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itself even in this court, it has not inade the Mightest impression on me. · The highest flight of such clamorous birds is winged in an inferiour region of the air. We hear them and we look upon them, just as you, Gentlemen, when you enjoy the serene air on your lofty rocks, look down upon the Gulls, that ikim the mud of your river, when it is exhausted of its tide.
I am sorry I cannot conclude, without saying a word on a topic touched upon by my worthy colleague. I wished that topic had been passed by; at a time, when I have so little leasure, to discuss it. But since he has thought proper to throw it out, I owe you a clear explanation of my poor sentiments on that subject.
He tells you, that „the topic of Instructions bas occasioned much altercation and uneasiness in this
City;" and he exprelles himself if I understand him rightly) in favour of the coercive authority of such instructions.
Certainly, Gentlemen, it ought to be the happiness and glory of a Representative, to live in the strictest union, the closest correspondence, and the most unreserved communication with his Constituents. Their wishes ought to have great weight with him; their opinion high respect; their business unreinitted attention. It is his duty to sacrifice his repofe, his pleafures, his satisfactions, to theirs; and, above all, ever, and in all cases, to prefer their interest to his own. But, his unbiassed opinion, his mature judgement, his enlightened conscience, he ought not to sacrifice to you; to any man, or to any fett of inen living. These he does not derive from your pleasure; no, nor from the Law and the Constitution. They are a trust from Providence, for the abuse of which he is deeply answerable. Your Representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgeinent; and he betrays, instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to your opinion.
My worthy colleague says, his Will ought to be subservient to yours. If that be all, the thing is inno cent. If Government were a matter of Will upon any fide, yours, without question, ought to be superiour. But Government and Legislation are inatters of reason and judgement, and not of inclination; and, what fort of reason is that, in which the determination precedes the discussion; in which one set of inen delibe. rate, and another decide; and where those who form the concludon are perhaps three hundred miles distant from those who hcar the arguments ?
To deliver an opinion, is the right of all men; that of constituents is a weighty and respectable opinion, which a Representative ought always to rejoice to hear; and which he ought always most seriously to consider. But authoritative instructions; Mandates illued, which the Member is bound, blindly and implicitly to obey, to vote, and to argue for, though contrary to the conviction of his clearest judgement and conscience; these are things uterly unknown to the laws of this land, and which arise from a fundamental mistake of the whole order and tenour of our Constitution.
Parliament is not a Congress of Ambassadors from different and hostile interests, which interests each must maintain, as an Agent and Advocate, against other Agents and Advocates; but Parliament is a deliberative Allembly of one Nation, with one interest, that of the whole; where, not local Purposes, not local Prejudices ought to guide, but the general Good, resulting from the general Reason of the whole. You chuse a Member indeed; but when you have chosen him, he is not Member of Bristol, but he is a Member of Par. liament. If the local Constituent should have an Interelt, or should chorish an hasty Opinion, evidently oppofite to the real good of the rest of the Community, the Member for that place ought to be as far, as any other, from any endeavour to give it Effect. I beg pardon for saying so inuth on this subject. I have been unwillingly drawn into it; but I shall ever use a respectful frankness of communication with you. Your faith
fül friend, your devoted servant, I shall be to the end of my life: A flatterer you do not wish for: On this point of instructions, however, I think it scarcely porfible, we ever can have any sort of difference.. Per. haps I may give you too much, rather than too little trouble.
