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the case of Columbia University. Each Columbia professor's compensation, therefore, is in effect at once increased by that amount, and the case is similar at the other institutions on the Foundation's accepted list. In the second place, the influence of the Foundation will lead—it is now leading—to a positive increase in the amounts paid in annual salaries to professors in institutions on the accepted list. Public attention has been called anew and in emphatic manner to the fact that the servants of the public in letters and in science are and have long been underpaid. As Mr. Carnegie himself wrote in his letter of gift,“ the least rewarded of all the professions is that of the teacher in our higher educational institutions." This fact is now better understood than heretofore, and the movement to correct it is correspondingly accelerated. The Foundation has contributed, and will continue to contribute, to this end.

Established for the broad purpose of advancing the profession of teaching, the Carnegie Foundation will be increasingly resorted to for new and high types of constructive educational service. It will fill the gap in our educational system which the conditions attaching to our form of government have created; and it will fill it by what is virtually a system of cooperation among the strongest and best colleges and universities of the land.

The striking and significant force which the Carnegie Foundation represents and exerts has been brought into being, and is operating, in accordance with the best American traditions. It is not governmental, official, inquisitorial, and compulsory, but it has its roots rather in the soil of our American liberty. It proceeds by persuasion, cooperation, and the conferring of large benefits. None suffer, but all gain.

NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

VII

CURRENT EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS:

Received during September, 1909 Akron, O. Board of Education. Rules governing medical inspection

in Akron public schools. [Akron, Board of education, 1909)

7p. 8°.

American school hygiene association, Chicago, 1909. Third congress

of the American school hygiene association, Chicago, I11.

February 22 to 25, 1909. (n. p.) 1909. 158. 8o. Bailey, Henry Turner. Instruction in the fine and manual arts in the

United States; a statistical monograph. Washington, Gov't. print. off., 1909. 184p. 8°. (U. S. Bureau of education. Bulletin, 1909: no. 6)

"References to publications containing statistical data on instruction in

the manual and fine arts": p. 182. Boston. School committee. Tuberculosis among school children.

(Boston) City of Boston printing department, 1909. IIp. 8o. (School document no. 2, 1909)

“Report of the commission appointed by the school committee of the city

of Boston to investigate the problem of tuberculosis among school

children." Brown, Elmer Ellsworth. The culture of righteousness. From the Methodist review, September, 1909. [New York, 1909)

An address delivered at Vanderbilt university, June 15, 1909." United States Bureau of education. In National magazine, Boston, 1909. August, 1909, v. 30, no. 5, pp. 575-80.

One of a series of articles describing the departments and bureaus at

Washington. Cecil, Lord Edgar Algernon R. Six Oxford thinkers: Edward Gib

bon, John Henry Newman, R. W. Church, James Anthony Froude, Walter Pater, Lord Morley of Blackburn. London, J. Murray, 1909. X, 3012. 8°.

Authorities " at end of each chapter. “This book is an attempt to treat an idea or chain of ideas which

.

exercise a profound influence upon the nineteenth century."-Intro

ductory. Colwell, N. P. The need, methods, and value, of medical college

inspection. Chicago, American medical association. (1909)

IIp. 8°.

Read before the Nineteenth annual convention of the National confedera

tion of state medical examining and licensing boards, Atlantic City, N.J.,

June 7, 1909. Compiled by John D. Wolcott, Acting Librarian of the United States Bureau of Education, to which books and pamphlets should be sent for inclusion in this record.

Coon, Charles L. Public taxation and negro schools. Cheyney, Pa.

Committee of twelve for the advancement of the interests of the Negro race. (1909) IIp.

Proves that the Negroes of Virginia, North Carolina, and Georgia, are

paying more than their proportional share of taxes for the support of Negro schools.

Curzon, George Nathaniel. (Lord Curzon of Kedleston) Principles

and methods of university reform; being a letter addressed to the University of Oxford. Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1909.

220p. 8°.

.

Falkner, Roland P. Some uses of statistics in the supervision of

schools. [Philadelphia, 1909) Sp. 8°.

Reprinted from the Psychological clinic, v. 3, no. 1, January, 1909.

Forsyth, David. Children in health and disease; a study of child-life with frontispiece. London, J. Murray, 1909. xix, 362p.

. front. 8o.

“ Public authorities are not yet sufficiently alive to the lamentable amount

of preventable disease that exists among children, nor do they fully
appreciate the necessity of basing our educational methods on the
physiological and psychological requirements of the young
believe that a book dealing with child-life from a scientific standpoint
is needed at the present time.”—Pref.

