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one of its constituent portions, as only to annoy and to insult them. seen when separated by the prism, I will close these observations by and which, when they are all blend- expressing my own unfeigned coned together produce that harmonious cern,

that there should be frequent and beautiful element by which we instances to be met with of ministers are enabled to discern objects in who possess sufficient evangelical their real character, it would no light to understand most of the imlonger be that which we are accus- portant doctrines of the Gospel, and tomed to recognise as the light of who are aware of the vast imporheaven, but it would cast upon every tance of bringing them forward, object a different hue. And so it is in who nevertheless are guilty of supregard to the revelation of God. Men pressing or obscuring them. Their may preach what is in the Scriptures, delusion is singular : they could not but that which they preach in the excuse it to their conscience to deny general is not the Gospel, unless any truth, -yea not to preach truth : they actually set before their hearers but they are afraid of having that “ the whole counsel of God.” If truth discerned and understood. they shun to declare this, whether They know “ that the natural man it be precept, or promise, or doctrine receiveth not the things of the Spithey keep back,-it destroys the rit of God;" and that there is an harmony of God's revelation ; it enmity in the carnal heart which is communicates a different tinge, as a likely to be called forth when they whole, to that which they do bring are pressed home : the object thereforward ;

lead men to com- fore is to make such an exhibition mit very serious errors themselves, of divine truth as shall not offend or and to prove great stumbling blocks startle the natural man. to others. But how much more written, and sermons are preached, must this be the case, when those in which essential doctrines, if not doctrines are kept in the back kept back, are nevertheless so couchground which are its principal fea- ed in vague or obscure terms, that tures; and without which we are their real point and force are never after all walking by the glimmering discerned : the worldly reader may of twilight only, instead of by the gape over them, and the self-rightlight of day! The principle upon eous hearer may vacantly listen, yet which union in the British and Fo- never discover, from any light thrown reign Bible Society is maintained upon surrounding objects, that he is appears culpable in this point of brought within the radiance of an view. Some parties merge little or excellent glory ; and because no ofnothing by coming forward and des. fence is given, it is boasted of as an canting on what they call the com- exceedingly judicious statement." mon ground of Christianity ; but Such are some of the devices of those who cannot, or who ought not, “ Satan transformed into an angel to open their mouths but to exalt the of light.” May the children of God Saviour, must be compromised ;- have grace to discern him through there must be an understanding, every plausible disguise ! and in protacit indeed but implied, not to get portion as he would himself either upon topics notoriously offensive to hinder the Gospel or utter pernicious those with whom they coalesce; falsehoods, may they “shine as lights unless indeed they will be delib- in the world, holding forth the word erately guilty of inviting the co- of life !” (Phil. 11. 15.) operation of certain denominations,

and may


Books are


Review of Books.

(1) Researches and Missionary We are truly glad however to Labour's


the Jews, Mohamme. perceive, in the volume now before dans, and other Sects, by the Rev. us, evidence that the judgement of Joseph Wolff, during his travels Mr. Wolff improves as he grows in between the years 1831 and 1834 Christian experience, and that he from Malta to Egypt, Constantino- walks with more of “the meekness ple, Armenia, Persia, Khorossaun, of wisdom.” In some points he has Toorkestaun, Bokhara, Balkh, Ca- already modified his opinions; and bool in Affghanistaun, the Himmal- in regard to others, he manifests ayah Mountains, Cashmeer, Hindoos- such candour and teachableness totaun, the Coast of Abyssiniu, and wards those who remonstrate with Yemen.

him, that we quite expect to see a

visible amelioration with every fresh Lond. Nisbet, 1835, 8vo. pp. 540. 2d Edit.

journal he may publish. We were We peruse the Journals of Mr. gratified to learn, previous to his Wolff with a peculiar interest. No volume making its appearance, that individual has perhaps given greater notwithstanding early intimacies and publicity to the doctrine of the Second associations, he had been preserved Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, in his simplicity free from the Irthan has this well known Missionary vingite delusions; and that on his to the world. Wheresoever he goes, recent visit to England he had most he proclaims the approaching ad- earnestly and affectionately, but very vent of the Messiah in glory, to faithfully, exhorted some of his forgether with various other circum- mer friends, and pointed out to them stances of the prophetic word, which the error of their

ways. he conceives will be the accompani- Mr. Wolff however had taken up ments or the immediate precursors —if not with opinions peculiar to the of the day of God. But whilst those, Irvingites, yet with opinions on who are led “to wait for his Son

some points which found advocates from heaven," must rejoice when chiefly among the members of that the attention of their fellow mortals community, (though entertained also is drawn toward that blessed hope," by others ;) and which we believe they will at the same time be solici. were originally broached by persons tous, that the doctrine should be set who afterwards were led into their forth in a manner consistent with

