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Teas imported bond; which bond shall be accepted by such collector without surety from China.

upon the terms following, that is to say: the teas, for the duties whereof such bond shall be accepted, shall be deposited at the expense and risk of the said importer or importers, in one or more storehouse or storehouses, as the case may require, to be agreed upon between the said importer and the inspector, or other officer of inspection of the revenue, for the port where the said teas shall be landed; and upon every such storehouse, the said inspector, or officer of inspection, shall cause to be affixed two locks, the key of one of which locks shall be kept by such importer, his or her agent, and the key of the other of which locks shall be kept by such inspector, or by such other person as he shall depute or appoint in his behalf, whose duty it shall be to attend at all reasonable times, for the purpose of delivering the said teas out of the said storehouse or storehouses ; but no delivery shall be made of any of the said teas without a permit in writing, under the hand of the collector of the port and nasal officer of the same, where such tea is landed; and in order to the ob taining of such permit, it shall be necessary that the duties upon the teas, for which the same shall be required, be first paid or secured to be paid to the said collector in the manner following; that is to say: the said party or parties shall give bond with one or more surety or sureties to the satisfaction of the said collector, in double the amount of the duties upon the quantity of teas in each case to be delivered, with condition for the payment of the said duties, if the same shall not exceed one hundred dollars, in four months; if it shall exceed one hundred dollars, and not exceed five hundred dollars, in eight months; or if the same shall exceed five hundred dollars, in twelve months: Provided always, that the time to be allowed for the payment of the duties upon any parcel of teas to be delivered, shall not be such as to extend the credit for such duties beyond the term of two years, originally allowed upon the depositing of the said teas: And provided, that if the duties on any parcel of teas,

which shall have been deposited as aforesaid, shall not have been paid, or secured to be paid, in manner last specified, within the term of two years, according to the condition of the obligation, to be first given to the collector of the district within which the same shall have been landed, it shall be the duty of the said collector to cause so much of the said teas as may be necessary, to be sold at public auction, and retaining the sum which shall not have been so paid or secured to be paid of the said duties, together with the expenses of safe keeping and sale of the said teas, shall return the overplus, if any, to the owner, or owners thereof, his, her, or their agent or lawful representative; and the amount of each bond or bonds, taken for the duties on any teas delivered, after a deposit as aforesaid, shall be endorsed immediately on the original bond given by the importer or importers of the said teas, specifying the date, quantity and quality of the teas delivered,

the amount of duty secured thereon, by whom, and the term of payment. The collector And provided, that it shall be lawful for the collector, in lieu of sureties, may receive as required on any bond given for securing the duties on any goods, deposit of goods in lieu of sure.

wares and merchandise imported, to accept of a deposit of so much of ties.

the said goods, as shall in his judgment be sufficient security for the amount of the duties for which the bond shall have been given, and the charge of safe-keeping and sale of the goods so deposited, which shall be kept by the said collector, with due and reasonable care, at the expense and risk of the party or parties on whose account they have been so deposited, until the sum specified in such bond shall have become due; at which time, if such sum shall not be paid, so much of the said depénited goods as may be necessary, shall be sold at public sale, and the proceeds thereof, after deducting the charges of safe-keeping and sale thereof, shall be applied to the payment of such sum, rendering the overplus arising on such sale, and the residue of the goods so deposited,

revenue not to receive a new

year of the

if any there be, to the person or persons by whom such deposit shall have
been made, or to his, her, or their agent, or lawful representative: and all
bonds directed to be given by virtue of this, or any other act, for monies Bonds to be
or duties to be paid, or services to be performed for the United States, taken in the
shall be taken in the name of the United States of America: Pro-

name of the U.

