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at a depreciated price. The mo-permanent prosperity of our counment intercourse between the try; now, when we have at the two countries was opened, her head of our administration, a cihoarded stores were thrown upon tizen, whose presence here this us, and we were deluged with the evening, assures us of the intermanufactures which had been est be takes in the objects of our waiting the event. They could institution, we may hope that be sold without profit, because American manufactures will rethe manufacturer thought himself ceive all the countenance and fortunate, if he could realise the support, that can be derived from capital which he had been obliged the power of the government. to expend, to support his estab- Let that power be exerted only lishment while there was no sale so far as to counteract the policy for wares.
of foreign nations, and every But he was content to bear a American may be gratified in the loss, because, in the words of an pride of wearing the produce of English statesman, “it was well the American soil, manufactured worth while to incur a loss upon by American hands. Again, shall the first exportation, in order by the surplus population of our the glut, to stifle in the cradle, great cities, and the feeble powers those rising manufactures in the of women and children, find that United States, which the war had means of useful and profitable forced into existence.” It would employment, which manufactuhave been surprising, indeed, if rers alone can afford them. Again, our infant manufactures, the es- shall the patriotic and enterpritablishment of which, had gener- sing capitalist, find advantages in ally exhausted the capitals of devoting his means and mind to those who embarked in them, objects so calculated to promote could have sustained themselves the prosperity and happiness of under such circumstances without his country. And again, shall forany aid or support from the gov- eign nations dread to see us riernment-without any means of sing to that real independence, countervailing the effects of the which we never can in truth én. sacrifices which foreigners were joy, while we depend on any but willing to make for their destrac- ourselves for the first necessaries tion. How were they to maintain of life. The society beg leave to themselves ? It was impossible-testify to the Chief Magistrate of many of them sunk--but we hope, the nation, the high sense they to rise again. The attention of entertain of the honour he has the government, was too ardently conferred upon them by his predirected during the war, to other sence at this time, and sincerely objects, to perceive the policy or participate in the feelings, which necessity of that protection, which have been so universally manithe manufacturing interest did not fested on his visit to our city, and then appear to want. But now most cordially tender him their that peace will leave our legisla. best wishes for his health and haptors free to consider and provide piness." for the real independence, and
[The following is the Report of Your Comınittee, in further the same Society. We really hope pursuance of the duties delegated our readers will not be deterred, to them, caused a memorial to be
drawn up in behalf of the Sociefrom its length, from giving it a careful pérusal. Every citizen of the United States, praying for
ty, addressed to the Congress of Connecticut, whatever his employ- the permanency of the duties imment may be, is deeply interested posed by the tariff : the prohibiin Agriculture and Manufacture. tion of cotton goods, manufactu. Essays upon these subjects, may, i
red beyond the cape of Good would seem, be equally interesting fication of the revenue laws, as
Hope; such revision and modi. and useful, as the last London Nov- might prevent smuggling, false els, which make men think and act invoices, and other frauds; for like boys and dandies, and women a duty of ten per cent. on auction appear like novices.] Ed. sales, with the exceptions there
in stated; for a recommendation “ Report of the Corresponding to the oficers of the army and Committee of the American So- navy, and to all civil officers, to
be clothed in American fabrics ; ciety, for the Encouragement of that all public supplies for the arDomestic Manufactures. my and navy might be of Ameri
The Corresponding Commit- can manufacture; and for such tee, elected in pursuance of the other protection as might place third article of the Constitution, our mercantile and manufactufor the current year, respectful ring interests beyond the reach of ly report :
foreign influence. That, immediately after the It is with pleasure and gratimeeting of the Society, held on tude your committee have learnthe 31st December, 1816, they ed, that the War Department, took the speediest measures for has given an entire preference to carrying into effect the resolu-domestic manufacture, and as tions, respecting the printing and much is confidently hoped from publishing the Address then re- the department of the navy. ported and adopted. They ac Your Committee elected a decordingly caused to be printed legate to proceed with the same five thousand copies ; one of to the seat of government. which was transmitted to the Memorials of similar import, President of the United States, were drawn up by the merchants and one to each of the members of this city, and by the citizens of Congress, and heads of de- at large, respectively; and anothpartment of the general gov- er member of your Committee ernment, and to the governours was deputed by the merchants, and members of the Legislatures who also appointed a citizen of of the states respectively, as far New-York, then in the city of as the same was practicable. Washington, to co-operate with
the delegates of this Society, tioned memorials were referred, and caused the above named me- and that committee reported in morials to be laid before Con. part by a bill, for the continuance gress, with instructions to solicit of the existing duties upon imporand promote the objects of thein, tations as prayed ; and referred by their best endeavours. the other matters more immedi
The delegates, on their way to ately connected with the revenue, the seat of government, took oc- to the Secretary of the Treasury ; casion to explain, to certain res- whose opinions we think ourselves pectable and influential citizens authorized to state, were in unison of Philadelphia, and Baltimore, with the prayer of the memorialthe object, views, and motives, ists. And although the lateness of this Society, and the nature of of the session, and the mass of their mission; and had the satis- unfinished business, prevented faction, during the short period the immediate attainment of the of one day, in each of these ci-objects desired, yet the wisest ties, to witness the formation of and most experienced in and out kindred associations, whose pro- of Congress, (the enlightened ceedings have been long since members of the committee of the made public; and which, by their House included,) were of opinion, intelligence, patriotism, capital, that nothing would be lost by the and character, have proved an delay, as every day would offer inappreciable acquisition to the new manifestations of the public cause of domestic industry. sentiment, and the circumstances
During their residence in the of the times be more fully devecity of Washington, the said dele- loped, and operate as a law of negates, with the aid and co-opera- cessity. tion of their colleague, made a It may be important also to similar, and no less successful ap- state the friendly intimation of peal, to the citizens of Washing the committee itself, that nothing ton, Georgetown, and Alexan-would more conduce to future dria ; who, at a meeting conven- success, than an authentic colleced by public notice,' instituted tion of facts, tending to show the and organized an association, en- value of the property embarked titled the Metropolitan Society. in domestic manufactures, the The proceedings of this associa- great portion of which was jeoption have also been made public; ardized by the causes set forth, and their zeal, influence, and res- and the loss and irreparable injupectability, have done much in ry the community must suffer rousing the spirit of inquiry, and from neglect, and indifference to promoting the true interests of so essential an interest. As that their country.