We allude particularly to the whole of divine revelation, and the manner in which Missionary exwith the general interests of the ertions have been disparaged, and kingdom of God : and we confess, an odium attempted to be fixed on that we not only have experienced a all societies having for their object degree of nervous apprehension on to evangelize the world. We have this head, as we have followed this re- in the first Volume of the Investigamarkable individual through his ex- tor entered largely into the Missiontraordinary course; but we have ary question, and shown what very likewise felt that, in some instances, erroneous notions have been enterhe has done harm to the cause he tained by the ardent friends of misadvocates, rather than good, first by sions, with regard to the result to unjustifiable, and secondly by im- be looked for from the agency now perfect statements.

at work ; and what very unscriptural



statements are continually heard trines of divine grace are sometimes from the platforms of some of our accused of dwelling exclusively on evangelical societies. But there is these topics to the neglect of enforca wide difference between endea. ing evangelical tempers and works vouring to bring christians to view and duties ;-and doubtless there is their present missionary labors, and often as much foundation for the the probable result of those labors, charge, as in the instance of the more in accordance with the word preachers of the Second Advent beof God; and endeavouring to para- ing accused of giving it undue pro. , lyse their exertions altogether. In minency. Mr. Wolff's Journal how, bringing back men's expectations to ever in a measure exculpates him the word of God, and leading them from the charge; and particularly, " to strive lawfully," we may indeed on the occasion when he complains, lose much spurious excitement to a he had been conversing (he says) work; but we shall be far more during a whole night on Jesus Christ likely to persevere and patiently to and Him crucified. labour ·and suffer ; and may with

We must here however, in passmuch more confidence look for the ing, warn our Readers against an blessing from on high. We are hap- opposite extreme in this matter. py however to state, that in this Some, when they point to the fact, matter Mr. Wolff has decidedly re

that St. Paul resolved to know no. traced his steps. The great utility thing among the Corinthians “ of these societies has in various in- Jesus Christ and him crucified,” (1 stances forced itself upon his notice, Cor. 11. 2) conclude that he confined as he has journied through heathen himself to the single tenet of the countries ; and he has honourably atonement through the blood of and freely given glory to God. Christ. Nothing can be more ab

We are happy also to lend our surd, or more completely refuted by aid toward dis-abusing the christian the contents of that very epistle in public of a prejudice against Mr. which the above declaration is found. Wolff on another point. He com. There is not, on the one hand, so plains at page 198, that some had large a portion of the apostle's writasserted, that since he believed the ings any where, in which the docpersonal reign of Christ, he had ceas- trine of the crossis, abstractedly,dwelt ed to preach Jesus Christ crucified. so little on; and in which, on the oMr. Wolff is not the only one who ther hand, topics connected with the has suffered in this respect; but second advent are dwelt so largely whilst many have had this odium on. Witness the long exposition in most unjustly affixed to them, some chapter xv. on the kingdom of Christ have given real occasion for it. and the resurrection; and the alluThere is a tendency among all men sions to the judgment, and to the to make too much of a discovery, rule of the saints in chapters iv. and and to magnify beyond their just vi. Indeed the Apostle in the first proportions important truths, which chapter seems to speak, as if the have been previously overlooked : proper evidence that they came beand sometimes the ministers of the hind in no gift was, that they were Gospel have been provoked to dwell waiting for the coming of the Lord more than they otherwise would have Jesus Christ.” The epistle also adone upon a doctrine, by the resis- bounds with directions on points of tance which they met with to it. morality and social order, and on Thus it happens, that those who are the spirit and tempers. But is all most zealous to set forth the doc- this any contradiction to the apos


tle's statement ?—Decidedly not. gain is no more than is the case in Christ is the foundation, and all these regard to the aforementioned docthings are the superstructure erected trines of grace; and they are as reon it. By the cross we are led to con- concileable in the one case as in the sider the sinfulness of sin, the need other. Such are the wrath which is of regeneration, and the only mode coming upon the nations; the conof justification ;-by the cross we version and restoration of the Jews; are admonished that we must also the premillennial advent of Christ; crucify the lusts of the flesh and be the resurrection of the saints at the conformed to the death of Christ ;— same time; and the kingdom then and by the cross we are reminded to be manifested in glory. We reof the joy set before the Lord, for peat, that we consider these points which he endured this death, and openly revealed, and demonstrable unto the lively hope of which joy by the plainest and most simple we also are begotten by the resur- principles. But there are points also rection of Christ from the dead. — which are veiled in symbols and in Therefore leaving the principles metaphors; or in other ways renof the doctrine of Christ, let us go dered obscure to us; insomuch that on unto perfection; not laying again scarcely any two expositors of Scripthe foundation of repentance from ture are led to the same conclusions dead works, and of faith toward God, in regard to them. We allude to some of the doctrine of baptisms, and of of the things contained in Daniel laying on hands, and of resurrection and in the Apocalypse, and among of the dead and of eternal judgment. them more especially to the dates. It -And this will we do, if God per. is questioned among many students mit.” (Heb. vi. 1, 2.)

of prophecy, if it be given to man Whilst however we exonerate Mr. to know more than the prognostics Wolff from blame in the above mat- which indicate our Lord's being at ters, we desire to see him more con- hand, and which are to be judged siderate in regard to his mode of of by the signs of the times, whilst stating prophetical doctrine itself. the actual year of his coming is inWe shall quote a passage illustrative volved in an obscurity which none of what we mean.

