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Secretary of be so completed and entered of record, to transmit the same to the exState to trans- ecutive of the state of Virginia, to be by them delivered to each grantee; the executive of or in case of his death, or that the right of the grantees shall have been Virginia. legally transferred before such delivery, then to his legal representative Act of June 9, 1794, ch. 62. or representatives, or to one of them.

Letters patent Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That no fees shall be charged obtained with- for such letters patent and record, to the grantees, their heirs or assigns, out fees.

or to his or their legal representative or representatives.

APPROVED, August 10, 1790.

STATUTE II.

$1500 appro

August 10,1790. CHAP. XLI.-An Act authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to finish the

Lighthouse on Portland Head, in the District of Maine.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the priated.

United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be appropriated and paid out of the monies arising from the duties on imports and tonnage, a sum not exceeding fifteen hundred dollars, for the purpose of finishing the lighthouse on Portland Head, in the district of Maine; and that the Secretary of the Treasury, under the directions of the President of the United States, be authorized to cause the said lighthouse to be finished and completed accordingly.

APPROVED, August 10, 1790. STATUTE II.

August 11,1790. CHAP. XLII.--An Act to alter the Times for holding the Circuit Courts of the

United States in the Districts of South Carolina and Georgia, and providing [Obsolete.)

that the District Court of Pennsylvania shall in future be held at the city of 1794, ch. 64.

Philadelphia only. Circuit courts when and where

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representato be held. tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the

circuit courts of the United States in the districts of South Carolina South Caroli. and Georgia, shall for the future be held as follows, to wit: In the disna 1789, ch. 20, trict of South Carolina on the twenty-fifth day of October next, at sec. 5.

Charleston, and in each succeeding year at Columbia, on the twelfth day Georgia 1789, of May, and in Charleston on the twenty-fifth day of October; in the ch. 20, sec. 5.

district of Georgia on the fifteenth day of October next, at Augusta, and in each succeeding year at Savannah, on the twenty-fifth day of April, and at Augusta on the fifteenth day of October; except when any of those days shall happen to be Sunday, in which case the court shall be held on the Monday following. And all process that was returnable under the former law at Charleston, on the first day of October next, and at Augusta on the seventeenth day of October, shall now be deemed returnable respectively at Charleston on the twenty-fifth day of October next, and at Augusta on the fifteenth day of October next; any thing

in the former law to the contrary notwithstanding. Part of a for Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That so much of the act, entitled mer act repeal. “An act to establish the judicial courts of the United States," as directs ed.

that the district court for the district of Pennsylvania shall be held at Pennsylvania Yorktown in the said state, be repealed; and that in future the district 1789, ch. 20, sec. 3.

court for Pennsylvania be held in the city of Philadelphia.

APPROVED, August 11, 1790. STATUTE II.

August 11,1790. Chap. XLIII.-An Act declaring the assent of Congress to certain acts of the

1791, ch. 3. states of Maryland, Georgia, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. 1792, ch. 10.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the [Expired.)

United States of America in Congress assembled, That the consent of
Congress be, and is hereby declared to the operation of the acts of the

Certain acts

several states herein after mentioned, so far as the same relate to the

Act of May

12, 1796, ch. 26. levying a duty on the tonnage of ships and vessels for the purposes

[Expired.] therein mentioned until the tenth day of January next—that is to say: an act of the General Assembly of the state of Rhode Island and Pro- of several states, vidence Plantations, at their session held in January, one

that relate to the thousand seven

tonnage of ves. hundred and ninety, intituled "An act to incorporate certain persons by sels declared to the name of the River Machine Company, in the town of Providence, be in operation

till the tenth of and for other purposes therein mentioned;" and also, an act of the Gen

January next. eral Assembly of the state of Maryland, at their session in April, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, intituled “An act appointing wardens for the port of Baltimore-town in Baltimore county;" as also, another act of the General Assembly of the same state, passed at their session in November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, intituled “A supplement to the act intituled, An act appointing wardens for the port of Baltimore-town in Baltimore county ;" and also, an act The act of Auof the state of Georgia, " for levying and appropriating a duty on ton- gusturil, 1790, nage, for the purpose of clearing the river Savannah, and removing the ed among the wrecks and other obstructions therein."

private laws. APPROVED, August 11, 1790.