Great Britain. Board of education. Education in Russia. London,

Printed for H. M. Stationery off., by Wyman and sons, Itd., 1909. 569p. 8°. (Special reports on educational subjects. v. 23)

Contents.-Introduction.-Historical sketch of Russian education.—Present position and organization of education in Russia. - The Russian primary school and its problems.-Secondary education in Russia and its probe lems.-The university question.-Technical instruction.—The commercial schools under the ministry of finance.—Historical summary and general considerations. Bibliographical note.

Great Britain. Scotch education department Memorandum on the

teaching of music in Scottish primary schools. London. Printed for H. M. Stationery off., by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Itd., 1909. iv, 23p. 8o.

Hays, Willet Martin. Education for country life. Washington, Gov't.

print. off., 1909. 40p. illus. 8°. . (U. S. Dept. of agriculture,
office of experimental stations. Circular 84)

Address delivered before the Minnesota educational association.
Contents.-Introduction.--Articulated organization of schools for country
life.—County system of consolidated rural schools, or the farm school. -
Agricultural high school.---Financing consolidated rural schools in
Minnesota.

Herbert, Georges. L'education physique raisonnée.

L'education physique raisonnée. Paris, Vuibert & Nony. (1909) 185p. 8o. Institut de France. Annuaire pour 1909. Paris, Imprimerie nationale,

1909. 231p. 12o.

MacDonald, James W. Language instruction in high schools of

Massachusetts. (Boston, 1909] 64p. _8o.

Reprinted from the seventy-second Report of the Massachusetts Board of education.

Milford, Lionel Sumner. Haileybury college, past and present. London, T. F. Unwin, 1909. 336p. 8°

Includes, The Beginnings of New Haileybury and some reminiscences of

early days.--The Masters.--The boys.-Old Haileyburians.-Athletics.

-The school societies.—The chapel, old and new.-The studies.-etc. “I hope that some parts of this book may interest members of other

schools, but it has been written mainly for Haileyburians ..."-Pref. Norwood, Cyril, and Hope, Arthur H. The higher education of boys in England. London, J. Murray, 1909. 568p. 8°.

“ The plan of the book ... is not haphazard it tries to state,

within the compass of a single volume, both facts about higher education in this country and elsewhere, and the lessons which these facts

would seem to indicate.”—Pref. Paddelford, Fred L. Short addresses on Industrial training. The

American boy (Handle with care); Thanksgiving; Industry the golden pass key. Golden, Colorado, (1909), (The Industrial

school press] [72p.) 24°. Prince, John Tilden. Report on school organization and supervision,

Kindergartens, sub-primary classes, primary and gramınar schools, powers and duties of school superintendents, conveyance of children to school, mentally defective children, blind and deaf children, delinquent children. (Boston, 1909) 20p. 8o.

Reprinted from the seventy-second Report of the Massachu

setts Board of education. Sharp, Frank Chapman. Success; a course in moral instruction for

the high school. Madison, The University, 1909. 118p. 12o. (Bulletin of the University of Wisconsin, no. 303. High school series no. 7.)

“ This manual is intended to supply material for a year's course in Moral

instruction in the high school. :: The principal aim of the course is to develop a habit of thoughtfulness about the problems of daily

conduct."- Introduction. Warren, Julius E. Industrial education in the public schools. (Bos

ton, 1909] 9p. 8°.

Reprinted from the seventy-second Report of the Massachusetts Board of education.

VIII

DISCUSSIONS

WHERE ARE THE LEADERS?

The EDUCATIONAL REVIEW for September, in Notes and News, says of the National Education Association: “ Those who are coming forward to fill their place (referring to the leaders) are not, it must be admitted, very promising material.—Not a few of them are quite incompetent to make any contributions to educational thought, or to details of educational policy.”

This remark has burdened my mind ever since I read it. I have not questioned its truth, for that is obvious to any man who has followed American education for twenty years or more closely. What I have been questioning is to what extent it is true, and why it is true, not merely of the National Education Association, but of all our educational situation.

Twenty years ago we were enthusiastic regarding the extension of the powers and responsibilities of educators in the superintendency, regarding the progress that was already coming thru normal schools, and that was hoped for from new colleges of education, and new departments of education in universities, and regarding the transformation of educational practise thru manual training, pedagogy, and psychology. The twenty years have seen the amount of money annually spent upon education doubled, and the number of high schools more than doubled, the development of several new or then smalt universities into their present greatness, and several cities educationally reformed, among them New York and St. Louis.

There is always the illusion of the present as compared with the past. We never quite see the present. But I confess that there was an inspiration about education in the late eighties and the early nineties that I do not feel now at all. It is quite true that I have seen a deal of life since then, as has indeed

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