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Unappropri. of this and every succeeding year, shall be applied to the reduction of ated surplus the public debt, in like manner as is directed by the act, intituled “An how to be ap- act making provision for the reduction of the public debt,” and pro
. 1790, ch. 34.
vided by the act, intituled “An act making provision for the debt of the 1790, ch. 47.
United States;” unless the said surplus, or any part thereof, shall be required for the public exigencies of the United States, and shall, by
special acts of Congress, be appropriated thereto. Duties hereby Sec. 62. And be it further enacted, That the several duties imposed imposed how by this act, shall continue to be collected and paid, until the debts and long to tinue.
purposes for which they are pledged and appropriated, shall be fully discharged and satisfied, and no longer. Provided always, That nothing herein contained, shall be construed to prevent the legislature of the United States from substituting other duties or taxes of equal value to all or any of the said duties and imposts.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791. STATUTE III. March 3, 1791. Chap. XVI.-An Act making an appropriation for the purpose therein men.
tioned. $20,000 ap
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the propriated for
United States of America in Congress assembled, That for the purpose effecting a re. cognition of the of effecting a recognition of the treaty of the United States, with the treaty with ein. new emperor of Morocco, there be, and hereby is appropriated a sum peror of Mo.
not exceeding twenty thousand dollars, to be paid out of the monies rocco; and
which prior the first day of January next, shall arise from the duties
imposed upon spirits distilled within the United States, and from stills 1791, ch. 15. by the act, entitled “An act repealing after the last day of June next,
the duties heretofore laid upon distilled spirits imported from abroad, and laying others in their stead, and also upon spirits distilled within the United States, and for appropriating the same,” together with the excess of duties which may arise from the duties imposed by the said act, on imported spirits beyond those which would have arisen by the act en
titled “An act making further provision for the payment of the debts President au. of the United States." And the President is hereby authorized to take
on loan, the whole sum by this act appropriated, or so much thereof as ney.
he may judge requisite, at an interest not exceeding six per cent per
annum, and the fund established for the above mentioned appropriation, 1790, ch. 39. is hereby pledged for the repayment of the principal and interest of any
loan to be obtained in manner aforesaid, and in case of any deficiency in the said fund, the faith of the United States is hereby also pledged to make good such deficiency.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
worized to bor. Tow said
March 3, 1791.
Chap. XVII.- An Act to amend "An act for establishing the temporary and per.
manent seat of the Government of the United States." Repealing cer- Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the tain part of the a t fixing the
United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of the permanent seat act, intitled
“An act for establishing the temporary and permanent of , government seat of the government of the United States," as requires that the whole of U. States, and vesting the Pre. of the district of territory, not exceeding ten miles square, to be located sident with cer- on the river Potomac, for the permanent seat of the government of the tain powers. United States, shall be located above the mouth of the Eastern Branch, 1790, ch. 28. be and is hereby repealed, and that it shall be lawful for the President
to make any part of the territory below the said limit, and above the mouth of Hunting Creek, a part of the said district, so as to include a convenient part of the Eastern Branch, and of the lands lying on the louer side thereof, and also the town of Alexandria, and the territory so to be included, shall form a part of the district not exceeding ten miles square, for the permanent seat of the government of the United States, in like manner and to all intents and purposes, as if the same had been within the purview of the above recited act: Provided, That nothing herein contained, shall authorize the erection of the public buildings otherwise than on the Maryland side of the river Potomac, as required by the aforesaid act.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
Chap. XVIII.—An Act supplemental to the act " establishing the Treasury De. March 3, 1791. •
partment," and for a farther compensation to certain officers. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 8th section of tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act establishing eighth section of the act, intituled “ An act to establish the treasury de- treasury depart; partment,” passed the second day of September, one thousand seven
to clerks under hundred and eighty-nine, shall be, and the same is hereby extended to certain modifiall and every of the clerks employed in the treasury department, as fully
Sept. 2, 1789, and effectually as if they and every of them were specially named there- ch. 12. in, except as to the penalty in such section mentioned, which in case 1789, ch. 13. of any such clerk offending against the provisions of the said section,
1792, ch. 37, shall be five hundred dollars, and removal from office. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each and every clerk and
Clerks and other officer already appointed in any of the departments of the United other officers to States, (and who have not, since their appointment, taken the oath or affirmation; affirmation hereafter mentioned) shall within fifteen days after the passing of this act, and those who shall hereafter be appointed, shall before they enter upon the duties of such appointment, take an oath or affirmation before one of the justices of the supreme court, or one of the judges of a district court of the United States, to support the constitution of the United States, and also an oath or affirmation, well and to be filed in the
office where faithfully to execute the trust committed to him, which oaths or affirma
employed. tions, subscribed by such clerk, and certified by the person administering the same, shall be filed in the office of the person employing such clerk.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful Principals may for the principal in any of the offices of the United States, who is autho- apportion the rized by law to appoint clerks under him, to allow to each clerk such each, excepting compensation for his services, as he shall, in the opinion of such officer, chief, according deserve for the same:
to merit. Provided, That the whole sum to be expended for clerks in any such office (except the chief clerk) shall not exceed a sum equal to five hundred dollars per annum for every clerk employed therein.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That Additional there shall be allowed for one year, commencing with the passing of allowance for this act, to the register, two hundred and fifty dollars, and to the auditor, gister, auditor, the comptroller of the treasury, and the attorney general, four hun- comptroller and dred dollars each, in addition to their respective salaries, and to be paid attorney genin the same manner.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
Chap. XIX.–An Act relative to the Rix-Dollar of Denmark,
March 3, 1791. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Part of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of an act rating rix
dollar of Denact, intituled "An act to provide more effectually for the collection of the duties imposed by law on goods, wares and merchandise imported cents repealed. into the United States, and on the tonnage of ships or vessels," as hath 1799, ch, 22, rated the rix-dollar of Denmark at one hundred cents, be, and the same sec. 61.
