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EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW,

FOR JULY, 1816.

TO

A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF

HER ROYAL HIGHNESS
PRINCESS CHARLOTTE-AUGUSTA OF WALES,

AND OF SAXE COBOURG SAALFIELD.
WITH A PORTRAIT, ENGRAVED BY BLOOD, FROM AN ORIGINAL DRAWING.]

- All princely graces
That mould ap such a piece of work as this is,
With all the virtues that attend the good,
Shall still be doubled on Her.-

-She shall be
A pattern to all Princes living with Her,
And all that shall succeed.

SRAKSPEARE.
TOWARDS the anticipated Sove. year 1553, when the accession of the

reign of a mighty Empire, every first Mary placed a Queen upon the hope and every expectation are natus English throne. rally directed ;-even the realities of the That the principle is anciently British, past and present lose their interest, and is evident from the historical facts reare not unfrequently absorbed in con- specting Boadicea; and although we templating the speculative visions of had not any feinale sovereigns under the the coming future.

Saxon governments, yet it is well known In sketching however the biography to have been a Saxon principle, inasof the beiress presumptive of the British much, that William, Duke of Normandy, empire, it cannot be supposed that we founded his claim in preference to shall have many events to record, con- Harold, on his descent from Matilda of Dected wilh her private life, much less Brunswick, who was herself a descendant events unknown to the generality of our from Elfrida, wife of Baldwin II. Count readers. In fact, it is the pride of our of Flanders, and daughter of Alfred the fair countrywomen (aud long may it re- Great, who was grandson of Egbert, the fuain so,) to be but little known for first Saxon monarch of the wbole king. conspicuous actions; and with respect to dom of England. the illustrious Personage in question, On the same principle William marHer native dignity of mind will always ried his son Henry, to Maud, daughter prompt her to veil her good deeds in an of Malcolm III. King of Scotland, by honourable obscurity, whilst her great Margaret, sister of Edgar Atheling, last ones shall be the theme of future his- of the Saxon line of Princes, and the tories,-promulgated by the example of undonbted heiress of the British crown. Britain in arts, -and by the valour of In the unhappy reign of Edward II. her sons in arms.

and in the minority of his son, the Queen Yet the prospect,- a far distant one Isabella, though a foreigner, assumed we trust, ---of the sceptre of the United the Regency; and afterwards in the Einpire being wielded by a female hand, reign of Edward III. bis Queen Pbilippa, gives rise to many interesting feelings, not only exercised the regal powers duparticularly as it is now more than a ring his absence in the French wars, but century since our throne was filled by a even commanded the English army in female mouarch. It is worthy of notice the cowtest with Scotland. Again, in too, that although the principle of the the 15th century, though Henry VII. British constitution admits of Female founded his claim on a descent from the inheritance, yet its absolute applicativo heiress of the Beauforts, and the great in practice never took place before the grand-deliter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, fourth son of Edward III.; the British people, is a female one, yet he even thought his claim strength through Sophia, youngest daughter of ened by an union with Elizabeth, the Frederick, King of Bohemia, by bis wife heiress of the hostile House of York, 1. Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James 1.

None of these, however, produced an so that the present beiress presumptive absolute female sovereignty until 1553, of the British Crown is the lineal reprewhen Mary succeeded her brother, the sentative of the ancient British Princes, youthful Edward VI. ; and when her by descent from Owen Tudor and Llesuccession was contested by another wellyn the Great, -of the Saxons, by female claimant, the lamented Lady descent from Egbert, -- of the Normans, Jane Grey, most certainly the Pro- by descent froin our ancicut line of testant heir, if the Princess Elizabeth, Kings,- of the ancient Kings of Scotafterwards Queen, had not been ative; land, of the royal Houses of Bruce and for the Lady Jane, wife of Lord Guild. Stuart, and of the ancient monarchs of ford Dudley, was daughter of Henry Ireland, hy descent from Elizabeth De Grey, Duke of Suffolk, by his wife Burgo, heiress of l'Ister, descended froin Frances, daughter of Brandon Duke of the heiress of O'Connor, and the wise of Suffolk, by the sister of Henry VIII. Lionel Duke of Clarence. and Queen-dowager of France : we The illustrious subject of our present say, the Proleslant heir, because Mary biograp!ıy, was born on the 7th of JanuQueen of Scots, who claimed by descent ary, 1796: but to trace her Royal Highfrom Margaret, an elder sister of Henry, ness's progress through the various and Queen dowager of Scotland, was a stages of education from that period Catholic, and her son James was not to the present, would be little more then born.

