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3Cgricultura Department.

AGRICULTURE THE PRESERVATIVE ART OF

ALL ARTS.

ORIGINAL.

CATTLE SHOWS-FAIRS AND PLOUGHING

MATCHES.

PERHAPS no system was ever tion of seeds. The first Ploughdevised, so well calculated to ex-ing-match in Hartford, was one of cite a laudable emulation amongst the most exhilarating scenes that Farmers, as these annual exhibi. can be imagined. It was not tions. It is the consummation of like a horse-race, for a purse of a year's labour It exposes to view an hundred eagles--where some specimens of the animal and vege- gamble money into their pockets, table productions of the Agricul- and many out of them—but it was turalist and the superiour fabrics a noble exertion, to excel in the of the Manufacturer. The worthy first employment of the husbandMatrons and the fair Daughters man. of Connecticut, may then exhi By the following publication, it bit the products of their domestic will be seen that these exhibitions industry to a discerning assembly; are to be repeated in the apand may excite an admiration, proaching Autumn in Hartford. which will be far more durable Similar ones, are undoubtedly arthan that which is excited by ex- ranged by other Agricultural Sohibiting a piece of embroidery, cieties, in other counties; and which cost six months' labour, we take this opportunity, to rewith perhaps the loss of health, quest the Corresponding Secretabloom, and eye-sight, and which rres of them, to forward to us their has produced—a picture of a rip-arrangements, that they may be pling brook, a willow tree, and a incorporated into the “ RURAL bap-dog.

MAGAZINE and Farmer's MonthThe expert and skilful Plough- Ly Museum."

Ed. man, may there shew to an admi

CATTLE SHOW AND FAIR, ring multitude, the facility with

EXHIBITION OF MANUFACTURES, which a well trained team, and

AND PLOUGHING MATCH. a well constructed plough, can

The Society propose to have a prepare the earth for the recep-Cattle Show, Fair, and exhibition of

Manufactures, on Wednesday the For the second best do.

4 6th, and a Ploughing-Match, and for the third best do.

3 awarding of premiums on Thursday For the best Boar, not less than the 7th of October next; and the six months old,

8 Executive Committee, encouraged For the second best do.

5 by the subscriptions already receiv- For the best breeding Sow, 8 ed, are enabled to offer the follow. For the second best do. 5 ing.

For the two best Pigs, less than PREMIUMS, viz. one year old,

5 FARMS.

For the best Colt, not exceeding For the best cultivated Farm, of not

four years old, raised in the less than forty acres, at the least for the best Merino Buck, (kept

county, expence, without the aid of distil

in this county)

8 lery manure ; a Silver Cup of $40 For the second best do.

5 For the second best do.

20

For the three best Merino Ewes STOCK. do.

6

5 For the best Bull raised or import- For the best native Buck,

ed, not less than one year old For the three best native Ewes. 6 when exhibited, which shall have been kept in the county six AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENTS months before the Exhibition, on AND IMPROVEMENTS. satisfactory assurances that he To the person who shall raise the shall remain twelve months af

greatest quantity of Winter Wheat ter.

$20
on one acre of land,

10 For the second best do.

12 To the person who shall raise For the third best do.

6 the greatest quantity of Spring For the best Milch Cow,

12
Wheat, on one acre,

10 For the second best do.

8 To the person who shall raise the For the third best do.

5 greatest quantity of Barley, on For the best two year old Heifer, one acre,

10 raised in the county,

5 To the person who shall raise the For the second best do. do. 3

greatest quantity of Indian For the best one year old do. do. 6 Corn, on one acre,

10 For the second best do. do. 4 To the person who shall raise the For the best Ox fattened for

greatest quantity of Potatoes, slaughter, (not fed in a distille

on one acre,

10 ry,)

15 To the person who shall raise the For the best pair of working Ox greatest quantity of Rye, on en, raised in this county, 15

one acre,

8 For the second best do.

10 To the person who shall raise the For the best pair of three year old

greatest quantity of White Steers, raised in the county, 10 Beans, on one acre,

10 For the best pair of two year old To the person who shall raise the do.

8

greatest quantity of Flax, on For the best pair one year

old
an half acre,

8 do.

5 To the person who shall raise the For the best Calf, not less than

greatest quantity of Turnips, four months old, and not ex

on an half acre, ceeding twelve months,

5. To the person who shall raise the

ed Hose,

greatest quantity of Carrots, on mittee, the quantity of land, the

one-eighth of an acre, $5 quantity and kinds of manure used, For the best Woollen Cloth, 3-4 the quantity of seed, the time and

wide, not less than fifteen yards, 6 manner of sowing, weeding, and harFor the best yard wide Flannel, vesting, and the amount of product

not less than twenty yards, 6. to be ascertained by measure. The For the best yard wide Carpeting, claims for premiums under this Arti

not less than twenty yards, 8 cle, must be entered on or before For the best two pairs knit the 7th day of October next, to LoWoollen Hose,

2 renzo Bull, in Hartford ; and if by For the best two pairs knit Worst letter, postage paid.