States of Ame. vided nevertheless, that no person whose bond has been received, either rica. as principal or surety for the payment of duties, or for whom any bond Debtors to the has been given by an agent, factor or other person, in pursuance of the provisions herein contained, and which bond may be due and unsatisfied, credit. shall be allowed a future credit for duties until such bond be fully paid or discharged. And to prevent frauds arising from collusive transfers, it is hereby declared that all goods, wares or merchandise imported into the United States, shall, for the purposes of this act, be deemed and Consignee to held to be the property of the persons to whom the said goods, wares or be considered merchandise may be consigned, any sale, transfer or assignment, prior as the owner. to the entry and payment or securing the payment of the duties on the said goods, wares and merchandise, and the payment of all bonds then due and unsatisfied by the said consignee, to the contrary notwithstanding. And the form of the bond to be taken for securing the payment of duties shall be as follows:

Know all men by these presents, that we (here insert the name of the Form of bond importer or consignee, or if by an agent the name of such agent, and for securing du. of the importers or consignees and the sureties, their place of abode and

occupation) are held and firmly bound unto the United States of Ame-
rica, in the sum of to be paid to the said United States; for
payment whereof, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and adminis-
trators, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents; sealed with our
seals; dated this

day of

in the
independence of the said United States, and in the year of our Lord,
one thousand

The condition of this obligation is such, that if the above bounden
(here insert the principal or agent for such principal and the sureties)
or either of them, or either of their heirs, executors or administrators,
shall, and do, on or before the day of

next, well and
truly pay or cause to be paid, unto the collector of the customs for the
district of
for the time being, the sum of

or the amount
of the duties to be ascertained as due, and arising on certain goods,
wares and merchandise, entered by the above bounden (insert the name
of the importer or consignee, or agent for such importer or consignee)
as imported in the

master from

as per entry, dated
then the above obligation to be void, otherwise to remain in
full force and virtue.
Sealed and delivered

in the presence of
Sec. 63. And be it further enacted, That the duties imposed by law

Tonnage duon the tonnage of any ship or vessel shall be paid to the collector, at the ties to be paid time of making entry of such ship or vessel ; and it shall not be lawful on making en

try, &c. to grant any permit or to unlade any goods, wares or merchandise whatever from such ship or vessel, until the said tonnage duty is first paid:And the register, or other document in lieu thereof, together with the Certain ship's clearance and other papers, granted by the officers of the customs to papers to be such ship or vessel at her departure from the port or place from whence lodged with the she may have arrived (Mediterranean passports excepted) shall previous making entry. to such entry be produced to the collector, with whom such entry is to be made, and shall remain in his office; and on the clearance of such ship or vessel, the register and other documents shall be returned to the master or owner of such ship or vessel.

Sec. 64. And be it further enacted, That to ascertain the tonnage of any ship or vessel, the surveyor or such other person as shall be appointed

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Mode of ascer. by the collector of the district to measure the same, shall, if the said ship taining the ton- or vessel be double decked, take the length thereof from the fore part nage of vessels, of the main stem, to the after part of the stern post, above the upper

deck, the breadth thereof at the broadest part above the main wales, half of which breadth shall be accounted the depth of such vessel, and shall then deduct from the length, three fifths of the breadth, multiply the remainder by the breadth, and the product by the depth, and shall divide this last product by ninety-five, the quotient whereof shall be deemed the true contents or tonnage of such ship or vessel. And if such ship or vessel be single decked, the said surveyor or other person, shall take the length and breadth as above directed, in respect to a double decked ship or vessel, shall deduct from the said length three fifths of the breadth, and taking the depth from the under side of the deck plank to the ceiling in the hold, shall multiply and divide, as aforesaid,

and the quotient shall be deemed the tonnage of such ship or vessel. Bonds for du. Sec. 65. And be it further enacted, That where any bond for the ties to be put in payment of duties shall not be satisfied on the day it may become due, ly after they be the collector shall, forthwith and without delay, cause a prosecution to come due. be commenced for the recovery of the money thereon by action or suit

at law, in the proper court having cognizance thereof; and in all cases of insolvency, or where any estate in the hands of the executors, admi

nistrators or assignees, shall be insufficient to pay all the debts due from Such bonds the deceased, the debt or debts due to the United States, on any such entitled to a

bond or bonds, shall be first satisfied; and any executor, administrator, priority of satis.

or assignees, or other person, who shall pay any debt due by the person of insolvency, or estate from whom, or for which, they are acting, previous to the debt &c.

or debts due to the United States from such person or estate being first

duly satisfied and paid, shall become answerable in their own person and See ante, pages estate, for the debt or debts so due to the United States, or so much 263, 515.

