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Suspension for operation of the resolutions of the late Congress of the United States, two years of
passed on the second day of November, one thousand seven hundred certain resolu. tions of Con. and eighty-five, and the twenty-third day of July, one thousand seven gress barring hundred and eighty-seven, so far as they have barred, or may be conclaims.
strued to bar the claims of the widow or orphans of any officer of the late
army, to the seven years half pay of such officer, shall, from and after
the passing this act, be suspended for and during the term of two years. Disabled offi. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any commissioned officer, cers, &c., how to not having received the commutation of half pay, and any non-compension list. missioned officer, soldier or seaman, disabled in the actual service of
the United States, during the late war, by wounds or other known cause, who did not desert from the said service, shall be entitled to be placed on the pension list of the United States, during life or the continuance of such disability, and shall also be allowed such farther sum for the arrears of pension, from the time of such disability, not exceeding the rate of the annual allowance, in consequence of his disability, as the circuit court of the district, in which they respectively reside, may think just. Provided, That in every such case, the rules and regulations following shall be complied with; that is to say :-First. Every applicant shall attend the court in person, except where it shall be certified by two magistrates that he is unable to do so, and shall produce to the circuit court, the following proofs, to wit:-A certificate from the commanding officer of the ship, regiment, corps or company, in which he served, setting forth his disability, and that he was thus disabled while in the service of the United States; or the affidavits of two credible witnesses to the same effect. The affidavits of three reputable freeholders of the city, town, or county, in which he resides, ascertaining of their own knowledge, the mode of life, employment, labour, or means of support of such applicant, for the last twelve months.—Secondly. The circuit court, upon receipt of the proofs aforesaid, shall forthwith proceed to examine into the nature of the wound, or other cause of disability of such applicant, and having ascertained the degree thereof, shall certify the same, and transmit the result of their inquiry, in case, in their
opinion, the applicant should be put on the pension list, to the Secretary Repealed 1793, at War, together with their opinion in writing, what proportion of the
monthly pay of such applicant will be equivalent to the degree of disa
bility ascertained in manner aforesaid. Clerk to pub.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the clerk of the district court, lish this act, in each district, shall publish this act in such manner as the judge of giving notice
the district court shall think effectual to give general information therewhen the district court of to the people of the district, and shall give like information of the meets, &c. times and places of holding the circuit courts in such district. And in
districts wherein a circuit court is not directed by law to be holden, the judge of the district court shall be, and he hereby is authorized to exer
cise all the powers given by this act to the respective circuit courts. duty of the And it shall be the duty of the judges of the circuit courts respectively, judges;
during the term of two years from the passing of this act, to remain at
the places where the said courts shall be holden, five days at the least Repealed 1793, from the time of opening the sessions thereof, that persons disabled as ch. 17.
aforesaid, may have full opportunity to make their application for the
relief proposed by this act. of the Secretary SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary at War, upon at War.
receipt of the proofs, certificate and opinion aforesaid, shall cause the same to be duly filed in his office, and place the name of such applicant on the pension list of the United States, in conformity thereto: Provided always, That in any case, where the said Secretary shall have
cause to suspect imposition or mistake, he shall have power to withhold Repealed 1793, the name of such applicant from the pension list, and make report of ch. 17. the same to Congress, at their next session.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all non-commissioned offi
Disabled percers, soldiers and seamen, disabled in the actual service of the United sons barred by
Jimitations, to States, during the late war, whose disability and rate of allowance have be placed on been ascertained, pursuant to the regulations prescribed by the late Pension list. Congress, and have not applied to be placed on the pension list, until after the time, limited by the act of Congress for that purpose, was 1793, ch. 17, expired, shall now be placed on the pension list, and be entitled to sec. 3. demand and receive their respective pensions, according to the allowances ascertained as aforesaid, any thing in this act, or any act of the late Congress, to the contrary, notwithstanding.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passing Transfer, &c. of this act, no sale, transfer or mortgage of the whole or any part of of pension, be
fore due, not the pension or arrearages of pension, payable to any non-commissioned
valid, and how officer, soldier or seaman, before the same shall become due, shall be paid to attor. valid. And every person, claiming such pension or arrears of pension, ney, &c.
