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loss which your Petitioner mast incur if pre- | pbilosopbicaltransactions of the globe. vented from exercising that very art of which I Among our periodical works it has he was the original inventor, and from the f which he desisted all these years. I

| ever sustained a conspicuous rank, only in the hope that the Bank of England and bas perbaps contributed more would, sooner or later, adopt it; and which than any other that bas ever apthey have done, bat given the credit of it peared of this description, to give to to another person, and consequently the re

scientific knowledge a general diffumuneration and advantage arising from its adoption. !

sion. "Your Petitioner therefore bombly prays

But amidst these various avocathat his case may be taken into consideration, tions and duties, Dr. Tilloch found and that he may be granted such relief in the time to turn bis attention to subjects premises as this honourable House in its wis.

of theology. In the Star, during the dom may deem meet. (Signed)

early years that it was under his ma"ALEXANDER TILLOCH." In

nagement, be published numerous es- On the merits or defects which the says and dissertations on the propber specimen of his inventive powers con- cies, some of which were on detached tained, to which the preceding petition points, and others in continuation of alludes, we are incompetent to decide; the same train of thought and argubut the attestations of those emi- mentation. These compositions were nent artists whose names are inserted afterwards collected together by a in the petition, cannot fail to confer gentleman in the north, and published on it a character of high respectabi- in a volume, under the name of Biblity, although it was not crowned with | licus.” Of these dissertations the auultimate success.

thor never lost sight; and it is highly In 1797 Dr. Tilloch established the probable, if his life had been prolongPhilosophical Magazine. The first ed, tbat the public would bave seen number appeared in June of the the work, now sustaining the name of above year, from which time to the Biblicus, in a more enlarged and compresent it has continued without in- manding form. At present the volume terruption, and with a degree of re- containing the above collections is spectability highly creditable to the exceeding scarce, and can only be heads and hands that have conducted found in libraries of a particular deit. During the early periods of its scription, or obtained by accident existence, we apprehend that Dr. among old books exposed for sale on Tilloch was the sole proprietor, and the stalls. such he continued until about four In the year 1823, Dr. Tilloch pubyears since, when the name of Rich- lished in one volume, octavo, a work ard Taylor, F.L.S. was added to his bearing the following title': 66 Disser own as joint proprietor. During the tations introductory to the Study and whole of this long period, this work Right Understanding of the Lanwas almost exclusively onder Dr. Til-guage, Structure, and Contents of the loch's management, nor did he wholly Apocalypse.” Of this work a review relinquish its superintendence until may be found in the Imperial Magahe was compelled by those debilities zine for 1823, col. 660. The great deof nature which terminated in his sign of the author appears to be, to death.

prove that the Apocalypse was writOf this work it is needless to de- ten at a much earlier period than scant upon the merits. Sixty-four vo- our more distinguished commentator's lumes are now before the public. Its suppose, and prior to most of the circulation has been extensive, not epistles contained in the New Testaonly throughout the country which ment. In an advertisement prefixed gave it birth, but among the various to this work, the author informs his nations of the civilized world. Its readers, that “ about forty years have correspondents are numerous and elapsed since his attention was first highly respectable, both foreign and turned to the Revelation; and the domestic. Enriched with accounts contents of that wonderful book of discoveries in science, and im-have, ever since, much occupied his provements in the arts, with the in-thoughts.” In a subsequent paraventions of superior genius, the secu- graph of the same advertisement, he rities of patents, and the failure and thus alludes to another work on the success of schemes, the Philosophical Apocalypse at large, which he then Magazine may be said to contain the had in hand, and which included

217 ( Memoir of Alexander Tilloch, LL.D.

218 normamannanosommermoonvoransconommasomornoon the dissertations that first appeared | As a teacher, he was clear and perin the columns of the Star :