2 The examination of Domestic For the best two pairs knit Cotton Animals, and Household ManufacHose,

2 tures, will take place in Hartford, For the best 5-8 yard Linen Dia on the 6th day of October next, at

per, not less than twenty yards, 4 9 o'clock A. M. For the best yard wide Linen Dia The Ploughing Match, will com

per, not less than twenty yards, 6 mence at 11 o'clock A. M.on the 7th. For the best yard wide Linen The persons meaning to contend

Sheeting or Shirting, not less for the premium, at the Ploughingthan twenty yards,

6 Match, must give notice thereof to For the best ten yards Stair Car Lorenzo Bull, in Hartford, by the

peting, not less than 5-8 yard first day of October next, so that wide,

3 proper arrangements may be made. For the best pair 9-4 Woollen No person can be admitted without Blankets,

4 such notice. The competitors must For the best 50lb. of Butter, which conform to such rules, as shall be

shall have been preserved three adopted by the Committee, and be months previous to the exhibi ready to start precisely at eleven tion,

4 o'clock, A. M. For the best 100lb. of Cheese, not Persons intending to offer any Doless than one year old,

5 mestic Animals for premium, must

give notice thereof to Lorenzo Bull, PLOUGHING-MATCH. on or before the 5th of October For the best Ploughing on one quar- of such notice. The applicants will

next, requesting an entry to be made ter of an acre to each Plough, be holden to a strict compliance which, by the Committee shall be adjudged to have been performed with this and all other rules prescri

bed. with the least expence of labour,

No premiums will be awarded, and at such depths as they shall direct-First Plough,

$20

but to members of the Society, or to

their minor sons, except to females, Second Plough,

15 Third Plough,

for Household Manufactures, which 10

shall have been made, in whole, or Voted, That all the premiums be in part by themselves. paid in Silver Plate.

Whenever it shall happen, that To entitle himself to a premium, for want of competition, any claims for Agricultural experiments and im- might be considered entitled to the provements, each person claiming, premium, under a literal construcshall state in writing, and prove to tion, yet, if in the opinion of the the satisfaction of the awarding Com-Committee, the object so offered is

deserving of reward, they shall not No persons will be considered as have a right to reject such claim. a competitor for any premium, who

It is expected by the Committee, shall not be a resident in Hartford that every person who shall be en- County. titled to a premium, will attend in

HENRY SEYMOUR, person to receive it, at the time of

Recording Secretary. promulgation.

Hartford, April, 1819.

Department of Banufacture.

MANUFACTURES

THE ARTS OF ELEGANCE, AND THE ARTS OF USE.

[IN our last Number, we com- , tions, without the patronage of pleted the publication of the admi- the government, it is consoling to rable, and comprehensive Address find, that he to whom the unaniof the “ American Society for the en- committed the highest office, has

mous voice of a free people has couragement of Domestic Manufac- not only consented to become a tures.

We have before mention- member of our institution, but ed, that Mr. MONROE, together with that he avails himself of the first Mr. Adams, Mr. JEFFERSON, and opportunity of giving it the counMr. Madison, felt gratified in being tenance and support of his atten

dance. admitted as Members. The follow

An incident like this

may

form ing is the Address delivered by that a new era in the history of socieSociety, to the President when up-ty. In other countries the influon his first Tour in 1819, through ence of the magistrate is felt only the Middle, Northern, and Eastern from the operation of his laws,

or through the instrumentality of States.]

Ed.

his subordinate agents, while, on ADDRESS.

the other hand, he derives his in56 All who believe that the hap- formation through intermediate piness and independence of our channels. But our happy consticountry, are connected with the tution places the people and their prosperity of our manufactures, officers in such relations to each must rejoice to see the Chief Ma- other, that they may have a mugistrate of the nation, honouring tual and direct intercourse ; and with his presence, a society insti- we now behold the first magistuted for their protection and en- trate of a great nation, seeking at couragement. Knowing that the lits source the information, which manufactures of the United States will enable him to know the wants cannot, in their infant state, re- and wishes of the country. A life, sist the rivalship of foreign na-devoted to the good of his coun

try, gives us assurance, that it is from the workshops of England; only necessary to make him ac- and then we found we were in quainted with what will promote some measure obliged to rely on its happiness, to insure all the a treasonable trade, to clothe the support which may be derived armies, which met her on the from his high station. It is now field of battle. The very powder too late to question the advanta- which generated the thunder of ges of manufactures. All history our cannon, was sometimes Britshows us how much they have ish manufacture, and the striped contributed to the prosperity of bunting may often have been from every state, where they have been the same loom with the cross of encouraged. Indeed, we find that St. George, over which it so frein some instances, they have been quently waved in triumph. the sources of all the wealth and Such a state of things, could power of a people. As they have not but awaken the spirit and enprosperedor declined, nations have terprise of Americans. Amidst risen or sunk. Even wealth, the agitations of war, while one without manufactures, and com- part of the population was rangmerce, has only served to degrade ing itself under the military ban. a great community, by the intro-ners of our country, another deduction of that luxury, which was voted itself to her interest in anpurchased with the produce of in other form. Manufactures arose, exhaustible mines of gold. But, as if by enchantment-on every it is not as they are sources of stream she formed for herself spawealth, that an American must cious dwellings, and collected in feel the deepest interest in the them many thousands, who in no fate of our manufactures ; they other way could contribute to the more nearly concern us, as they general weal. Those too young, are connected with our indepen- or too old to bear arms, who had dence. For how shall we avoid not strength for agricultural lathe influence of foreign nations, bours--the female, whose domeswhile we suffer ourselves to be tic services could be dispensed dependent on them, not only for with in her family-found here a the luxuries, but the necessaries of means of individual gain, and of life! Can that nation feel indepen- adding to the public prosperity. dent, which has no reliance but In a short three

years,

the produce upon foreign hands for the fabrics of our looms rivalled foreign prowhich are to clothe her citizens? ductions, and the nation with for manufactured materials which which we were contending, felt are necessary for the construc- more alarm from the progress tion of their dwellings, and for the of our manufactures, than she did tools with which they are to cul- from the success of our arms. tivate their soil ?

But peace came. While we were But, such has been our situation, at war, the warehouses of Eng. (unknown almost to ourselves,) land were filled with the produce until a jealousy of our prosperity of the labour which a loss of marprovoked a war, which barred us' ket had enabled her to purchase

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