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OF THE

DEBATES OF CONGRESS,

FROM 1789 TO 1856.

FROM GALES AND SEATON'S ANNALS OF CONGRESS; FROM THEIR

PEGISTER OF DEBATES; AND FROM THE OFFICIAL

REPORTED DEBATES, BY JOHN C. RIVES.

BY

THE AUTHOR OF THE THIRTY YEARS' VIEW.

VOL. XII.

NEW YORK:
D. APPLETON & COMPANY, 443 & 445 BROADWAY.

1860.

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by

D. APPLETON & COMPANY, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of

New York.

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TWENTY-SECOND CONGRESS.—SECOND SESSION.

PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE.

MONDAY, December 3, 1832. 1 On motion it was ordered that messages
Election of President pro tem.

communicating the election of Mr. WHITE as

President pro tempore, be sent to the House of At 12 o'clock, the Senate was called to order Representatives, and to the President of the by the Secretary, Mr. LOWRIE, (the VICE PRESI- United States. DENT being absent, and the President pro tem- Messrs. GRUNDY and FRELINGHUYSEN were pore, Mr. TAZEWELL, having resigned his seat in appointed on the Joint Committee, to wait on The Senate,) and thirty-two members appearing the President of the United States, and inform in their seats, and there being a quorum, him of the readiness of the two Houses to reMr. SMITH, of Maryland, moved to proceed to ceive from him any communication. the election of President pro tempore, which was agreed to.

The Hon. Hugh L. WHITE, of Tennessee, having received a majority of all the votes, was

TUESDAY, December 4. declared duly elected President of the Senate, The sitting to-day was occupied in receiving pro tempore, and being conducted to the chair and reading the President's Message as follows: by Mr. Tyler, of Virginia, returned his ac- Fellow Citizens of the Senate knowledgments to the Senate, as follows:

and House of Representatives : To the members of the Senate I tender my sin. It gives me pleasure to congratulate you upon cere acknowledgments for the distinguished honor your return to the seat of Government, for the purconferred by their vote.

pose of discharging your duties to the people of the No person who has been so long a member of this United States. Although the pestilence which had body could have been selected who has made the traversed the Old World has entered our limits, and rules of its proceedings less an object of his study. extended its ravages over much of our land, it has This circumstance will make my errors more numer. | pleased Almighty God to mitigate its severity, and ous than might be anticipated, and will throw me lessen the number of its victims, compared with oftener on the kind indulgence of the Senate. those who have fallen in most other countries over

Whatever my errors may be, I have the consola- which it has spread its terrors. Notwithstanding tion of knowing that they can be revised and cor- this visitation, our country presents, on every side, rected at the instance of any member; and I beg marks of prosperity and happiness, unequalled, perevery one to believe that so far from feeling hurt at haps, in any other portion of the world. If we the correctness of my decisions being questioned, it fully appreciate our comparative condition, existing will be matter of gratification that the sense of the causes of discontent will appear unworthy of attenSenate may be taken in every instance when it may tion, and, with hearts of thankfulness to that Divine be supposed I am mistaken.

Being who has filled our cup of prosperity, we shall Whatever industry and attention can do towards feel our resolution strengthened to preserve and removing defects in qualifications I promise shall hand down to posterity that liberty and that union be done, and I shall take the chair, determined that which we have received from our fathers, and which in anxious desire to do that which is just towards constitute the sources and the shield of all our every member, and that which will most promote blessings. the correct discharge of the important business we The relations of our country continue to present may have to perform, I will not be exceeded by any the same picture of amicable intercourse that I had who have preceded me.

I the satisfaction to hold up to your view at the open

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