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15 But in that little is both rich and wise,]
For wisdom is most riches ; | fools therefore
They are, who fortune do by vows devize, | 18 Sith each unto himself his life may fortunize. I
1 [Sweet day! so cool, so calm, so bright,
The bridal of the earth and sky ;] The dews shall weep thy fall to-night; 4
For thou must die. |
Bids the rash gazer wipe his eye ; |
And thou must die.
9 [Sweet spring ! full of sweet days and roses ;
A box] where sweets compacted lie ; | Thy music shows | ye have your closes ; | 12
And all must die.
13 Only a sweet and virtuous soul,
Like season'd timber, never gives ; | But, though the whole world turn to coal, ! 16
Then chiefly lives.]
16. Most riches - Equiv. to the highest possession.
17. Devize - Propitiate by gifts. Used still in the sense of bequeath-as I will and devize.
18. Unto himself - Indirect Obj. Fortunize=make fortunate.
1, 2, Nominative of address.
9. The Nom. of address,
10. Box, Appos, with Spring - Where sweets, &c. Adj. Sent. to box.
11. Ye have your closes-Subs. Sent. Obj. to shows.
14. Gives- yields, decays.
15, 16. But then chiefly lives - Princip Sent. Adrers.
1 Look next on greatness ; | say,] where greatness lies, 1
“Where,] but among the heroes and the wise ?”]
From Macedonia's madman to the Swede ;)
Or make an enemy of all mankind !]
No less alike the politic and wise]
Men in their loose unguarded hours they take,
'Tis phrase absurd to call a villain great :| 15 Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave,
Is but the more a fool, the more a knave ;]
Like good Aurelius, let him reign, | or bleed 20 Like Socrates ;]—that man is great indeed.]
1. IVhere greatness lies-Subs. Sent. Obj. to say.
2. This line is the supposed answer to the question. The construction (supplying the ellipsis) is this—Where does it lie, unless it lies among the heroes and the wise ?
3. The point is agreed-Sentence thrown in parenthetically.
4. Alexander the Great and Charles XII.
5. The verb is must be understood after the Subj. purpose.
7, 8. The sense is—Ambition always rushes onwards, and yet cannot see very far before it.
9. The Substantive verb is understood with alike.
10. Supply are after all.
- Princip. Sent. Subj. =thou, understood.
14. To call a villain great-In Appos. with it (Gr. 71, Rem. 3).
15. He, understood, Anteced. to who; and Suhj. to is in line 16.
16. The more- Adverbial adjunct.
18. Failing enlargement to Subj. who understood.
19. Let him reign=though he be a king. Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, surnamed Philosophus, reigned A.D. 161-180.
20. That man is great indeed--Princip Sent. to the last four lines
1 I envy not in any moods
The captive void of noble rage,
The linnet born within the cage || 4 That never knew the summer woods./ I envy not the beasts that takes
His license in the field of Time,
Unfettered by the sense of crime, 8 To whom a conscience never wakes.
Nor,) what may count itself as blest, |
The heart] that never plighted troth,
But stagnates in the weeds of sloth, | 12 Nor any want-begotten rest.] I hold it true, whate’er befall ; 1
I feel it, when I sorrow most ; |
'Tis better to have loved and lost | 16 Than never to have loved at all.]
1 Of all the thoughts of God) that are
Borne inward unto souls afar,
5, 6. The sense is--I do not esteem as of any value the mere gratifications of passion, where no moral feeling of divine law and personal responsibility is blended.
7. Enlargement of the Subject that. 8. To whom-Indirect Obj.
9. Subj. and Pred. do I envy understood. What ma
count itself as blestSubst. Sent. in Appos. with the heart.
12. Obj. to do I envy understood. IVant
begotten rest, i.e., any repose which results froun defect and indolence.
13. Whate'er befall-Adv. Sent. of condition.
15. 'Tis better, &c.--- Subs. Sent. in Appos. with it in 18, 14. To have loved and lost — Subj. in Appos. with it (Gr. 71, Remark 3).
16. Never to have loved at all-Subj. to is good uude stood.
What would we give to our beloved ? |
The monarch's crown, to light the brows ?] – 12 He giveth his beloved sleep.
What do we give to our beloved ? |
The whole earth blasted for our sake :]18 He giveth his beloved sleep.
Sleep soft, beloved !] we sometimes say, |
Shall break the happy slumber when 24 He giveth his beloved sleep. |
The grammatical order of the 1st stanza is as follows:
Now, tell me, if that any of all the thoughts of God, that are borne inward unto souls afar, along the Psalmist's deep music, is for gift or grace surpassing this“He giveth his beloved sleep.”
4. If that. The Conj. that, which is originally the Article in the Neut. Gend. (like the Germ. dass=das), was formerly used to introduce all sorts of Adverbial and Adjective Sentences, e.g., while that I have time, &c.
In stnaza 2, the infinitives to be unmoved,
to sweep, to teach and rouse, to light, are all infinitives of purpose, equivalent to adverbial sentences of purpose : that he may. be unmoved—that he may sweep it—that he may teach and rouse, &c. (Gr. 88, Remark.)
The meaning of the 3d stanza is, What is it that we give to those we love? We give them, during life, faith, that perhaps has never stood any very severe test; and we give them at last only a little dust to weep over, and memories which only em bitter all the other sweets of life.
20. We is the Subj. to have.
TO earth, so full of dreary noises ;
God strikes a silence through you all. | 30 And giveth his beloved sleep.]
His dews drop mutely on the hill, |
Or cloud is floated overhead,] 36 He giveth his beloved sleep.)
Ay, men may wonder | while they scan,
[I think) their happy smile is heard, 42 He giveth his beloved sleep. |
For me, my heart) that erst did go
Lines 25 to 28 may be taken either as Nominatives of address, or as being in apposition with you in line 29.
34. More softly—Adjunct to giveth in 35.
38. Confirmed in such a rest to keep Attrib. to man. The sense is, A man strengthened so as to retain such repose.
41. I think-Parenthetical sentence. 42. The whole line is Obj. to say.
43. Erst-First or formerly. HeartSubj. to would now close.
44. The whole line is an extension to