spicuous, possessing that charity • Persuaded that he has discovered which suffereth long and is kind, the nature of those peculiarities in the which vaunteth not itself, is not puffed composition of the Apocalypse, which | up; and for these excellencies, as have perplexed men of incomparably well as for his readiness to relieve the bigber attainments, and have led to distressed, his name will be long re. the erroneous opinion so generally membered with grateful recollection. entertained, respecting its style, he Their place for worship is a room in a thinks that he but performs a duty to house in Goswell-street-road, where his fellow Christians, in giving pub- they meet every Lord's day, sing, 'icity to that discovery; and the more pray, read the scriptures, and offer No, as, from the precarious state of praise to God, when one of the elders, his health, it is very probable that he or some other brother under bis di nay not live to finish a larger work, rection, gives an exhortation, generally levoted to the elucidation of the from some passage of scripture that Apocalypse--with which he has been has been read. The sacrament is also nany years occupied : but whether regularly administered every week, that work shall ever see the light or Retired thus from scenes that might not, it is hoped that the other topics, expose them to the charge of seeking connected with the subject introduced popularity, they cultivate the practi. into this volume, may also prove ser- cal part of Christianity without any viceable to persons engaged in the parade or ostentation, and from the same pursuit." The larger work, to assistance which they render to their which the author alludes in the above poor, they give the most convincing quotation, we have learnt, from un-proof, that they believe “ faith withquestionable authority, is either fin-out works is dead." ished, or in such a state of forward Of Dr. Tilloch's uniformly virtuous ness as approximates to completion, and amiable character, it is scarcely but whether it will ever be laid before possible to speak too highly. From the poblic, time only can determine. the year 1789 his name has constantly The last work, we apprehend, which been before the public, but we are not he ever engaged to superintend, was, aware, that through this long march “The Mechanic's Oracle," now pub of thirty-six years, it has ever conlishing, in numbers at the Caxton tracted a single stain, and it is now

too late for malice and calumny to In his religious views, Dr. Tilloch prevent it from descending unsullied was, what, in general estimation, to posterity. From the pen of a genwould be deemed somewbat singular, tleman who had been personally acbut his opinions were generally un quainted with Dr. Tilloch upwards of derstood to be of the Sandemanian thirty years, it is with pleasure that kind. The few with whom he asso we take the following delineations of ciated assume no other name than his character :that of Christian Dissenters. They “He was a man of powerful and are “ slaves to no sect," and can cultivated intellect; of indefatigable scarcely be said to make an avowal research and deep reflection; his of any theological creed. They pro mind was Johnsonian in its strength, fess to conduct themselves according but not arbitrary and imperative in to the directions of scripture; and for its expression, Mild and urbane in the government of their little body, his manner, the pigmies of literature appoint two elders, who are elected to might have played with him, and fantheir office, but who have no other re- cied themselves ascendant, until warmmuneration than the affection and re-ed to his subject, the involuntary acspect of a grateful people. The qua tion of his superior powers swept his lifications for the duties of this sta opponents from the field of argument. tion, which Dr. Tilloch was called to Studious and domestic, his life was fill, be possessed in an eminent de- devoted to literature and his family, gree ; nor was he more liberal in dis- and without mixing much in the world, pensing the riches of his cultivated his mind was intensely devoted to its mind, and in expatiating on the love of happiness and improvement, in the the Redeemer, than in imparting to development of philosophical princithe needy the contents of his purse. ples and their results. He was a mem

; ber of several useful literary bodies, he persist in the ballot. The reason and in the Society of Arts he took a assigned was, not his want of talent, distinguished lead; its records wit- genins, science, or moral excellencies, nessing to many valuable propositions but his being a proprietor of a news. and plans, determining in practical paper, and the editor of a periodical benefit which proceeded from him. As publication. He therefore withdrew an antiquarian and virtuoso, he pos- his name, for in that society, if once sessed taste, judgment, and industry, | rejected, there can be no admission and must have left behind him a valu afterwards, though, if withdrawn after able collection of coins, medals, ma | proposal, this would not militate nuscripts, obsolete and unique publi against his future election. The narcations, &c. We have seen among bis rowness of this policy must be obvious medals one, considered to have been to every impartial mind. Had he been contemporary with Alexander the admitted a member of that society, he Great, struck upon occasion of a sa- would bave been a very useful and crifice to Neptune; such was the opi-efficient associate, and indeed an honion of the late vice provost of Trinity nour to that learned body. College, the Rev. Dr. Barrett, to “He called on me about two months whose inspection the medal was sub I previous to his death, and not having mitted. Though the greater part of seen him for some years, I could his time was passed in the British me- scarcely recognize him from the alteratropolis, bis accent was broadly na- tion in his countenance. When he tional; but within him he had what took his farewell, I wished bim better; “ passeth shew.” Affectionate and but he shook his head very significantconscientious in his domestic rela-ly, intimating that this was not to be tions, warm, generous, and steady in expected." his friendships, a worthier or purer For some years prior to his death, heart never inhabited a human breast.” Dr. Tilloch had been in a declining (Warder, Irish Paper.)