thereof as may remain due and unpaid; and actions or suits at law may be commenced against them for the recovery of the said debt or debts,

or so much thereof as may remain due and unpaid, in the proper court In suits for having cognizance thereof: Provided, that in all cases in which suits

or prosecutions shall be commenced for the recovery of duties or pecuniniary penalties, defendant

ary penalties prescribed by the laws of the United States, the person or be held to spe. persons against whom process may be issued, shall and may be held to

special bail, subject to the rules and regulations which prevail in civil suits in which special bail is required: And provided also, that if the principal in any bond, which shall be given to the United States for

duties on goods, wares or merchandise imported, or other penalty, either Surety paying by himself, his factor, agent, or other person for him, shall be insolvent, priority, in case or if such principal being deceased, his, or her estate and effects, which of insolvency, shall come to the hands of his or her executors, administrators or as&c. of the prin- signees, shall be insufficient for the payment of his or her debts, and if cipal.

in either of the said cases, any surety on the said bond or bonds, or the executors, administrators or assignees of such surety shall pay to the United States the money due upon such bond or bonds, such surety, his or her executors, administrators or assignees, shall have and enjoy the like advantage, priority or preference for the recovery and receipt of the said monies out of the estate and effects of such insolvent, or deceased principal, as are reserved and secured to the United States ; and shall and may bring and maintain a suit or suits upon the said

bond or bonds in law or equity, in bis, her, or their own name or names, Meaning of for the recovery of all monies paid thereon. And the cases of insolinsolvency.

vency mentioned in this section, shall be deemed to extend as well to cases in which a debtor, not having sufficient property to pay all his or her debts, shall have made a voluntary assignment thereof, for the benefit of his or her creditors, or in which the estate and effects of an absconding, concealed or absent debtor, shall have been attached by process

duties or pecu


cial bail.


of law, as to cases in which an act of legal bankruptcy shall have been committed. And where suit shall be instituted on any bond for the recovery of duties due to the United States, it shall be the duty of the Judgment for court, where the same may be pending, to grant judgment at the return duties to be term, upon motion, unless the defendant shall, in open court, the United first term. States attorney being present, make oath or affirmation that an error has been committed in the liquidation of the duties demanded upon such bond, specifying the errors alleged to have been committed, and that the same have been notified in writing to the collector of the district, prior to the commencement of the return term aforesaid: whereupon, if the court be satisfied, that a continuance until the next succeeding term, is necessary for the attainment of justice, and not otherwise, a continuance may be granted until next succeeding term and no longer. And on all Interest to be bonds upon which suits shall be commenced, an interest shall be allowed allowed upon

bonds. at the rate of six per cent. per annum, from the time when said bonds become due, until the payment thereof.

Sec. 66. And be it further enacted, That if any goods, wares or mer- Goods enter. chandise, of which entry shall have been made in the office of a col- ed with a fraud

ulent invoice to lector, shall not be invoiced according to the actual cost thereof, at the

be forfeited. place of exportation, with design to evade the duties thereupon, or any part thereof, all such goods, wares or merchandise, or the value thereof, to be recovered of the person making entry, shall be forfeited; and in every case in which the said collector shall suspect that any such goods, In case of sus. wares or merchandise are not invoiced at a sum equal to that for which picion thereof.

the goods shall they have usually been sold in the place or country from whence they be taken were imported, it shall be the duty of such collector to take the said possession by

the collector ; goods, wares or merchandise into his possession, and retain the same

and proceedings with due and reasonable care, at the risk and expense of the owner or

thereupon. owners, consignee or consignees thereof, until their value at the time See Wood v. and place of importation shall be ascertained, by two reputable mer- United States,

16 Peters, 342. chants, to be chosen and appointed as in the case of damaged goods, or goods not accompanied with an invoice, and until the duties arising, according to such valuation, shall be first paid, or secured to be paid, as required by this act in other cases of importation: Provided, that in case of a prosecution for the forfeiture aforesaid, such appraisement shall not be construed to exclude other proof upon the trial, of the actual and real cost of the said goods at the place of exportation.

