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This being said, this Lady luminuss

Fra my presens her persoun did depairt ;
And I awaikit, and suddanly uprois,

Syne tuk my pen and put all in report,

As ye haif hard.—Thairfor I you exhort,
My soverane lord, unto this taile attend,

And you to serve seik suddanly this sort ; Sen veritie this counsale to you send. These nervous lines, with scarce any further alteration than the occasional substitution of the modern for the ancient spelling, will become perfectly intelligible to the English reader :

Then spoke this bird-of beauty most bening,

And fed all doubts before her argument:
When all those fiends are banished by your King

From council, session, peers and parliament,

Whose names and crimes in manner subsequent
I shall declare, in sentence brief and clear,

Before from this sad realm my steps are bent;
Then list--and to this fearful scroll give ear.
First Wilful Wrong must in a halter daugle,

Then hidden Hatred have his death decreed,
And Young Advise be gagg'd no more to wrangle,

Next vile Self-Seeking, that doth richly feed;

And rank Dissembling, who the Law doth lead;
Flattery and Falsehood, that your fame have fyled,

And Ignorance, that sows his rankest seed
Within your schools, must be quick from this court

exiled.
Then Treason must be tuck'd up to a tree,

And Murder have a tippet made of tow;
And that foul fiend, whom men call Simony,

Be straight condemn'd, spite all his flattering show.

Till this be done no respite shall ye know,
But shameful slaughter, waste, and indigence,

Shall overtake thy lieges high and low:
Then spare not exhortation—tell the prince

1, since.

That all these caitiffs from the realm be chas'd,

Or put to silence, as I have devised,
And folks more honest in their seats be placed,

Whom since dark Flodden have been all despised

In this poor country, though in others prized.
Then list-their names I'll recapitulate ;

Question me not—but having well advised,
Sleep thou thereon, then rise, and to the King them

state.
First Justice, Prudence, Force, and Temperance,

With Common-weal and oll Experience ;
Concord, Correction, Cunning, and Constance,

Love, Fealty, Science, and Obedience,

Conscience upright, Truth, and Intelligence,
Mercy, and Justice, Faith, Hope, Charity-

These in his court must make their residence,
Aud then this much wrong'd land shall have prosperity.
Thus having sweetly spoke, that lady bright,

In radiant clouds her glorious shape withdrew;
And I awoke, all dazzled with the light,

And penned the vision, in a parchment true,

As ye have heard. Then let me counsel you,
My sovereign lord, unto this tale attend;

Search out with pious zeal this blessed crew,
So to thy throne shall Truth strength adamantine lend.
Oh ! let that hideous rout she branded hath,

From thy fair borders instant banish'd be;
Lest Heaven their poisoned counsels use in wrath

To bring thy little flock to penury.

Thy God that on earth's circle sits must see
How the foul weed doth choke the useful corn;

Then list, oh list the bruised poor man's plea,
Lest thou should'st one day be the mark of scorn
Before that awful Judge who wore the crown of thorn.

The reader will forgive a somewhat long extract, when he learns that this vigorous picture of the anarchy of Scotland, during the minority of James V., is unpublished, and the effusion of a poet, William Stewart, whose talent cannot be

VOL. III.

P

questioned, but whose life and works are little else than a blank in our national literature.

It was soon after the king's recovery of his personal freedom, and the termination of the power of the Douglases, that Lindsay addressed to the monarch his · Complaint,' in which he states his own services, remonstrates in a manly tone against the neglect with which he had been treated, and compliments his master upon the efforts which were already made for the establishment of order and good government throughout the realm. It is written throughout, to use the words of Warton, no mean judge of poetry, with vigour, and occasionally with much tenderness and elegance; whilst its pictures of the government and manners of the times, and its digres

the author's individual history and feelings, renderit interesting and valuable. It is singularly bold in its remonstrances against the injury inflicted both upon the monarch and the kingdom by the reins of government being entrusted too early to his hands. “They who iattered and indulged thee,' says he, “ for their own selfish ends, took thee, when still a boy, from the schools, and haistely entrusted to thine inexperience the governance of all Scotland:'—

Imprudently, like witless fools,
They took the young prinee from the schools,
Quhare he, under obedience,
Was learning virtue and science,
And hastily put in his hand
The government of all Scotland.
As who, when roars the stormy blast,
And mariners are all aghast,
Through dangers of the ocean's rage,
Would take a child of tender age,

sions upon

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• I may not call it treason,' he continues, but was it not folly and madness ? May God defend us from again seeing in this realm so young a king! It were long to tell,' he continues, " in what a strange manner the court was then guided by those who petulantly assumed the whole power, how basely they flattered the young monarch.' The passage is not only spirited and elegant, but valuable in an historical point of view. I shall give it, only altering the ancient language or spelling, and nearly word for word:

Sir, some would say, your Majesty
Shall now know what is liberty:
Ye shall by no man be restrained,
Nor to the weary school-bench chained.
For us, we think them very fools
That still are drudging at the schools :
'Tis time ye learn to couch a spear,
And bear ye like a man of weir;
And we shall put such men about you,
That all the world shant dare to flout you,
'Twas done ; they raised a royal guard,
And royally each soldier fared;
Whilst every one with flattering speech
His Majesty did something teach.
Some gart him ravel at the racket",
Some harl’d him to the hurly-hacket,
And some, to show their courtly courses,
Would ride to Leith and run their horses,
And wightly gallop o'er the sand,

They neither spared the spur nor wand.
I made him play at the racket. ' a school-boy game.

Casting galmonds, with benns and becks,
For wantonness some broke their necks;
There was no game but cards and dice,

And still Sir Flattery bore the price. Lindsay, with much spirit and humour, represents the interested and avaricious motives with which all this was done: the courtiers and governors of the young monarch engrossing and dividing amongst themselves the richest offices :

Roundand and whispering to each other,
Tak thou my part, quoth he, my brother ;
Be there between us stedfast bands,
When aught shall vaik' into our hands,
That each man stand to help his fallow;
I shall thereto man be all hallow-
And if the Treasurer be our friend,
Then shall we get baith tack and teindo;
Tak he our part, then who dare wrong us?
But we shall pairt " the pelf amang us.
So hastily they made a hand,
Some gather'd gold, some conquest land:
Sir, some would say, by St. Denis,
Give me some lusty benefice,
And ye shall all the profit have;
Give me the name, take thou the lave* ;
But e'er the bulls were weill come hame
His conscience told him 'twas a shame;
An action awful and prodigious,
To make such pactions with the lieges,
So to avoid the sin and scandal,
'Twas right both name and rent to handle.
Methocht it was a piteous thing,

To see that fair, young, tender king, any office shall become vacant. both lease and tithe.

*

1

* remainder.

3 divide.

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