Atheism: A Philosophical Justification

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Temple University Press, 1990 - 541 páginas
In this book Michael Martin provides logical reasons for being an atheist. Carefully examining the current debate in Anglo-American analytic philosophy regarding God's existence, Martin presents a comprehensive critique of the arguments for the existence of God and a defense of arguments against the existence of God, showing in detail their relevance to atheism. Claiming that atheism is a rational position while theistic beliefs are not, he relies both on logic and evidence and confines his efforts to showing the irrationality of belief in a personal supreme being who is omniscient, omnipotent, perfect, and the creator of heaven and earth.
The author's approach is two-fold. By presenting and criticizing arguments that have been advanced in favor of belief, he makes a case for "negative atheism." By offering arguments against atheism and defending it from these attacks, he presents a case for "positive atheism." Along the way, he confronts the views of numerous philosophers—among them Anselm, Aquinas, Plantinga, Hick, and Swinburne—and refutes both classical and contemporary arguments that have been advanced through the history of this debate.
In his conclusion, Martin considers what would and would not follow if his main arguments were widely accepted, and he defines and distinguishes atheism from other "isms" and movements. Building on the work of religious skeptics and atheists of the past and present, he justifies his reconstruction of this philosophical dispute by citing some of the most interesting and important arguments for atheism and criticisms of arguments for the existence of God that have appeared in recent journal articles and have yet to be systematically addressed. Author note: Michael Martin is Professor of Philosophy at Boston University and author of several books, including The Legal Philosophy of H.L.A. Hart: A Critical Appraisal and The Case Against Christianity (both from Temple).
 

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Atheistic Bibliography
"It is very important not to mistake hemlock for parsley, but to believe or not believe in God is not important at all."Denis Diderot
Atheism
-God The Failed Hypothesis - Victor J. Stenger
-The Miracle of Theism Arguments for and Against the Existence of God- J L Mackie
-The Non Existence of God-Nicholas Everitt
-Arguing About Gods -Graham Oppy
-Iron Chariots Wiki - Matt Dillahunty et al
-Arguing for Atheism-Robin Le Poidevin
- Atheism : A Philosophical Justification Michael Martin
-Logic and Theism Sobel
-Cambridge Companion to Atheism - Michael Martin
- Irreligion -John Allen Paulos
Religion
“Religion is regarded by the common people as true, by the wise as false, and by rulers as useful” Anonymous
The gospel of the Flying Spaghetti Monster
Philosophy of Religion William L. Rowe
Sharia law for non-muslims Bill Warner
Criticism of religion
God’s Problem Bart D. Ehrman
The Case Against Christianity - Michael Martin
God Is Not Great - Christopher Hitchens
The Bonobo and the Atheist - Frans de Waal
Why I Am Not A Muslim - Ibn Warraq
Losing faith in faith - Dan Barker
Why I Became an Atheist- John W. Loftus
Skepticism
-The Skeptic’s Dictionary - Robert Todd Carroll
-The Skeptic Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience - Michael Shermer
-An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural - James Randi
Logic and mathematics
“Logic, my dear Zoe, merely enables one to be wrong with authority.”
— The Doctor, Doctor Who (The Wheel in Space)
-The Logic Manual -Volker Halbach
-Logic: A Very Short Introduction Graham Priest
-Elements of logical reasoning - Jan Von Plato
-Stephen’s Guide to the Logical Fallacies
-The Art of Reasoning David Kelley
-Philosophical Perspectives on Infinity-Graham Oppy
-Modal Logic for Open Minds- Johan van Benthem
Argumentation
-A Rhetoric of Argument:Text and Reader-Jeanne Fahnestock/Marie Secor
-The art of being right 38 ways to win an argument - Schopenhauer
-How to Argue & Win Every Time- Gerry Spence
Psychology
Believing Brain Michael Shermer
Reality is Plastic Anthony Jacquin
Introducing NLP Neuro-Linguistic Programming-Joseph 0'Connor e John Seymour
Influence: Science and Practice-Robert Cialdini
The Like Switch-Marvin Karlins, Jack Schafer
Emotions revealed-Paul Ekman
The magic of thinking big - David Schwartz
Tricks of the mind - Derren Brown
The defining decade-Meg Jay
Biology
Why Evolution Is True - Jerry Coyne
The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence Richard Dawkins
The Blind Watchmaker - Richard Dawkins
Physics / Astronomy /Cosmology
The Grand Design Stephen Hawking e Leonard Mlodinow
In A Universe from Nothing- Lawrence Krauss
The Universe in a Nutshell -Stephen Hawking
A Brief History of Time -Stephen Hawking
The Elegant Universe - Brian Greene
Astronomy for Dummies - Stephen P. Maran
Documentaries
-The Universe-History Channel
-Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey
-How the Universe Works-Discovery Channel
-The Elegant Universe -PBS
-Evolve-History Channel
-Jurassic Fight Club-History Channel
-Derren Brown: Fear and Faith
-Brain Games-National Geographic
-Year Million- National Geographic
-Doomsday Preppers- National Geographic
 

Conteúdo

0 NEGATIVE ATHEISM
29
The Meaningfulness of Religious Language
40
The Ontological Argument
79
The Teleological Argument
125
The Argument from Religious Experience
154
The Argument from Miracles
188
Some Minor Evidential Arguments for
210
Beneficial Arguments for
229
Atheistic Teleological Arguments
317
The Argument from Evil
334
The Free Will Defense
362
Natural Evil
391
Soul Making Theodicy
413
The Finite God Theodicy 1436
436
ATHEISM DEFINED AND CONTRASTED
463
NOTES
479

Faith and Foundationalism
249
0 POSITIVE ATHEISM
281

Termos e frases comuns

Sobre o autor (1990)

Michael Martin is Professor of Philosophy at Boston University and author of several books, including The Legal Philosophy of H.L.A. Hart: A Critical Appraisal and The Case Against Christianity (both from Temple).

Informações bibliográficas