Altered 1806, or any part thereof, under power of attorney or substitution, shall, before
ch. 25, sec. 8. the same is paid, make oath or affirmation before some justice of the peace of the place where the same is payable, that such power or substitution is not given by reason of any transfer of such pension, or arrears of pension, and any person, whc shall swear or affirm falsely in the premises, and be thereof convicted shall suffer, as for wilful and corrupt perjury.
APPROVED, March 23, 1792.
CHAP. XII. An Act providing for the settlement of the Claims of Persons under March 27, 1792.
particular circumstances barred by the limitations heretofore established. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of Limitations of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the operation claimsby cer
, of the resolutions of the late Congress of the United States, passed on the
suspended for second day of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five, two years ; and the twenty-third day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, so far as they have barred, or may be construed to bar the claims of any officer, soldier, artificer, sailor or marine of the late army or navy of the United States, for personal services rendered to the United States, in the military or naval department, shall from and after the passing of this act, be suspended, for and during the term of two years. And that every such officer, soldier, artificer, sailor and marine having claims for services rendered to the United States, in the military or naval departments, who shall exhibit the same, for liquidation, at the treasury of the United States, at any time during the said term of two years, shall be entitled to an adjustment, and allowance thereof on the same principles, as if the same had been exhibited, within the term not to extend to prescribed by the aforesaid resolutions of Congress : Provided, That claims for ranothing herein shall be construed to extend to claims for rations or
tions, &c. subsistence money.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That no balances hereafter to be Balances to certified, as due from the United States, shall be registered in any other be registered in name, than that of the original claimant, or of his heirs, executors or
name of original
claimant, &c. administrators; and such balances shall be transferable only at the treasury, by virtue of powers actually executed after such registry, expressing the sum to be transferred, and in pursuance of such general rules, as have been, or shall be prescribed for that purpose.
APPROVED, March 27, 1792.
ual provision for the protection of the frontiers of the United States. (Obsolete.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 1795, ch. 44,
United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be lawPresident of ful, for the President of the United States, by and with the advice and the W. S. may consent of the Senate, to appoint such number of brigadier generals as more than four may be conducive to the good of the public service. Provided the B. Generals. whole number appointed or to be appointed, shall not exceed four.
APPROVED, March 28, 1792.
April 2, 1792. Chap. XV. An Act for finishing the Lighthouse on Baldheud at the mouth of
Cape Fear river in the State of North Carolina. (Obsolete.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
Secretary of United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary Treasury to fin: of the Treasury, under the direction of the President of the United house on Bald. States, be authorized, as soon as may be, to cause to be finished in such head in North manner as shall appear advisable, the lighthouse heretofore begun under .
the authority of the state of North Carolina, on Baldhead at the mouth of Cape Fear river in the said state: And that a sum, not exceeding four thousand dollars, be appropriated for the same, out of any monies heretofore appropriated, which may remain unexpended, after satisfying the purposes for which they were appropriated, or out of any other monies, which may be in the treasury, not subject to any prior appropriation.
APPROVED, April 2, 1792.
seat of ment.
April 2, 1792. Chap. XVI.–An Act establishing a Mint, and regulating the Coins of the United
States.(a) Mint estab. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives lished at
of the United States of America in Congress assembled, and it is hereby govern
enacted and declared, That a mint for the purpose of a national coinage be, and the same is established; to be situate and carried on at the seat of the government of the United States, for the time being: And that for the well conducting of the business of the said mint, there shall be the following officers and persons, namely,—a Director, an Assayer, a
Chief Coiner, an Engraver, a Treasurer. Director to
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Director of the mint employ work.
shall employ as many clerks, workmen and servants, as he shall from men, &c.
