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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856,

BY MASON BROTHERS,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

PRINTET BY

FLXOTROTYPED AY THOMAS B SMITE 82 & 84 Beekman Street, N. T.

CA. ALVORD, 15 Vandewater-st., N.Y.

PREFACE!

This work has been prepared with great care, for the purpose of supplying a want long felt by the reading public, and especially by Heads of Families. Every important event in the history of the United States, from the Aboriginal period to the present time, is presented in a concise, but perspicuous and comprehensive manner, without giving those minute and often tedious details, which are valuable to the student, but irksome to the common reader. The History of our Republic is herein popularized, and adapted to the nse of those who may not find leisure to peruse more extensive works upon the subject. The materials have been drawn from the earlier, most elaborate, and most reliable historians and chroniclers of our continent. The work is constructed upon a new plan, which, it is believed, will be found to be the most acceptable yet offered to the public, for obtaining, with facility, and fixing in the memory, a knowledge of the great events of our truly wonderful history. And having visited a greater portion of the localities made memorable by important occurrences in our country, the writer claims, in that particular, an advantage over his predecessors in this special field, for he has been able to correct errors and give truthful impressions of things and events. An endeavor has also been made to show the cause of every important event, and thus, by developing the philosophy of our history, to make it more attractive and instructive than a bald record of facts. And wherever the text appeared to need further elucidation, additional facts have been given in foot-notes.

The arrangement of the work is new. It is in six Periods, each commencing where the history naturally divides into distinct epochs. The first Period exhibits a general view of the Aboriginal race who occupied the continent when the Europeans came. The second is a record of all the Discoveries and preparations for settlement, made by individuals and governments. The third delineates the progress of all the Settlements until colonial goyernments were formed. The fourth tells the story of these Colonies from their infancy to maturity, and illustrates the continual development of Democratic ideas and Republican tendencies which finally resulted in a political

confederation. The fifth has a full account of the important events of the War for Independence, and the sixth gives a concise history of the Republic, from its formation to the present time. The Supplement is composed of the most important State Papers connected with that formation, such as the Stamp Act, and papers put forth by the Stamp Act Congress; the papers presented to the consideration of the world by the First and Second Continental Congresses; the Declaration of Independence; the Articles of Confederation; and the Federal Constitution, with the admirable Farewell Address of Washington. These documents, thus grouped and preserved, will be found valuable as embodying the principles of our government.

The original draft, with the amendments, of the Declaration of Independence, is given; and, in foot-notes, every charge made against the king of Great Britain, in that manifesto, is proven from History. The Federal Constitution is also accompanied by important commentaries.

The system of concordance interwoven with the notes throughout the entire work, is of great importance to the reader. When a fact is named which bears a relation to another fact elsewhere recorded in the volume, a reference is made to the page where such fact is mentioned A knowledge of this relationship of separate events is often essential to a clear view of the subject, and without this concordance, a great deal of time would be spent in searching for that relationship. With the concordance the matter may be found in a moment. Favorable examples of the utility of this new feature may be found on page 289. If strict attention shall be given to these references, the whole subject will be presented to the mind of the reader in a comprehensive aspect of unity not to be obtained by any other method.

The engravings are introduced not for the sole purpose of embellishing the volume, but to enhance its utility as an instructor. Every picture is intended to illustrate a fact, not merely to beautify the page. Great care has been taken to secure accuracy in all the delineations of men and things, so that they may not convey false instruction. Geographical maps have been omitted, because they must necessarily be too small to be of essential service. History may be read for the purpose of obtaining general information on the subject, without maps, but it should nevor be studied without the aid of an accurate Atlas.

The author has endeavored to make itiriswork essentially a FAMILY HISTORY, attractive and instructive; and the Publishers have generously co-worked with him in producing a volume that may justly claim to be excellent in every particular. With these few observations concerning the general plan and merits of the work, it is presented to the public, with an entire willingness to have its repucation rest upon its own merits.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

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PAGE

PAGE 1. FRONTISPIECE..

67. Pexxis MOISE.

162 2. Siors INDIA.S.

63. PLAN OF ('HARLESTON IN 16-0).

166 3. PorreaIT OF RED JACKET.

9 69. EARLY NEW ENGLAND HorsE. 4. A WEWAN 18 70. DI TIMAN, 1680..

176 6. WAMPCM 131 71. PLAN OF Forr Dr M ENNE.

156 C. INDIAN HIEROGLYPHIce.. 18 72. PogTRAIT OF BRADDOCK.

15 1. INDIAN WEAPONS.

14 78. BURIAL Or BRADDOCK.... 8. CALCUETS.

74. PLAx or FORT EDWARD..

190 9. Indias BTRIAL-PLACE. 15 15. PORTRAIT OF Em WILLIAM JOHNSOX.

190) 10. INDIAN TOTUM.

