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the god of love, eternal and invariable friendships unite together all the blessed; friendíbips, which, by no human infirmity disturbed, by death never feparated, Shall constitute throughout endless ages, a great and distinguished portion of the celestial felicity.
S. B. VIII, 1. S. 419. Nur von ihm, alb dem berühmi teften neuern Volksrecner, tann ich eine Probe der politischen Berediamkeit der Encidnder geben, in der sie zwar die Grieden und Rdmer, nach dem Geståndniß ihrer eignen seunftrichter, nicht
erreicht, aber doch über die übrigen neuern Nationen ehebem merés • lich gehoben, und den heutigen Franzosen selbst wentastens noch
gleich erbalten haben. Burke wurde schon vor dreißig Jabren, als Privatsekretar des Markis von Rockingbanı als Parlainentsredner rent gendytet; und fiebr noch zeigte er sich als Repräsentant der Stadt Bristol im Unterbaufe, und durch seine Ostern Reden bei Gelegenbeit des amerikanischen Strieges, yon denen zwei schon ebes dem besonders und nuni auch in seinen Werken gedrudt sind. Wenn übrigens gleich in den legten Jabren sein Ruhm als Staatsa mann und Boltsfreund rebr gesunken ist; so erkennt man ihn dod immer noch einfimmig für einen der geistuolfien beutigen Scrifta feller und größten Redner. Die bler abgedructe Rede bielt et den 3. Novemb. 1775 an die Wahlenden zu Britol, als ihn die Sberiffs zu einem rechtmatig erwdylten Repedsentanten dteset Stadt im Parlament, erklärt Batter:
Gentlemen, I cannot avoid sympathizing strongly with the feelings of the Gentleman who has received the same honour that you have confered on me. If he, who was bred and passed his whole life amongst you; if he, who, through the easy gradations of acquaintance, friendship, and elieem, has obtained the honour, which seems of itsell, naturally and almost insensibly, to meet with those, who, by the even' tenour of pleasing manners and social virtues, slide into the love and confidence of their fellow.citizens; if he cannot speak but with great emotion on this subject, surrounded as he is on all fides with his old friends; you will haye the good ness to excuse me, if my real, unaffected embarassment prevents nie froin expressing my gratitude to you as I ought.
I was brought hither under the disadvantage of being unknown, even by sight, to any of you. No previous canvass was made for me. I was put in noinination after the poll was opened. I did not appear until it was far advanced. If, under all these accumulated disadvantages, your good opinion has carried me to this happy point of success; you will pardon ine, if I can only say, to you collectively, as I said to you individually, simply and plainly, I thank you I am obliged to you I am not insensible of your kindness,
This is all I am able to say for the inestimable favour you have conferred upon me.
But I cannot be satisfied without saying a little more in defence of the right you have to confer such a favour. The person that appeared here as a Counsel for the Candidate, who so long and so earnestly solicited your votes, thinks proper to deny, that a very great part of you have any vote to give. He fixes a standard period of time in his own imagination, not what the law defines, but nerely what the convenience of his Client fuggests, by which he would cut off, at one stroke, all those freedoms, which are the dearest privileges of your Corporation; which the common law authorizes: which your Magistrates are compelled to grant; which come duly authenticated into this Court; and are saved in the clearest words, and with the most religious care and tenderness, in that very act of Parliament, which was made to regulate the Elections by Freemen, and to prevent all poffible abuses in making them.
I do not intend to argue the matter here. My learned Counsel has supported your Cause with his usual Ability; the worthy sheriffs have acted with their usual equity, and I have no doubt, that the same equity, which dictates the return, will guide the final deterunination, I had the honour, in conjunction with many far wiser men, to contribute a very small alfis-, tance, but however fome alfstance, to the forming
the Judicature which is to try such questions. It would be unnatural in me, to doubt the Justice of that Court, in the trial of my own cause, to which I have been so active to give jurisdiction over every other.
I allure the worthy Freemen, and this Corporation, that, if the Gentleman perseveres in the intentions, which his present warmth dictates to him, I will attend their cause with diligence, and I hope with effect. For if I know any thing of myself, it is not my own interest in it, but my full conviction, that induces me to tell you I think there is not a Shadow of doubt in the case.
