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the revenues heretofore established, over and above the sums necessary for the payment of interest on the public debt during the same year, and for satisfying other prior appropriations.

APPROVED, December 23, 1791.


Chap. IV.-An Act for carrying into effect a Contract between the United Stales January 3, 1792.

and the State of Pennsylvania. For duly conveying to the state of Pennsylvania a certain tract of land, the right to the government and jurisdiction whereof was relinquished to the said state by a resolution of Congress of the fourth day of September, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, and whereof the right of soil has been sold by virtue of a previous resolution of Congress of the sixth day of June in the said year;

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Tract of land States of America, in Congress assembled, That the President of the conveyed to United States be authorized, on fulfilment of the terms stipulated on the

Pennsylvania on

certain conpart of the state of Pennsylvania, to issue letters patent, in the name and ditions. under the seal of the United States, granting and conveying to the said state forever the said tract of land, as the same was ascertained by a survey made in pursuance of the resolution of Congress of the sixth day of June one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight.

APPROVED, January 3, 1792.




CHAP. V.-An Act to extend the time limited for settling the Accounts of the

Jan. 23, 1792. United States with the individual States. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- [Obsolete.) tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Board of compowers of the Board of Commissioners which, by an act passed in the missioners for second session of the first Congress, was established to settle the accounts

settlement of between the United States and individual states, shall continue until the tinued till 1793. first day of July one thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, unless 1793, ch. 16. the business shall be sooner accomplished.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the aforesaid act shall extend To settle with to the settlement of the accounts between the United States and the Vermont. state of Vermont: and that until the first day of December next shall be

1790, ch. 38. allowed for the said state to exbibit its claims.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passing of Pay of prin. this act, the pay of the principal clerk of the said board shall be the same cipal clerk. as the pay of the principal clerk in the auditor's office.

APPROVED, January 23, 1792.


Chap. VI.-An Act concerning certain Fisheries of the United States, and for the Feb. 16, 1792.

regulation and government of the Fishermen employed therein. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- [Expired.] tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act of April allowance now made upon the exportation of dried fish of the fisheries 12, 1800, ch. 2?. of the United States, in lieu of a drawback of the duties paid on the lieu of draw. salt used in preserving the same, shall cease on all dried fish exported back on export, after the tenth day of June next, and as a commutation and equivalent

fish limited to therefor, there shall be afterwards paid on the last day of December an- June 1792. nually, to the owner of every vessel or his agent, by the collector of the Act of June district where such vessel may belong, that shall be qualified agreeably July 29, 1813.

19, 1813. Act of to law, for carrying on the bank and other cod fisheries, and that shall And actually have been employed therein at sea for the term of four months equivalent each


ation of dried


an sec. 6.

fishing vesse]

at the least, of the fishing season, next preceding which season is acallowed a sum according to

counted to be from the last day of February to the last day in Novemburden not to ber in every year, for each and every ton of such vessel's burthen accordexceed $170. ing to her admeasurement as licensed or enrolled, if of twenty tons and 1792, ch. 27,

not exceeding thirty tons, one and an half dollars, and if above thirty 1797, ch. 15, tons two and an half dollars, of which allowance aforesaid three eighth sec. 2,

parts shall accrue and belong to the owner of such fishing vessel, and the other five eighths thereof shall be divided by him, his agent or lawful representative, to and among the several fishermen who shall have been employed in such vessel during the season aforesaid, or a part thereof, as the case may be, in such proportions as the fish they shall respectively have taken may bear to the whole quantity of fish taken on board such vessel during such season: Provided, That the allowance aforesaid on any one vessel, for one season, shall not exceed one hundred and

seventy dollars. Annual allow.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That on the last day of Decemance to folving ber annually, as aforesaid, there shall also be paid to the owner of every five tons,

fishing boat or vessel of more than five tons, and less than twenty tons, or to his agent or lawful representative, by the collector of the district where such boat or vessel may belong, the sum of one dollar upon every ton admeasurement of such boat or vessel ; which allowance shall be accounted for as part of the proceeds of the fares of said boat or vessel, and shall accordingly be so divided among all persons interested therein : Provided however, That this allowance shall be made only to such boats or vessels as shall have actually been employed at sea in the cod fishery,

for the term of four months at the least, of the preceding season: And under what reg- provided also, That such boat or vessel shall have landed in the course ulations.

