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ing assembled, immediately to disperse them. vailamong the crowd to whom these speeches selves, and peaceably to depart to their ha- were addressed. A number seemed prepabitations, or to their lawful business, upon red to sanction and support all that was said the pains contained in the Act made in the or proposed; but the larger portion of the first year of King George, for preventing auditors, and some of th: m whose appear. Tumults and Riotous Assemblies.
ance be poke great distress, seemed not to " GOD SAVE THE KING.” acquiesce in the language which was uttered,
Each offered advice to his neighboor, and As early as ten o'clock on the Monday, in many cases were heard entrealises not to a considerable number of persons arrived follow the crowd. Whether any pre-codin front of the Merlin's Cave public house, certed scheme had been arranged. was not in Spa-fields, many of whom had come generally kuown; and hundreds rushed on from the Old Bailey, where the execation apparently indifferent to the consequrbre of four criminals had attracted a vast num- of their rashness. Thus they passed on nithher of spectators. Shortly after twelve, out further interruption, shaping their the shonis, of die multitude announced course towards Smithil!, and shooting as another arrival, and a crowd was seen en. they passed. Many, however, from the ra. tering the fields, surrounding two tri-cn- pidity of their course, lost their breath; loured flugs and a banner; the largest of and, on stopping to recover themselves priwhich was present on the former orcasion. dently reflected on their conduct, and motie As soon as the cart entered the field, the red to their homes, or returned to Spaflags were unfurled ; and part of the crowd fields. Some few shewed cutlasses and were attracted towards' the Coppice-row pistols; these, however, were very rare gate, where the flags became stationary. A instanres. They proceeded along Corpowaggon was placed by the Pie-house,
Turnmill-street, and Cor. aod a man dessed in sailor's attire, hearing cross; and in Sinitheld it was announcthe larger flag, mounted, amidst loud hus. ed, that they were going to the Lord zas, and asked if the people wanted a lea- Mayor ; bat a cry for arms being raised, der? Some voices answered in the affirina. some of the leader led the way through tive: and suddenly a person, from his pro- Cow-lane, to Snow-hill, to the house of Mr. fessing medicine, called Dr. Watson, his Beckwith, the gan-sonith, were they arrived son, and a Mr. Hooper, all distinguished about half-past twelve o'rlock. A young with tri-coloured cockades in their hats, mán, who was rather before the main body, jumped into the waggon, and, being recog. first rushed into the shop, in which Mr. Dised as having been present at the former Richard Plait, of No. 39, Caleaton street, meeting, were hailed with loud cheers. Dr. and other gentlemen were standing. Tbe Watson took off bis hat, and, waving his man who entered was attended by four or hand, craved silence ; which being in some five comrades: when he opened the door, he measure obtained, he'spoke at considerable demanded arms ; he held a pistol openly length and was succeeded by Mr. Watson, in his hand. Mr. Platt, who had finished jun, who waving his tri-coloured ensign, his business, was going ont of the door, concluded a most seditious harrangue with when the man entered and called out these words “it seems the determined reso- “ Arms, Arms!" Mr. Pla't, in a concilialution of Ministers to carry things in their tory manner, laid his hand on the man's own way, or, as they call it, “Our Sove. shoulder, and reminded him that he was reign Lord the King will carry every thing about to do a great deal of mischief; and with firmness,' That is to say, they will was proceeding to use furiher persoasion, carry the business in defiance of the voice when the man fired. Mr. Platt was placed of the people. If they will not give us in a chair; and addressing his assailaot, what we want, shall we not take it? (Yes, observed, “You have shot me, and I was Yes!) Are you willing to take it? (Ves!) no enemy of your's." "Then," replied the Will you go and take it? (Yes !) If I jump man, “ I am sorry for it." The ball pero down among you, will you come and take forated his two coats, bis waiscoat, and it? [Yes, Yes! from a thousand voices.] several folds of paper in his waistcoat Will you then follow ine?" (Yes, Yes !) pocket, and lodged in or near the groin. * The speaker then seized the largest of The shopman lost po time in seizing the the tri-coloured fags,' and, waving his hat, man, who made no resistance. His comrades jumped among the crowd, amidst the loudest bad fled at the first report of a pistol, onder shouts, John Limbrick, one of the Hattou- the impression, as it is supposed, that their garden Officers, drew bis cutlass, and im- leader himself had been shot," A beadle of mediately collared him ; but he was rescued the name of Worrall, was at hand, and the from the officer's grasp: the officer, low- prisoner was committed into his rustody. ever, succeeded in securing the flag, whicla His pocket-book and various papers were be sent to the pice, Dr. Watson followed taken from him. Amongst the laiter was a his son, with Mr. Hooper, and some hun- copy of a circular letter, calling for subdreds immediately rushed towards Clerken- scriprions. There were other scraps of well.
