Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

deep well, grasped him with such adroit- In the sixteenth century, the Jews ness and force, that he sent him head. were looked upon to be inore expert long into the water, where, being old in the art of medicine than any other and feeble, he was suffocated, although persons. Francis 1. of France being he received speedy assistance.

exceedingly ill, and finding no relief

from his own physicians, sent to his Marville remarks, that no persons are old rival and energy, Charles V. for so apt as physicians to quit their profes- one, of the Hebrew race.

The emperor sion, and follow different walks of litera. sent him one who had been converted. ture; and confirms this observation by This did not satisfy the French' mòproducing a very long catalogue of met, narch; he applied to the court of Conof various nations, who have resigned stantinople for an obstinate unbaptized the study of medicine, for that of geo. Israelite. One such accordingly atmetry, of medals, of poetry, &c. &c. &c. tended on him, and, by the help of He reasons upon the point, and ac- asses milk, effected his cure. counts for it ingeniously enough, from the vast extent of reading through

It is asserted in a French book, enwhich physicians must of necessity pass, titled " Le Nouveau Cours de Chimie," and which set before them objects much that the discovery of the powers resident more pleasing than those of which they in antimony was owing to the celebrated are in search

Basilius Valentinus, who finding that it

had the property of fattening pigs, tried Jacques Coetier, a physician,' was the it (heaven kuows with what connexion only person who could keep in awe the of ideas) on a convent of monks. Unturbulent uneven spirit of Louis IX. of luckily, instead of improving the condiFrance. He governed him by making a tion of these holy men, it killed them proper use of that dread of death, to by dozens, whence it obtained the name which he knew the king was subject to of “ Anti-moine.” Paracelsus attempta degree so ridiculous, that he oncc actually stopped a priest, who, after having adventure, into credit, but he

too failed,

ed to bring it, notwithstanding this mis. prayed for the health of his body, was

and it was not until very late times that beginning to implore heaven for his the virtues of that very useful medicine fuiure welfare.

* Hold ! hold !” eried he, you have gone far enough for

were universally allowed. Never be tiresome in your address to God Almighty. stop now; fairly by their patients as “ Dr. An

Few medical people have acted se and pray for my soul another time.Coetier, thoroughly acquainted with

thony Storck, aulic counsellor and chief this infirmity, used to say to him,

physician to the Empress Queen," who, * One of these days, you will send

before he recommended the use of the me packing, I suppose, as I have seen

meadow-saffron root (a well-known poi. you act by your other servants ; but

son) to those afflicted with the dropsy, mark my words, if you do, by

and other diseases, tried it upon himself you will not live eight days after it." in a crude state, until be was brought to By repeating this menace, he not only

the door of death; he then having with kept himself in his station, but per:

difficulty recovered, and having found a suaded the pusillanimous king to ap- lities of the root, by infusing it in vine

method of checking the poisonous quapease him with great and valuable

presents. On his part, he certainly paid

gar, made another experiment on him. great attention to the condition of his self : and finding no evil consequences, royal master's mind, which was fre- administered the decoction with success quently almost in a state of phrensy.

to others. To amuse him during his long indispositions, he contrived to have several ru. La Mothe Le Vayer, observing that ral dances performed under his cham- Pherecides (preceptor to Pythagoras), ber-window; and to make up for the Anaximander, and Abaris, foretold king's inability to enjoy the pleasure earthquakes, asks this humorous quesa of the chase, the ingenious physician tion, “ If we consider the earth as a collected cats and huge rats, and di- huge animal, had not these the art of verted his dying patient, by letting him feeling its pulse, and thereby of foresee combats between thesc discordant seeing the convulsions it would be trouauimals.

bled with ?".

once.

[ocr errors]

The celebrated Florentine physician, and as well as any one in the world. Andrea Baccio, who has been styled the Price 28. 6d. a bottle ; sold only at Italian Radcliffe for his astonishing pe- Mr. Payne's toy-shop, at the Angel Betration as to diseases, resembled that and Crown, in St. Paul's Church-yard, singular man, also, in the blunt method near Cheapside, with directions." of delivering his sentiments. He was one day called to attend on a woman of suredly cures stuttering and stammer

“ An admirable confect, which asasked her “ How 'old she was ?" She ing in children or grown persons,

though teld bim, “ Above fourscore.”—and distinct and free, without any trouble

never so bad, causi them to speak bow long would you live ?” said the

or difficulty; it remedies all manner of cross pbysician, quitting her hand, and impediments in the speech, or disorders making the best of his way out of her in the voice of any kind, proceeding bouse.

from what cause soever, rendering those Your unchristian virulence against persons capable of speaking easy and me," said a Huguenot who had been free, and with a clear voice, who before persecuted for preaching," shall cost

were not able to utter a sentence with: hundreds of people their lives." This out hesitation. Its stupendous effects, menace brought the author into trou in so quickly and infallibly curing stuta ble ; he was cited in a court of juse of the voice, and difficulty in delivery

tering, stammering, and all disorders tice, and was charged with harbouring of the speech, are really wonderful. the most bloody designs against his fellow-subjects." I am innocent,”

Price 2s. od. a pot, with directions. said be, * of all you lay to my ac

Sold only at Mr. Osborn's toy-shop,

at the Rose and Crown, under St. count. My only meaning was,' that I meant (since I could not act as a