of said preceding season, a quantity of fish not less than twelve quintals for every ton of her admeasurement; the said quantity of fish to be ascertained when dried and cured fit for exportation, and according to the weight thereof, as the same shall weigh at the time of delivery when actually sold; which account of the weight, with the original adjustment and settlement of the fare or fares among the owners and fishermen, together with a written account of the length, breadth and depth of said boat or vessel, and the time she has actually been employed in the fishery in the preceding season, shall in all cases be produced and sworn or affirmed to, before the said collector of the district, in order to entitle the owner, his agent or lawful representative, to receive the allowance aforesaid. And if at any time within one year after payment of such allowance, it shall appear that any fraud or deceit has been practised in obtaining the same, the boat or vessel upon which such allowance shall have been paid, if found within the district aforesaid, shall be forfeited; otherwise the owner or owners having practised such fraud or deceit, shall forfeit and pay one hundred dollars; to be sued for, recovered and appropriated in like manner as forfeitures and penalties are to be sued

for, recovered and appropriated for any breach of an act, entitled “ An 1790, ch. 35.

act to provide more effectually for the collection of the duties imposed by law on goods, wares and merchandise imported into the United States, and on the tonnage of ships or vessels."

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the owner or owners of every fishing vessels how to proceed

fishing vessel of twenty tons and upwards, his or their agent or lawful to obtain the al representative, shall, previous to receiving the allowance which is providlowances grant. ed for in this act, produce to the collector who is authorized to pay the ed by this act.

same, the original agreement or agreements which may have been made with the fishermen employed on board such vessel, as is herein before required, and also a certificate to be by him or them subscribed, therein mentioning the particular days on which such vessel sailed and returned on the several voyages or fares, she may have made in the preceding fishing season, to the truth of which they shall swear or affirm before the collector aforesaid.

Owners of

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That no ship or vessel of twenty Owners of fishtons or upwards, employed as aforesaid, shall be entitled to the allow. ing vessels how

to proceed to ance granted by this act, unless the skipper or master thereof shall, be

obtain the alfore he proceeds on any fishing voyage, make an agreement in writing lowances grant. or in print, with every fisherman employed therein, excepting only any ed by this act. apprentice or servant of himself or owner; and in addition to such terms of shipment as may be agreed on, shall in such agreement express whether the same is to continue for one voyage or for the fishing season, and shall also express that the fish or the proceeds of such fishing voyage or voyages which may appertain to the fishermen, shall be divided among them in proportion to the quantities or number of said fish they may respectively have caught; which agreement shall be endorsed or countersigned by the owner of such fishing vessel, or his agent: And if any fisherman having engaged himself for a voyage or for the fishing season, in any fishing vessel, and signed an agreement therefor as aforesaid, shall thereafter and while such agreement remains in force and to be performed, desert or absent himself from such vessel, without leave of the master or skipper thereof, or of the owner or his agent, such deserter shall be liable to the same penalties as deserting seamen or mariners are subject to in the merchant's service, and may in the like manner, and upon the like complaint and proof, be apprehended and detained; and all costs of process and commitment, if paid by the master or owner, shall be deducted out of the share of fish, or proceeds of any fishing voyage to which such deserter had or shall become entitled. And any 1790, ch. 29, fisherman, having engaged himself as aforesaid, who shall during such sec. 7. fishing voyage, refuse or neglect his proper duty on board the fishing vessel, being thereto ordered or required by the master or skipper thereof, or shall otherwise resist his just commands, to the hindrance or detriment of such voyage, beside being answerable for all damages arising thereby, shall forfeit to the use of the owner of such vessel, his share of the allowance, which shall be paid upon such voyage as is herein granted.