I do not imagine that you find me rash in declaring myself, or very forward in troubling you. From the beginning to the end of the election, I have kept filence in all matters of discussion. I have never afced a question of a voler on the other side, or supported a doubtful vote on my own. I respected the abilities of my managers; I relied on the candour of the court. I think the worthy sheriffs will bear me witness, that I have never once made an attempt to impose upon their reason, to surprise their justice, or to rule their temper. I stood on the hustings (except when I gave my thanks to those who favoured me with their votes) less like a Candidate, than an unconcerned Spectator of a public proceeding. But here the face of things is altered. Here is an attempt for a general massacre of Suffrages; an attempt, by a promiscuous carnage of friends and foes, to exterminate above two thousand votes , including seven hundred polled for the Gentleman himself, who now complains, and who would destroy the Friends whom he has obtained, only because he cannot obtain as many of them as he wishes.
How he will be permitted, in another place, to stultify and disable himself, and to plead against his own acts, is another question. The law will decide it, I shall only speak of it as it concerns the propriety of public conduct in this city. I do not pretend to lay down rules of decorum for other Gentlemen,
They are best judges of the mode of proceeding that will recommend them to the favour of their fellow - citizens.
But I confess, I should look rather aukward, if I had been the very firft to produce the new copies of freedom, if I had persisted in producing them to the last; if I had ransacked, with the most unremitting industry, and the most penetrating research, the remotest corners of the kingdoin to discover them; if I were then, all at once, to turn short, and declare, that I had been sporting all this while with he right of election: and that I had been drawing out a Poll, upon no sort of rational grounds: which disturbed the peace of my fellowcitizens for a month together I really, for my part should appear aukward under such circumstances.
It would be still more aukward in ine, if I were gravely to look the sheriffs in the face, and to tell them, they were not to determine my cause on my own principles; nor to make the return upon those votes, upon which I had rested my election. Such would be iny appearance to the court and magistrates.
But how should I appear to the voters themselves ? If I had gone round to the citizens entitled to Freedom, and squeezed them by the hand - „Sir, I humsibly beg your Vote I shall be eternally thankful may I hope for the honour of your support? Well!
we shall see you at the Council. house." If I were then to deliver them to my managers, pack them into tallies, vote them off in court, and when I heard from the Bar
one only! and such a one for ever he's „Thank you, good Sir – Hah! my worthy friend! , thank you kindly that's an honest fellow how „ is your good family? Whilst these words were hardly out of my inouth, if I should have wheeled round at once, and told them
Get you gone, you pack of worthless fellows! you have no votes ,, you are Usurpers! you are intruders on the rights of ,, real freemen! I will have nothing to do with you! you ,,ought never to have been produced at this Election,
and the Sheriffs ought not to have adınitted you to the poll."
„Such a my inan!“
Gentlemen, I should make a strange figure, if my conduct had been of this sort. I am not so old an acquaintance of yours as the worthy Gentleman. Indeed I could not have ventured on such kinds of freedoms with you. But I am bound, and I will endea. vour, to have justice done to the rights of Freemnen; even though I should, at the same time, be obliged to vindicate the former part of my antagonist's conduct against his own present inclinations.
I owe myself, in all things, to all the Freemen of this city. My particular friends have a demand on me, that I should not deceive their expectations. Never was caufe or man supported with more conftancy, more activity, more spirit. I have been supported with a zeal indeed and heartiness in my friends, which (if their object had been at all proportioned to their endeavours) could never be sufficiently commended. They supported me upon the most liberal principles. They wished that the members for Bristol should be chosen for the City, and for their Country at-large, and not for themselves.
So far they are not disapointed. If I posless nothing else, I am sure I possess the temper that is fit for your service. I know nothing of Bristol, but by the favours I have received, and the virtues I have seen exerted in it.
I shall ever retain, what I now feel, the most perfect and grateful attachment to my friends — and Í have no enmities; no resentment. I never can con. lider fidelity to engagements, and constancy in friend. ships, but with the highest approbation ; even when those noble qualities are employed against my own pretensions. The Gentleman, who is not fortunate as I have been in this contest, enjoys, in this respect, a consolation full of honour both to himself and to his friends. They have certainly left nothing undone for his service.
As for the trilling petulance, which the rage of party ftirs up in little minds, though it should Thew