is hereby repealed; and that this repeal shall be deemed to operate in 1790, ch. 35.
respect to all duties which have already arisen or accrued, as well as to
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
Chap. XX.–An Act in addition to an act intituled “An act for establishing
the salaries of the Executive officers of Government, with their assistants and
clerks." 1789, ch, 13, Further an.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representanual allowance tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from of $200 to chief and after the passing of this act, there shall be allowed to the chief clerk to the au. ditor.
clerk of the auditor, the annual sum of two hundred dollars, in addition 1799, ch. 40. to the salary allowed to him by the act, intituled “An act establishing
the salaries of the executive officers of government, with their assistants and clerks,” to be paid at the treasury of the United States, in quarterly payments, and from like appropriations as may be assigned for the pay
ment of the other salaries mentioned in the above recited act. Allowance of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there be allowed to the expenses in re. clerks employed in the several offices attached to the seat of government, moving from New York to
in addition to their respective salaries, their reasonable and necessary Philadelphia, to expenses incurred by the removal of Congress from the city of New clerks employed York, to the city of Philadelphia. offices :
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there be allowed to the and of $400 for assistant secretary of the treasury, in addition to his salary for one yea one year toonase commencing with the passing of this act, four hundred dollars, to be of the treasury. paid in the same manner as his salary.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
of accounts for
March 3, 1791. Chap.-XXI.-- An Act for making compensations to the Commissioners of Loans,
for extruordinary expenses. Commission- Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representabres allowans to tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the settlement commissioners of loans in the several states shall be allowed in the
settlement of their accounts, such suis as shall appear to have been necessary stationary,
necessarily expended by them in the purchase of stationery for the use of their several offices, from the commencement of the same to the first
day of October next. and for hire of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the commissioners of loans in clerks.
the several states, shall be allowed in the settlement of their several 1799, ch. 40, sec. 5.
accounts, such sums as they shall have necessarily expended for the hire of clerks to assist in executing the duties of their several offices, from the commencement of the same to the first day of October next.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
March 3, 1791. Chap. XXII.-An Act providing compensations for the officers of the Judicial
Courts of the United States, and for Jurors and Witnesses, and for other
purposes. Compensations Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 19. officers of of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be the judicial court,
allowed to the several officers following in addition to the fees (except Repealed 1792, mileage to the marshals) to which they are otherwise by law intitled, ch. 36, sec. 8.
and also to jurors and witnesses, in the courts of the United States, the following respective compensations, that is to say: To the attorney of the United States for the district, for his expenses and time in travelling from the place of his abode to any court of the United States, on which his attendance shall be requisite, at the rate of ten cents per mile going, and the same allowance for returning; to the clerk of the district court, for attending in the district or circuit court, five dollars per day, and the like compensation for travelling, as is above allowed to the attorney for the district; to the clerk of the supreme court for attending in court, eight dollars per day; to the marshal of the district, for attending the supreme, circuit or district courts, five dollars per day; for summoning a grand jury, three dollars, and for summoning a petit jury, two dollars, and for serving and returning a writ, five cents per mile for his necessary travel; to the grand and petit jurors, each fifty cents per day for attending in court, and for travelling, at the rate of fifty cents for every ten miles from their respective places of abode, to the place where the court is held, and the like allowance for returning; to witnesses summoned on the part of the United States, or in behalf of any prisoner to be tried for any capital offence in any of the courts thereof, the same compensation as is above allowed to grand and petit jurors. That the several officers above specified shall be deemed to have been entitled to the above respective compensations, from the time of their respective appointments; and that the grand and petit jurors and witnesses, who have heretofore attended, shall also be deemed entitled to the above compensation, in like manner as those who shall hereafter attend. That there shall also be paid to the marshal, the amount of the expense for fuel, candles, and other reasonable contingencies for holding a court, as hath accrued or shall accrue; and the compensations to the grand and petit jurors and witnesses shall be included in the account of, and paid to the marshal, to the use of, and be by him accordingly paid over to the several persons entitled to the same; and the accounts of the several to be paid at the officers for the compensations aforesaid (except mileage to the marshal, treasury on cerfor the service of writs in civil causes) having been previously examined and sum arising and certified by the judge of the district, shall be passed in the usual from fines, &c. manner at, and the amount thereof paid out of the treasury of the United appropriated for States. And a sum arising from the fines and forfeitures to the United payment of States, and equal to the amount thereof, is hereby appropriated for the payment of the above accounts.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That instead of the provisions in Altering the that respect heretofore made, the first session of the circuit courts in the session of cir.
