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Stales, and Commander in Chief of by the American People, but the the Division of the South.

most distinguished statesmen in the The first edition of that work is - British Parliament, approve of his sued from the press, in November conduct. We present our readers 1818. The second and third, were with the following extracts. published without the least altera

REMARKS OF EARL BATHURST. tion or addition. Although they

Two British subjects, in the include a brief account of the secourse of military operations, have cond capture of Pensacola, and of the been taken on a neutral territory execution of Arbuthnot and Ambris- by the American troops, and tried

and executed ; but it was well tie, the whole facts concerning those known, not only that this was not interesting transactions, could not done by order of the American govthen be obtained. The public do- ernment, but that it had been com

mitted without any knowledge or cuments, relating to these impor

participation whatever of that gov. tant events, were deposited in the ernment. The act which had been priblic offices, at the seat of govern- committed, formed, indeed a charge ment. At the succeeding session of brought on the part of the AmeriCongress, they were divulged and eral; what might be the result of

can government against their Genpublished to the world.

that charge, it was not necessary to James Monroe, approved of the enquire ; all that their lordships conduct of ANDREW JACKSON before

were called upon to consider was,

whether the case was one for which the Grand Council of the Republic. retribution ought to be demanded. His sentence, I admit, is not conclu- Now their lordships, could not fail sive. The paramount inquest of the to recollect that the occasion which

justified a demand of reparation, people always fixes the reputation of ought to be one which rendered the our distinguished men, in civil as right and the policy of such a course well as military life. From its de- of proceeding unquestionable. If cision, there is no appeal. Legis- reparation were once asked, it be

came necessary to enforce it at all lators may pass votes of thanks, ap- hazards. The demand once made, probation, or censureJudges may it must be supported to the utmost

But before such a sentence to the dungeon or the gib- extremity. bet—the verdict of the people, at would doubtless pause, and ask

course was taken, their lordships last, either elevates a man to the whether the case was one,

which acme of fame, or sinks him in the would justify the involving the two depths of infamy. Although entire

countries in war. Above all, their

lordships would doubtless feel unanimity of opinion is not to be that this was, of all others a most expected, in regard to any man or unfit time to embark this country, any measure, yet the character of in a dispute for the protection of

British subjects, who might engage GENERAL Jackson, is not only fixed without the consent of their gor

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ernment, in the service of States at giance, but to that of which he holds war with each other, but at peace the commission. If reparation is with us. Any British subject, who demanded, the state may say, engages in such foreign service, are our friend, he has become our without permission, forfeits, he con- enemy; he has therefore, no lonceived, the protection of his coun- ger a title to your protection, and try, and became liable to military in punishing him, we offer no inpunishment, if the party by whom dignity to you.” Now, however he was taken, choose to carry the unjustifiable General Jackson's conrights of war to that cruel severity. duct was, Arbuthnot and Ambristie, This was a principle admitted by the as being volunteers, and as expolaws of nations, and which in the po- sing themselves to danger without licy of nations had been frequently any authority from their own govadopted. It was obvious therefore, ernment, had no right to appeal to that if it were to be maintained, their own nation for protection. that this country should hold out protection to every adventurer, who The Editor must be excused for entered into foreign service, the introducing the following imperfectassertion of such a principle, would involve us in interminable warfare. ly drawn character from the - Me


ANDREW JACKSON was bort If any individual' voluntarily em

a great man he was born free, barked in war, against any state The first dawning of his intelwith which his own government was

lect, elicited the independence of at peace, he exposed himself to all his spirit.

As if his youthful its dangers and liabilities, without blood instinctively glowed with inhaving a right to the protection of his dignation, at the miseries his anown country. He might bring, as

cestors had sustained from abused a proof of this, the provisions of a power; the first signal act of his life treaty concluded betwen lord Gren- was performed in resisting it. Inville and Mr. Jay, in 1794. It sti- tuitively great, he explored the repulated that the subjects of neither, gions of science with the rapidity of should engage with any power, in thought. Acute in observation, he a war against the other, and that studied men as he mingled with if they did, they should be left to them. Aspiring in his views, he the treatment to which the subjects sought for a capacious field as the of the third power were liable. scene of his exertions. He entered This stipulation, he had no doubt the stage of life entirely alone. With had a reference to the Indian wars. no extrinsic advantages to raise him He did not say that this justified the into life, he sought no aid out of himconduct of General Jackson, as re- self, and he received no aid but garding his own country, but it jus- what he commanded by his own tified us in not demanding repara- energy. A theoretical and practition. If a volunteer, engages in the cal statesman, he led the people of wars of another state, against the Tennessee, to the adoption of a consovereign of a state with which we stitution, to give permanency to are at peace, any severity, inflicted their civil rights À soldier from on him is directed, not against the boyhood, he led his fellow-citizens government to which he owes alle. to the frontiers, to preserve them


from devastation, and the settlers durance. The features of his face from massacre.

