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Memoir of Wilson Lowry, F.R.S.


their agency to the formation of the hint, and consigned to future days earth's surface, but to the former he the realizing of those visions which ascribed the larger share. In his charm at a distance, but elude our opinion he seemed decided, that the grasp. different strata of our globe were Actuated by a public spirit, Mr. formed at very different periods; Lowry was ever ready to lend pecuthat the formation of the whole, from piary aid to invention struggling in the first granite rocks down to the its birth, and to support institutions marl and granite beds, could not have that had benevolent objects in view. taken up less than a million of years, On numerous occasions his liberality and that none but the most alluvial has exceeded his means, and exhaustsoils could have been deposited by ed his resources when they wanted to the Mosaic deluge.

be replenished. For many of his With the writings of Hobbes, Col. works he was honourably remunerat. lips, Hume, and Helvetius he was in- ed, but in several others the case was timately acquainted, and their influ- unhappily reversed; and were an ence on his mind he could not always average to be taken of his numerous conceal, even when he made no formal inventions, improvements, and laboacknowledgments of the fact. In his rious skill, it would be found that the philosophical speculations he resolved rewards which he received fell much every thing into primitive necessity, beneath the genius and talent which fortifying bis theory with those argu- | he displayed. In these respects he ments which are generally urged in “ fell on eyil days," and, on this acthe defence of fate. In his disputa- | count, was unable to make for his tions he was subtle and wary, refus- widow and family, that provision ing, on many occasions, to admit, / which their station in life requires. without evidence, even those proposi- Mr. Lowry was twice married. His tions which have generally been con- first wife was a native of Birmingham, sidered as self-evident. The Socratic Her name was Porter, and sister to a mode of arguing was that wbich he Mr. Porter, who is now much 'celein general adopted, leading his anta- | brated as an engraver of architectural gonists, by a train of questions, into subjects, which art he acquired under labyrinths from which they could not the tuition of Mr. Lowry. This lady easily retreat. Over his temper he had was his companion during the more a great command; it was rarely that arduous periods of his mortal jourhis mind became confused; and in ney, and was admirably fitted for her the severest conflict he was seldom station--the wife of a philosophical known to substitute dogma for rea- artist, meeting the vicissitudes of life son, or to appeal to authority when with heroic fortitude. By this lady argument was required,

he has two surviving daughters, the At an early period of his public elder of whom is married to Hugh life, Mr. Lowry was a warm admirer Stuart Boyd, Esq., a gentleman of of that patriotism which resisted op- distinguished learning, who possesses pression, and promised to restore li- | an estate in the north of Ireland, and berty to mankind; and when the blaze who is known as the author of Select of revolution burst forth in France, Passages from St. Chrysostom, and he hailed it as the dawn of that era several poetical compositions and which should usher into existence the translations of considerable merit, reign of universal freedom, and esta- among the latter of wbich is a masblish a political millennium throughout terly translation of the Agamemnon the world. The same enthusiasm of of Æschylus, published in January, expectation distinguished his hopes 1824. The younger daughter, who when Darwin and Beddoes promised has evinced considerable talent in to the subjects of disease a specific portrait and landscape painting, is that should counteract the maladies the wife of Mr. Hemming, formerly of of life. The discourses of Sir Hum Magdalen College, Oxford, and auphrey Davy again kindled up his ar thor of several ingenious works on dour, and led bis anticipations to astronomy and other scientific subwander over regions that cannot jects. easily be defined. Time, however, Being left a widower, in 1796, Mr. taught him the necessity of moderat- Lowry was married a second time, to ing his hopes. He took the salutary I a lady named Rebekah Delvalle.

She was of an ancient family of Spa- stone, and he was treated accordingly; nish extraction, related to the Mi- but on being opened, after death, his randas, and aunt of the late celebrat- affliction was found to have arisen from ed Mr. Ricardo. This lady has also another cause. Confined about twenty gained considerable reputation in the months by positive illness, his friends, science of mineralogy, and possesses who saw his emaciated frame gradua valuable collection of minerals and ally sinking, rendered him every asfossils, with the worth and peculiar sistance in their power; but nothing characteristics of which she is inti- could avert the stroke of death. His mately acquainted. The offspring of family saw him declining daily, but it this warriage are a son and a daugh- was not until within about a fortnight ter.