15
76. PLAN OF FORT WILLIAM lenky.

191 11. PROFILE Or Black IIAWK 15 77. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL APERCRONBIE.

191 12. Urcas's MOVIMENT.. 21 TR. PLANS OF FORTS AT OSWEGO....

192 18. POSTRAIT OF SAXTEL KIRKLAND.

25
79. Block HorsE......

192 11. STJERN INDIANS... 30 MO, MAP OF Lakk GEORGE AND VICINITY

194 15. ('OLIXBUS BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF SALAMANCA 34 $1. PORTRAIT OF LORD AMBERST.

19 16 POETRAIT OF AMERIGO VESPUCCI.

34
52. PLAN OF TICORDEROGA..

196 17. XORTAN. 81 53. Kriss OF TICOXTIROGA,

197 15. YORMAN Simp..

84. PORTRAIT OF LORD HOWE.

197 19. 01.D TOWER AT NEWPORT, 85 45. PLAN OF (ROWN POINT..

2.0 2. PORTRAIT OF COLUMBUS.

86

86. PLAN OF FORT NIAGARA., 21. PORTRAIT OF ISABELLA..

89 *7. GENERAL WOLFE.. 92. THE FLEET OF (OLEMUI'S..

89 8. MILITARY OPER 4110NY AT QURBEC.. 24. BAXXER OF THE EXPEDITIOS.

-9. MONUMENT TO WOILE AND MONTCALM. 2:2 24. BALBUA...

90. PATRICK IIENRY BEFORE THE VIRGINIA AKSEM23. PORTRAIT OF De Soto..

BLY 26. PORTRAIT OF SEBASTIAN CABOT

46 91. PORTRAIT OF JAMES OTIS.. 27. PORTRAIT OF VERAGAZZI...

47 92. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN WET. 2 CARTIER'S SHP..

93. PORTRAIT OF DATID RITTENXOLSE. 29. À 3OF FRANCE...

48 94. PORTRAIT OF PATRICK HIERY.. 81), FRENCH XOHLEVAN, 151) 49 95. A STAMP...

215 81. RALEICH'S EXPEDITION AT ROANOKE..

96. PORTRAIT OF ('ADWALLADER ('OLDEN.

916 32. PORTRAIT OF SIR WALTEE RALEIGI,

55 97. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PITT.... 8). RALENTIS Sups....

98. PORTRAIT OF Joux DICKENSON, 81. EX LISU (TEXTLEMAX, 1580.

57 99. PORTRAIT OF SAMUEL IDAMS, 85. PORTRAIT OF HENRY HUDSON

59 100. PORTRAIT OF LORD LORTU.. 86 The IIALF-Moox...

59 101. FAXEIL. II 11L.... 31. BriLDING JAMESTOWN.

61 102. SNAKE DEVICE.. 88 POETRAIT OF CAPTAIN JOIN Surn.

61 103. PORTRAIT OF (HARLES THOMSON 89. PORTRAIT OY POCAHONTAS

66 104. ('ARPENTER'S IIALL. 40, SEAL OF NEW NETHERLAND.

73 105. Joun IIANI OCK... 41. A PURITAX.......

106. Play or BENKER HILL BATILE. 42 TAK MAYFLOWER.

77 107. BUNKER HUL MONI'MENT, 13. GOVERNOR CARVER'S CHAIR.. 79 108. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPU WARREN

287 44. Portrait or CECIL, LORD BALTIMORE.

$1 109. PORTRAIT OF Pullip SCU'YLER. 45. HOOKER'S EMIGRATION TO CONNECTICUT:.

110. PLAN OF THE WALLS OF QUEBE. 46. FIRST MEETING-HlorsE IN COXXECTICUT.

86 111. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MONTGOMERY, 47. PORTRAIT OF ROGEE WILLIAMS..

112. CrLPEPPER FLAG... 48. PORTRAIT OF William PENN...

118. I'NIOS FLAG...... 49. THE ASSEMBLY LLOCSE, PENNSYLVANIA

9X 114. BILL or Credit OR (ONTINENTAL VONEY.. 50. X.LETHORPE OX TIIE SITE OF SAVANXAN.. 101 115. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL LEE, 51. EMBARKATION OF THE PILGRIMS...

104 116. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MOULTRIE, 62. PORTRAIT OF JAMES EDWARD OG LETHORPE..... 104 117. STATE HOUSE, POULADELPULA.. 59. Curicu TOWER AT JAMESTOWN...

112 114. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN Resi.. 54. FIRST COLONY SEAL, MASSACHUSETTS.. 117 119. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PETNAM,

265.8 65. PORTRAIT OF JOHN WISTIROP.

117 120. PLAN OF THE BATTLE ON LONG ISLAND. 56. First MONEY (OINED IN THE UNITED STATES.. 122 121. PLAN OF Fort WASHINGTON.. 57. PORTRAIT OF King PILIP..