At page 482 we cansuccessfully penetrate. Mr. Wolff find a letter to him from the Portu- must well know, that many of his guese Viceroy at Goa, dated 6th prophetical friends, who aim at these Nov. 1833, in which we read as fol. things, do nevertheless differ among lows: “ You assure me that the said themselves ; and however therefore Old and New Testament, which con- it may be useful (and we would insist tains the glorious news of the estab- upon the utility) for those whose lishment of our Lord Jesus Christ's senses are exercised to discern, and personal reign on earth in the city who can receive strong meat to disof Jerusalem fourteen years hence, cuss these things; yet we very deis presented for my edification.”- cidedly deprecate their being made

Now we hold, that there are cer- the groundwork of discussion among tain broad truths of prophecy which men, who, instead of being received are literally and distinctly revealed, to doubtful disputations, have need and which are as susceptible of clear to be taught the first principles of demonstration, as are those truths the doctrine of Christ,-such as Ro. which are commonly called the doc- man Catholics, Mahometans, Infitrines of grace; and though there dels, and Idolaters. We make no may be literal passages of a seem- objection therefore to Mr. Wolff's ingly opposite tendency, yet this a- writing to the Indian chief Runjeet Singh, exhorting him and his people Lord may appear before the year to repent, and declaring that Jesus 1847, in which case, though Mr. Christ is the son of God, who died Wolff would not save his own indifor our siris, rose again, and went vidual credit, as to that particular to heaven; and that He will come year, yet would the injury likely to again in the clouds of heaven; and result to christianity, be averted; but that great judgments are already in the mean while we confess, that beginning to announce his coming : we tremble for the possible result viz. pestilence, earthquakes, and among those individuals in heathen cholera morbus.” (p. 261.)—They countries who are mindful of the are not the signs perhaps which we words of Mr. Wolff, and who have should chiefly select; but they are received their knowledge of christiamong them; and if the statement anity only from him. be followed up by the other signs, There are many things of a simiwe should deem it unobjectionable. larly objectionable character betrayed But when he fixes upon the precise in the long controversy between Mr. year 1847 for the coming of the Wolff, and the learned Emeer Seyed Lord, he leaves the plain and beaten Ahmed at Lucknow. Mussulman as track of exposition, and (as we think) heis, he nevertheless, as we think, obgets into the thicket. Mr. Wolff tains the advantage, in some points, must be aware, that other dates, against the Christian-Jew. Thus he assigned on plausible grounds, have writes to Mr. Wolff,–

" To fix failed : the time is passed over“ and years is contrary to the words of we are not saved.” If it be justifia- Christ, for it is written in Matt. ble in Mr. Wolff, as a follower of xxiv. 36, · But of that day and hour Mr. Frere, to preach the year 1847, knows no man, no, not the angels of it is justifiable in the admirers of heaven, but my Father only. You Bengelius to preach the year 1836. said in answer to this at the confer--Let us suppose then, that under ence, that the meaning of this verse similar circumstances Rabbins and is, that no one knows the day and Mullahs and Papists had been by hour except God, but it does not say some other missionary advertised of that the year cannot be known.' This the latter date for the Lord's com- is surprising, &c.” (p. 387.) And ing,—that this year should pass a- then he presses objections which way without the event taking place, drive Mr. Wolff back upon that —and that Mr. Wolff should in the ground, from which he should not year 1837 meet with some of these, have been tempted to advance in and be thus addressed by them, when the first instance ;-that our Lord he proclaims the year 1847:—“Be- does not intend to say by this," that gone, thou false prophet! one of the approach of the time shall not thine own sect has been here and given be known, but that the exact day to us a sign, that he whom thou call- and hour knoweth no man; enough est Jesus should appear in Jerusalem he does say shall be known by the in 1836; but the sign is not come signs of the times to induce us to to pass; and we have now therefore prepare for his coming, as Noah clear testimony, from a prophet of prepared the ark; for he compares thine own, that thy religion is not those days to the days of Noah.” true.” Now when we consider the (p. 394.) We think that Mr. Wolff signs of the times, we confess we here greatly modifies his statement, are so moved by them as to think it and makes an important concession by no means improbable that the to the shrewd Mahometan. And we

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