Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau is a small country in West Africa, and yet it managed to wrest its independence from Portugal back in 1973, at the cost of a long and bitter struggle against seemingly implacable odds. This was a time to be proud of, and there was also a moment about two decades ago, when it looked like a trendsetter for democracy. Since then things have gone seriously wrong, with a collapsing infrastructure, a dilapidated economy and a political stage prone to military coups d’etats. This fourth edition of Historical Dictionary of Guinea-Bissau tells the long and sometimes unpleasant story.
However, like all the country historical dictionaries, it tells it several times and in several ways. First, the chronology traces the history of what became Guinea-Bissau, and this over a period of centuries and not just decades. Then the introduction recounts that history again, providing more insight and understanding, and conveys a good idea of how things are going now. The details follow in the dictionary section with entries on important persons, places, institutions, and events among other things. And the bibliography points to further reading.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations
Appendix A Governors of Portuguese Guinea 18791974
Appendix B Heads of State 19732012
Appendix C Prime Ministers 19732012
Appendix D The First Government of GuineaBissau 24 September 1973
Appendix E The Conselho da Revolução Council of the Revolution 14 November 1980
Appendix FThe First Multiparty System Government 26 October 1994
Appendix GAgreement between the Government ofGuineaBissau and the SelfProclaimedMilitary Junta 1 November 1998
Appendix H The Government of National Unity 3 December 1998
The Travel Ban List
Appendix J The Postcoup Government of Transition 23 May 2012
Appendix K Ethnolinguistic Groups of GuineaBissau
About the Authors
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12 April Africano da Independência Amílcar Cabral Angola Ansumane Mané António Injai armed national liberation Assembleia Nacional Popular Balantas became Bijagós Bissau Bissau-Guinean Bolama Boletim Cabo Verde PAIGC Cacheu Cape Verde Cape Verdean Carlos Gomes Junior Casamance chief of defense Comando Militar Conakry Correia country’s coup d’état CPLP defense staff Democracia Democrática ECOWAS Estado Frente Fula Gambia government of Prime Guiné e Cabo Guiné Portuguesa Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Conakry Guineense independence Independência da Guiné interim president Raimundo João Bernardo Nino João Bernardo Vieira José Kaabu Koumba Yalá leader legislative elections Lisbon Luís Cabral Malam Bacai Sanhá Mandinka Manjacos March Minister Carlos Gomes Movimento multiparty Nacional Popular ANP national liberation struggle November PAIGC Partido Africano party percent Portugal Portugal’s Portuguese Guinea Povo FARP President João Bernardo president Raimundo Pereira President Vieira presidential elections Prime Minister Carlos region Revolucionárias do Povo Senegal Senegalese soldiers Tagme Na Waié União votes West African