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morning upon blackberries, and pursued their journey about twenty miles further to German-flats. Gen. Scuyler, upon receiving the information at Stillwater, forwarded a continental brigade under gen. Learned ; when to his great satisfaction Arnoid ofiered to go and conduct the military operations in 'Trvon county, for the relief of the fort. After Herkimer's battle, a nephew of his, Mr. Jost Cuyler, was taken and secured on sus. picion of being a spy. A scheme was laid to make hiin service. able to the business going forward. He was brougiit to Arnoida and it was settled, that if he would go and alarm the enemy, withi representations of great numbers being on their march against thein, so as to occasion their retreat, he should be liberated, and have his estate, which was very large, secured to him. He un. dertook it, being well qualified from his acquaintance with the Indian language and manners, and his possessing a good share of subtiity. The mode of procedure was settled in concert with some friendly Indians ; by advice of one of their head ment. Cuyler's coat was shot though in two or three places, that so the tale he had to relate might be the more readily believed. The necessity of aggravating the numbers marching to the relief of Fort Scuyler was apparent, for when gen. Arnold had got to German-flats, he was convinced from the intelligence procured of the enemy's strength, that it was much superior to his own; so that on the 21st be wrote to gen. Gates, whoarrived as Stillwater and i'e-assumed the command of the northern department on the 19th, to send him a reinforcement of 1000 licht troops. Cuyler proceeded immediately to the Indian camp, informed their warriors that vast numbers were coining against them ; that major Butlar was taken, (which was a truth) and that several shot passed though his coat though he got off unhurt. When the Indian camp was thoroughly alarmed, one of the American friendly Indians arrived, an hour or two atier Cuvler, with a belt, waited upon the chiefs, and confirmed the intelligence, adding, that the Americans did not want to hurt one of them--all they desired was to fall upon the British. An indian in camp, unknown to Arnold, was secretly prevailed upon to aid the project, by going off unobserved, taking a circuit, and then coming into that part of the camp, where were those indizis who were most inimical, with a similar story to that of Curles The Indians were completely frightened, and determined to go off. St. Leger in vain used every art to prevent it. He attemple ed making them drunk with sum, and then getting them tvarer their resolution. Fond as they are of rum, they wouid nut be taken'in at this season of apprehending danger. He then wond have prevailed with them to keep in the rear, while the other troops retreated. Neither would they do that; but told hiin
-"You mean to sacritice us. When we marched down, you told us there would be no fighting for us Indians; we might go down and smoke our pipes ; whereas numbers of our warriors have been killed.”--Nothing could change their determination. They went off, and St. Leger was obliged to decamp, about noon of the 22d, in such hurry and confusion, as to leave his bombardier asleep in the bomb battery. Hlis tents, with most of the artillery and stores, fell into the hands of the garrison. Some of the Indian Suchems, who were highly disgusted with him, concluded to play upon him, and divert themselves at his expence. In the evening, the flying troops came to a clay soil, purity soft. St. Leger and and Sir Jolin Johnson were in an altercation, St. Leger reproaching Sir John about his Indians, and Sir John blaming St. Leger for not carrying on the siege differently. A couple of Indian chiefs' upon a rising hili at a small distance, with light enough to observe their situation, and ncar enough to motice their wranglings which proceeded almost to fighting, die rected an Indian to withdraw some considerable way behind tem and then to run after them, crying out with all imaginable earnestness in the Indian language, they are coming, they are coming and to continue it. St. Leger and Sir John, upon hearing the dismal note, made off as fast as they could, but often tumbled into the dirt. The men threw away their packs, and pushed off in thic greatest hurry. The Indians renewed the joke, and continued thus and in the like ways to divert themselves, till the royalisis arlived at the Oncida lake. The animosity between the two commanders rose at last to such height that they drowupon each other, meaning to settle the contest by the point of the sword. Tire India ans being fully satistied that they had carried the jest far enougi, and not being in a blood-thirsty humor, approached the parties with much gravity and friendship, interposed their quod ofices, recommended peace, made them friends, and carried off the sccret of their own management,wherewith to entertain theinseives and favorites in future * Considering the predominant oisposition of the Indians while retreating in consequence of the ili su:cess that had attended St. Leger, and the loss they had sustained, is was not in the least surprising that they piundered severalo: the boats belonging to the army, and took even from the baggage of the officers what they fancied.
* They afterward diverted themselves and gen. Scuyer with this rela.ing. Many of the foregoing particulars were communicated to me by the Rev. M. Kirkland, who was part of the lime at Fori Scuyler, viih com: of those lndians that were fricadly to the Americans.
- When gen. Washington perceived from events in the north, that a proper officer must be chosen to command the eastern militia, he sent on gen. Lincoln, having learned that he had influence over them, and that they confided in him. He arrived at Manchester', from the southward, on the 2d of August, and found about 600 militia there, including 250 that arrived a few days before from New-Hampshire. Lincoln wrote to the Massachusetts council, that a body of troops in that part would not only cover the eastern states, but being in the rear of Burgoyne, oblige hiin to leave so considerable a part of his army at the different posts he possessed, as would weaken him. Scuyler, attending mainly to making head against Burgoyne's front, wrote to Lincoln on the 4th, to inarch his whole force, except Warner's regiment, and join him with all possible dispatch. On the 6th Lincoln had not been joined by any of the Massachusetts mititia, saving a man or two; but was the same day reinforced by the arrival of brigadier gen. Stark, with about 800 more men, froin New Hampshire. That state had been applied to for a large body of militia. Stark, who was one of their brigadier generals, had considerable influence aniong them; but he was exceedings ly secured, thought himself neglected, and that he had not had justice done him by the congress. He had fought courageously at the battle of Breed's Hill; and shewn himself to be a soldier of sterling courage. He had also no particular liking for Scuyler. When, therefore, he was to be entrusted with the NewHampshire militia, he would not take the command, but upon the condition of being left at liberty to serve or not under a continental commander, as he pleased; and he determined not to join the continental army till the congress gave him his rank in it. He had about 1400 brave men under him, well officered. Many of them had been in service the two preceding campaigns, and were not raw miltia. Scuyler urged him repeatedly to join him; but he declined complying. He was induced so to do, not only from the forementioned reasons, but from considering that Burgoyne would not care what number of enemies he had in front, if he had none in his rear, and the country was open to his incursions. Stark resolved therefore to hang upon his rear, and neglected Scuyler's application. The matter was brought before congress, so that on the 19th they resolved, “That the council of New-Hampshire be informed, that the instructions which gen. Stark says he has received from them, are destructive of military subordination, and highly prejudicial to the common cause at this crisis ; and that therefore they be desired to instruct gen Stark to conform himself to the same rules which other general officers of ile militia are subject to, whenever they are called out VOL. II.
