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act of congress adopted allegiance amendment appointed arise articles of confederation authority ballot bill of attainder bound character circuit court citizens civil clause cognizance colonies commerce committed common law concurrence consent considered Constitution construction courts martial crime criminal declared district duty effect elected electors enforce England enumeration established exclusive executive exercise exist expressly extend favour Federalist foreign nations foreign power given granted habeas corpus house of representatives impeachment independent individual inhabitants instance interests judges judgment judicial power jury justice justly latter legislative power legislature liable ment militia mode nature necessary necessity objects obligation offences opinion party passed peace person political positive law possess present principle proceedings proper prosecution punishment question reason regulations rendered republic respect rule secure senate supreme court term territory tion treaty trial trial by jury tribunals Union United unless vested vice president Wheaton whole number
Seite 337 - ... 3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed ; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the congress may by law have directed.
Seite 309 - While, then, every part of our country thus feels an immediate and particular interest in union, all the parts combined cannot fail to find in the united mass of means and efforts, greater strength, greater resource, proportionably greater security from external danger, a less frequent interruption of their peace by foreign nations, and, what is of inestimable value, they must derive from union an exemption from those broils and wars between themselves...
Seite 331 - To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water; 12 To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; 13 To provide and maintain a Navy...
Seite 245 - States shall be divided or appropriated.. ..of granting letters of marque and reprisal in times of peace... .appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felonies committed on the high seas and establishing courts for receiving and determining finally appeals in all cases of captures, provided that no member of congress shall be appointed a judge of any of the said courts.
Seite 332 - No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States, and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign State.
Seite 308 - But these considerations, however powerfully they address themselves to your sensibility, are greatly outweighed by those which apply more immediately to your interest. Here every portion of our country finds the most commanding motives for carefully guarding and preserving the union of the whole. The North, in an unrestrained intercourse with the South, protected by the equal laws of a common government, finds, in the productions of the latter, great additional resources of maritime and commercial...
Seite 332 - ... shall not be prohibited by the Congress .prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person. 2 The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it. 3 No Bill of Attainder or expost facto Law shall be passed. 4 No Capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration...
Seite 328 - Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy ; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.
Seite 337 - Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
Seite 83 - The genius and character of the whole government seem to be, that its action is to be applied to all the external concerns of the nation, and to those internal concerns which affect the states generally ; but not to those which are completely within a particular state, which do not affect other states, and with which it is not necessary to interfere for the purpose of executing some of the general powers of the government.