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230 And such appeared in hue,] as when the force
Of subterranean wind transports a hill
And fuelled entrails thence conceiving fire 235 Sublimed with mineral fury, aid the winds, |
And leave a singëd bottom all involved
Both glorying to have 'scaped the Stygian flood 240 As gods, and by their own recovered strength,
Not by the sufferance of supernal Power. |
Is this the region, this the soil, the clime,] [Said then the lost Archangel, this the seat]
That we must change for Heaven : | this mournful gloom] 24.5 For that celestial light ?] Be it so ! since he)
Who now is Sovran, I can dispose,) and bid]
Above his equals.] Farewell, happy fields,
Infernal world! And thou, profoundest Hell,
The mind is its own place, and in itself
What matter] where,] if I be still the same, I
232. Pelorus, now Cape Faro, in Sicily.
235. Sublimed-Raised up by means of the molten minerals.
244. A very bold ellipse for, Is this the inournful gloom, which we must change for that ce light?
248. Reason, to be read reas'n.
256. An elliptical construction. What matter is it, where I am, if I be still the same, and if I be what I should be, &c.
257. All but less-In apposition with what I should be.
259. Built, a Transitive Ve out an Object intransitively, as i. 304, i. 751, vii. 93.
260 Here for his envy, / will not drive us hence :]
Here we may reign secure, and, in my choice,
But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, 265 The associates and copartners of our loss,
Lie thus astonished on the oblivious pool, |
With rallied arms, to try] what may be yet 270 Regained in Heaven, | or what more lost in Hell ?]
So Satan spake, and him Beëlzebub Thus answered. [Leader of those armies bright,] ]
] Which, but the Omnipotent, none could have foiled ! |
If once they hear that voice, their liveliest pledge 275 Of hope fears and dangers, heard so oft
In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge
New courage and revive ;] though now they lie 280 Grovelling and prostrate on yon lake of fire,
As we erewhile, astounded and amazed ;]
He scarce had ceased, when the superior Fiend
Was moving toward the shore : his ponderous shield, 285 Ethereal temper, massy, large and round,
Behind him cast; | the broad circumference
266. Oblivious, properly forgetful, bere in the causative meaning, making forget, as in Shak-pere's Macbeth,
“Come sweet oblivious antidote.” The oblivious pool is introduced in imitation of Lethe.
282. Fallen such a pernicious highth-To fall a height is a ruther unusual and bold expression, but need not be rejected with Bentley. Height is equivalent to depth, and
to fall a height is said in the same way as to run a distance. Analyse it thus : It is no wonder, as they are fallen such a pernicious height. Pernicious =destructive.
284. His ponderous shield behind him cast.-Nomin. Absol.
288. Artist.--Astronomy was reckoned as one of the seven liberal arts Hence Galileo is called artist.
At evening from the top of Fesolé, 290 Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,
Rivers, or mountains, in her spotty globe. |
Of some great ammiral, were but a wand, | 295 He walked with, to support uneasy steps
Over the burning marle, not like those steps
Nathless he so endured, till on the beach 300 Of that inflamëd sea he stood, and called
His legions, Angel forms,] who lay intranced
High over-arched, imbower ; | or scattered sedge 305 Afloat,] when with fierce winds Orion armed
Hath vexed the Red-Sea coast, whose waves o’erthrew
The sojourners of Goshen, who beheld 310 From the safe shore their floating carcasses
And broken chariot wheels : | so thick bestrown,
He called so loud, | that all the hollow deep 315 Of Hell resounded ! | -[Princes, potentates,
292. To equal which, i.e., to compare with which.
294. Ammiral, i.e., ship.
296. Read, Steps not like those on beaven's azure.
299. Nathless, nevertheless.
304. Imbower.-used without an Object. as an Intrans. verb. See 259, Note.
304. Or (thick as) scattered sedge, 299 to 311, is an uninterrupted string of ten sentences, the last seven of which are sub
ordinate each to its predecessor.
305. The constellation Orion, according to the classical conception, is represented as causing storms.
307. The Busiris of classical antiquity, the type of a cruel tyrant, is identified here with the Pharaoh of Scripture. 311. Bestrown.--Here it means scattered;
properly the thing bestr ground, on which things are scattered, not the things themselves.
Warriours, the flower of Heaven ! once yours, now lost,]
After the toil of battle to repose
To slumber here as in the vales of Heaven ?)
Cherub and Seraph rolling in the flood,
His swift pursuers from Heaven-gates discern
Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf ?] 330 Awake,] arise,] or be for ever fallen !)
They heard, and were abashed,] and up they sprung
Rouse and bestir themselves) ere well awake.] 335 Nor did they not perceive the evil plight |
In which they were, | or the fierce pains not feel ;]
Of Amram's son, in Egypt's evil day,
Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind,]
So numberless were those bad Angels seen 345 Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell,
'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding fires ; |
316. Lost and if must be connected.
333. By whom they dread-A Graecisin for by one whom they dread.
337. The Dative with obey is not a Latinism; it occurs in Chaucer and Spenser.
338. The double negative for the afirma. tive is a Latinism.
341. IVarping.–Working themselves forward-a nautical term.
347. Spear in Apposition with signal.
Of their great Sultan waving to direct
Their course, in even balance down they light 350 On the firm brimstone, and fill all the plain ;
A multitude,] like which the populous North
Came like a deluge on the south, | and spread 355 Beneath Gibraltar to the Libyan sands.]
Forthwith from every squadron and each band,
Excelling human ; princely Dignities 360 And Powers) that erst in Heaven sat on thrones ; |
Though of their names in heavenly records now
Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve 365 Got them new names ;| till wandering o'er the earth,
Through God's high sufferance, for the trial of man,
God their Creator, and the invincible
Oft to the image of a brute, adorned
Then were they known to men by various names, 375 And various idols through the Heathen world. |
351. A multitude.--This is the fourth illustration of the vastness of the number of the fallen angels, and a fifth is added, 354. Multitude in Appos. with they.
351. Like which-A Latinism, intended to render qualem, which we should render by such as.
355. Does beneath mean southwards, or at the foot
358. Godlike shapes. &c., in Apposition with heads and leaders. The addition of
excelling kuman, after godlike shapes and forms is epic redundance, and not to be condemned with Bentley.
361. See Psalm ix. 5, 6.
367. Falsities and lies. - Bentley's suggestion, to read wiles for lięs, to get rid of the tautology, is very ingenious,
372. Religions—Religious rites, like the Latin religiones.
373. And to adore devils for victtres, que verned by corrupted, 368.