information could be best collectThe delegates were heard with ed and embodied by the active much attention, by the commit- industry of this and other societee of commerce and manufac- ties, we mention as an additional tures of the House of Represen- stimulus to exertion and efforts tatives, to whom the above men-, well combined, and vigorously
sustained, and we trust that all ci- which would do honour to any tizens, who prize the lasting in- country, or to any cause. The dependence of their country- periodical publications of most who rejoice in its general and in- acknowledged merit, and extendividual prosperity, will take sive circulation, have likewise appride and pleasure in sharing so propriated their labours to the generous a task.
service of their country; and, as The two delegates who pro- far as their sphere extended, have ceeded together from this city, put prejudice to flight, and ignowere gratified, in
gratified, in returning rance to shame. through the town of Lancaster, A pamphlet has been complein Pennsylvania, to witness the ted by a judicious and masterly formation of an association of ci- hand, in the city of Philadelphia, tizens, possessed of every quali- from the report of the celebrated fication to be useful ; talent, in- Alexander Hamilton, made by fluence, and capital. They were that statesman in the year 1790, there as on the former occasions, when secretary of the Treasury, invited to explain the view and by order of the house of repretendency of their mission, and sentatives. This paper has been had the pleasure to find the prin- eminently serviceable, inasmuch ciples of this institution, appro- as it brings back the judgment ved, adopted, and promptly act of the reader to the natural order ed upon by their respected fel- of things, before the distorted low citizens.
and disjointed relations of the Numerous societies have co-civilized world had habituated temporaneously and in rapid suc- mankind, to disturbed and crookcession arisen throughout the un- ed views, and fallacious reliances ion: many have announced them- upon ephemeral hopes and transelves by publications full of en-sient speculations. It establishes ergy, and marked with intelli- principles, pure and unerring-gence. Regular communications and has the merit not only of sage have been transmitted to us from predictions, but of prophecies the societies at Wilmington, in fulfilled. the state of Delaware ; Middle It is impossible to notice all town, Hartford, and Litchfield, the valuable tracts that patriotic in Connecticut ; Rome, and oth- excitement has given birth to, er places in the state of New-within the short period since our York; and we have full authority institution led the way; the ad
say that Ohio, Kentucky, New- dress of the society of MiddleJersey, Virginia, and Mississippi, town, in Connecticut, and the rewill soon add their strength and port of the committee of Pittsweight to the common stock. burgh, reprinted by order of the
The most eminent journalists, house of representatives, are do. without regard to political or cuments deserving much attenparty relations, have lent their tion; and it is to be wished, that unbought talents; and essays a collection of the most of these have appeared in their columns,' valuable tracts, shonld he emim
died and preserved ; they are so manufactures as inseparable and many pledges to the public, of identical, cannot close this report the faith and loyalty of the citi- without noticing an evil which
has grown to an alarming extent. The address of this Society, The present system of auction has been reprinted and circula- sales of recent date, in this counted in such abundance, in so ma- try, and an anomaly in the histony different forms, and noticed ry of commerce, has nearly exwith so much favour, that it is ploded all regular business; and impossible for us to retire from the auctioneer, whose office was the front of the battle, where we formerly subordinate to that of first appeared, without some loss the merchant, is now nearly the of character. It is our turn now, only seller ; and if subordinate to take the next step in the field to any, merely to a foreign prinof generous emulation, and we cipal. If any sales are now made should nt, more than half way, by the regular trader, they are everyov re to correspondence occasional and supplementary. and co-o fation. We should Commercial education, orderacknowledge our obligations for ly habits, and sober pursuits, honthe confidence reposed in us, and our and good faith, too fatally for the light, and instruction re- yield to gambling speculations flected upon us.
and fraudulent contrivances. The So far your committee have benefits, if any, that result from traced their progress in the exe-this extraordinary monopoly, cution of their trust ; 'so far our dearly paid for by the ruin of a bark has adventured with a fa-class, whose industry was the vouring gale ; for although we life of the community, and through lament that some of our fabrics them, in a greater or less degree, must suffer within this year, ir- of the various and numerous dereparable loss; yet we trust, that scription of persons, who, without the certainty, with which they being commercial, depend upon may count upon the fostering care commerce for their support: and of the government, will in gener- if once the merchant disappears al restore courage, confidence, from the scene; if the source
is and credit; and enable the great once destroyed, the thousand er part, to ride out the storm. channels which it fed, become dry The immense losses, at which our and fruitless; the proprietor, the markets are glutted, cannot en- mechanic, the artist, the labourdure for many years, and little er, follow in the train, and must can he see, who does not read seek elsewhere for subsistence. the rising prosperity of our manu Already, has the public feeling factures, at no distant day, and remonstrated against this abuze ; with it, the power, happiness, and but the practice has still prevailsecurity of this high favoured ed. The established merchant. land.
it has been shown, must ever be Your committee, considering unable to compete with the stranthe interests of commerce, and ger who is charged with no con