of his departure that they abandoned The son, Joseph Wilson Lowry, de- all hope of his recovery. On Wed. riving from his highly-gifted father the nesday, the 23d of June, 1824, the sovaried instructions which he was able lemn messenger arrived ; and, about to communicate, and having turned his two o'clock in the morning, Wilson attention to the same profession, has Lowry breathed his last, at bis house already distinguished himself as an in Great Titchfield-street, London, in able engraver, and bids fair to add the sixty-third year of his age. new lustre to his father's fame. His As a man of science, and of original perspective projections of the North-genius as an artist, Mr. Lowry will ern and Southern Hemisphere's have be long remembered. The improveattracted much attention; and, inde- ments wbich he made in the art of enpendently of their intrinsic merit, they graving, together with the facilities furnish evidence and indications of for expediting work and bringing it superior talents, which time and ex to perfection, will cause the period of ercise can alone ripen to perfection.. his life to be marked as an important : The daughter, named Delvalle, and epoch in the history of the imitative who is unmarried, possesses a culti- arts; while the plates executed by vated mind, stored with useful know- Lowry will be quoted as authorities ledge, and enlightened by science. from which it will be difficult to appeal. This young lady is the authoress of That his name will be transmitted to an elementary treatise on mineralogy, posterity encircled with scientific hoa work which, ranking highly in the nours, no doubt can be entertained ; estimation of those who have made and we cannot but indulge a hope, this branch of science their study, is that the merits of the son will enable placed among the best publications him to reap an ample harvest from that have appeared on this subject that field which his father cultivated

In stature Mr. Lowry was tall, and, with unrivalled renown, but with so though not slender, he was by no much unprofitable success. means athletic. His countenance bore indications of deep research and

ON THE DISPENSATION OF THE SPIRIT. untired perseverance. The power of penetration beamed from his eye, and

| By the Rev. Robert Hall, of Leicester. traits of benevolence were discover- To this subject the apostle refers, able in his face. Easy of access, he where he is contrasting the Christian was approached without diffidence, with the Jewish institute: “ Who also and frequently detained in conversa- hath made us able ministers of the tion with persons to whom little could new testament; not of the letter, but be communicated, and from whom no. of the Spirit; for the letter killeth, but thing could be derived. With such the Spirit giveth life. But if the mi. children as were acquainted with him nistration of death written and en. he was quite familiar, and by accom-graven in stones was glorious,-how modating himself to their natural vi- shall not the ministration of the Spirit vacity, was generally a favourite. be rather glorious?" From this cir

It has been supposed that the com- cumstance, be infers the superior plaint of which Mr. Lowry died, had dignity of the Christian ministry. The long sapped the foundation of a vigor miraculous gifts intended for a sign ous constitution, and secretly preyed to unbelievers, and to aid the gospel upon the vitals of life for about thirty during its first struggle with the pow. years. This was thought, both by him-ers of pagan darkness, have long since selfand his medical attendants, to be the ceased, with the exigency that called


On the Dispensation of the Spirit.


them forth; but the renewing and Almighty, in the concerns of salvasanctifying agency of the Spirit re- tion, to a stated method and a settled mains, and will continue to the end law. The communication of the Spiof time; the express declaration of rit, to render the gospel efficacious, our Saviour not admitting a doubt of becomes a standing ordinance of heaits perpetuity: “I will pray the Fa-ven, and a full security for its final ther, and he shall give you another triumph over every opposing force. comforter, that he may abide with you “My word,” said the Lord by the for ever,--the Spirit of truth, whom the prophet, “shall not return unto me world cannot receive, because it seeth void, but shall accomplish the thing him not, neither knoweth him ; but ye whereunto I sent it.” At the same know him, for he dwelleth with you, time, connected as it is, by the very and shall be in you.”

tenor of the promise, with the publiTo the world, who, in their unre cation of an external revelation, and newed state, are unsusceptible of professing to set its seal only to the his sanctifying impress, he is pro- testimony of Jesus, it precludes, as mised, in the preparatory form of a far as possible, every enthusiastic Spirit of conviction; to believers, he pretension, by leaving the appeal to is promised as an indwelling princi- scriptare as full and uncontrolled as ple, an ever-present Deity, who con- if no such agency were supposed. secrates the hearts of the faithful to It is strange that any should be be bis perpetual abode. Hence, the found to deny a doctrine so consolaministers of Christ are not dependent tory, under the pretence of its derofor success on the force of moral sua- gating from the sufficiency of revelasion; not merely the teachers of an tion, when it not only ascribes to it external religion, including truths the | all the efficacy that can belong to an most momentous, and duties of the instrument, or external means, but highest obligation; they are also the confers the highest honour upon it, by instruments through whom a super- marking it out as the only fountain of natural agency is exerted. And instruction to which the agency of the hence, in the conversion of souls, we Deity is inseparably attached. The are not to compare the difficulties to idea of his immediate interposition be surmounted with the feeble re- must necessarily increase our venerasources of human power, but with His, tion for whatever is connected with with whom nothing is impossible. To | it; and let it ever be remembered, this the inspired historian directs our that the internal illumination of the attention, as alone sufficient to account Spirit is merely intended to qualify for the signal success which crowned the mind for distinctly perceiving, and the labours of the first preachers. cordially embracing, those objects,