time to time find necessary, subject to the approbation of the President of the United States.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the respective functions and (a) The acts establishing and regulating the mint of the United States, and for regulating coins, have been: An act establishing a mint and regulating the coins of the United States passed April 2, 1792, chap. 16; an act regulating foreign coins, and for other purposes, February 9, 1793, chap. 5; an act in alteration of the act establishing a mint and regulating the coins of the United States, March 3, 1794, chap. 4; an act supplementary to the act entitled, “An act to establish a mint and regulating the coins of the United States,” passed March 3, 1795, chap. 47; an act respecting the mint, May 27, 1796, chap. 33; an act respecting the mint, April 24, 1800, chap. 34; an act concerning the mint, March 3, 1801, chap. 21; an act 'to prolong the continuance of the mint at Philadelphia, January 14, 1818, chap. 4; an act further to prolong the continuance of the mint at Philadelphia, March 3, 1823, chap. 43; an act to continue the mint at the city of Philadelphia, and for other purposes, May 19, 1828, chap. 67 ; an act concerning the gold coins of the United States, and for other purposes, June 28, 1834, chap. 95; an act to establish branches of the mint of the United States, March 3, 1835, chap. 39; an act supplementary to an act entitled, “An act establishing a mint, and regulating the coins of the United States," January 18, 1837, chap. 3; an act to amend an act entitled, "An act to establish branches of the mint of the United States,” February 13, 1837, chap. 14; an act amendatory of an act establishing the branch mint at Dah. 'onega, Georgia, and defining the duties of the assayer and coiner, 1813, ch. 46. General Index.
duties of the officers above mentioned shall be as follow : The Director
Duty of the of the mint shall have the chief management of the business thereof, officers. and shall superintend all other officers and persons who shall be employed therein. The Assayer shall receive and give receipts for all Assayer.
Act of March metals which may lawfully be brought to the mint to be coined; shall
3, 1794, ch. 4, assay all such of them as may require it, and shall deliver them to the Chief Coiner to be coined. The Chief Coiner shall cause to be coined Chief Coiner. all metals which shall be received by him for that purpose, according to such regulations as shall be prescribed by this or any future law. The Engraver shall sink and prepare the necessary dies for such coinage, Engraver. with the proper devices and inscriptions, but it shall be lawful for the functions and duties of Chief Coiner and Engraver to be performed by one person. The Treasurer shall receive from the Chief Coiner all the
Treasurer. coins which shall have been struck, and shall pay or deliver them to the persons respectively to whom the same ought to be paid or delivered : he shall moreover receive and safely keep all monies which shall be for the use, maintenance and support of the mint, and shall disburse the same upon warrants signed by the Director. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every officer and clerk of
To take oath. the said mint shall, before he enters upon the execution of his office, take an oath or affirmation before some judge of the United States faithfully and diligently to perform the duties thereof.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said assayer, chief coiner And give bond. and treasurer, previously to entering upon the execution of their respec- 3, 1794, ch. 4, tive offices, shall each become bound to the United States of America, séc. 2. with one or more sureties to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, in the sum of ten thousand dollars, with condition for the faithful and diligent performance of the duties of his office.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed and Salaries. paid as compensations for their respective services—To the said director, a yearly salary of two thousand dollars, to the said assayer, a yearly salary of one thousand five hundred dollars, to the said chief coiner, a yearly salary of one thousand five hundred dollars, to the said engraver, a yearly salary of one thousand two hundred dollars, to the said treasurer, a yearly salary of one thousand two hundred dollars, to each clerk who may be employed, a yearly salary not exceeding five hundred dollars, and to the several subordinate workmen and servants, such wages and allowances as are customary and reasonable, according to their respective stations and occupations.(a)
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the accounts of the officers Accounts how and persons employed in and about the said mint and for services per
and where to be
settled. formed in relation thereto, and all other accounts concerning the business and administration thereof, shall be adjusted and settled in the treasury department of the United States, and a quarter yearly account of the receipts and disbursements of the said mint shall be rendered at the said treasury for settlement according to such forms and regulations as shall have been prescribed by that department; and that once in each year a report of the transactions of the said mint, accompanied by an abstract of the settlements which shall have been from time to time made, duly certified by the comptroller of the treasury, shall be laid before Congress for their information.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That in addition to the authority President of vested in the President of the United States by a resolution of the last V. s. to cause session, touching the engaging of artists and the procuring of apparatus provided.
