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78-80. Counter Resolutions of Kentucky, Louisiana and Pennsylvania.
Leland Stanford, Jr.
THE STATES AND THE UNITED STATES.
Tariff and Internal Improvements.
A reaction against the broad construction and nationalizing tendencies, which had characterized the policy of the dominant portion of the DemocraticRepublican party in the period immediately following the close of the War of 1812–15, gradually began to show itself. First in the opposition to the United States Bank (see ante, pp, 89-103), and then to federal legislation relative to internal improvement and a protective tariff. The change in the attitude of the South from one of advocacy to that of opposition was very marked and significant. In Congress this change first became evident in connection with the internal improvement discussions, but after 1820 the hostility of the South to a protective tariff increasingly developed.
Opposition to the doctrine of broad construction led those who objected to a protective tariff on constitutional grounds to oppose also the other important feature of the so-called “American System," namely, national aid to internal improvement. This was necessary on ground of consistency, if for no other. It is not surprising therefore to find generally in the series of resolutions passed .by the Southern States, during the period 1825–1832, condemnation of both the protective tariff and internal improvement acts. This was especially true to 1827. In fact, contemporary evidence indicates that more emphasis was placed upon the opposition to federal internal improvement measures than to the protective tariff bills prior to that date. In support of this statement may 133]