cuit courts in eastern circuit, after the passing of this act, shall commence at the times
eastern circuit. following, that is to say: In New York district, on the fifth, and in Connecticut district, on the twenty-fifth days of April next; in Massachusetts district, on the twelfth, and in New Hampshire district on the twenty-fourth days of May next; and in Rhode Island district, on the seventh day of June next; and the subsequent sessions in the respective districis, on the like days of every sixth calendar month thereafter, except when any of those days shall happen on a Sunday, and then the sessions shall commence on the next day following. And the sessions of the said circuit court shall be held in New Hampshire district, at Portsmouth and Exeter, alternately, beginning at the first : In Massachusetts district, at Boston; in Rhode Island district, at Newport and Providence, alternately, beginning at the first; in Connecticut district, at Hartford and New Haven, alternately, beginning at the last; and in New York district, at the city of New York only. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passing
sions of circuit of this act, instead of the provisions in the act for that purpose, the ses
court in Virgisions of the circuit court for the district of Virginia, shall be holden in nia. the city of Richmond only.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue in force
"An act for the temporary establishment of the Post-Office." Former act Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representafor temporary, tives of the United
tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the establishment of post-office con.
act passed the first session of Congress, intituled “An act for the temtinued.
porary establishment of the post-office," be, and the same is hereby con1789, ch. 16. tinued in full force until the end of the next session of Congress, and no 1792, ch. 7.
longer. Letters on Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all letters to and from the po Officers of the treasurer, comptroller and auditor of the treasury, and the assistant to public treasury to be the secretary of the treasury, on public service, shall be received and conveyed free conveyed by the post, free of postage. of postage. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the postmaster general shall be
Mail to be extended from
and he is hereby authorized to extend the carrying the mail from Albany, Albany to Ben- in the state of New York, to Bennington in the state of Vermont. nington.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
March 3, 1791. Chap. XXIV.-An Act to continue in force the act therein mentioned, and to
make further provision for the payment of Pensions to Invalids, and for the
support of lighthouses, beacons, buoys, and public piers. 1792, ch. 35. Act for miti. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives gating or remit- of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act, ting forfeitures, &c. continued.
entitled “An act to provide for mitigating or remitting the forfeitures 1790, ch, 12. and penalties accruing under the revenue laws in certain cases therein
mentioned," shall be and is hereby continued in force until the end of
the next session of Congress, and no longer. Pensions to Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the yearly pensions which invalids for one have been allowed by or in pursuance of any act or law of the United out of the trea- States, to persons who were wounded and disabled during the late war, sury.
shall for the space of one year from the fourth day of March next, be paid out of the treasury of the United States, under such regulations as
the President of the United States may direct. Expenses from Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all expenses which shall 1st July next of
accrue from the first day of July next, inclusively, for the necessary supall lighthouses &c. to be de- port, maintenance and repairs of all lighthouses, beacons, buoys, and frayed by u. public piers, shall continue to be defrayed by the United States, until States till July the first day of July, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety
two, notwithstanding such lighthouses, beacons, buoys, or public piers, with the lands and tenements thereunto belonging, and the jurisdiction of the same, shall not in the mean time be ceded to or vested in the United States, by the state or states respectively, in which the same may
be, and that the said time be further allowed to the states respectively, 1792, ch. 17. to make such cession: Provided, That nothing in the said act shall be
construed to limit or restrain the power of the President of the United States, to grant pardons for offences against the United States.
APPROVED, March 3, 1791.
March 3, 1791. CHAP. XXV.-An Act supplementary to the act making provision for the reluc
tion of the Public Debt. Loan in Hol. WHEREAS it hath been made known to Congress that the President land of 3,000,; of the United States, in consequence of “ An act making provision for 000 florins, at 5 per cent. per an.
the reduction of the public debt,” hath caused a certain loan to be
made in Holland, on account of the United States, to the amount of 1790, ch. 47. three millions of florins, bearing an interest of five per centum per an.
num, and reimbursable in six yearly instalments, commencing in the