Unsatisfied with a have that striking peculiarity, which minor station, every step he gained immediately attracts attention. His in his ascent to the temple of fame, large, dark blue eyes, are settled gave him new vigour in ascending deep under prominent arching eyestill. He became a senator of the brows, which he can clothe in American Republic ; and to shew frowns to repel an enemy, and dress the world that his greatness, was not in smiles to delight his friends—His derived from his official elevation, whole person shows that he was he retired to the post of honour- born to command. a private station.''

In fine, he is loved by his friends When the olive of peace ceased respected by his enemies—the to wave over the Republic, and the favourite of his country, and the clarion of war assailed the ears of admiration of the world. her citizens, his military character suddenly developed itself. Enjoying EDITOR'S CLOSET. the tranquil charms of domestic felicity, the soothing suggestions of in- our other departments extend, we are

From the length to which the articles in activity urged him to rest. But he compelled to omit the usual one called was born for his country--his coun- " VARIETY.” We have a number of try was endangered-its hopes were “ Nuts" prepared which made us laugh, fixed upon him, and he espoused its whatever the effect might be upon our

Readers. We cannot, like the jolly old

Democritus, laugh perpetually ; and we Devoted to the cause of his coun- will not, like the whining old Heraclitus, try from principle, he scarcely cry all the while. breathed, after subjugating a savage foe, before he thundered defiance to

We have endeavourea, with all possithe conquerers of the Old World.

ble Upon the banks of the majestic Mis- distinguish

between articles “ Original,"

accuracy in our different Numbers, to sissippi, he soared before his ene- and T6 Seleated." Communications in mies, in sheets of fire-he rendered manuseript " For the Rural Magazine;" every defile there, a Thermopolæ, we consider original, unless we know them

to be otherwise. If in any such instance, and every plain an Amarathon. He is deeply versed in the science periodical Journals have experienced.

we are misled, it is what all conductors of of human nature-hence he is rarely deceived in the confidence he reposes in his friends, and knows well

ARIEL, has returned-- and has furnishhow to detect his enemies. The ed“ dishes of all sorts.Some of them first he loves, and sets the last at de- shall be fitted up for our next, in the best fiance. In the discharge of official stile the cookery of our pen will euable duties, he imparts dignity to the of- us to do it. fice, and secures respect to himself in the circles of private life, he is

We had intended in this Number, to affable, without descending to low have noticed the Gazetteer of Connecticut familiarity.

and Rhode-Island, just published in this In his person, he is above the or- city by Mr. W. S. Marsh. But the exdinary height, elegantly formed, cessive heat of the weather, added to inbut of a very spare habit. But toil cessant application to other subjects, renhas strung his nerves, and purified wish.

dered it impossible to notice it as we could

However imperfectly it will be liis blood," and he can bear any fa- done, it will be atlempted in Number VI. tigue within the power of haman en.

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HAVLNG provided themselves vious, learned the course of the with every thing the country charming and majestic river Concould then furnish, for the com. necticut. They had learned also mencement of a settlement in the that its banks instead of being wilderness, the energetic and per-overhung with barren hills, and severing founders of Connecticut, rocky cliffs, were the borders of a commenced their march through widely extended, and highly fera wilderness, in which no human tile vale. beings, but the untutored children But little more than fifty men, of the forest-no animals, but women, and children--with hor. those in a state of native wildness, ses, cattle, and swine-provisever before roamed.

ions, clothing, household, and It was in the middle of Octo. farming utensils, set out in pur. ber 1635, when this great and suit of what they deemed the Hand hazardous undertaking was be- of promise. The difference gan. The people of Massachu- between emigration, in 1635, setts, living in Boston, and the and 1819, may be easily conceivadjoining towns, had, a year pre-ed. Then the traveller, had to Vol. I.



Miniature History of Connecticut. pass through a trackless forest, the banks of Connecticut river, where civilized men, had never in November, about the time penetrated--to ford streams which winter then commenced. Learnthey had never passed—to wade ing from the natives, that the exthrough swamps which seemed panded meadows upon the easimpassable ; and, with all their tern shore of this river were ofburthens, to ascend and descend ten inundated by the rise of "the untrodden hills and mountains. great water," they passed to the Now, the utmost facility is afford-west side of the river. ed to the emigrant, by navigable It would be gratifying to know streams, and roads to almost eve- the precise place, where these ry portion of our immense Re. hardy adventurers first passed the public, from the Atlantic to the Connecticut ; but it is yet a sub Mississippi.

ject of dispute ; and, like many Leaving their friends, and every other disputes upon subjects of comfort, but hope, they turned minor importance, is hardly worth their faces to the West, and left a discussion. Wethersfield is the fields their own hands had cul claimed to be the oldest town on tivated, and the habitations they the river, a few persons having had erected. Having no guide, planted themselves there in 1634. but the sun and the stars, they Windsor is the town, where the pointed out their course to those body of emigrants, just mentionwho might follow them, by marked, first settled. Let this fact be ing trees.

as it may, Hartford, Windsor, and After enduring every hardship Wethersfield, were the motherwhich is incident to the first

pas towns of Connecticut. sage, through a boundless forest, this chosen band, arrived upon

(To be continued.)

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