paper, with the names of the Treasurer and Much diversity of opinion seemed to pre- Secretary of the Spa-fields society. While
the shopmen were emploved in this investi- entered through necessity by the eastern door gation, the constable was not equally prue of the Exchange. By this time directions dent; he suffered him to range from one had been given to close all the gates leading Toon to another. Meantime that por ion out of the exchange ; and three men with of the mob which surrounded the flag came arms, having on them the name of Beckwith, up; and, having been apprised of the de- were taken into custody. Sir James Shaw tention of their leader, on account of shoot. seized the colours; the Lord Mayor took ing Mr. Platt, they loudly demanded his the arms from one man, and Mr. White from liberation. One of the shipmeo answered another. Mr. Favell and Mr. Hicks of that in the scufit the man had escaped, and Cheapside, who had accidentally come up, was not on the premises. This well.intenti. assisted them in securing the men and lodge oned an wer parified the rioters for the ino- ing them in the Exchange. The remainder ment, and they had actually turned away; of the insurgents became exceedingly furiwhen the beadle allowed his prisoner to ap- ouis on learning the capture of their comproach the window, and present hims. Ifto the rades and their banners; and not being able view of his friends, who became furions, and to force the Exchange gates, they raised he was inmediately and of necessity restord each other upon their shoulders, and fired to his liberty. A man in the garb of a over the top of the gates at the Lord Mayor brewer's servant called npon them to destroy and his party, whilst others fired under the the property around them. The windows gates. Before the gates were closed, they were instantly demolished, and the fire arms levelled their muskets, and two of them in the windows and shop were carried off. fired at the Lord Mayor. His lordship held The man who had so! Mr, Platt took up a the man whom he had taken into custody brace of pistois (ahout ten inches long in directly opposite to the rioters, and told the barrel), and loaded them with great care them to fire. A proper force was then stao and deliberation. Uis comrades followed tioned in the Exchange, it being appre his example, and loaded their pieces with bended that the party would return to seek' powder, and whatever materials suited their their arms, and to rescue their companions. purpoxe.
