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Roman empire. And it actually did ing variety of splendour, whereby arise from out of the Roman empire, those holy ones have distinguished and in the Roman empire, and grew themselves from the laity and the up in its place : as is evident from common habits and dress of Chris. all history, &c.” From which it is tians, or from every thing profane ! farther evident, that he confounds And passing downward to the garthe four kingdoms which arose from ments of the inferior orders of clerthe fracture of the great horn of the gy, he shews that the Romish church goat, with the four empires de- has laid such emphasis upon them, scribed in Daniel 11. and vii. that they think more of a breach of
He argues that the kingdom out rule respecting these, than they do of which Antichrist arises cannot be of a breach of God's commandments. a gentile kingdom which has never What act of adultery (he asks) been evangelized, because it is said could be equal in enormity to the they sink into darkness by trans- delinquency of that clerical, who gressions or rebellions. This im- should neglect to shave his pate for plies (as he thinks) that they had a whole month together? What previously been illuminated; which parricide would be any way comparacannot be said of the kingdoms be- ble with the sin of him, who should fore Christ. (p. 45.)
neglectfully minister at the altar He explains the king's being without his surplice, or his ruffles, or powerful in faces,” or appearances, any one tittle of his canonicals ? by the external pomp, ostentation, (p. 67.) He next instances their and specious appearance maintained rounds of canonical prayer, as being by the papacy in various respects. indeedashew and pretence, having no First, as regards persons ; as the prayer in them; and in like manner Pope and his cardinals, with their the mass, with its vigils, anniverretinue and riches. “What empe- saries, foundations and sepulchrals, ror (he asks) can you name that which he declares to be a mere face ever had such a profusion of wealth of piety to deceive and fleece the as this kingdom or church has ?” befooled people; as also their fast“What Roman consul can you ings, and the multiplying and inimention that was ever equal to one quity of their feast days; and their of these cardinals, archbishops, or worship of relics. Another face is bishops ?” Then also in their edi- their affected celibacy of monks and fices; as their palaces, their churches, nuns; which indeed (he says) is, in their shrines, their monasteries, and another sense, not a face, but a the like. And likewise in their robes diabolical reality ; for it fulfils the and habits ; in regard to which, 1st of Timothy iv.3, and Daniel xr. though it may appear to us an in- 37, in which forbiding to marry is significant circumstance to adduce, mentioned. the Author says: It is by this face, Their universities, though accountabove all the others, that this im- ed as a face, are brought to notice pious abomination defends itself. more especially under the next For who is not rendered great, holy, clause of the text—" intelligent of and worthy of adoration, by that propositions ;” which intelligence scarlet hat, that two horned mitre, he conceives to be likewise indicated that long purple train, that mule by the eyes like a man in the little glittering with jewels, those shoes horn. The shew of wisdom and bedizened with gold, gems and every theology in them he considers the precious ornament, and all that blaze worst face; because it carries with
it a pretension to the word. By explains by that notorious feature of means of the propositions taught in the papal kingdom, that the Pope, these places, all the rest of the false making himself superior to all others, fabric is supported. How entirely will not submit to the judgment of they are a mere face or pretence of wisdom becomes evident, wherever He interprets that “ craft shall the true word is taught. If (says prosper in his hand,” by the cirLuther) by any act of the grace of cumstance that even the elect have God, these universities should take been deceived by his faces and pro. up the word of God to study it,- positions, as Bernard, Francis, Do. good heavens ! how soon would the minic, and other very holy men and whole of popery, together with all women who have been left to err, its faces, fall to the ground! For so as not to be able to understand this last face is evidently the main the nature of this kingdom of support, yea, the very bones and faces," and to approve of many of vital strength of this whole kingdom the Pope's proceedings : otherwise of faces." This is also the “ eficacy," they would have risen up against by which the king is strengthened, him; but the time was not yet and not by his own efficacy; for, come. (P. 170.) Concerning which the Author remarks, that a lie can- matter he has a passage which may not be supported by its own power. serve as a warning to some in our And by means of these propositions own days.and these faces, in which he is sup.
How then shall craft not prosported by the efficacy of others, he per in this Pope's hand, together
wonderfully corrupted” all with all outside show, and face, and Christian worship,--and "destroy- deceit, and vain hypocrisy of doced” as many souls as he subjects to trines, (as Paul calls it,) when he his laws and compels to obey them. prevails to destroy the authority of His “ prospering and practising” is the Scriptures by the example of explained much in the same manner. his numberless authors and saints,
“And he shall destroy the mighty who always stand by him ? For people, and the people of the saints. what is there that he cannot effect “Here (says the Author,) if I were prosperously, when not only his inclined to indulge my own thoughts, own faces and propositions,-i. e. and to render the Hebrew according his crafty deceptions, but also to my own judgment, and to under- those whom you know to be true stand by the mighty", strength, saints, favour his cause ? “, ,
Who “the people of the saints” dares to mutter a word in opposithe apostles and evangelists, which is tion, when lying is helped by truth, a meaning that the words themselves hypocrisy by holiness, craft by simseem to favour, the understanding of plicity, and iniquity by godliness? the passage would then be;—that the o “perilous times” indeed, worthy Pope would be such a one as would of these “latter days,” when all corrupt the holy Scriptures, which things, even the good, work toare the only strength of the church, gether for evil to the reprobate ; in and the apostles and evangelists, the same way as all things, even the and would lay waste and utterly evil, work together for good to the destroy them.