STATUTE II.

and

Chap. XLVI.-An Act making certain Appropriations therein mentioned. August 12,1790.

Be it cnacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be appro

[Obsolete.) priated to the purposes herein after mentioned, to be paid out of the monies arising from the duties on goods, wares and merchandise imported, and on the tonnage of ships or vessels, the following sums—to wit: The sum of thirty-eight thousand eight hundred and ninety-two dollars and seventy-five cents, towards discharging certain debts contracted by Abraham Skinner, late commissary of prisoners, on account Sum granted of the subsistence of the officers of the late army while in captivity: to A. Skinner, The sum of forty thousand dollars, towards discharging certain debts contracted by colonel Timothy Pickering, late quartermaster general, T. Pickering ; and which sum was included in the amount of a warrant drawn in his favour by the late superintendent of the finances of the United States, and which warrant was not discharged: The sum of one hundred and and for purposes four thousand three hundred and twenty-seven dollars and twenty-two

estimated in a cents, for the several purposes specified in an estimate accompanying the Secretary of the

report of the report of the Secretary of the 'Treasury of the fifth instant, including Treasury. one thousand dollars for defraying the expenses of certain establishments for the security of navigation of the like nature with those mentioned in the act, intituled “An act for the establishment and support of light

1789, ch. 9. houses, beacons, buoys and public piers," but not particularly specified therein : The sum of one hundred and eighty-one dollars and forty-two cents, for reimbursing the Secretary at War an advance by him made on account of George Morgan White Eyes, over and above the sum heretofore appropriated on account of the said George Morgan White Eyes : The sum of six hundred and thirty-two dollars and eighty cents, for the services and expenses of Isaac Guion, employed by direction of the President of the United States, in relation to the resolution of Con- Ante, p. 96. gress of the twenty-sixth of August last: The sum of forty-one dollars and forty-seven cents, for reimbursing the treasurer of the United States the costs by him paid on a protested bill: The sum of two hundred and fifty dollars, for the salary of an interpreter of the French language, employed in the department of state : The sum of three hundred and twenty-six dollars and six cents, for sundry expenditures by Richard Phillips, on account of the household of the late President of Congress, and for certain unsatisfied claims against the same: The sum of seven Vol. 1.-24

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hundred and fifty dollars, towards compensating the late loan officer of Pennsylvania, for his services in relation to the re-exchange of certificates granted by the state of Pennsylvania, in lieu of certificates of the United States; which several sums so included in the said sum of one hundred and four thousand three hundred and twenty-seven dollars and twenty-two cents, are hereby authorized and granted : And the farther sum of fifty thousand dollars, towards discharging such demands on the United States, not otherwise provided for, as shall have been ascertained and admitted in due course of settlement at the treasury, and which are of a nature according to the usage thereof, to require payment in specie.

APPROVED, August 12, 1790.

STATUTE II.

ses

August12, 1790. CHAP. XLVII.-An Act making Provision for the Reduction of the Public Debt.

Act of March, It being desirable by all just and proper means, to effect a reduction 3, 1791, ch. 25. of the amount of the public debt, and as the application of such surplus

Act of Mays, of the revenue as may remain after satisfying the purposes for which 792, ch. 38. Recital. appropriations shall have been made by law, will not only contribute to

that desirable end, but will be beneficial to the creditors of the United States, by raising the price of their stock, and be productive of consid

erable saving to the United States : The surplus of Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives the product of of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all such and tonnage to surplus of the product of the duties on goods, wares and merchandise December next, imported, and on the tonnage of ships or vessels to the last day of Deto be applied to cember next, inclusively, as shall remain after satisfying the several purthe public debt. poses for which appropriations shall have been made by law to the end

of the present session, shall be applied to the purchase of the debt of the United States, at its market price, if not exceeding the par or true

value thereof. By whose di. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the purchases to be made rection purcha. of the said debt, shall be made under the direction of the President of

are to be the Senate, the Chief Justice, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of made; and

the Treasury, and the Attorney General for the time being; and who, or any three of whom, with the approbation of the President of the United States, shall cause the said purchases to be made in such manner, and under such regulations as shall appear to them best calculated

to fulfill the intent of this act: Provided, That the same be made in what man. openly, and with due regard to the equal benefit of the several states :