124 122. RETREAT OF THE AMERICANS FROM LONG ISLAND 257 53. PaLLaSADED BEILDING..

127 128. TOE JERSEY Prisos-SP. 59. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN Curel.. 125 124. PLAN OF THE BATTLY AT TRENTON.

268 6). POKTEAIT OF COTTON MATIER.. 133 125. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT MORRIS...

261 61. WILLIAMS's House, DEERFIELD.

185 126. PORTRAIT OF SILAS DEAX) 62. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF LOUISBURG..... 187 127. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIX.

267 63. PORTRAIT OF PETER STUYVENANT..

1-42 129. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT PRINCETOX. 64. CITY OF NEW YORK IN 1664..

129. PORTRAIT OF LA FAYETTE..... 65. STTYVESANT SURRENDERING FORT AMSTERDAM 180. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT TIIE BRANDYWIXE... 97% TO THE ENGLISE.. 181. CHEVALT-DE-FRISE

276 66. TILE CHARTER OAK

156 182. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT GERMANTOWN......

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PAGE

PAGE 188. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL ST. CLAIR.. 276 209. Portrait OF MARTIA WASHINGTON..

887 184. PORTRAIT OF KOSCISZKO..

209, PORTRAIT OF THOMAS JEFFERSON

389 185. PORTRAIT OP JOSEPI BRANT

278 210. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE BAINBRIDGE. 891 186. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BURGOYNE. 278 211. UNITED STATES FRIGATE..

891 187. A TREATY.. 278 212. PORTRAIT OF LIEUTESANT DECATUR.

892 138. BURGOYNE SUBRENDERING HIS SWORD TO 218. MOHAMMEDAN SOLDIER..

892 GATES...

279 214. BURNING OF THE PHILADELPHIA AT TRIPOLI.. 893 189. PLAN OF OPERATIONS AT BEMIS'S HEIGUTS.. 281 215. PORTRAIT OF Rufus King.

895 110. PORTRAIT OF FRANCIS IIOPKINSON,

216. PORTRAIT OF AAROX Brrr.

896 141. Plan OF EXCAMPMENT AT VALLEY FORGE 235 217. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT FCLTox.

899 142. PORTRAIT OF SIR HENRY CLINTON

287
218. FELTON'S FIRST STEAMBOAT..

899 143. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT MONMOUTI.

219. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PINKNEY

400 144. PORTRAIT OF (OLXT D'ESTAING.

220, A FelrecA GUN-BOAT...

401 145. PORTRAIT OF BARON STETBEN.

291 221. PORTRAIT OF JOHN RANDOLPII 146. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL LINCOLN.

294 222. PORTE AIT OF JAMES MADISON. 147. PLAN OF ST0NY POINT... 299 223. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL DEARBORN,

410 149. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL WAYNE..

224. PORTRAIT OF STEPHEN VAN REXNSSELAER. 418 149. PORTRAIT OF DANIEL BOONE. 299 2:25. SLOOP-OF-WAR

415 150. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE ROGERS CLARKE. 800 226. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR SIELBY

417 151. CLARKE'S EXPEDITION ACROSS THE " DROWNED | 227. PLAN OF Fort MEGS..

418 LANDS."

801 224. PLAN OF FORT SANDTÁKY.
1

419 152. PORTEAIT OF GENERAL SI'LLIVAN 304 229. MAJOR CROGUAN..

420 153. PLAN OF THE SILGE OF SAVANNAII.

! 230), PERRY ON LAKE ERTE..

421 154. PORTRAIT OF ('OUNT PCLASKI... 3005 281. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE PERRT

423 105. PORTEAIT OF JOHN PALL JOXES.

2:32. PORTRAIT or GENERAL PIKE.

425 156. A Gun-Boat ar Bostox..

288. Fort NIAGARA IN 1818...

427 157. PORTRAIT OF ADMIRAL IIOPhins.. 8.3 234. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN LAWRENCE..

429 158. CIPUER ALPILABET....

235. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE PORTER.

181 159. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR KILOGE. 810 236. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BROWN..

482 160. PORTRAIT OF COVMODORT WIPPLE. 810257. MAP OF THE NIAGARA FRONTIER.

484 161. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF CHARLESTON

311 2:3. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE MarpoxOĽGH. 435 162. PORTRAIT OF DAVID RAMSAY.

2.3. PLAN OF THE BATTLE OF YEW ORLEASH. 489 163. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL GATES. 314 ! 20 POUTKAIT OF W.C. C. CLAIBORNE..

440 164. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SENTER, 313 211. JATKAVY AT NEW ORLEANS..

441 165. PLAN OF BATTLE AT SANDERSS (*247.k. 915 1912. PORTRAIT OF JAMES MONROE. 106. PORTRAIT OF BARON DE KALB..

