the poorest and most obscure starched up copybook-looking tran- parts of the city, and tumbling down script of the same, which might be said to have been done in round-hand, * The narrative itself I have put into moand which it was evident had takendern English.

75,- VOL. VII.

hourt

in several places, such are the evil | trice turning round, with a good-hu., effects of the ascendency of our ene moured smile, said, I forgot to tell mies! no offence to you, Sir Edmund, you, master, but that clock's half an for I only speak the truth, as you ordered me. I tapped at the casement, " I sat down again, and endeavourwhich, it may as well be mentioned, ed to pass the time away by beating consisted as much of paper panes as my feet upon the floor in tune, but of glass ones, and was instantly ad- one of the boards nearly giving way, mitted by my old housekeeper, Dame I was compelled to resort to reading, Beatrice, who, to her honour be it and took from my little library a spall spoken, has never attempted to read Latin tract, De Petro et Successoribus the scriptures in English ; indeed, if ejus;' but although that work is most she tried, I much doubt whether she ably written, and contains such arguwould be able to accomplish the task, ments, especially in the 46th chapter, as she had never learned to decipher. Sir Edmund, as will not, I think, fail, I perceived that she had one of those if you read it, to convert you to our peculiar smiles on her face which holy religion, I found myself unable, announces pleasing intelligence, and through my impatience, to follow the was about to ask the reason, when convincing train of demonstrations she saved me the trouble, and inform- there laid down by its worthy author, ed me that several gentlemen had Bennet Langham, and replaced it in called in my absence, and inquired for the shelves. At length the hour of me, but finding I was out, had said six came, and almost at the same mothey would come again at six in the ment that I heard the last stroke of evening. The good old dame was ra- | the hour from St. Paul's Cathedral, a ther garrulous, and talked much about tap at the door was heard, and ina very good-looking young man, who stantly attended to, by which about had spoken' so many pretty things,'ten persons were admitted, two of and given her a couple of rose-nobles, whom it seemed were, by their garb, a circumstance which I perceived had priests, and eight laymen. occasioned her joy.

..“ As I conjectured, Garnet and “ I went in, and sat down in the Gerard were in the number, and I reroon in which the dame was making cognized, among the others, Master preparations for supper, which was, I Catesby, a gentleman descended from found, to consist of two large geese, of a noble family, and unalterably atthe money for which the good-looking tached to our holy faith, and Ambrose young man had made her a present. Rockwood, a man of decayed forThis was something curious, and, as Itunes, and as I thought, from his concould not conceive what friend could fessions, rather too apt with sword be rich and munificent enough to give and buckler. With them was the away such delicacies, I was on the good-looking young man who had so tenterhooks of anxiety for the stran- taken Beatrice's fancy; but I could ger's arrival. I sat down on an old | scarcely look on these, for, among chair which commanded an excel them towered a giant, whose appearlent view of the clock, whose move- | ance was sufficient to attract the atments I watched with some impa-| tention from any other object. He tience, asking every now and then was a man apparently in the prime of questions of Beatrice, by which I his life, and, by the appearance of his found that two of the visitors were limbs, possessed of great muscular priests, by their dress, and these Istrength. His cap or bonnet was so thought to be my estimable acquaint- slouched over his face, that but little ances, Masters Garnet and Gerard ; of the forehead could be discerned, but I could not conceive what could be but beneath sparkled deep dark-set the important business they came to eyes, whose expression gave an idea speak about. Every minute I was of wild and even barbarous ferocity. darting an impatient glance at the His nose was aquiline, his cheekbones clock, but it still went on its dull strong and prominent, and his mouth tick-tack, till the minute-hand had half concealed by a profusion of attained the number of xil, and the | swarthy mustaches, which, descendhour-hand that of vi. I then jumped ing to his chin, there encountered a up in haste, and exclaimed, “It's six, grizzled and thick matted beard, they're not over punctual,' when Bea- which gave the finish to this appalling

H

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picture. His neck was bare, and his that myself, brother Gerard, and these doublet of coarse serge, slashed from worthy props of the Catholic faith, the shoulders to the elbows, descend | have come to thy house, for verily our ed but to his belt, in which was stuck souls are grieved at the defection of a short dudgeon dagger, sheathless, this fair isle of Britain from the true and only retained in its position by religion, and we are willing to hazard the tightness of the girdle. An iron | life and lands to restore the Romish chain crossed his breast, sustaining a supremacy. On that account we have large two-edged sword, with richly formed a plan to destroy the supports ornamented bilt, and disposed in va of the Protestant heresy, root and rious places in his lower garments | branch; for were we only to send the were pistols, ready to be supplied by king to purgatory, the prince would a pouch placed in his girdle, and full immediately succeed, and all would of gunpowder ready for occasion. He be worse. But to our project: it is, wore buskins of deerskin, and his on the assembling of the parliament in name was Guido FAWKES.

the House of Lords, to blow up the · "What want you, friends ? was mansion and its inmates by gunpowmy first inquiry, when I had recovered der ; and to effect this, we had begun from my surprise at bebolding this to delve a hole which would lead us 'extraordinary personage.

to the cellars beneath the senate: "Convey us to a chamber where house, when we discovered that they neither man nor devil can hear us, were to be let; and to procure the and we will tell you,' replied Guido money necessary to secure it for ourin a hoarse voice, that at first startled selves, we have to apply to you, that me;' till then, expect not a reveal- by breaking and recommending the ment of our plans; for should we rash- scheme to those who are under your ly counsel, death would soon be our spiritual guidance, they may furnish award.'.