And provided further, That to avoid all risk or failure, or delay in the payment of interest stipulated to be paid for and during the year one

thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, by the act, intituled “An act 1790, ch. 34.

making provision for the debt of the United States," such reservations shall be made of the said surplus as may be necessary to make good the said payments, as they shall respectively become due, in case of deficiency in the amount of the receipts into the treasury during the said year, on account of the duties on goods, wares and merchandise imported, and the tonnage of ships or vessels, after the last day of Decem

ber next. The account Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That accounts of the application of purchasing to of the said monies shall be rendered for settlement as other public acother public accounts, accompanied with returns of the amount of the said debt purcounts. chased therewith, at the end of every quarter of a year, to be computed

Report of pro- from the time of commencing the purchases aforesaid : and that a full ceedings to be laid before Con.

and exact report of the proceedings of the said five persons, or any gress.

three of them, including a statement of the disbursements and purchases made under their direction, specifying the times thereof, the prices at which, and the parties from whom the same may be made, shall be laid

ner.

before Congress, within the first fourteen days of each session which may
ensue the present, during the execution of their said trust.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United

President au States be, and he is hereby authorized to cause to be borrowed, on behalf thorized to bor of the United States, a sum or sums not exceeding in the whole two lions of dollars, millions of dollars, at an interest not exceeding five per cent., and that 1791, ch. 25. the sum or sums so borrowed, be also applied to the purchase of the said to be applied to debt of the United States, under the like direction, in the like manner, the debt. and subject to the like regulations and restrictions with the surplus afore- Act of May 8, said: Provided, That out of the interest arising on the debt to be pur

1792, ch. 38, chased in manner aforesaid, there shall be appropriated and applied a

Act of March sum not exceeding the rate of eight per centum per annum on account 3, 1795, ch. 46, both of principal and interest towards the repayment of the two millions sec, 7. of dollars so to be borrowed.

APPROVED, August 12, 1790.

sec, 7.

RESOLUTIONS. I. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America June 7, 1790. in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be requested to cause to be forthwith transmitted to the executives of the states of Virginia and North Carolina, a complete list of the officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of the lines of those states respectively, who are entitled to receive arrears of pay due for services in the years one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, and one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, annexing the particular sum that is due to each individual, with a request to the executives of the said states, to make known to the claimants in the most effectual manner, that the said arrears are ready to be discharged on proper application.

That the President of the United States be requested to cause the Secretary of the Treasury to take the necessary steps for paying (within the said states respectively) the money appropriated by Congress, on the iwenty-ninth day of September, one thousand 1789, ch. 23. seven hundred and eighty-nine, for the discharging the arrears of pay due to the troops of the lines of the said states respectively.

That the Secretary of the Treasury, in cases where the payment has not been made to the original claimant in person, or to his representative, be directed to take order for making the payment to the original claimant, or to such person or persons only as shall produce a power of attorney, duly attested by two justices of the peace of the county in which such person or persons reside, authorizing him or them to receive a certain specified sum: except where certificates or warrants have been issued under authority of the United States for any of the said arrears of pay, and the same shall be produced by the claimant or claimants. APPROVED, June 7, 1790. II. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of

June 14, 1790. America in Congress assembled, That all treaties made, or which shall be made and promulged, under the authority of the United States, shall, from time to time, be published and 'annexed to their code of laws, by the Secretary of State.

