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Death of Dr. Prichard...........
Appointments
Judicial Insanity-Trial of Nottidge

630

v. Ripley

Adult ....

.... 617

167

Acute Tubercular Meningitis in the

108

Complete Paraplegia cured by Cold

Bathing and Urtication......... 168

Chloroform in Tetanus

168

Melancholy cured by severe Bodily

Injuries

169

Musk and Blisters in Acute Hydro-

cephalus

169

Mercurial Frictions in Encephalitis 170

Intermittent Cephalea caused by an

Effusion of Blood between the

Dura Mater and its Parietal

Arachnoid

170

Aldehide ......

170

Action of Cannabis Indica

171

Periodic Epilepsy, Hysteria, Neural.

gia, and Hemiplegia

171

Chorea in Scrofulous Subjects 171

Influence of the Penitentiary System

on Insanity ........

171

Eclampsia cured by Stramonium...... 172

Tetanus cured by Intoxication 173

Effect of Music on the Nerves 173

Medico-Legal Investigation

314

Danger of too frequent Abstraction

of Blood in the General Palsy of

the Insane .....

346

Suicides in France ............ 317

Chloroform in Fractional Doses...... 347

PPspchological fragments.

Progressive General Palsy ............ 613

Hallucinations in Early Infancy 616

Prolonged Bathing and Continuous

Irrigation in the Treatment of

Acute Forms of Insanity .... 616

Endemic Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis 617

Experiments on the Respiratory and

Arterial Motions of the Brain 617

Hysteria

Treatment of Hysteria and Chlorosis 618

Chronic Sciatica

.. 618

Sonnambulism.......

618

Aconitum Napellus

618

Chloroform in Neuralgia........ 619

Treatment of Epilepsy

619

Hydrophobia

619

Epilepsy .........

619

The Essential Pathological Condi-

tions of the Brain in Insanity

620

Hemicrania .........

622

Origin of the Vis Nervosa ............ 622

Chloroform in Delirium Tremens 622

Chloroform in Quotidian Hemicrania 622

Puerperal Convulsions

............... 022

Lunatic Asyla in the United States 623

...

Medical Jurisprudence.
The Plea of Insanity.................. 331
Commissions in Lunacy..

............... 468

Miscellaneous.
Remarks on the Causes and Morbid

Anatomy of Mental Diseases 483
The New County Asylum for Mid-
dlesex, Colney Hatch

............ 490
The Study of Mental Diseases 495
Notice to Correspondents

496

Letter to the Lord Chancellor from

the Commissioners in Lunacy ... 608

Books and Journals received for

Review .........

635

Journals in Exchange.................. 036

Correspondence.

Letters from Paris ..... 338, 024

Medical Intelligence and News.

The Study of Mental Diseases 174

Paerperal Insanity

175

Law of Lunacy.

.178, 186

Literary Notices

188

Books received .......

188, 318

MONOGRAPH II.-On Softening of the

Brain, arising from Anxiety and Undue

Mental Exercise, and resulting in

Impairment of Mind. By Forbes

Winslow, M.D.

TO OUR READERS.

THE JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE AND MENTAL PATHOLOGY having reached the anniversary of its first appearance, we shall, no doubt, be expected to address a few observations to our intelligent, and, we have reason to hope, well-satisfied readers. The January of 1849 brings with it an agreeable epoch: it is to us the commencement of a new cycle of existence—the advent of a Second Volume; and, without arrogating to ourselves any undue degree of credit for the success we have achieved, we may fairly congratulate and thank our Contributors for the able support they have given us; our Subscribers, for the honour of their patronage ; and our Readers-professional and unprofessional—for the attention and interest which they have manifested in the progress of the science which it is the special object of this Journal to record. And here it may not be irrelevant to remark, that when this publication was announced by a prospectus, which was not intended to herald its approach with any very great flourish of trumpets, numerous were the disparaging predictions which on every side assailed us. Such a journal, said one, never can succeed; it will be a jungle of metaphysical quiddities and weather-beaten sophisms, who will care to explore and entangle themselves in its tortuous and briery paths ? The study of metaphysics (exclaimed another) has long since been exploded, and fail of necessity it must, for it will eventually be “gravelled for lack of matter.” Last, not least, an anonymous oracle, wiser than the rest, vouchsafed a verbal hypercriticism on the title we had adopted. Psychological medicine! What can psychology have to do with medicine? How can the word pathology be applied to the different phases of mental aberration? These and a host of similar interrogatories literally besieged us; and the fair prospect before us was almost darkened with a cloud of gloomy prognostications—but we were not disheartened. We entertained a lively faith in the cause we had already espoused, and recognised the star in the ascendant which would guide us on in our course. The metaphysical “jungle” which perplexed the schoolmen of the middle ages, we knew had been already cleared. The paths of mental philosophy, we had ascertained, were open and plain, and could easily be explored by all who might be desirous of entering them. Nay, it is not true that metaphysical science, in so far as the study of the human mind is concerned, is so utterly neglected as those who have been inattentive to this department of knowledge are willing to believe. The recent publication of Reid's collected writings, with Notes and Addenda by Sir William Hamilton; the admirable and eloquent “ Historical and Critical View of the Speculative Philosophy of Europe in the Nineteenth Century,” by Morell; the “ Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences,” by Whewell; the “History of the Philosophy of the Mind," by Blakey; sufficiently prove that the spirit of intellectual philosophy in England is not yet extinct. Indeed, the simple fact that the works of Plato, Schlegel, Ritter, &c., are in the course of publication, in cheap monthly volumes, would alone seem to indicate that mental science, instead of being repudiated and despised, is becoming daily more popular.