They now proceeded to the Minories, where It was just as the public business of the the gun-makers had been apprised of their Mansion-house was on the point of com- proceedings, and had shot up their shops, mencing, that the Lord Mayor received in- and secured them in the inside. The ipsor. formation of a riotous party having sepa. gents, however, would not be disappointed : rated from the meeting in Spa-firlds, and the leader with the butt-end of his gun, advanced towards the city. The Lord broke in the fan-light above the door of Mr. Mayor and Sir James Shaw immediately Brander's shop, through which a sailor with set out to meet them; expecting to find the a chip-hat conirived to crawl, and in this constables at Guildhall, but they were not manner they all gained adınittance. They there. The Lord Mayor then proceeded carried off several muskels, fowling-pieces, with only four men; and when they got to pistols, besides a four-pound carronade, and Lad-lane, heard the mob were gone to the a brass swivel. One of these was afterMansion-hoose; they retired at a quick wards seized and lodged in the Maosionpace, and found the rioters had passed the house. Happily they did not look into a storeOld Jewry. His Lordship and his small house belonging to Mr. Brander, which con. party went into Princes-street, where they tained at least three thousand stand of army. beard reports of several muskets which were They were about to depart from the Mino. fired in the air. The mob, alter they left ries, when it was supposed that more arms, Mr. Beck with's, proceeded op Newgate- as well as powder, could be had at Mr. streer, well armed with guns and pistols: Rea's, the gunsmith's, a few doors distant. bere they attacked a large hacon shop, de. Mr. Rea had also made his preinises as semolished several panes of glas, took some cure as he could: but they broke in the batter, cheese, &c, and wounded a boy in pannels of the doors and windows. At this the face with shot, which they fired ont of the place they were joined by a man on horseshop. They then passed through Cheapside, back, who took a lead in the direction of loading and firing their pieces as they went their proceedings. A man also woo bad the along. Their numbers were about two hun. appearance of a countryman, and was drrd:--ify or sixty of which were armed. armed with a pistol and a sword, led them The Lord Mayor, who was still in search, from shop to shop. Mr. Rea, apprehensive could not get before them until their arrival for his life, took shelter on the roof of the at the Exchange, when his name was men- house ; but even there he was not out of tioned as being very active, and he was the reach of possible danger, for the mob instantly greeted with the shouls of the mol. ransacked every corner of the shop and titade, This approbation had no effect upon bouse in search of powder with lighted can. his lordship's conduct. For seeing them dles. None, however, was found here, or turn into Sweeting's-alley, close to the Royal at Mr. Brander's; and they were therefore Exchange, he entered that place at the sou. obliged to leave the Miniories in grent disthérn side, and the mob not being able to appointment. They entirely destroyed all Feireat through so narrow a lane, several the windows and window-frames in the
honse of both these tradesmen. Some silver, and the first line of them, presenting their spagns, wearing apparel, and other move- pieces, fired at the troops. Noge, however, ables, were carried off from Mr. Rea's. At were wounded a ball struck one borse. Messrs. Potis and Co.'s, they tired into de Lientenaat Terry then charged the mob, shop over the fan-light. The shopmen had one of whom had his bead cat by a chop shut up the shop, and secured the door; but, from the sword of a guardsman. The mob the assailants, threatening to shoot the person, retired into the cattle-pens in Whitechapel, who had the care of it, if he did not permit, and were preparing to fire muskeiry, &c. oa them to enter, they gained admittance, and the soldiers, when Lieutenant Terry immes seized, guns, pistols, swords, and arms of diately dismounted several of his men, and every description. They also inade a des., pursued them into the pens. The soldiers pcrate attack upon the premises of Mr. had their carbines, which itey loaded, and Wilson, wliere ibe lodgment of arins and, on the word " Present !" being given, the ammunition was immeuse; but were de mub fled, leaving about one hundred nas feated in their purpose, chiefly by their own, kels behind. Twenty of the mob were blundering, and violence. By this tine a secured by the military, and the whole were mob, of five thousand persons were assem. completely put to rout. One of the nobi bled, but not a man or a boy aided the party, made a dash at Lieutenant Terry's bridle; in any of their lawless proceedings. The but he spurred on his horse, dragged on the rioters next took the direction of Aldgate; man, and delivered him to a City oficer, hat, when at the top of the Minories, the from whoin he escaped. party divided, one half pursuing their way The effect of the seizure of the arms at up. Houodsditch, and the other the road 10 Nr. Beckwith's was like that of an electric Mile-end. Those who took the former shock; it was felt almost all over London route inet a party of the 9th dragoons, and, with incredible speed. Exaggerated and instantly abandoned their heavy metal, and, reost friglitful reports were rapidly circalatook to their heels;, tbe soldiers came up, ted in the vicinity; and the shopkeepers of with them, and they surrendered their small, Snow-hill, Holborn-hill, Fleet-market, Lado arms without resistance. The party which gate-hill, the Old Bailey, and Newgate took the Whitechapel-road were also pure street, put up their sutters, withdrew their sued; and those wbo escaped the cavalry, goods, and made fast their doors, under the were attacked by the butchers, and com- expectation of being assailed by sanguinasy. pelled to give up their arms. After the. and irresistible mobs, who were said to be guards bad come up in the Minaries, a man plundering various parts of the metropolis. in the mob levelled a blunderbuss alone of The previous report of the seizure of the soldiers in particular, at the same line fure-arms, and the authenticated fact of a declaring his intention; bui be missed his man being: shot, increased the dread; and aim, and the ball entered the neck of the all places of business in the great thoroughrider's horse, Au aitempt was instanıly fares of the City, and their vicinity in every made by one of the crowd to secure him ;, direction, were shut up in the course of ten hat he fought hard, and was ultimately resa minutes. The banking-houses in Lombard-: Ched. Several of the soldiers received, street and Cornbill were closed, and the slight blows of stones and brick-bats, clerks armed. All business both public and while others were occasionally saluted with privale was suspended, not only in the City, offial and mus. But the troops bore these but in the Strand, and several other streets inanits with much forhearance,
in Westminster: the Inns of Court had their The inob remained in the Minories an.