316 : 213. CAPITIE OF PENSA OLA... 167. PORTRAIT OF ('OLONEL TARLETOX. 816 241. PORTRAIT OP EDWARD LIVINGSTON.

452 164. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MARIOX.

817 215. PotTRAIT OF JOIN QUINCY ADAMS. 109. PORTRAIT OF LORD CORNWALLIS. 91% | 243. PORTHAIT OF DEWITT ('LINTON....

456 17.1. Marion's ENCAMPMENT ON TIE IEDER. 991 247. PORTRAIT OP Joux C. CALHOTY

459 171. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOE TRIMEI'LL.. $23 24%. Portrait or GENERAL JACKSON

460 172. PORTRAIT OF BENEDICT ARNOLD..

225 249. PORTRAIT OF ROBELT Y. HAYNE. 173. THE CAPTORS' MEDAL.. 327 250, PORTRAIT OF OSCEOLA..

466 174. PORTRAIT OF GEVERAL GELENE..

231. MAP OF THE SEAT OF THE SEMIXOLE WAL.. 467 170. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MORGAN..

831 232. PORTRAIT OF MARTIN Van Burex.. 170. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL WASHINGTON

2. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAN H. LLARRISOX, 177. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL IIENRY LEE..

234. PORTRAIT OF Joux TYLER...

476 175. PLAN OF THE BATTLE MT GUILFORD,

255. PORTRAIT OF JAMES K. POLK....

479 179. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT ILONKIRK'S NIILL. 884 956. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SCOTT.

455 1-0. PORTRAIT OF REBECCA MOTTE.....

257. SIAP OF THE REGION or TAYLOR'S OPIEATIONS 486 1. PLAN OF FORT NINETY-01.

255, PORTRAIT OF Joux C. FREMONT..

483 159. POPTRAIT OF GENERAL I'I KEYS.

289. PLAN OF INTRENCHMENTS AT VERA Chim....

469 13. PORTRAIT OF COrxT DE ROCHIAM BEAT

200. MAP OF THE Rorte or Scott's ÅRMY IN MEXICO 400 14. PORTRAIT OF COU»T DE GRASSE. 840, 261, BOMBAEDMENT OF VFRA CarZ....

491 105. PLAY OF THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN.. 841 262. OPERATIONS NEAR MEXICO...

498 136. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN THOMPSON (for NT 263. GENERAL SCOTT ENTERING TUE CITY OF MEXICO 495 RIMFORD)...

846 264. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL TAYLOR... 187. PORTRAIT OF JAMES JACKSON. 317 265. PORTRAIT OF HI ENRY CLAY..

500 188. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE CLINTON

850 266. PORTRAIT OF MILLARD FILLMORE 149. PORTRAIT OF JOIN MARSILALL.. 851 267. PORTRAIT O DANIEL WEBSTEL.

808 190. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MIFFLIN.

832 269. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPH SMITI. 191. ORDER OF THE CINCINNATI...

269. MORNON EMIGRATION.. 199. PORTRAIT OF Bishop CARROLL.

854 270. PORTRAIT OF PROFESSOR MORSE 198. FRANKLIN BEFORE TIE CONSTITUTIONAL Cov 271. PORTRAIT OF DR. KAXE..

$10 VENTIOX.. 857 272. PORTRAIT OF FRANKLIN PIERCE.

514 194. PORTRAIT OF OLIVER ELISWORTH. 860 273. PORTRAIT OF SANTA ANNA.

515 195. PORTRAIT OF ALEXANDER ITAMILTON 361 : 274. Ax OCEAN STEAMSILIP...

516 19A, PORTRAIT OF Rurus PUTNAM... 862 275. CRYSTAL PALACE IN NEW YORK..

517 197. INAUGURATION OF WASHINGTON, 864 276. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN INGRAHAM

519 19%, PORTRAIT OF GOUVERNEUR MORRIS

864 277. PORTELAIT OF JAMES BCCHANAX. 199. PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON.. 865 278. FOINDING NEW STATES..

537 200. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON,

866 279. PORTRAIT OF THOMAS JEFFERSON, 201. PORTRAIT OF TENCH COTE.... 869 280. PORTRAIT OF JOIN ADAMS.

599 202. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL KNOX.

870 281. PORTRAIT OF DR. FRANKLIN 203. Wayne's DEFEAT OF THE INDIANS. 875 292. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON

589 204. PORTRAIT OF JOIN JAY... 879 23. PORTRAIT OF ROGER SHERMAN,

550 205. PORTRAIT OF FiniteR A MES.... 380 24. PORTRAIT OF (HARLES CARROLL.

601 206. PORTRAIT Or Jonx Avams. 883 285. PORTRAIT OF JUDGE STORY..

€19 207. POKIRAIT OF C.C. PINCKNEY

884 1

495

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