the necessary assistance.' “First let us devour the geese | “I will not detail my shame.which I ordered your old housekeeper Heated with wine, and seeing in this to purchase with my gold pieces,' said villanous proposal a future high Piercy, (for it was he who had charm-church-dignity, I madly acceded; a ed Dame Beatrice.)

conduct which I will never cease to “ After a little more conversation, deplore and curse. Perhaps if I had we ordered the dame to prepare sup- resisted, Garnet and the others (who, per, which, although rather soon, was the former especially, were, I doubt not sooner than the cravings of my not, like me, inflamed with liquor and stomach required it, for I had tasted rage,) would not have suffered under nothing since my morning punchion. the hands of the executioner. I openIt was spread in the best apartment, ed the plans to some of the most zeaand the two geese made a gallant ap lous promoters of the Catholic cause pearance, so that I fell on them with on the next day. They started, but I the utmost avidity. As for Guido, I so plied my arguments, and repreperceived that, despising the use of sented to them the miserable state of knife and fork, he destroyed his part our holy church, that they consented, of the supper with tooth-and-nail, and and the cellars were consequently ate an enormous quantity. At length, hired, gunpowder was placed, and at after quaffiny a little wine brought by length there only remained one meetPiercy under his cloak, and which I ing to make, before the completion of must confess made me rather out of the work, and this assembly was aporder, we adjourned to the upper pointed to take place at six o'clock room, in which was placed my bed. I on the last day of October, the par

.“ Here I again repeated my ques- liament having been prorogued till tion; and that holy man, Henry Gar- the 5th of November. The meetings net, stepping forward to answer it, generally took place at Guido Fawkes's thus began : Brother Oswold, among house, near Lambeth Palace, and as thy flock are many daring and bold I lived on the opposite side, I genemen, who place their consciences en- rally hired a boat and crossed the tirely at thy disposal, and would mur- Thames to the place; a line of conder their făthers and mothers at the duct which I pursued on that day. winking of thine eye, or the raising of “The boatmen had almost gained thy finger, and it is on that account Fawkes's residence, and I was reflect

ing on the desperate plans in which I the violence of my motions. I stamphad engaged, when a cutter ran ed across the little parlour with fury, against the aquatic vehicle in which I and often walked out to look towards was being gently wafted on the bosom the House of Lords. My brain was of the smiling Thames, and in an in-on fire. At length, taking my hat, I stant I was beneath the water. I was walked towards the venerable pile rising for the third time, when a young which projected its broad outline in cavalier, who had observed my disas the clear moonlight. And this lofty ter, plunged in the wave wbich was edifice,' thought I, 'will, ere a day about to entomb me, and dragged me hath past, be a heap of blackened on shore by the collar of my doublet. ruins, strewed with the mangled carWe were received, when we had gain cases of many a proud noble, that toed the land, by some of the conspira- | day struts in silks and satins, and tors, who had already assembled, and | thinks he has many a happy day to who rushed out of the room of meeting come. Alas! how perishable is man. on observing my imminent danger. But why should we take vengeance in They took me from my deliverer, with our hands, and such bloody and depromise of all due care being bestow structive vengeance as this? Pered towards my recovery ; and my haps Monteagle may not have paid preserver, who gave in his name as due attention to my letter, and he Lord Monteagle, retired.

may share the fate of the others. In “I was placed on a bed in the short, the whole iniquity of my conhouse of Guido, and in a little time duct burst upon me, and I determined recovered, for my immersion had been to prevent the accomplishment of any so slight, that it did not cost much counsel trouble to restore me to conscious- “I was still standing by the House ness. My first emotions were those of Lords, when I felt some one tug of gratitude towards Monteagle, my me by the cloak behind. I turned second thought was to inquire what round, and beheld the demoniacal had been the result of the meeting; | countenance of Fawkes. His eyes and Piercy, who sat by my bedside, glistened with the furious joy of a informed me that the fate of the king fiend, his dark mustaches shook with and his nobles was now decided, and the vehemence of his rejoicing. A all would assuredly perish on the fatal stern smile sat on his rugged features, fifth of November. All ?' said I. | while he said, “Well met, Oswold. • All,' replied he, 'not a single lord of This is the hour of vengeance!' the Protestant religion will escape I "• Villain,' cried I, • attempt not from that destruction which we have to practise thy purpose. Return with deservedly prepared for them.'. me to thy house; I will produce such

“ My brain burned. And shall my arguments to Catesby and Piercy, braye deliverer, thought I, who has that they will relinquish their plans. snatched me from a watery grave, be ". All's nought to Guido Fawkes, involyed in indiscriminate slaughter said the ruffian. “Away, driveller. with a race of proud nobles, who By heavens, I thought thee a gallant would sooner have saved their cat of the right breed, but none can be from drowning, than a poor pastor of sure of a man till he's tried. the Catholic church? It must not be. “My blood boiled with rage. "ReI then arose, and intimating to Piercy turn,' said I, with the fierceness of a that I was now as well as ever, walk- lion, 'Return, or I disclose the plot, ed home by one of the bridges. As and all rebounds on your own heads. soon as I was comfortably seated in “. Remember your OATH,' cried my most convenient apartment, I the villain,' taken in my cottage at called for pens and ink, and wrote a the hour of midnight since October.' letter to Monteagle. I sealed this, " The recollection of a fearful oath and holding it in my band, sallied that I had made, not to divulge the forth to his dwelling Report must plot by word or deed, made my blood have already acquainted you with its run cold within my veins, Nather contents. I delivered it to his servant, less wretch,' shouted I, thou shalt and retired home,

not escape. My sword is good and "I pass over the events of the week true, and, if thou dost not comply, I'll until November the 4th. On that plunge it in thy traitorous bosom. night Dame Beatrice was alarmed at Whilst saying this, I unsheathed

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