elect! the latter however by the · And all shall appeal to him for Spirit of God, the former by the judgment,” or “all shall be accord- spirit of Satan; as the apostle fore
“ ing to his mind or judgment,” he told it should be. Here then let
him, that dares, live in security and 2 Thess. 11. 4,—who opposeth and trust in the works and sayings of exalteth himself above all that is callthe fathers !" P. 171.
ed God, or that is worshiped, he This king's “magnifying himself says: “And will he also exalt himself in his heart” is explained of the above God, properly considered ? Pope's considering himself above No; God forbid ! but above" all overy one, and demanding of every that is called God," saith the aposone just what he pleases ; insomuch tle: that is, above the preached that he subjects all to himself, word of God : for that is called God scarcely permitting the most exalted when it is truly preached and bekings to kiss his holy feet. “ There lieved. Above God thus considered is not one in the world (says Luther) the Pope has long exalted himself whom he will allow to be upon an and sat; because he makes known equality with himself, how eminent and preaches himself in the hearts soever he may be for either godlie of men, instead of their hearing and
or learning.”—“He deposes believing God. Therefore when Paul princes, kings, bishops, and every saith, “ above all that is called God,” one that is great and high in the it is in the Greek geßaoua ; that is, world, just according to his mere worship,—that which is worshiped, lusts, making himself more high and or the worship itself.—“He is the exalted and greater in the world sole and only one of men who has, than all of them together.
with intolerable blasphemyand pride, Of the clause, “and in his success declared himself to be the sole and he shall destroy many” the Author only vicar of Christ, or vice-Christ, says—" Who those infinite numbers or vice-God upon earth. And what are, whom success destroys and cor- is it to be a vicar of God, or vice-God, rupts, I would rather leave to the but 'to sit in the place of God ?' judgment of every one, than explain And what is it to sit in the place of particularly myself. For what is God, but to shew himself as God.” all that extensive rabble of cardinals, He thus concludes the exposition, bishops, monks, priests, &c. but the on the words But he shall be people of the Pope, eaten and swal- broken without hand.”lowed up by ease, riches, surfeit, tle expresses the Pope's destrucsecurity, luxury, and lust; wasting tion thus :- Whom the Lord shall away this life of the flesh, without consume with the spirit of his
nith, without the Word, without mout and shall destroy with the Scriptures, without labour, with the brightness of his coming, &c.' out care !” P. 175.
(2 Thess. 11. 8.) The laity there“ And he shall stand up against fore shall not destroy the Pope and the Prince of princes.” “Here (ex. his kingdom ; though that is what claims the Author,) is the awful he continually and miserably fears. climax of the whole ! that this Pope No! he and his wicked rabble are stands up against Christ himself, not deserving of so light a punishand sets aside his word, by putting ment. They shall be preserved his own word in its stead.” On until the coming of Christ, whose this point he has some observations most bitter enemies they are, and at pages 88, 89, which, as the sub- ever have been. This is the way in ject is much discussed by modern which he ought to be punished, who students of prophecy, will be found rises up against all, not with manual interesting, as coming from so emi.. force, but with the spirit of Satan. nent a writer as Luther. Speaking of Thus Spirit shall destroy Spirit, and
-" The apos
truth shall reveal falsehood; for, sentiment, however cherished, which to reveal a lie, is to destroy it at will not bear the test of truth!” once !” (p 177.)
(Pref. p. 1.)
“While upon this point of the (8.) Thoughts on the Coming and coming of Christ before the MillenKingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. nium, the author would beg leave to By John Cox, Minister of the remind the reader, that this is the Gospel, Woolwich.
grand point. Many pass over this,
and light down among some difficulLond. Nisbet. 12mo. pp 240. Cloth, 3s. 6d.