From the first hour I was encouraged to court your favour to this happy day of obtaining it, I have never promised you any thing, but humble and persevering endeavours to do my duty. The weight of that duty, I confess', makes me tremble; and whoever well confiders, what it is of all things in the world, will fly from what has the least likeness to a possitive and precipitate engagement. To be a good Member of Parliament, is, let me tell you, no easy task; especially at this time, when there is so strong a disposition to run into the perilous extremes of servile compliance or wild popularity. To unite circumspection with vigour, is absolutely necellary; but it is extremely difficult. We are now Members for a rich coinmercial City; this City, however, is but a part of a rich commercial Narion, the interests of which are various, multiform, and intricate. We are Members for that great Nation, which however is itself but part of a great Empire, ex. tended by our Virtue and our Fortune to the farthest liinits of the East and of the West. All these widespread Interests must be considered; must be compared; must be reconciled if possible. We are Members for a free Country; and surely we all know, that the machine of a free Constitution is no simple thing; but as intricate and as delicate, as it is valuable. Members in a great and ancient Monarchy; and we must preserve religiously, the true legal rights of the Sovereign, which form the Key - stone that binds together the noble and well constructed arch of our Em. pire and our Constitution.
A Constitution made up of balanced Powers must ever be a critical thing. As such I mean to touch that part of it which comes within my reach. I know my Inability, and I wish for support from every Quarter. In particular I shall aim at the friendship, and shall cultivate the best
Correspondence, of the worthy Colleague, you han given me.
I trouble you no farther than once more to thank you all; you, Gentlemen, for your Favours; the Candidates for their temperate and polite behaviour; and the Sheriffs, for a Conduct which may give a model for all who are in public Stations.
MO 8 h é i m. Johann Lorenz von Wiosheim, geb. zu Lübeck, !6943 get. als stangler der Üniversitat Söttingen, 1755. Für die Deutsche geistliche Berediamkeit war er das, ivas Tillotson får die englische war; der erste, der ihren Geschmack låuterte, und dem Vortrage der Religionslehren jene pedantische, unnatürliche, und nicht selten abgeschmadte Gefalt nahm, in der fie fich ro lange, und gewiß nicht zu ihrem Vortheil, gezeigt hatte. vihm balf die Natur, sagt Hr. Prof. Rüttner in seiner Charakteristik, obgleich seine große Helesenheit und der Umfang theologischer Senntniffe feine Geiftesfähigkeiten mächtig unterstüpten.at kann sagen, daß in seinen Predigten alle Volkomnienheiten einer Stangelrede vereinigt sind: Srůndlichkeit, ftarke Motivent, edle Faßlichkeit und bergrührende Moral. Seine Schrifterklärungen sind ungezwungen; die Entwickelung der darin enthaltenen Wahrs heiten ist natürlich und
bündig; die daraus gezogenen Lehren übers zeuger und rühren. Er redet meistens mit einiger Begeifterung immer mit gleichem Feuer, und oft mit dichterischer Lebhaftigkeit.
Seine Heredjamkeit ist eine Tochter geprüfter Frommigkeit, und des aufgeklärtefen Verstandes." bei der jekigen les sung einer Mosheimischen Predigt muß man indeß nicht vergessen, dag uusre Prore vor mehr als sechszig Jahren noch sehr in ihrer Kindheit, unfre Sprache noch wenig gewandt und bereichert, uns ser Geschmack noch wenig gebildet war. Mosheim's Beispiel wirkte aber gewiß nicht wenig, dieren unvollkommenheiten abzus helfen, und Gefühl für das Edle, Starke und Würdige auf einem Wege zu verbreiten, der ohne Zweifel zur Erreichung des Ziels einer der kürzesten und gebahntesten ist. Die Predigt, welche die hier eingerückte kurze Stelle enthält, handelt von der wahren Bes trachtung des Todes, und ist schon im J. 1729 ju Braune schweig gehalten:
Sir gestehen gerne, daß wir euch zu einer Sache ermah, nen, die der Natur zugleich schwer und unangenehm ist. Es sind zweterlet Dinge, die uns abhalten, die Kraft unserer Seele, die man die Einbildung : nennt, so in dieser Sache anzuwenden, als wir pflegen in andern Dingen zu thun. Das eine ift unser Leben, welches voll von allerhand Ger schäften, Verwirrungen, Arbeiten und Abwechselungen ist, Beisp. Samml. 8.3.2. Abth.