than to recapitulate what is so geneIn Mary's reign then, we must first rally known. Her earliest years were look for the practical effects of female spent under the domestic tuition of het sovereignty; but the picture is too Royal Mother; and at a proper period gloomy to be contemplated, as the the Bishop of Salisbury, a prelate of the whole of that Princess's annals were most eminent piety and profound learn, stained with the blood of martyrs, and ing, was appointed to the important the independence of England' was sa- office of her private tutor by the pas crificed in an alliance with a foreign rental choice of bis Majesty, who, by and tyrannical bigot, Philip 11. of the customary law of England, must Spain.

direct the education of the presumpOn the accesion of our first Pro- tive heiress to his crown.-On being testant Queen, ELIZABETH, the prospect taken froin the superintendance of her brightened, and the sun of England's mother, the accomplished Lady De glory once again burst through the Clifford was selected as her Governess, clouds of ignorance and fanaticism, pre- but who, on the advance of her Royal senting a display of national and domes- Pupil to maturity, was superseded by tic prosperily, which, in a comparative her Grace the 'Duchess Dowager of reference to past and present times, Leeds. though we cannot hope to see sur- That under such care, our future passed, yet we trust that the British Sovereign has imbibed a true sense of empire will ever bebold fully equalled. the British Constitution, we can have

The last female reign (of Anne) must no doubt ; siuce of its excellence, she be ever memorable for the military glory has witnessed many practical proofs. of the nation abroad, and for the strength Uoder the prospect then of a future and virulence of parties at home. In- female reign, we need not despair of volved as the kingdom was during the Britain's prosperity, when we contemwhole of ber reigu in contineulal wars, plate our youthful Priucess thos acyet these were actually caused by the complished in her education, of mannecessity of interference, in support of ners and disposition the most amiable, the great balance of power in Europe, and possessed of all those blessings which in opposition to the views, of aggran. must make her happy in hersell, and a disement and of universal domination happiness to all around her. then pursued by the wild anibition of To Her Royal Highness's recent union the French King.

with Prince Leopold, it is unnecessary It is almost needless to add, that the now to advert ;- farther than to repeat claim by descent to the British throne. ibose congratulations on the event, which of the present illustrious House of Bruns- every voice has uttered, and which every wick, in addition to the free choice of heari bas felt.

T.

FRONTISPIECE.

and justice equally demands, upon the THE MONUMENT OF BURNS. same principle, that gratitude and ad

(WITH AN ENGRAVING). miration should bestow similar honours The Poet's eye in a fine frenzy rolling, on poetry, since it is the bard who may Doth glance from heaven to earth from · be said to make kings and heroes what earth to heaven;

they ultimately becume in the eyes of And, as Imagination bodies forth,

the world, by inciting them to deeds of The forms of tbings unknown--the Poet's virtue, and by animating them to purpen

sue the paths of fame and glory, PoeTurns them to shapes, and gives to airy try, indeed, is not an idle art.-- it is that

nothing A local habiration and a name. --Shaks.

which leads us to the noblest efforts of

which the bumpan mind is capable ; and A mors of the present

distinguished

which, while it is the source of our most poets of the present age, no one has been more deservedly popular than exalted actions, proves itself to be inRobert Burns-vor has any one pos: est springs of our intellectual existence,

timately connected even with the pursessed fairer claims upon the gratitude and admiration of his country. His For the powerful effects of national wildly original, though uocultivated poetry on all who can feel, we might genias

, arising superior to all the re. confidently appeal to all our readers. straints of adversity, and the shackles of We might ask if there is pot a charm in situation, blazed like a meteor on the the poetry of Burns which has had the poetic world, and was bailed with the effect of giving a new and a superior same enthusiasm which greets a newly has loved to celebrate. who has ever

interest to every spot which his muse discovered planet of the astronomer. visited the rivers, the valleys, the moun: But the slave of his passions-neglect; tains, which he song, and felt not the ful of himself-Burns was veglected by others; and, though TWENTY YEARS

glow of that enthusiasm which animated have this day elapsed since his decease

the poet they admired, witbout reuntil now, no public monument bas membering, with feelings of no common marked his resting place, no national emotion, that these were objects which cenatoph has pointed out the sepulchre Who can direct his steps to the humble

he onee delighted to contemplate ? of native genius. Large, then was the debt of gratitude dae to his undying cottage which the muse of Burno fame, and nobly now has Scotland re- virtues, and not feel the vast importe

adorned with all the loveliest domestic deemed the pledge. * At length we hail him cenotaph’d- endeared and sanctified by his verse ?

ance it has gained, from having been inuro'd, At length we mourn him as he should be Who can visit the fields on which those mourn'd.

achievements have been accomplished, Art waits at length upon his honour'd which gave to Scotland immortal fame, tomb,

without feeling the power of him, who, And Poesy recording, weeps bis doom!" in appropriate strains, has sung the