If a great multitude at Antioch and no other, which are exhibited in turned to the Lord, it was because the written word. " the hand of the Lord was witb To dispel prejudice, to excite a disthem;" if Lydia believed, in conse- / position for inquiry, and to infuse quence of giving attention to the that love of the truth, without which things that were spoken, it was be we can neither be transformed by its cause the “ Lord opened her heart;"power, nor bow to its dictates, is the if Paul planted, and Apollos watered, grand scope of spiritual agency; and with success, it was “the Lord who how this should derogate from the diggave the increase ;” and highly as nity of the truth itself, is not easy to they were endowed, and though in conceive. The inseparable alliance vested with such extensive authority, between the Spirit and the word sethey did not presume to count upon cures the harmony of the divine disany thing from themselves; their suf-pensations; and since that Spirit of ficiency was of God. As the possibi-truth can never contradict himself, lity of such an influence can be doubt- whatever impulse he may give, whated by none who believe in a Deity, so ever disposition he may communithe peculiar consolation derived from cate, it involves no irreverence tothe doctrine that asserts it, seems to wards that divine agent to compare be this, that it renders what was his operations with that standing remerely possible, certain ; what was velation, which, equally claiming him before vague and undetermined, fixed, for its author, he has expressly apby reducing the interposition of the pointed for the trial of the spirits.

74,--VOL. VII.

AN ATTEMPT TO VINDICATE the doc- peach his omnipotence; and to mainTRINE OF A PARTICULAR PROVI- tain the former, would involve an im

peachment of his moral attributes : DENCE.

so that we cannot but infer, that the (Concluded from col. 46.)

divine Being graciously controls the But we may observe, that there is an- | diversified operations of the human other class of individuals who object family. The question, then, which to this doctrine, not because they con- presents the difficulty is, whether this ceive human events too insignificant intervenient agency of God interferes to claim the interposition of heaven, with the moral Jiberty of man. To but that the idea of a superintending | discuss this particular in a manner power destroys, in their estimation, proportionate to its importance, would the free agency of man. This convic extend this essay beyond the pretion has operated so powerfully on scribed boundaries; a mere statement the minds of some persons, that it has of that mode of argumentation, by led them to deny the prescience of which it may be shewn that it inthe Divinity; for it almost appears a volves no moral inconsistence, is as necessary consequence, that he who much as can be expected. believes in divine prescience, must! We may ask the proposers of this likewise believe in divine influence. objection, whether it implies a real The reason why many men deny the contradiction to suppose that the diforeknowledge of God probably arises, vine Being can create an individual as a well-known author* has observed, whose every action shall be foreknown, from the fact, that that attribute forms and at the same time free? whether no part of their mental constitution. they are fully prepared to affirm, that Let us suppose, for the sake of illus- it is really impossible for a creature to tration, a man endowed with the fa be so constituted by his Creator, as to culty of prescience, but altogether | be free and accountable, whilst the destitute of the power of remem- purposes he accomplishes, and the brance; would he not then conceive actions he performs, are overruled by the difficulty to be as great for the a prescient God? If no real contradivine Being to remember, as he now diction or impossibility be involved does for him to foreknow; and would in these hypotheses, then we have not that event which now presents in every reason to suppose that this is retrospection a powerful and interest- the very constitution of man, for the ing argument in justification of Divine inspired records reveal the accountprovidence, furnish in perspective the ableness and moral freedom of the same argument in vindication of the creature, whilst they represent the same sentiment? Besides, it is im- movements and operations of man as portant to recollect, that God is an under the invisible guidance of heaever-present divinity, that the terms | ven. “past” and “ future” cannot, literally! The objectors to the sentiments we speaking, be applicable to him, be- | are now endeavouring to establish, cause, in fact, they are only employed should recollect, that the divine Bewhen we discourse on the perfections ing, who created man, may have a and attributes of the divine character way of influencing his conduct, and to render their comprehension more of governing his determinations, in easy to finite intelligence. And if he perfect consistence with moral liberty, be an omniscient and omnipotent Di- of which the human mind, in its highvinity, and past and future ages are est state of cultivation, cannot possibly ever present to his wide survey, he form any conception. How frequently must of necessity be perfectly ac- do the arrangements of a parent apquainted with the numberless engage- pear, in thesjudgment of his children, ments of his rational creation. Now, in diametrical variance to each other, if God possess the attribute of fore- when, in fact, they harmoniously coknowledge, and do not superintend operate to accomplish some ultimate the trapsactions of his creatures, it design. And if the purposes of an must be either because he will not, or earthly parent are too complicated to because he cannot. To affirm the lat- be fully comprehended by his infant ter, would be nothing less than to im- children, why should it be deemed