Sec. 5. And be it further enactel, That where an agreement or contract shall be so made and signed, for a fishing voyage or for the fishing season, and any fish which may have been caught on board such vessel during the same, shall be delivered to the owner or to his agent, for cure, and shall be sold by said owner or agent, such vessel shall for the term of six months after such sale, be liable and answerable for the skipper's and every other fisherman's share of such fish, and may be proceeded against in the same form, and to the same effect, as any other vessel is by law liable, and may be proceeded against for the wages of seamen or mariners in the merchant's service. And upon such process 1790, ch. 29, for the value of a share or shares of the proceeds of fish delivered and

sec. 6. sold as aforesaid, it shall be incumbent on the owner or his agent, to produce a just account of the sales and division of such fish according to such agreement or contract, otherwise the said vessel shall be answerable upon such process for what may be the highest value of the share or shares demanded. But in all cases, the owner of such vessel or his agent, appearing to answer to such process, may offer thereupon his account of general supplies made for such fishing voyage, and of other supplies therefor made, to either of the demandants, and shall be allowed to produce evidence thereof in answer to their demands respectively, and judgment shall be rendered upon such process, for the respective balances, which upon such an inquiry shall appear: Provided always, That when process shall be issued against any vessel liable as aforesaid, if the owner thereof or his agent will give bond to each fisherman in whose favour such process shall be instituted, with sufficient security, to the satisfaction of two justices of the peace, one of whom shall be named by such owner or agent, and the other by the fisherman or fishermen


pursuing such process; or if either party shall refuse, then the justice first appointed shall name his associate, with condition to answer and pay whatever sum shall be recovered by him or them on such process, there shall be an immediate discharge of such vessel: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall prevent any fisherman from having his action at common law, for his share or shares of fish, or the proceeds

thereof as aforesaid. Drawback on Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the drawback heretofore salted fish, &c. allowed on the exportation of foreign dried and pickled fish, and other repealed, and

foreign salted provisions, be and the same is hereby repealed. monies arising Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the monies which shall retherefrom ap

main in consequence of the abolition of the allowance on the exportapropriated to pay allowances

tion of the dried fish of the United States, and of the drawback on granted by this foreign dried and pickled fish, and other foreign salted provisions, be,

and the same are hereby appropriated to the payment of the allowances 1789, ch. 2. granted by this act, and in case the monies so appropriated shall be in

adequate, the deficiency shall be supplied out of any monies which from time to time shall be in the treasury of the United States, and not other

wise appropriated. Penalty on Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That any person who shall declare swearing false falsely in any oath or affirmation required by this act, being duly conly,

victed thereof in any court of the United States, having jurisdiction of

such offence, shall suffer the same penalties as are provided for false 1790; ch, 35, swearing, or affirming, by the act before mentioned, and to be in like

manner sued for, recovered and appropriated. Limitation

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and

be in force for the term of seven years, and from thence to the end of 1800, ch. 22. the next session of Congress, and no longer.

APPROVED, February 16, 1792.

sec. 66.


Feb. 20, 1792. Chap. VII.-An Act to establish the Post-Office and Post Roads wilhin the United

States. (Obsolete.] Establishing Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representapost roads after tives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That

from and after the first day of June next, the following roads be estab1794, ch. 23.

lished as post roads, namely: From Wisscassett in the district of Maine, to Savannah in Georgia, by the following route, to wit: Portland, Portsmouth, Newburyport, Ipswich, Salem, Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Hartford, Middletown, New Haven, Stratford, Fairfield, Norwalk, Stamford, New York, Newark, Elizabethtown, Woodbridge, Brunswick, Princeton, Trenton, Bristol, Philadelphia, Chester, Wilmington, Elkton, Charlestown, Havre de Grace, Hartford, Baltimore, Bladensburg, Georgetown, Alexandria, Colchester, Dumfries, Fredericksburg, Bowling Green, Hanover Court House, Richmond, Petersburg, Halifax, Tarborough, Smithfield, Fayetteville, Newbridge over Drowning creek, Cheraw Court House, Camden, Statesburg, Columbia, Cambridge and Augusta; and from thence to Savannah, and from Augusta by Washington in Wilkes county to Greenborough, and from thence by the great falls of Ogechee and Georgetown, to Augusta, and from Statesburg to Charleston, and from Charleston to Georgetown, from Charleston to Savannah, and from Savannah, by Newport bridge to Sunbury; and also from Portsmouth by Exeter and Concord, to Hanover in New Hampshire; and from Salem to Marblehead, and from Salem to Gloucester; and from Boston, by Providence, Newport, and New London, to New Haven, and from Boston, through Taunton, to New Bedford; and from Taunton, through Warren and Bristol, to Newport, and from Boston, by Plymouth, to Barnstable; and from Springfield in the state of Massachusetts, to Kinderhook in the



