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CHAPTER II.

Franklin advises the Conquest of Canada. — His Scheme adopted by the Ministry. — Journey to Scotland.— Lord Kames, Robertson, Hume. — “Parable against Persecution.” – First published by Lord Kames.—How far Franklin claimed to be its Author. — His Mission brought to a favorable Termination.— Lord Mansfield's Agency in the Affair. — Franklin's Sentiments in Regard to Canada. — Writes a Pamphlet to show that it ought to be retained at the Peace. — Tour to the North of England.—Receives Public Money for Pennsylvania. — Tour in Holland. —Experiments to prove the Electrical Properties of Tourmalin. — Cold produced by Evaporation. — Ingenious Theory for explaining the Causes of Northeast Storms. – Invents a Musical Instrument, called the Armonica. — His Son appointed Governor of New Jersey. — Returns to America. - - - - * - - - . . .247

CHAPTER III.

Receives the Thanks of the Assembly. — Tour through the Middle and Eastern Colonies. – Engages again in Public Affairs. — Massacre of Indians in Lancaster. — Franklin's Pamphlet on the Subject, and his Agency in pacifying the Insurgents. – Colonel Bouquet's Account of his Public Services.— Disputes revived between the Governor and the Assembly. — Militia Bill defeated.— The Governor rejects a Bill in which the Proprietary Estates are taxed. —The Assembly resolve to petition the King for a Change of Government. — Petition drafted by Franklin. — Chosen Speaker of the Assembly.—Norris, Dickinson, Galloway. —Scheme for Stamp Duties opposed by the Assembly. — Franklin is not elected to the Assembly. — Appointed Agent to the Court of Great Britain. — Sails for England. . . . . . . . . . 270

CHAPTER IV.

Origin of the Stamp Act. — Franklin's Opposition to it. — His Remarks on the Passage of the Act, in a Letter to Charles Thomson. — False Charges against him in Relation to this Subject. — Dean Tucker. — Effects of the Stamp Act in America. — Franklin's Examination before Parliament. — Stamp Act repealed. — Mr. Pitt.— Declaratory Act. — American Paper Currency. — Franklin's Answer to Lord Hillsborough's Report against it. — New Schehe for taxing the Colonies by supplying them with Paper Money. — Franklin travels in Holland and Germany.— His Ideas of the Nature of the Union between the Colonies and Great Britain. — Plan of a Colonial Representation in Parliament. — Franklin visits Paris. — His “Account of the Causes of the American Discontents.”— Change of Ministry. — Lord Hillsborough at the Head of the C

American Department. — Rumor that Dr. Franklin was to have an Office under him. - - - - - - . . . 290

CHAPTER W.

Dr. Franklin is appointed Agent for Georgia.-Causes the “Farmer's Letters” to be republished in London. — His Opinion of them. — Chosen President of the American Philosophical Society.— Promotes the Culture of Silk in Pennsylvania.-- Encourages his Countrymen to adhere to their Non-importation Agreements. –Journey to France.—Appointed Agent for New Jersey. — His Answers to Mr. Strahan's Queries. – Repeal of some of the American Revenue Acts. – Intimations that he would be removed from Office.— His Remarks on that Subject.—Chosen Agent for the Assembly of Massachusetts. – Singular Interview with Lord Hillsborough. — Objectionable Footing on which the Colonial Agents were placed by his Lordship. — Dr. Franklin makes a Tour through the North of England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland. — His Reception by Lord Hillsborough in Ireland.— Irish Parliament. — Richard Bache. — Bishop of St. Asaph. . . . . . . . . 316

CHAPTER VI.

Dr. Franklin meditates a Return to America. — Singular Conduct of Lord Hillsborough. — Walpole's Grant. — Hillsborough's Report against it. — Franklin's Answer. — Reasons for settling a New Colony west of the Alleganies. – Interview with Lord Hillsborough at Oxford. — Franklin draws up the Report of a Committee appointed to examine the Powder Magazines at Purfleet. — Performs new Electrical Experiments. – Controversy about Pointed and Blunt Conductors. — Lord Dartmouth succeeds Lord Hillsborough.- His Character. — Franklin's Interview with him. — Petitions from the Assembly of Massachusetts. – Franklin writes a Preface to the London Edition of the Boston Resolutions; also “Rules for reducing a Great Empire to a Small One,” and “An Edict of the King of Prussia.”— Abridges the Book of Common Prayer. — Experiments to show the Effect of Oil in smoothing Waves. – Dubourg's Translation of his Writings. . . . 337

CHAPTER VII.

Hutchinson's Letters. — How they first became known to Franklin. —His Motives for transmitting them to Massachusetts. – Proceedings of the Assembly concerning them. — Dr. Cooper's Remarks on that Occasion. — Petition for the Removal of Hutchinson and Oliver presented by Franklin. —Duel between Temple and Whately. — Franklin's Declaration that the Letters had been transmitted by him. – Whately commences against him a Chancery Suit.—

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