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clared themselves independent of, ted to them by this constitution the British Crown, yet they could into operation, felt that they must hardly be said to have had a gov- exercise a prudent caution, alernment; for no designated bo- most inconsistent with necessary dy exercised what is sometimes energy. The nation was involcalled the jura summa imperii. ved in debt-the finances were The individual states each pos-deranged-commerce was unresessed a municipal power over gulated and there was no na their own citizens; and although tional Judiciary. The surviving they were all represented in Con- veterans of the revolution were gress, yet Congress possessed, in reduced to mendicancy by a dereality, no efficient power, when preciated and almost an annihilathey most needed it, to call into ted paper currency. They had operation the whole resources surrendered their


divested of the republic. They recommend themselves of the power of a sol. ed measures to the states, and diery, and became powerless citithe approbation of the sainted zens, while their unparalleled saWashington of the measures re- crifices in the cause of their emancommended, gave to them the cipated country remained unre, force of law. They found in the warded. people a public, a Roman, like The duties to be performed by virtue, which made them over-the first Congress, would seemlook private interests, in the safe- ingly have dismayed a Lycurgus, ty of the Republic.

or an Alfred. But the courage In 1790, Mr. MONROE was elect-displayed in the field, was equaled a Senator of the U. States by led by the wisdom exercised in the State of Virginia. Having the Cabinet. The Journals of been the pupil of Washington in that Congress show the part tathe field, he now became one of ken by Mr. MONROE in all the his councillors in the Cabinet. great measures upon which the Perhaps no body of men, ever as- vital interests of his country were sembled upon earth, had a duty suspended. He was of an age of greater delicacy, responsibility, when most men commence a puband danger to perform, than the lic life in a subordinate station. First Congress. A Constitution But, like the son of Edmund had been adopted, and reluct- Burke, “he was born a public man.' antly adopted by some of the It will be the duty and the pleastates. Not having practically sure of the future Biographer to exeprienced its excellence, many detail his labours in this highly were alarmed at some of its prin- responsible station. ciples. They thought in the Pre From the commencement of sident, they recognized a King- the revolution, to the year 1994, in the Senate, an House of Lords the American people felt little of --and in the House of Represen- the acrimony of party spirit. In tatives, an House of Commons. the great struggle for indepenThe great men who were first dence," common danger made called to put the powers delega-them friends.” The nerveless

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sons of Columbia, called tories, race. By their ambitious monwho were captivated by the gau- archs, they were considered as dy charms of royalty, and fright- ammunition, to be expended in ened by the roaring of the British the accomplishment of their guilty lion, although more merciless projects of ambition--by their imthan the foreign foe, are now re- becile and effeminate Kings, they membered with no emotions but were treated as instruments to those of pity and contempt. At advance their voluptuousness, the period last mentioned, two and increase their splendour. In great political parties began to the American revolution, they. assume a " shape and form” in learned the blessings of freedom, our Republic, each claiming to be even amidst the sufferings with equally attached to the consti- which it was then enjoyed in our tution, and each claiming to be country. From the extremes of equally sincere in advancing the despotism, they knew no regular interest of the Commonwealth. progress to the enjoyment of ra. Political parties are the result of tional liberty. As the suppressed political freedom, and difference fires of Ætna find vent only by a of opinion, is a consequence flow- devastating volcano ; so the exing from the investigation of hu- treme oppression of twenty-five man rights. Errors of opinion, millions of Frenchmen were rein this respect, will never become lieved by prostrating every vesdangerous, so long as "reason is tige of the power that had long left free to combat them."

chained them to vassalage. 'The French revolution com The American Republic found menced under the mild auspices its first friends among Frenchmen. of Fayette and Mirabeau, and was From the French Court was the even aided by Louis XVI. the on- first Minister Plenipotentiary dely European monarch, who was puted to the American Republic, ever a friend to the AMERICAN the Sieur Giraud. REPUBLIC. Whatever it may tion of a minister from the most have produced in its consumma- powerful prince in Europe, being tion, its commencement and ear- among the first and most importly progress, was hailed as an ant insignia of independence, was auspicious event by the friends of alike new and gratifying to the the rights of man, wherever such United States."* rights were known. It had advocates amongst the first statesmen [We hope to be able, in our of England. A Bedford and a next Number, to complete this Lauderdale, in the presence of brief Biographical Sketch of our majesty-_a Fox and a Sheriden, before the people, audibly pro justly admired President, and shall claimed their approbation.

then resume the subject of ConThe French people, from the necticut Biography.] reign of Clovis, their first mon. arch, to the year 1789, had been a

* Marshall's Life of Washington. Vol. subjugated, a degraded, a vassal III. p. 553.

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66 The recep

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gricultural Department.




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IT is hardly within the compass Wide fush'd the fields; the softening air

is balm ; of the human imagination to cho the mountains round; the forest conceive of a more animating and every sense, and every heart is joy.” scene than that which Connecticut now presents to the view of an observer. Instead of hearing

[The following is the organiza"dreadful notes of preparation"

tion of the Hartford, Windham, and for the “ tented field”—the busy tural Societies for 1819. Our lim.