Scotsmen, indeed, may well be vain glory of her chieftains, and, as it were, of his talents and his name, for his ge- revived WALLACE, BRUCE, and all those nigs was truly national.--Scotland may, who have so long slumbered with them indeed, exult in having given him birth, in their gory bed? Some mark of pubfor he may be said to have sprung froin lic gratitude--some lasting record of ber very soil. But while, as Scolsmen, admiration, then, must be due to the they are justly proud that it was re- memory of that great original

muntoserved for their country to give birth tored-and inimitable because untuto such a Poel, the hard fate of Burns, tored poet, whose name we have atwhile living, and the comparative ob- tempted to commemorate. Feeling Kurity in which he closed his days, this, and feeling the importance of disprore, also, that while among them he tinguishing the hallowed grave of was not sufficiently valued, and thus in Burns by a public monument, bis adcome degree turns their very pride into: miring countrymen have at length a reproach. Britain owes to his memo.. united, heart and hand, to promote this!

a long arrear of admiration, and the great design. baly way in which we can discharge To the indefatigable perseverance of this debt is by uniting to do honour io Willias Grierson, Esq. of Dumfries,

is due the individual praise of having By the common consent of mankind, been principally instrumental in the monuments are raised to perpetuate discharge of this national obligation;

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recompensed every exertion. It will in its interior. It is from this truly be remembered that Burns died at elegant desigy that we have been Dumfries, on the 21st of July, 1796, at obliged with the drawing from which the early age of 36 years and about ? our Frontispiece is engraved; and, months, yet, though every tribute of througbout the varied range of all the municipal and military respect attended poetry and prose of Burns, there is, the funeral ceremonies of depositing perhaps, no one passage which could his remains in the church-yard of St. have been transferred to live in marble Michael's, yet a very considerable time with equal felicity of effect for the elapsed before even a stone was raised purposes intended. The words occur over the sod that covered the reliques in the dedication of an early edition of of departed genius, and this was but a bis poems to the“ Noblemen and Genplain memento, reared by a widow's tlemen of the Caledonian Huot."affection, and 'dewed with a widow's “ The Poetic GENIUS OF MY COUNTRY tears. Such neglect was regretted, but FOUND ME AS THE PROPHETIC BARD not retrieved ; and, though several ELIJAR DID ELIHA—AT TAE Plouga, sums were individually subscribed towards the erection of a public monu- OVER me!" And, in giving “ form and ment, it was not until the close of the pressure" to the imagination of the year 1813 that any measures of import- poet, Mr. Turnerelli has been singularly

were ultimately decided upon. successful. After much exertion amongst private It was, however, now discovered, that friends, Mr. Grierson was enabled to grave of Burns was, unfortunately, convene a public meeting of the ad. so situated as to preclude the possibility mirers of Burns, on the 6th of January, of any erection upon its present site, 1814; when General Dunlop, M.P. and with the consent of his surviving was called to the chair, and considering relatives, the sacred deposit was re" that it had long been a subject of re- moved to a piece of new ground, on gret that po public tribute of respect the opposite side of the church-yard, was yet paid to the memory of a inan where the projected mausoleum would who had employed bis unrivalled powers not only produce an infinitely superior, in giving grace and dignity to the low. effect, but receive the additional advaqland language of Scotland, and illustrat- tage of being much easier accessible, ing the manners and character of the On Monday, therefore, the 5th of June, Scottish peasantry.”-It was unani. 1815, was laid, the first stone of the mously resolved,

intended erection, when the ceremony " That a Mausoleum be erected over was perforined with due solemnity and the grave of Burns, and a public sub masonic pomp, by W. MILLER, Esq. scription be immediately opened for Provincial Grand Master of the district, that purpose."

assisted by several buodred brethren of A committee was consequently ap- Dumfrics, and deputations from all the pointed, consisting of the Marquis of lodges in its vicinity. So interesting a QUEENsbury, the Earl of Selkirk, and spectacle attracted an immense cona number of other distinguished cha- course of visitors, and the whole was racters, to carry into active effect the conducted to the gratification of all resolutions of the meeting. A very ex. who witnessed it. tensive correspondence was immediately The bnilding is now nearly comcommenced, and the lists of subscrip- pleted, and the marble sculpture, it is tions soon proved that the appeal was hoped, will be erected early next spring. not in vain, as amongst many other when entirely finished, it will, as a contributions of British liberality, the whole, certainly equal any sepulchrał Treasurer had early the honour of ac. memorial jo Great Britain. It will be knowledging the inunificent donation a cemetery worthy of Caledonia's highly of FIFTY GUINEAS from H.R.H. the gifted bard ; an honour to those who PRINCE REGENT.

have reared it over his ashes, and a Proposals were then issued for artists most interesting ornament to the surto furnish designs for the inausoleuin rounding country and monument, when, from nearly sixty “ Where still that fresh, that unforgottea others, the plan of THOMAS F. Hunt, Esq. arcbitect, was selected for the Shall pay th' arrear of monumental fame, mausoleum ; and a most classic model, As oft the traveller, oft the poet turos by Peter 'TURNERELLI, Esq. was made to muse and linger o'er the TOMB OF choice of, for the marble sculpture, to

BURNS."