gates closed. honr and a quarter, breaking open and A considerable military force had been plundering shops and houses without die called forth for the protection of the difslightest interruption, and the main body ferent public buildings. An extra guard had left the scene of their depredations be-, was placed over Newgate ; the Bank and fore cither the military or civil officers were the Public offices were all strongly guarded ; able to make their app arance. The same and the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs were at Want of information lift thein unuiolested the Mansion-house, ready to receive the in their parade down Threadneedle-street, diferent reports from those seut out to Bishopsgate-street, Hound-ditch, and White watch. In the king's Bench prison, a strong chapel. An application was indeed made body of cavalry and iofaotry was placed to the Tower for assistance, which, if within the outer wall; there was also a granted, miglit lave immediately grelled company of the guards in the Poultry.com the riot; but the officer on guard did not ter: bui none of the persons in any of the think himself warranted to comply with prisans, uoder previous confinement, evinced the request, its he had not received ally orders the least disposition to refractory cooduct.on the subject.
Ai the Tower the strictest regulations were Abont half past live the mob proceeded adopted: from the first opening of the aloog Leadephall.street into Aldgate, where Tower gates, measures were taken for tbe a party of the 1st Life-guards, under Liene safety of she storrs, and to repel any attack tepani Terry, caine up; upon which the that might be made.--About one o'clock nob, many of n kom were armed, stopped, the mob approached the Minorice. The
&rums in the Tower beat to arms, the gates A party of the life-guards did duty in the were all closed, the draw-bridges raised, Old Bailey during the whole night. This and the guns upon the different batteries regulation was in order to prevent any commandiog Tower-hill were loaded. A attempt which might be made to liberate message was received by the resident go- the prisoners. No disorder, however, of vernor, Major Elrington, from the Lord any sort occurred. - The City was well far: Mayor, to apprise him of the state of affairy nished with soldiers, both horse and foot : in the City. He had, for the special pro- the horse paraded all parts of the metropotection of the fortress, the Coldstream regi- lis during the evening and the night, and ment of Guards, and Royal-artillery ; the preserved order every where.-The Bank men of which were under arms uotil all and East. India-house were proyided with alarm had ceased. The Ordnance labourers sufficient force to repel any attack; and were mustered and equipped with bells, the City Militia kept watch in the Royal cartouches, and firelocks, and paraded on Exchange.—The Lord Mayor's personal the glacis. All the male iohabitants of the exertions were beyond all commendation, Tower, able to bear arms, were also in The most active officer could not keep pace readiness, and no person was admitted into with the rapidity with which he moved from the place, but upon special business, and one quarter of danger or apprelrension to after a minute inquiry. Many of the gud- another.--Several of the Aldermen conti makers in the eastern part of the town sent pued to sit at the Mansion-bouse during the their arms to the Tower for protection, whole of the evening. where, it is said, they were refused admis. The following notification was circola. sion.-After the affair at the Exchange and ted from Lord Sidmouth's office, through the Minories, a Lieutenant's party of the Life country, by means of the Post-office: guards arrived at the west end of Cheapside;