ties belonging to the subject, or beIt is refreshing, after the view gin reasoning upon the incongruity taken in the article in this Number of Christ and his saints reigning up, by Beta of certain texts, bearing on earth. Leave for the present all upon the part which it would seem difficulties alone ; reason not about will be performed by some who will the personal reign : come at once to come forth from the ranks of Dis- this question,-What does the Bible senters,—to open the work of one say about Christ's second coming ? who indeed passes under that name, Does it give us to understand that but whose sentiments and spirit are there will be a Millennium first? if apparently such, that if he might be so, where is the promise ? Or, does taken as a specimen of the whole it tell us that tribulations and wars body, his book would seem at once will last till his coming, and happimost decidedly to contradict the ness and peace be the characteristics propriety of any application of those of that kingdom he comes to set up ? texts to any Dissenters of our own Let Ps. xcvi, Dan. II, VII, Matt. times. Rarely have we met with a xxiv, 2 Thess. 11. 8, Rev. xi. 15—17, more pleasing evidence of a truly and various other places be well catholic spirit than in Mr. Cox, studied.” (Pref. p. vii.)— combined with so excellent an ad- “O, when shall the present state mixture of candour, faithfulness, of division and distraction cease, humility and love. We shall give and the church realize the prayer of a few specimens which will be in- her great Intercessor,
that they teresting, as we trust, to our readers, may all be one ?” When shall we on other accounts as well.
again behold that goodly sight, It is matter of joy, (says Mr. multitude of believers, all of one Cox,) that there
many heart and one soul ? " When shall things in religion in which God's christians be as united in serving people are agreed; while there is God, as the heavenly hosts are in much reason to mourn, that there praising Him ?-When the times of are still so many things about which refreshing shall come from the prethey differ, and that at present the sence of the Lord, then shall these church is very far removed from any- things be.” (p 20.) — thing like unity of faith. The There is one consideration conformer shows the power of the Spirit nected with this subject, the fall of of God, the latter the force of pre- Babylon, which claims our most judice ; for it is this principle which serious attention. How wide, how is the great bar to unity. May the searching will those judgments be, Lord in mercy remove it; make us by which Babylon shall be destroyall willing to submit to his word; ed! Where is the church that hath ready to unlearn what is wrong, and not been contaminated by her poiwilling to give up every system or sonous breath ; that doth not man
ifest somewhat of her spirit and serious application of his argument conduct? Persecution, pharisaism, to the reader's heart and conscience. heresy, formality, outward show, We shall finish our extracts with one crying up of the creature, are but more of considerable length, which too manifest among professors; in we also commend to the reader's seri. some, one antichristian feature is ex- ous attention. It
not uncommon hibited, and in some, another ;-but to hear persons who object against are any wholly free? Instead then the study of prophecy allege, that of one sect quarreling with another, there is a natural disposition in man had we not better be found praying, to occupy himself about futurity, both for ourselves and them, that and to become deeply interested in God would give us all humility to the invisible world, -and hence the unlearn what is wrong, and honesty attraction (say they) of prophecy, to avow it? Surely all classes of even to the carnal mind, and the religious professors need much pu- danger to be apprehended of its rification. “ And behold the day too greatly encouraging this prucometh that shall burn as an oven, rience in man. The following exand all the proud, yea, and all that tract however, when duly considerdo wickedly, shall be stubble; and ed, will we think lead to a different the day that cometh shall burn them conclusion : up saith the Lord of hosts, that it “ We need not ask the question, shall leave neither root nor branch. why “the world that lieth in the (Isa. xiv, 22, 23; Mal. iv. 1.) It wicked one” realizes not, desires is
easy to cut down a tree, however not, the Lord's coming. They are great and lofty ; this may be done spell-bound by unbelief; they walk without much disquieting the soil after him who said, “ What have we around; but in order to pull up to do with thee, thou Jesus of Naevery root and fibre of an ancient zareth ?" But that the Church protree, the ground all around must be fessing Jesus' name, the Church that moved and separated. Thus will ought to be conformed to those the whole of Christendom be shaken above in tastes and hopes, should be by the rooting up of Babylon; so little affected by, and feel so little nothing but pure truth will escape; delight in, the prospect of the Lord's God will deliver all beside over to coming, demands the most minute the paw of infidelity and the fire of inquiry. One reason may be found wrath, &c.” (p 39.) It is useful to in the indisposition there is in all consider a subject like this as viewed our minds, naturally, to be conby the candid and pious among wersant with things future and inthose, whose peculiar habits and as- visible, so as to be affected by them. sociations are different from our The present is with us, the visible is own. May the Lord give grace to around us; and it is hard to leave all our readers to lay it to heart! these, and to look at “ the things
The foregoing will suffice as a not seen, which are eternal :" this specimen of the temper, talent, and is a higher attainment than at first practical tendency of the work is imagined. To do this, we need a throughout. The usual topics con- counteracting principle, raising us nected with the Redeemer's Advent above the present and visible into and glorious kingdom are handled the future and invisible; this lever in the work, sometimes with origi- must have somewhat whereon to nality, always with strength and rest, or else all efforts will be inclearness, and a happy facility of efficient.
efficient. Grace hath found both