Northern Litchfield Co. Agriculand thoughtful farmer is

prepa- ring his “ plough-share and

its prevent the insertion of all the pru.

Town Committees ; and we see ning-hook” for their wonted use. The well trained horse, and the no particular benefit that would

Ed. noble ox are seen geared to the arise from it.] improved plough, and the cheer- At a stated meeting of the Hartford Coun

ty Agricultural Society, at the Court ful notes of the ploughman echo House in Hartford, February 16, 1819, around the hills and reverberate

the following persons were chosen Offic

cers of the Society for the year ensuing. through the fertile vallies. The

Andrew Kingsbury, President. looing herds, sent forth from the

Normond Knox, Ist Vice-President.

John Russ, 20 do. stall to the field, are seen upon Henry L. Ellsworth, Correspd. Sec.

Henry Seymour, Recording Secretary. a thousand hills. The milk-maid,

Christopher Colt, Treasurer. with the swimming pail is replen

Michael Olcott, Auditor.

David Porter, Chairman of Viewing ishing the dairy-room. The leap- Committee, ing lamb, and the bleating calf, in

Charles Jericks, Chairman of Com. of

Produce. fearless gambols, range the grassy Samuel Woodruff, Chairman of Com. of

Inspection. enclosure. All, all is charming ; Charles Sigourney, George J. Patten, and compels us to exclaim, in the Jonathan Law, Lemuel Whitman, Ethan

A. Andrews, Com. of publications. language of the sweetest Chris David Porter, Levi Lusk, Aaron Bucktain Bard.

land, Henry Newbury, Ethan A. Andrews, Neadiah Woodruff, Martin Sheldon, Geo.

Plumer, Horace Barber, Viewing Com. “ Forth in the pleasing Spring Charles Jencks, Pliay Hillyer, John Olds, Thy beauty walks, thy tenderness and Elias Lewis, Martin Kellogg, Joel Foote, love.

Luther Savage, Jedidiah W. Mills, James Vol. 1.



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Loomis, Samuel Smith, Ezra Hayden, Members who have been appointed to
Committee of Produce.

make experiments, shall communicate the
Samuel Woodruff, Aaron Bissell, Lem- result of them in writing.
uel Roberts, Thaddeus Leavitt, Abia-
ther Newton, Richard Cowles, Jedidiah

Mills, Reuben Barker, Levi Goodwin, Li-

person shall be admitted a Member, pus North, Simeon Lewis, Committee of until a ballot be taken at a Slated MeetInspection

ing of the Society, at which ballot, if two Samuel Tolcott, Allen M. Mather, Asa- pegatives appear, the person shall be rehel Hathaway,jr. Richard Pitkin, Barzillai jected. Hudson, jr. Committee of Manufactures.

ARTICLE IV. Shubael Griswold, Horace Co wles, Lu The Society shall have power to tax its ther scarborough, Jared Wells, Levi Hay- Members, not exceeding two dollars apden, jr. Com. on ihe best Ploughing. nually, for the purpose of paying such pre

miums as the Society may award, aud CONSTITUTION OF THE WINDHAM CO.

other necessary expences of the Society. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.


At every Stated Meeting of the Society, The Society shall be known by the name some person or persons shall be appointed of the Windham County Agricultural so- to deliver an Oration or Dissertation, or ciety; and shall consist of Members resi- make some communication upon Agriculding in the County of Windham.

ture, or its auxiliary branches of science,

at the next following Stated Meeting.
The Stated Meetings shall be held in the

town of Pomfret, on the third Monday of

No person shall be admitted a Member January, second Monday of March, and of this Society, until he shall first receive fourth Monday of November, annually, at a ballot, and pay the sum of one dollar one o'clock, P. M. The Meeting in Jan- into the Treasury thereof. The Society uary to be the Meeting for the choice of shall at all times have a right to elect such Officers ; at which Meeting a President gentlemen as they may think proper, as shall be chosen, whose duty it shall be to honorary Members. Ten members shall preserve order at the Meetings of the So- constitute a quorum for doing business

. ciety. And he shall have power to call And no member shall have a right to sell Special Meelings of the Society when he or transfer his interest in the funds of the shall think proper. Two Vice Presidents Society. shall also be chosen, whose duty it shall be