state of health, but the intervals which : From another gentleman, who, in his complaints afforded, induced bis former years, was intimate with Dr. | friends to flatter themselves with a Tilloch, we have been favoured with much longer continuance of his life the following observations.

than events have sanctioned. The • “I know him to have been a very place of his abode was with his sister pleasant and agreeable companion, in Barnsbury-street, Islington, where, with a mind enlarged by a variety of during several months, he was almost knowledge, especially on subjects of exclusively confined to his house. modern science, of chemistry and na The approaches of death, however, tural philosopby. Upon these he often / were not alarmingly observable, until dwelt with pecaliar ardour, and with within a few weeks preceding his a freshness of mind which disclosed death. It was then evident that his the interest he felt in themes of that useful life was drawing to a close. In kind. His public labours however, this state he lingered until about threeparticularly the Philosophical Maga- | quarters before one, on the morning of zine, afford sufficient evidence in Wednesday, January 26th, 1825, when proof of the taste which had been ex- the weary wheels of life stood still. cited in his mind, and the zeal and | From the exalted station which Dr. diligence which he evinced in collect. Tilloch sustained in the ranks of liteing every new fact that could engage rature, few individuals were better the public attention. He was a man known throughout Europe than himof more than ordinary reading and self; and as his life had been conknowledge. Every thing that was / spicuous, so his death excited general singular or curious came within the sympathy. The solemn event was angrasp of his mind. He examined sub- nounced in most of the public prints, jects which many would neglect or al- and we are happy to add, that the intogether despise..

| 'telligence was invariably accompanied "About twenty years since, he was with testimonials of respect.. . proposed by the late Dr. Gouthshore, ! We are not aware, however, that, at whose conversationes I have met bim, I among the various notices which have as a member of the Royal Society, but been taken of Dr. Tiloch, any bioit was intimated from some quarter, graphical sketch has hitherto appearthat he would be black-balled, should ed equally extended with our own.

221

On the Use and Importance of the Senses in Religion.

222

For the materials of which it is com- | man prospects, and the instability of posed, we are indebted to some of his earthly distinctions; but it is when more intimate friends; and in giving we behold them signally destroyed publicity to the memoir, we only fulfil and confounded, that we feel our an engagement wbich bad long been presumption checked, and our hearts in contemplation, when the present appalled. imperious occasion was seen at a dis- For this reason, he who spake as tance. But we shall add no more.

never man spake, was wont to convey In the scientific world his name will

bis instructions by sensible images be long remembered, and his writings

and in familiar apologues, that by conwill erect to his memory an imperish

centrating the attention within the able monument.

sphere of particular occurrences, and individual objects, the impressions of

his lessons might becoine more vivid ON THE USE AND IMPORTANCE OF THE

| and more profound. senses IN RELIGION.

| When the Almighty was pleased to (By the Rev. Robert Hall, of Leicester.) introduce, by the advent of the Mes, PROVIDENCE conveys its most im. siah, a more perfect and permanent pressive lessons by sensible objects;

economy of religion, he founded it enand by clothing the abstractions of tirely on facts, attested by the most religion in the realities of life, renders unexceptionable evidence, and the them in a manner palpable. While most splendid miracles. The Apostles they remain in the form of general

were " witnesses," who by the signs truths, and are the objects of specu

and wonders they wrought, made that lation, they affect us but little; they appeal to the senses of men, which preserve us from the shallow sophis had been previously made to their try of impiety, and conduct us to jnst

own; and the doctrines which they conclusions on subjects of the last taught in their writings, were little moment; but their control over the

more than natural consequences reheart and conduct is scarcely felt. In

sulting from the undoubted truth of order to be deeply impressed, we re

their testimony. If they wish to inquire some object to be presented,

culcate the doctrine of a resárrecmore in unison with the sensitive part

con vith the sensitive part tion and future judgment, 'they deem of our nature-something more pre

it sufficient to appeal to the fact of cise and limited, something which the

Christ's resurrection, and sitting at mind may more distinctly realize, and

the right hand of God: they present no the imagination more firmly grasp.

evidence of a future state, except The process of feeling, widely differs

what ultimately terminates in the perin this respect from that of reasoning,

son of the Saviour, as the first beand is regulated by opposite laws.