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adother tribute to the memory of Scot Him in his clay-built cott the Mase tish genius, in the person of Burns, is Entranced and shew'd him all the forms Bow erecting near to his place of birth, Of fairy-light and wizard gloom,

in Ayrshire. To the fund for its com- That only gifted Poet views) | pletion Sir James Shaw, Bart. M.P. is the Genii of the floods and storms,

And martial shades from Glory's tomb, the London Treasurer; and to this, also, his Royal Highness the PRINCE The swain whom BURN's song inspires ?

On Bannock-field what thoughts arouse REGENT has presented the royal dona

Beat not bis Caledonian veins, tion of FIFTY GUINEAS.

As o'er the heroic turf he ploughs, On Saturday, the 25th of May, 1816, With all the spirit of his sires, was celebrated at Freemasons'. Hall, And all their scorn of death and chains ? Great Queen Street, a “ COMMEMORA. And see the Scottish Exile tann'd TION OP BURNS, in aid of the subscrip. By many a far and foreign clime, tion for completing the monument over Bend o'er his homeborn verse and weep. his grave at Dumfries.” At this meet- In memory of his native land, ing the Right Hon. the Earl of Aber. With love that scorns the lapse of time,

And ties that stretch beyond the deep.; DEEN presided; and the list of stewards comprised some of the most distin. Encamp d by Indian rivors wild, guished names connected with Scot. The soldier resting on bis arms,

In Burn's carol sweet recals land. A poem, written for the occa

The scenes that blest him when a child, sion by Tronas CAMPBELL, Esq. much And glows and gladdens at the charms influenced the very liberal subscription Of Scotia's woods and waterfalls. then received ; nor can we more appro. O deem not, ’midst this worldly strife, priately close this interesting detail, An idle art the Poet brings, ihan by the insertion of this truly ad- Let high Philosophy controul mirable composition.

And sages calm the stream of life, P. C. S. July 22, 1816.

T.

'Tis he refines its fountain springs,

The nobler passions of the soul. ODE TO THE MEMORY OF BURNS, The native banner of the brave,

It is the Muse that consecrates Written by Thomas Canipbell, Esq. and re

Unfurling at the trumpet's breath, cited at the Commemoration of Robert Rose Thistle-llarp-'tis she elates Burns, by Mr. Conway, of the Theatre. To sweep the field or ride the wave, Royal Covent Garden.

A sunburst in the storin of death. Soul of the Poet!-whereso'er

And thou, young Hero, when thy pall Reclajm'd from earth thy genius plume Is cross'd with mournful sword and plume,' Her wings of immortality;

When public grief begins to fade, Suspend thy harp io happier sphere,

And only tears of kindred fall, And with tbine infuenee illume

Who but the Bard shall dress thy tomb, The gladness of our jubilee.

And greet with fame thy gallant shade? And fy like fiends from secret spell, Such was the Soldier,- Burns forgive ! Discord and strife at BURN's nade, That sorrows of mine own intrude, Exorcised by his memory;

In strains to thy great memory due, For he was ebief of bards that swell In verse like thine, Oh! could he live, The beart with songs of social fame, The friend I mournd - the brave, the good, And bigh delicious revelry.

EDWARD that died at WATERLOO !? Aad Love's own strain to him was given Farewell, bigh Chief of Scottish song ! To warble all its extacies,

That could'st alternately impart With Pythian words unsought-uonilld, Wisdom and rapture in thy page, Love the surviving gift of Heaven,

And brand each vice with satire strong, The choicest sweet of Paradise

Whose lines are mettoes of the heart, lo life's else bitter cap distill’d.

Whose truths electrify the sage. Who that bas melted o'er his lay

Farewell !-and nc'er may Envy dare TO MARY's soul in Heaven above,

To wring one baleful poison drop
But pictured sees in fancy strong,

From the crush'd taurels of thy bust;
The landscape and the livelong day But, while the lark sings sweet in air,
That smiled upon their mutual love Still may the grateful pilgrim stop
Who that has felt forge's the song?

To bless the 'spot that holds thy dust.
For skill'd ope flame alone to fan-
His Country's bigh-soul'd prasanıry

+ BURNS was born in Clay-cottage, Wbat patriot-pride he taugbt:-how which his father had built with his own

hands. Te weigh the inborn wotth of man!

+ Major EDWARD Hodge, of the 7th Asd festic life and poverty

hussars, who fell at the head of bis squadros Gron beautiful bepeatb big touch.

in the attack of the Polish Lancers.

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