APPROVED, June 14, 1790.
III. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of

Ang. 2, 1790. America in Congress assembled, That the clerks in the office of the commissioner of army accounts are entitled to receive, for their services, a sum not exceeding five hun. dred dollars, to be paid in the same manner, and at the same rate, as the salary allowed to the clerks in the department of treasury: and that the auditor and comptroller be authorized to adjust the accounts of the clerks in the said office, upon the same prin. ciples as those of the treasury department, agreeably to the appropriation by law.

APPROVED, August 2, 1790.
IV. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of

Aug. 2, 1790. America in Congress assembled, That the expense of procuring seals for the supreme, circuit, and district courts of the United States, shall be defrayed out of the money appropriated, by an act of the present session, for defraying the contingent charges of gov.

APPROVED, August 2, 1790.
V. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of

Aug. 12, 1790. America in Congress assembled, That all surveys of lands in the Western Territory, made under the direction of the late geographer, Thomas Hutchins, agreeable to contracts for part of the said lands made with the late board of treasury, be returned to, and perfected by, the Secretary of the Treasury, so as to complete the said contracts : and that the said secretary be, and is hereby, authorized to direct the making and completing any other surveys that remain to be made, so as to comply on the part of the United States with the several contracts aforesaid, in conformity to the terms thereof.

APPROVED, August 12, 1790.

ernment.

ACTS OF THE FIRST CONGRESS

OF THE

UNITED STATES,

Passed at the third session, which was begun and held at the City of

Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, on Monday, the sixth day

of December, 1790, and ended on the third day of March, 1791. GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, John Adams, Vice President of the

United States, and President of the Senate, FREDERICK Augustus
MUHLENBERG, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

STATUTE III.

Dec. 27, 1790.

Chapter I. -- An Act supplementary to the act intitled An act making further

provision for the payment of the debts of the United States." (Obsolete.) Whereas no express provision has been made for extending the act, Recital.

intitled “An act to provide more effectually for the collection of the duties imposed by law on goods, wares and merchandise imported into the United States, and on the tonnage of ships or vessels,” to the collection of the duties imposed by the said "Act making further provision for the payment of the debts of the United States,” doubts concerning the same may arise :(a)— Therefore, Be it enacted by the Senate and House

of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assemProvisions of bled, That the act, intitled “An act to provide more effectually for the act for col: the collection of the duties imposed by law on goods, wares and merties, extended to chandise imported into the United States, and on the tonnage of ships the act making or vessels,” doth and shall extend to, and be in force for the collection further provision for the

of the duties specified and laid in and by the act, intitled “An act pay.

the making further provision for the payment of the debts of the United debts

of the States," as fully and effectually, as if every regulation, restriction, United States, penalty, provision, clause, matter and thing therein

contained, had been inserted in and re-enacted by the act last aforesaid.

APPROVED, December 27, 1790.

ment

of

STATUTE III.

Jan. 7, 1791. Chap. II.-An Act to provide for the unlading of ships or vessels, in cases of (Obsolete.)

obstruction by Ice. Act of March

WHEREAS it sometimes happens, that ships or vessels are obstructed 22.1.799, ch. 22, by ice in their passage to the ports of their destination, and it is neces

sary that provision should be made for unlading such ships or vessels : In cases of Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representaobstruction by tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in ice, may receive en

all cases where a ship or vessel shall be prevented by ice from getting try at any other to the port at which her cargo is intended to be delivered, it shall be place within his lawful for the collector of the district, in which such ship or vessel may district.

be so obstructed, to receive the report and entry of any such ship or vessel, and with the consent of the naval officer (where there is one) to grant a permit or permits for unlading or landing the goods, wares or merchandise imported in such ship or vessel at any place within his district,

which shall appear to him to be most convenient and proper. (a) Act of August 4, 1790, chap. 35; act of August 10, 1790, chap. 39; act of August 12, 1790, chap. 47; act of May 8, 1792, chap. 38; act of May 30, 1794, chap. 36 ; act of January 28, 1795, chap. 13; act of February 19, 1796, chap. 2; act of March 3, 1797, chap. 14.

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