" London Dec. 2, 1816. and after them the whole of the 9th dra- " Exaggerated accounts will probably goons, with the exception of one troop of reach the country of what is going on here. lancers left at the Queen's riding-house: The most effectual means, civil and military, about three o'clock this troop was also'sent' are taken by Government to prevent misfor. The regiment halted in Cornbill, the chief; and the same vigilance and activity, people flying before them. A party of if there should be any appearance of disa horse was afterwards stationed in the Mino- turbance in the country, will doubtless ries, to protect the arms and valuable shops produce the same good effects." ja that quarter. At the instance of the Throughout the whole of the next day Lord Mayor, the inhabitants of the several (Tuesday) all was peace and order in the wards pressed forward to be sworn in as City. A few troops remained in the special constables; and in Candlewick Deighbourhood of the Mansion-house, in ward alone more than one half of the house. case of necessity, or for the purpose of holders were enrolled in less than an hour: conveying dispatches between the offices of It is supposed that several thousands were, the other Magistrates, or that of the Secre. upon the whole, sworu in; and, among tary of State, with wlrom the Lord Mayor ochers the members of Lloyd's and the had frequent communications. But the Stock Exchange.-One of the Life.guards' soldiers were removed from the Bank and was very much hurt, about six o'clock, in Royal Exchange; and there were only Snow-hill, by the mob, which he was endea.' a few of the guards stationed near Towet. vouring to separate. He was carried to his bill. quarters in a dangerous state.- At eight in Mr. Plalt's deposition, taken before a the evening there were not more people in magistrate, states, that on the 2d of Dec.,' the streets than may usually be seen at at half-past twelve o'clock, he went to the eloven.--At the Mansion-honse, at ten shop of Mr. Beckwith, a gon-smith, in o'clock, the ward-constables, the patroles, Skinner.street, to speak about the repair oft and the marshals made their reports, “ All the lock of his
gun. As he was quitting the quiet." Detachments of the horse and foot shop, a young man appeared at the door guards, the 9th light dragoons, &e. were with a pistol in his hand. He entered the still drawn up before the Mansion-house; slop, crying out, “ Arms! arins! I want but there was no assembly of persons be-' arms!” He cocked his pistol, and presented yond that which the sight of the troops it to Mr. Platt, who attempted to seize his' might create. Every thing was perfectly arm, but failed. He then presented a quiet in Westminster at the same hour. - pistol at Mr. Platt's belly, fired it, and the The Lord Mayor, the Marshals, &c. paraded ball entered near the navel. He then ato' the streets of the City the greatest part of tempted to strike Mr. Plalt with the butt the night, and visited the different watch- end of the pistol ; but Mr. Platt seized him, hooses. At two o'clock in the morning, and the pistol either fell to the ground of sball parties of cavalry were parading was taken from him by Mr. Beckwith's the Strand; and a strong corps of police.' man. Mr. Plait exclaimed, “This mad officers remained at Bow-street, ready to' must be secured !” and, placing himself attend when called on, but every thing wore near the door, desired the person who had the appearance of complete tranquillity- fired the pistol to retire into a back shop
or counting-house, into which he followed expressing and praying for redress of those him, Mr. Platt said to him, “You have public grievances under which he laboured. shot me.'