ARTICLE VII. to preside at the Meetings of the Society No business shall be transacted at the in the absence of the President.--A trea- | Meetings of the Society after 8 o'clock, P. surer shall also be elected, to receive all M. And any Member, desirous of speakmonies belonging to the Society, and pay ing in said Meeting, shall arise, and resthem out by their direction, and annually pectfully address the President ; and no render an account for the same.-A Secre- Member shall speak more than twice upon tary and Librarian shall also be chosen, the same subject, without liberty from the who shall keep a record of all the pro- Meeting. No Member shall have a right ceedings of the society, with all the books, to act or vote in the Meetings of the Sopapers, &c. belonging to it.-A Commit: ciety, until he shall have paid any fines or tee of not less than three Members shall penalties he may have previously incursed. also be chosen, to manage the concerns of The Society shall also have power to punthe Society, and to correspond with such ish its Members by expulsion, for non-conother Societies and gentlemen as they may formity to their rules, or for misdenieanthink proper, upon Agricultural subjects. our; provided, that no Member shall be It shall also be their duty to propose to the expelled, except by vote of two-thirds of Society subjects for discussion at their the Members present at a Stated Meeting. Meetings ; and at the meeting of the So- Any Member, upon application to a Stated ciety, on the second Monday of March, an- Meeting of the Society, may be dismissed Dually, they shall propose to the Members, from the same ; but shall forfeit his intersubjects for experiments. At the meeting est in the funds and property thereof. Any of the Society on the fourth Monday of Menaber, having absented himself one November, annually, the Committee shall year successively from the stated Meetings report their correspondence, &c. ; and the lof the Society, shall be no longer consid

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ered as a Member, and shall lose bis in- Coe, jr. Isaiah Tuttle, Lent Benhain, Paul terest therein. He may, however, upon Roberts, jr. Arah Phelps. application to a Stated Meeting of the Committee of Produce-Leonard HurlSociety, be restored by a vote, to the same. but, Stephen Filer, Sylvester Seymour, ARTICLE VIII.

Oliver Phelps, Zebina Smith, Ezrah DooWhenever any Member of the Society little, Theron Rockwell, James Shepherd, shall take out any book or books belonging

Horace Higley. to the Society, he shall return them at

Committee on Domestic Manufactures tbeir next Stated Meeting. No Member -Nathaniel Stevens, Thomas C. Brinsshall lend any book belonging to the So- made, Seth Marshall, Elijah Grant, Bissel ciety, except it be to a proprietor, under 'insdale, Barzillai Hudson, William Mark: penalty of forfeiting the price of said hara, Bailey Birge, James Boyd. book, payable at the Treasury. Any

Inspecting Committee-Horace Higley, Member, neglecting to return the book's Arah Phelps, Urial Tuttle, Giles Russell, which he shall have taken, belonging to Thomas Curtis, Lemuel Hurlbut, Andrew said Society, at the next stated Meeting Abernethy, Ezra Doolittle, Launcelot

Phelps. of said Society, shall pay a fine of twenty

Committee of Publication --Andrew five cents, and an addition of a like sum for every subsequent Stated Meeting, until Abernethy, Reuben Rockivell

, Seth Mar

shall. such books are returned.

Committee for the Inspection of Butter ARTICLE IX.

and Cheese-Amos Tolles, Malachi HumThe Society reserve to themselves the phrey, Leonard Hurlbut, Roswell Marsh, right to alter, repeal, add to, or abrogate, Arah Phelps. any part or parts of the foregoing regulations : Provided, that two-thirds of the Members present at any Stated Meeting shall vote for the same. No alteration in

[We continue, in this Number, the By-Laws shall, however, be n::de; nor the Address of the Hon. Noah shall any Meruber be admitted, unless ten Webster, and again urge our ag. Members be present.

Oficers elected for the year 1819. ricultural friends, to give it that THOMAS HUBBARD, M. D. President. DARIUS MATHEW SÓN, V. Presi- careful perusal which its impor


tance demands.]

WILLIAM WILLIAMS, Secry & Librin. (Continued from page 52.)

A PRIMARY object in rural economy, THOMAS HUBBARD, Committee and one to which every farmer must direct EDMOND BADGER, of Correse particular attention, is, to replenish the EBENEZER THOMPSON, 1 pondence. earth with the proper nutriments of plants. JAMES M'CLELLAN,


Our ancestors fourd the earth covered with

a rich vegetable mould, the remains of de.. An agricultural Society has recently composed leaves and plants, which for a been formed in the northern section of series of years, produced abundant crops, Litchfield county, by the name of The and precluded the necessity of making or Northern Agricultural Society in the Coun

preserving manures. Thi circumstance ty of Litchfield. At a late nueeting of generated a habit of negligence, in provisaid society the following officers were ding manure, the effects of which are still elected ; viz.

visible, in every part of the country. If Martın Rockwell, President.

we were to inquire, who, in this respect, is Jeremiah W. Phelps, 1st Vice President. without fault, it might be difficult to find Chauncey Seymour, 2d do,

the man who would venture to throw the Oliver Mills, 3d do.

first stone. About our houses and barns, Roger Coe, 4th do.

in the highways and in the fields, we every Andrew Abernethy, Corresponding Sec. where see proofs of this negligence. But Seth Marshall, Recording Secretary. nothing is more certain, than that land will James Boyd, Treasurer.

be exhausted, and agriculture decline, un. Nathaniel B. Gaylord, Auditor. less the soil is regularly supplied with as Viewing Committee--Reuben Rockwell, much nutrition as the crops draw from it. Elizur Munger, Roswell Marsh, Jonathan To devise the means of farnishing adequate

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