The study of the human mind having attained so distinct a speciality, the word psychology has been appropriately applied to this branch of science. The phenomena of the mind were formerly investigated without any reference to the principles of physiology and pathology. In the early history or infancy of these sciences, this isolation could scarcely be avoided; but now that our views are more comprehensive, the mutual relation which exists between them is better understood, and psychology is recognised to have not only a theoretical, but a practical connexion with medical science.

We are indebted to Reil and Hoffbauer, in Germany, for having established this association between these sciences. Reil was an accomplished anatomist; Hoff'bauer, who had imbibed the principles of Kant, was an acute metaphysician; both perceived the mutual relation which existed between the result of their investigations, and their united labours gave rise to the first Medico-Psychological Journal that was published in Germany, (1806. 1808.) This journal, however, was chiefly philosophical. The increasing and continually extending interest felt on the subject of lunacy, which proceeded from individual institutions, and from the different states, soon called for a more decided medical organ; and, in 1818, another journal of psychological medicine was published under the editorship of Nasse. To this succeeded (in 1829–1838) Freiderich's Magazine, and another periodical of a similar character was edited by Jacobi and Nasse. In 1841, Damerow issued an address in Berlin, calling upon the psychological physicians of Germany to establish a journal, which should have special reference to public institutions for the insane; and, in 1844, the project was ably carried into effect. In Paris, the Annales Medico-Psychologiques, edited by Baillarger, Cerise, and Longet, and supported by contributions from Bellingeri, Bouchet, Brière de Boismont, Falret, Mitivié, Parchappe, Lelut, Foville, Royer-Collard, Voisin, and other eminent collaborateurs, has appeared for the last six years, every second month, and enjoys an extensive circulation, not only in Europe, but in America. Recently also a MedicoPsychological Society has been established in Paris, the object of which is to advance the knowledge of Mental Pathology and the accessory sciences. In the United States also there has appeared for several years a Monthly Psychological Journal, under the title of the “ American Journal of Insanity,” edited by officers of the New York State Lunatic Asylum. This is an able record of the progress of medical psychology among our Transatlantic friends.

Accordingly, the objections which were in the first instance urged against the establishment of this Journal are, by the facts we have adduced, completely overruled. Not only have we found that there is no deficiency of matériel for such a journal, but that the supply greatly exceeds our limits, and that the most difficult task is frequently the compression and abbreviation of the articles selected, the value of which depends, in our estimation, not on their theoretical ingenuity, but upon the practical application of the doctrines they propound. All philosophical speculations, conducted upon inductive principles, are legitimate, but it is the application of them only which is the ultimate test of their validity; this is the only criterion of their truth. How, indeed, we may ask, is it possible to treat philosophically and successfully the mind in a state of aberration, if we are ignorant of the laws of our mental constitution? It is true that we have emerged from that age of intellectual barbarism, when every indication of insanity was regarded as a sign of demoniacal possession—when solitary confinement, chains, bolts, stripes, and other instruments of physical torture were had recourse to; but let us not congratulate ourselves too hastily, and view our present system of treatment with too much self-satisfaction.

The transition from darkness to light is palpable; the release of the limbs from instruments of cruel restraint and oppression is a relief to suffering humanity; the mild and gentle voice of persuasion, in many cases, is more effective than tones of harsh and imperative command. The entire system of moral treatment has undergone a revision, amounting to a complete regeneration; but we must not suppose that we have yet attained the ultimatum of progression. Much remains yet to be done; and if in Germany, France, and, we may add, in Italy, periodicals of psychological medicine are deemed of importance to represent the interests of institutions for the insane, and to promote the advancement of mental pathology, how obvious it is that such a journal in England must be of equal consequence. Our experience—indeed we may say, the success which the Journal of Psychological Medicine has met with during the last year--is to us a sufficient evidence that it supplies a desideratum which had previously existed; and the encouragement we have received both at home and abroad, inspire us with a confidence and an energy, which we feel assured will sustain us in realizing the success which we originally anticipated. We therefore, with elated and cheerful feelings, enter upon the second volume of the Journal. We are happy in being enabled to announce that we have secured the additional assistance of many able and eminent contributors -- and have made several new arrangements with correspondents on the Continent for the earliest publication of any discoveries or intelligence which may advance the progress of Medical Psychology.

Sussex House, Hammersmith,

1st January, 1849.

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