Sec. 67. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the Officers of the collector, naval officer, or other officer of the customs, after entry made customs may of any goods, wares or merchandise, on suspicion of fraud, to open on suspecting and examine, in the presence of two or more reputable merchants, any fraud. package, or packages thereof, and if upon examination they shall be found to agree with the entries, the officer making such seizure and examination, shall cause the same to be repacked and delivered to the owner or claimant forthwith; and the expense of such examination shall be paid by the said collector, or other officer, and allowed in the settlement of their accounts; but if any of the packages so examined shall be found to differ in their contents from the entry, then the goods, wares or merchandise contained in such package or packages shall be forfeited: Provided, that the said forfeiture shall not be incurred, if it shall be made appear to the satisfaction of the collector and naval officer of the district where the same shall happen, if there be a naval officer, and if there be no naval officer, to the satisfaction of the said collector, or of the court in which a prosecution for the forfeiture shall be had, that such difference proceeded from accident or mistake, and not from an intention to defraud the revenue. Sec. 68. And be it further enacted, That every collector, naval officer

They may

search suspect and surveyor, or other person specially appointed by either of them for

ed places for that purpose, shall have full power and authority to enter any ship or goods.

out of their dis.

vessel, in which they shall have reason to suspect any goods, wares or merchandise, subject to duty, are concealed, and therein to search for, seize, and secure any such goods, wares or merchandise; and if they shall have cause to suspect a concealment thereof in any particular dwelling-house, store, building, or other place, they or either of them shall upon proper application on oath, to any justice of the peace, be entitled to a warrant to enter such house, store, or other place in the daytime only) and there to search for such goods; and if any shall be found, to seize and secure the same for trial; and all such goods, wares and merchandise, on which the duties shall not have been paid, or

secured to be paid, shall be forfeited. Collector to Sec. 69. And be it further enacted, That all goods, wares or merhave the custo- chandise which shall be seized by virtue of this act, shall be put into, dy of goods seized,

and remain in the custody of the collector, or such other person as he shall appoint for that purpose, until such proceedings shall be had as by this act are required, to ascertain whether the same have been forfeited, or not; and if it shall be adjudged that they are not forfeited, they shall

be forthwith restored to the owner or owners, claimant or claimants Penalty on thereof; and if any person or persons shall conceal or buy any goods, buying or con- wares or merchandise, knowing them to be liable to seizure by this act, cealing goods liable to seizure.

such person or persons shall on conviction thereof, forfeit and pay a sum double the amount or value of the goods, wares or merchandise so

concealed or purchased. Officers of the Sec. 70. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the customs may several officers of the customs, to make seizure of, and secure any ship, make seizure

or vessel, goods, wares or merchandise which shall be liable to seizure trict.

by virtue of this or any other act of the United States, respecting the revenue, which is now, or may hereafter be enacted, as well without as

within their respective districts. They may

Sec. 71. And be it further enacted, That if any officer or other perplead the gen. eral issue.

son, executing or aiding or assisting in the seizure of goods, shall be sued or molested for any thing done in virtue of the powers given by this act, or by virtue of a warrant granted by any judge, or justice, pursuant to law, such officer or other person may plead the general issue, and give this act and the special matter in evidence; and if in such suit

the plaintiff is nonsuited, or judgment pass against him, the defendant Double costs. shall recover double costs; and in actions, suits or informations to be

brought, where any seizure shall be made pursuant to this act, if the Onus proban. property be claimed by any person, in every such case the onus probandi die to, le upon shall lie upon such claimant. And if any person shall forcibly resist,

See Wood v. prevent, or impede any officer of the customs or their deputies, or any United States, person assisting them, in the execution of their duty, such person so 16 Peters, 342.

offending, shall for every such offence, be fined in a sum not exceeding Penalty on re. four hundred dollars. And if any master, or other person having the of the customs. charge or command of any ship or vessel coming into, or arriving at

any port or place within the United States, shall obstruct or binder, shall be the cause or means of any obstruction or hindrance with such an intent, to any officer of the customs or revenue, in going on board such ship or vessel, for the purpose of carrying into effect any of the

revenue laws of the United States, he shall forfeit for every such offence Special proa sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, nor less than fifty dollars; but viso onus probandi.

the onus probandi shall lie on the claimant only where probable cause is shown for such prosecution, to be judged of by the court before whom

the prosecution is had. Weighers, &c. Sec. 72. And be it further enacted, That the weighers, gaugers, and to make returns in three days.

measurers, employed in the service of the revenue, shall, within three days after any vessel is discharged, make returns of the articles by them respectively weighed, gauged or measured, out of such vessel. And the


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