at the expence of the United States.” But before this resolve, Siark had assured Scuyler, that lie would do every thing to pro. mote the public good, but was not for doing any thing that might prove inconsistent with his own honor; however, if it was though: best that he should march immediately to the camp, he would asquiesce. On the 13th he wrote, that he should throw away all private resentment when put in balance with the good of his country. Gen. Washington did not approve of Scuyler's apparent intention of uniting all the mililia and continental troops in one body, and of making an opposition wholly in front. He was of opinion, that a sufficient body of militia should alway be reserved to fall upon Burgoyne's tanks or rcar, and to intercept his convoys. Stark however had concluded, on the day last mentioned, upon marching from Bennington to meet Lincasinat. a certain appointed place, and to proceed with him and join Scuy. ler; but while writing to the former, he received information, that the enemy were on their march to Cambridge. . .
Gen. Burgoyne's progress toward Albany was delayed through the want of a speedy and sufficient supply of provisions. He consis dered in what way the difficulty was to be surmounted. Accord ing to information, the Americans had a great deposit of corn, flour and store cattle at Bennington, which was guarded only by militia. Every day's account ccofirmed the persuasion of the loyo alty of one description of the inhabitants in that part of the country, and of the panic of the other. He therefore entertained the design of surprising the stores at Bennington, and of sending a very large detachment upon the expedition; but was diverted from the latier (as supposed) by major Skeen, who assured him, " The friends to the British cause are as five to ono, and they want only the appearance of a protecting power, to show them. selves.” Relying upon their attachment, the gen. sent the Gere, man lieut. col. Baum, with only about 500 inen and 100 India ans, who carried with them two light pieces of artillery. To facia, litate the operation, the army moved along the east shore of Hudson's-River,and encamped nearly opposite to Saratoga;anda bridge of rafts being thrown over, the advance corps passed to that place, Lieut. col. Breymen's corps, consisting of the Brunswick greda diers, light-infanty and chasseurs, were posted at Batten-kill, in order, if necessary, to support Baum. Stark hearing that a. party of Indians was at Cambridge, sent lieut. col. Gregg, with 200 men to stop their progress. Toward night he was informed by express, that there was a large body of regulars in the rear of the Indians. On that he drew together his brigade and, the militi.. who were at hand, in order to stop their march; sent to Manchester for col. Warner's regiment, and forwarded
expresses to the neighbouring militia to join him with all speed. He then marched, in the morning of the 14th, with colonels Warner, Williams and Brush, and the men present, and in about seven miles inet Gregg retreating, and the enemy within a inile of him. The troops drew up in order of battle; and the chemy, tipon coming in sight, halted upon a very advantageous piece of ground. Baum perceiving that the Americans were too strong to be attacked by his present force, sent an express to Burgoyne with an account of his situation, and Breymen was immediately dispatched to reinforce him. Mean while small parties of the Ainericans skirmished with the eneinv, killed and wounded 30 of them with two Indian chiefs, without any loss to theissclves, which had a good effect upon their courage. The ground Stark occupied, not being suitable for a general action, he retreated about a mile and encaimped. In a council of war it was agreed; to send two detachments into the chemy's rear, while the rest of the t:oops attacked in front,
(Aug. 15.] It rained all day, which retarded the intended assault, however there were frequent skirmishings in small parties. The heavy rain, together with the badness of the roads, prevented also Breyman's advancing to Baum's assistance with dispatch. The next day, [Aug. 16.) Stark being joined in the morning by colonel Seymonds froin Berkshire, pursued his plan. Baum in the mean while had intrenched and rendered his post as defensible as time and its nature would admit. Stark detached col. Nichols with 200 men to the rear of his left : col. Henrick, with 300 men, was sent to the rear of his right : they were to join, and then attack. Colonels Hubbard and Stickney, with 200 were ordered still further on his right. A hundred men were also advanced toward luis front to draw his attention that way. About three o'clock in the afternoon all were ready for the attack. Before Nichols and Henrick could join, the Indians pushed off between the two corps, but receiving a fire as they passed, had three killed and two wounded. Nichols-then began the assault upon Baum, and was followed by the rest; those in front pushing forward. In a few minutes the action became gegeraland lastsed about two hours, with one continued noise like the ruffling of a drum. Baum made a brave defence ; and the German dragoons kept together after having expended their am: munition, and led by their colonel charged with their swords, but were soon overpowered. The whole detachiment, though well enclosed by two breast works, were forced to give way to the superior number and courage of the Americans, who with their brown firelocks, scarce a bayonet, littie discipline, and not a single piece of cannon, ventered to attack 500 well-trained res