gotten from the dead; and most anxIn reasoning, we recede as far as pos

iously warn us against resting our sible from sensible impressions ; and hope of salvation on any other basis the more general and comprehen

than that of a sensible sacrifice, “ the sive our conclusions, and the larger offering of the body of Christ once for our abstractions, provided they are

all.” Thus, whatever is sublime and sustained by sufficient evidence, the

consolatory in the Christian religion, more kpowledge is extended, and the

originates in facts and events which intellect improved. Sensibility is ex-appealed to the senses, and passed in cited, the aifections are awakened, on

this visible theatre, though their ultithe contrary, on those occasions, in mate result is commensurate with which we tread back our steps, and,

eternity. descending from generalities, direct In order to rescue us from the idolthe attention to individual objects and atry of the creature, and the dominion particular events. We all acknow- of the senses, He who is intimately ledge, for example, our constant ex- acquainted with our frame, makes posure to death; but it is seldom we use of sensible appearances, and experience the practical impression causes bis Son to become flesh, and of that weighty truth, except when | to pitch bis tent amongst us, that by we witness the stroke of mortality faith in his crucified humanity, we actually inflicted. We universally may ascend, as by a mystic ladder, to acknowledge the uncertainty of hu- the abode of the Eternal.

| which his Maker designed him, in orOBSERVATIONS ON CAPITAL

der to secure the salvation of his soul. PUNISHMENT.

Solitary confinement appears to me MR. EDITOR,

to be the most severe punishment, Sir, I have been led, of late, to and embraces that object at the same think seriously on the awfully inter time. esting subjeet of capital punishment, 4. Is there not good ground to or the punishment of crime with hope, that in a large proportion of death. By inserting the following cases, a genuine reformation and conqueries, you may perhaps lead some version might take place, and the in: of your correspondents to turn their dividuals be turned back upon society attention to this subject, and set it in “ new creatures ?" . a clear and scriptural point of view.

5. Punishment by death does not I am, sir, your's respectfully,

secure the object. Crime, there is A CONSTANT READER. reason to fear, is not diminished, but

is rather upon the increase. The 1st. Is it wise or politic for human plan of solitary confinement in every legislators to punish crime with death case, except that of premeditated in any case?

murder, has been adopted in PennIt must be admitted on all hands, sylvania with the happiest effects. that the object of punishment is the " In that state, from January 1789 to prevention of crime ; and in order to to June 1791, the number of crimes secure this object, the punishment under the old system was 592, of which is most dreaded by the vicious, which 9 were murders. From June is most likely to produce the desired 1791 to March 1795 the number uneffect. But are not solitary confine-der the new system was 243 only, ment and hard labour, accompanied among which there was not one case with religious instruction, more dread- of murder."-Vide Percy Anecdotes, ful to the generality of murderers and Humanity, page 64. i thieves, than death? Many of them

6. Is not punishment with death are infidels, and believe nothing about l contrary to the whole spirit and gea future state; many of them are tired nius of Christianity : as, “ love your of life, and perhaps do some rash act

enemies," “ overcome evil with good,” for the very purpose of forfeiting their l&c.? To inflict death upon a man, to lives ; and some others have commit- hurry him into the presence of his ted suicide, for the purpose of escap-|

Judge with all his imperfections on ing from the terrors and twinges of a | bis head, is the greatest evil that we guilty conscience; they would rather

can possibly do to a fellow-creature; die than live. Life to such charac

and I think that it cannot be shewn, ters would be a thousand times more that the interests of society require terrible than death. We have known

such a mode of punishment. many men seek relief from the trou

: 7. When the infinite worth of the bles of life, by the use of the razor and the halter ; but we never heard

soul is taken into the account, that of any seeking such relief in solitary

every individual soul must either en

joy or suffer more than the aggregate confinement and hard labour,

of all the enjoyment and suffering of 1 2. Does not such an awful waste all the men that have ever lived or of human life tend to familiarize the ever will live in this world, surely people with violent deaths, in such a every man ought to have all the time way as to cause them to think less of and opportunity afforded him, which the awful crime of self-murder, to en- his Maker intended him, to work out courage duels, and to produce a most his own salvation. . . pernicious influence on the practicel 8. The very principle of taking of war?

away life is, that of revenge, and not .3. To spare his life, is accompanied of forbearance. It invades the prewith that merey towards the criminal | rogative of God, “ Vengeance is mine, which ever ought to be kept 'in view. saith the Lord, I will repay ;' again, The more severely crime is punished“ In his hands are the issues of life and the better, but the punishment ought death,”-and has any man a right to to be of that nature which will secure take that which only Jehovah can to the delinquent all the opportunity ! bestow ?

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