“ Oh!" exclaimed he, “ I am a This would do away that calumoy whick inisled young man. I have been to Spa- bad been so industriously circolated - that fields. Send for a surgeon-I am a surgeon the prtitions which bad already been agreed myself.” And he desired a coostable, who to, owed their origin to the evil influe-oce of had now arrived, to empty his pockets, to inflammatory statements. Each man should shew his lancet. “ These," said be," will draw up and send in his owo Petitino, aod convince you I ain a surgeon.” He wrong by this means let the Goveroment know, that bis hands, bit his hat, and, frequently ex- it was to individual feeling, and pot to any. claimed, “Oh! I am a misled young inan!" faction, the complaints were to be aurie -Mr. Platt asked him, whether the pistol buted If 40, or 50,000 such Petitions pere. was loaded with a ball or slug? He an- presented (and so man: might be sent from swered, “ I do not know." A person said, the present meeting), no one would hereafin an angry tone, “ You must know which ter dare to call the individuals who sent it was loaded with - was ooi it a ball ?" them a set of ignorant ragamuffins, The He said, “ I believe it was.”- Mr. Plait, minister would then tremble, and the redress the youth who fired the pistol, and several they required they would quickly obother persons, remained in the counting- tain. [ Applouse.) house for pearly a quarter of an hour, when The Resolutions were then read by the the mob broke into the shop, and Mr. Platy Chairman, and carried onanimously. was obliged to make his escape over a wall Mr. Hunt again caine forward and pot a at the back of the house. He went to the Petition to the House of Commons into house of Mr. Barnard, a printer, where the hands of the Chairman who read it Mr. Beveridge, a surgeon in Newgate-street, to the meeting; and which was seconded. first saw him, and took him to his country- by Mr. Waddington, a man who was well house at Brixton.
known to the public-a geuileman who had After the Watsons and their lawless asso- devoted a great part of his life in apposiog ciates had left the original scene of action, that war, and those other ruinous measures, Mr. Hunt arrived in a tandem at five, from whence the present distresses had minutes before one, and was received with arisen. the greatest applauses. He soon after en- Mr. Waddington observed, that he had tered the public house ; and, taking his been most anxious to second the Petition." station at the window he forinerly occupied, He thought it an hoponr to address sa res. proposed that Mr. Clark should take the pectable a meeting. He had been present ghair.
at public assemblies of the people in the Mr. W. Clarke, the, former chairman, revolutions of America, of France, of being called to the chair, said, that as this, Portugal; but so numerous, so orderly, so was an adjoursed meeting, it was uopeces, well-conducted an assembly, he never bee sary for hiin to read any advertisement to fore witnessed, as that which he had thea them. He had only to recommend them to the honour of addressing. After a long be orderly and peaceable, as that meeting speech of very extraneous matter, Mr. W. was called pot for the purpose of rioting, concluded hy seconding the Petition, but for that of asserting their justs rights as Mr. Allprice, of Abergavenny, said, Eoglishmen; and those wbo were urged on that with respect to the question of signing by the spies and informers among them to be the Petition, he hoped five acres of parch guilty of any outrage must be considered ment would not be sufficient. He expressed as enemies to the cause,
himself a well-wisher is the cause of his Mr. Hunt then proceeded to address the countrymen; and assured the meeling, that meeting at great length; and concluded by their sentiments would be regarded. He reading his proposed resolutions.
would subscribe one pound towards defray. He then announced, that the gentleman ing the expense of purchasing parchmeat, who was coming forward to second them, and hoped many others would follow his. was a Mr. Haydeo, of Wigmore-street, example. Cavendish-square.
The question on the Petition was thea Mr. Hayden said, that after the very able put, and carried with acclamariens. speech the meeting had just heard, it would Mr. Hunt then said, the next question to Dot be necessary for bim to enter into the be considered was, bow the Petition was to general merits of the Resolutions, or to be carried to the House. If he had beeo. occupy much of their time. There was so unfortunate as to have a seat in that however one thing in which he differed from Honourable Hopseif he had been so far Mr. Hunt; viz, as to the mode in which they disgraced as to be obliged to associate with sbould petition parliament. It might be such company, he should deem the carrying thought novel, but in his opinion it was the up the petition to be the highest bouour that best way in wbich they could act, instead could be conferred upon him. But as he of sending one petition signed by them all, could not have this honour, he wished 10 to go to their respective bomes, and each recommend to their potice a man who was. individual draw up a petition for himself,. labouring under tbe iron band of "pi