state of New York, and from Springheld, by Northampton, Brattleborough, Establishment and Charlestown, by Windsor in Vermont, to Hanover, and from Hartford, after 1st June by Middletown, to New London; also from Hartford to Norwich, and Providence; and from Providence to Worcester, and from Philadelphia, by Lancaster, Yorktown, Carlisle, Shippensburg, Chambersburg, Bedford, and Greensburg, to Pittsburg; and from Philadelphia to Bethlehem; from Bethlehem, by Reading and Harrisburg, to Carlisle, and from Bethlehem, by Easton, Sussex Court House, Goshen, Ward's Bridge, and Kingston, to Rhinebeck; from Philadelphia, by Salem, to Bridgetown; and from Wilmington, by Warwick, Georgetown, Cross Roads, Chestertown, Chester Mills, and Easton, to Vienna; and from Vienna, by Salisbury, to Snow Hill; also from Wilmington, by Newcastle, Cantwell's Bridge and Duck Creek, to Dover; and from thence by Milford, Dagsborough, Snow Hill, and Northampton Court House, to Norfolk in Virginia; and from Baltimore to Annapolis, Upper Marlborough, Piscatawa, Port Tobacco, Allen's Fresh, Newport, and Chaptico, to Leonardtown; and from Richmond, by Williamsburg, Yorktown and Hampton, to Norfolk; and from Fredericksburg, by Port Royal and Tappahanock, to Urbanna; and from thence, crossing Rappahanock, and proceeding by Northumberland Court House, to Kinsale on the river Yeocomico, thence by Westmoreland Court House, through Leedstown, to Fredericksburg; and from Petersburg, by Cabin Point, Smithfield, and Suffolk, to Portsmouth, and from Suffolk, to Edenton, and by Plymouth to Washington; and from Washington to Newbern, and thence to Wilmington; and from Fayetteville, by Elizabethtown, to Wilmington; and from Halifax, by Warrington, Hillsborough, Salem, to Salisbury; from Halifax, by Bluntsville, Williamston, Daileys to Plymouth; and from Edenton, by Hertford, Nixonton, Sawyer's Ferry, in Camden county, to Indiantown, in Currituck county; and from New York, by Albany, Bennington, Manchester and Rutland, to Burlington, on Lake Champlain; and from Albany, by Schenectady, to Connajorharrie; from New York to Hartford, through Whiteplains, North Castle, Salem, Poundridge, Ridgefield, Danbury, Newtown, New Milford, Litchfield, Harrington and Farmington; from Newark or Elizabethtown, by Morristown, to Sussex Court House; from Woodbridge to Amboy; from Alexandria, by Salisbury, Leesburg, Shepherdstown, Martinsburg, Winchester, Stevensburg, Strasburg, Woodstock, and Rockingham Court House, to Staunton; and from Richmond, by Columbia, Charlottesville, Staunton, Lexington, Fincastle, Montgomery Court House, Wythe Court House, Abingdon, and Hawkins Court House, in the territory South of the river Ohio, to Danville in Kentucky; and from Baltimore, by Fredericktown and Sharpsburg, to Hagarstown; and from thence to Chambersburg: Provided, That the route, by which the mails are at present conveyed, shall in no case be altered, without the consent of the contractors, till the contracts made by the Postmaster General shall be determined.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful P. M. Gen. for the Postmaster General to enter into contracts, for a term not exceed- may enter into ing eight years, for extending the line of posts, and to authorize the

carrying mail person or persons, so contracting, to receive, during the continuance not to exceed of such contract, according to the rates by this act established, all the eight years. postage which shall arise on letters, newspapers and packets, conveyed by any such post; and the roads, therein designated, shall, during the continuance of such contract, be deemed and considered as post roads, within the terms and provisions of this act: Provided, That no such contract shall be made, to the diminution of the revenue of the general post-office, and that a duplicate of every such contract, under hand and seal, shall, within sixty days after the execution thereof, be lodged in the office of the comptroller of the treasury of the United States. Vol. I.-30


contracts for

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