buildings to be
(a) The acts relating to the salaries of the officers of the mint now in force, are: An act to continue the mint in the city of Philadelphia, May 19, 1828, chap. 67, sec. 6; an act supplementary to the act en. titled, “ An act establishing a mint, and regulating the coins of the United States,” January 18, 1837, chap. 3, sec. 7; an act to establish branches of the mint of the United States, Feb. 13, 1837, chap. 14, sec. 2.
for the said mint, the President be authorized, and he is hereby authorized to cause to be provided and put in proper condition such build ings, and in such manner as shall appear to him requisite for the pur pose of carrying on the business of the said mint; and that as well the expenses which shall have been incurred pursuant to the said resolution as those which may be incurred in providing and preparing the said buildings, and all other expenses which may hereafter accrue for the maintenance and support of the said mint, and in carrying on the business thereof, over and above the sums which may be received by reason
of the rate per centum for coinage herein after mentioned, shall be expense how to defrayed from the treasury of the United States, out of any monies which be defrayed.
from time to time shall be therein, not otherwise appropriated. Species of the Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That there shall be from time to to be
time struck and coined at the said mint, coins of gold, silver, and copEagles. per, of the following denominations, values and descriptions, viz. EAGLES
-each to be of the value of ten dollars or units, and to contain two
hundred and forty-seven grains and four eighths of a grain of pure, or Half Eagles.
two hundred and seventy grains of standard gold. Half Eagles-each to be of the value of five dollars, and to contain one hundred and twenty
three grains and six eighths of a grain of pure, or one hundred and thirtyQuarter Eagles. five grains of standard gold. QUARTER EAGLES—each to be of the
value of two dollars and a half dollar, and to contain sixty-one grains
and seven eighths of a grain of pure, or sixty-seven grains and four Dollars eighths of a grain of standard gold. DOLLARS or Units—each to be of Units.
the value of a Spanish milled dollar as the same is now current, and to contain three hundred and seventy-one grains and four sixteenth parts
of a grain of pure, or four hundred and sixteen grains of standard silver. Half Dollars. Half Dollars—each to be of half the value of the dollar or unit, and
to contain one hundred and eighty-five grains and ten sixteenth parts of
a grain of pure, or two hundred and eight grains of standard silver. Quarter Dol- QUARTER Dollars—each to be of one fourth the value of the dollar or larg.
unit, and to contain ninety-two grains and thirteen sixteenth parts of a Dismes. grain of pure, or one hundred and four grains of standard silver. Dismes
-each to be of the value of one tenth of a dollar or unit, and to contain thirty-seven grains and two sixteenth parts of a grain of pure, or forty
one grains and three fifth parts of a grain of standard silver. Half Half Dismes. DIsmes—each to be of the value of one twentieth of a dollar, and to con
tain eighteen grains and nine sixteenth parts of a grain of pure, or twenty Cents.
grains and four fifth parts of a grain of standard silver. . Cents-each
to be of the value of the one hundredth part of a dollar, and to contain Half Cents. eleven penny-weights of copper. Half Cents—each to be of the value Act of May 8, of half a cent, and to contain five penny-weights and half a penny-weight 1792.
of copper.(a) Of what de Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That, upon the said coins respectvices.
ively, there shall be the following devices and legends, namely: Upon one side of each of the said coins there shall be an impression emblematic of liberty, with an inscription of the word Liberty, and the year of the coinage; and upon the reverse of each of the gold and silver coins there shall be the figure or representation of an eagle, with this inscription, “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” and upon the reverse of each of the copper coins, there shall be an inscription which shall express the denomination of the piece, namely, cent or half cent, as the case may require.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the proportional value of gold to silver in all coins which shall by law be current as money within
(a) The acts regulating the gold and silver coins of the United States, are: An act establishing a mint and regulating the coins of the United States, April 2, 1792, chap. 16, sec. 9; an act concerning the gold coins of the United States, and for other purposes, June 28, 1834, chap. 9; an act supplementary to the act entitled, “ An act to establish a mint, and regulating the coins of the United States, January 18, 1837, chap. 3, sec. 8, 9, 10.