... mysterious and unsatisfactory, that * Dr. Reid's Essays, Vol. I. Ess. iji. ch. ii. | the purposes of the universal Parent


The Camera Obscura- The Penny.


are too sublime and profound to be in maintaining the freedom of the fully understood and acconnted for creature, and, at the same time, the by the children of men? We may also doctrine of divine superintendence observe, when we maintain that the if revelation reveals the accountabledivine providence makes no infringe- ness of man, and, in conjunction with ment on the moral freedom of man, it, the control which he ever exerts that every individual has a firm and over the intelligent population-and, natural conviction, that he is left at if recorded and well-authenticated perfect liberty to accomplish what, testimony can be adduced in illustraand to act whenever, he pleases,— tion of these apparently clashing senthat he possesses a moral sense,-antiments, we may observe, that if the inward faculty, by which he becomes doctrine, for which we have now conacquainted with the essential distinc tended, has not been satisfactorily tion between rectitude and injustice, vindicated; it claims, at least, from -and that he is also able, by previ- every man, a calm and elaborate disous contrivance and deliberation, to quisition, before he ventures to affirm form any system of operation which or to deny respecting its peculiar he is capable either of pursuing or of merit.

CONDISCIPULUS. declining, agreeably to his own peculiar inclinations.

THE CAMERA OBSCURA. Was not Cyrus the subject of moral liberty, when he, unknowingly, accom

(Continued from col. 50.) plished those predictions which had / No. XV.-The Penny: by an indigent been uttered concerning him a cen

Author. tary previous to his birth? Was not " Winds now this way, and now that; the son of perdition a free agent, when His devious course ancertain.” he fulfilled, by his iniquitous dealing,

Cowper. the prophetic declarations which had I had to write for my dinner. I was reference to himself and the death of very hungry; and, what was worse the Saviour? Were not the Roman than all, in my present circumstances, general and his band of warriors the I knew not on what subject to write. possessors of moral freedom, when the paper lay before me, but not a they were actively engaged in effect- word appeared on it; and I knew that ing the fulfilment of that important if that were the case long, I must sufprediction which respected the demo fer even worse than I had hitherto lition of the Jewish capital ? Let it done. So I placed my forehead upon not be again stated, that these incon- the palm of my right hand, whilst my trovertible indications of an invisible elbow rested upon the table, and and a heavenly guidance furnish no thrust my left into my breeches pockproof to substantiate the doctrine of et, in order that I might collect my a particular providence. To this ob- thoughts. Though the right was jection we have already replied by nearest the seat of the soul, it was observing, that the whole is composed the left hand by which these thoughts of parts; that the major always in were helped with a subject; for there eludes the minor; and that wliat in lay a solitary penny at the bottom of fuences the greater, must, to a certain | my pocket. I therefore resolved to extent, influence the less.

write about this coin, and accordingDoes not every parliamentary ly, drawing it from its concealment, enactment which is made for the pub- and placing it before me, thus belic benefit affect every inhabitant with gan :in the nation? Does not every law “A Penny! How many people there framed for the welfare of a commu- are who think nothing at all about it, nity affect every individual member who neither know nor observe the use of that community? And why should or value a penny is to some of their not divine providence, which super fellow-creatures. There is a child, intends the accomplishment of the who thinks it his highest delight to final purpose God had in view, in the gain a coin like this, that he may go creation of the world, extend its in- and have the pleasure of spending it. fluence over those minor operations Tops, gingerbread, and apples float of man, the combination of which before his fancy, when he gets it weil forms the ultimate design? If, then, clutched in his hand, and he runs off there is no real or moral contradiction laughing with unaffected glee to pur.

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