Dunstan's Church, Fleet-street." minister) to practise as a physician." " Loss of memory, or forgetfulness,

certainly cured, by a grateful electuThat pleasant philosopher Montaigne ary, peculiarly adapted for that end : must be once more introduced under it strikes at the prime cause, which this head, for the sake of the whimsical few apprehend, of forgetfulness, makes consolation which he kindly offers to the head clear and easy, the spirits those afflicted with gout, gravel, rheu. free, active, and undisturbed, corro. matism, &c. " These,” he says, "are' borates and revives all the noble facul. symptoms of a long life, just as heat, ties of the soul, such as thought, judg. cold, raio, and hail, are the attendants ment, apprehension, reason, and me. on every long journey."

mory, which last, in particular, it so

strengthens, as to render that faculty Although our modern quacks take exceeding quick, and good beyond a very large range, as to the disorders imagination; thereby enabling those which they assert their power of curing, whose memory was before almost tothere are yet in my possession advertise- tally lost, to remember the minutest ments (for which I am indebled to the circumstance of their affairs, &c. to a original edition of the Spectator, which wonder! Price 25. Gd. a pot. Sold only was first printed as a newspaper) that at Mr. Payne's, at the Angel and Crown, lay daim to the extirpation of thrce in St. Paul's Church-yard, with direccomplaints wbich now bid defiance to tions." “ tinctures,”

,” “ copfects,” and “ electuaries."

To the preceding advertisements I " An incomparable pleasant tincture, beg leave to add another, from the to restore the sense of smelling though same respectable paper, which prescribes lost for many years, a few drops of for a complaint, more ceriain and more which being spuffed up the nose, in- palatable remedies for the which may fallibly cures those who have lost their be found at the hospitable table of the spell, let it proceed from what cause

country squire, the companies' feasts soever

. It admirably cures all obstruc. of the citizens, or at the equally sotions in the olfactory or smelling perves,

ciable and charitable parties in favour comforts and strengthens the head and of hospitals, &c. at the London and brains, and revives the smelling to a

City of London Taverns. miracle, and perfectly cores so as to,

« An assured cure for leanness, which cause the person to smell as quick procecds from a cause few know, but

[ocr errors]

easily removed by an unparalleled spe- received, and inquiries into the manner citick tiacture, which fortifies the sto- of his mishap. These were, however, inach, porifies the blood, takes off frete instantly checked by an intelligent fulness in the mind, occasions rest, and frown, and by a significant ware of easy sleep, and as certainly disposes and the hand towards the door of the clo. causes the body to thrive and become set. The patient understood the hint, plump and fleshy, if no manifest dis-, and retired, taking more care of bis temper afflicts the patients, as water steps downwards for the remainder of will quench fire. li is also the best the stair-case, and wondering how se remedy in nature for all chronic dis- much humanity, and so much unsociaeases, that take their rise from bad bleness, could dwell in the same breast. digestion in the stomach, which this His wonder (which, like all other won specific tincture infallibly rectifies, and der, was connected with folly) ceased, thereby cures. It is pleasant to taste, when he found, on describing to and is sold only at Mr. Payne's topo friend the situation of the closet, that shop (as before). Price 3s. 6d, a bot- he owed the kind assistance he had tle, with directions."

received to the first man in the king

dom, * who, after having exercised the Io a pamphlet published by Sir Ste humanity of the fellow-creature, found phen Theodore Janson, Bart. in 1767, too much of the monarch about him ihe respectable author affirms, that a morbid substance, “ which had lodged the person he had relieved:

to support a fansiliar conversation with seven or cight years in a building at Southampton, infected some hundreds of persons, one balf of whom miserably

THE SOLITARY REFLECTOR. perished.”

No, I. The following story, which is really authentic and interesting, as it exhi- “ Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid bits an exalted character in a much Some heart once pregnant with celes

tial fire ; more pleasing and familiar light than that in which it has generally bech

Hands, that the rod of empires might have

sway'd, seen,

Or wak'd to ecstasy the living lyre." About sixty years since, a very worthy man, and one whose word may be relied “ Full many a gem of parest ray serene, on, went to St. James's Palace to visit

The dark upfathom'd caves of ocean one of the pages, whose apartment was bear; two pair of stairs high. He drank tea Full many a fower is born to blush un. there, took his leave, and stepping back soen, unadvisedly (on his friend's shutting the

And, waste its sweetness on the desert door after him) he half slipped, and half

air." tumbled. down a whole night of te Taith its reward in this life, is an

merit and, probably, with his head burst open a closet-door. I say probally, because axiom, I am persuaded, no one will the unlucky visitor was too completely deny. The motto I have chosen for, stunned wiih the fall to know what had these remarks plainly shews what Gray happened. Certain it is, that be found thought of the truth-a truth so preghimself, on kis rocovery, sitting on the nant wilh regret.–And here let me prefloor of a small room, and most kindly mise, that genius is most frequently a allended by a neat little old gentleman, plant of humble growth; we generally who was carefully washing his head with see it, like the timid violet, peeping its a lowel, and fitting, with infinite exact- bead from ’neath a thorn, or filling tho ness, pieces of sticking-plaster to the valley with its odour: it buds, blos-' various culs which the accident had soms, and dies in the soil where it was conferred on the abrupt visitor's un- produced, and the fruit is lost to us for wigged pate. For some time his sur. ever :- 'tis then we vainly regret some prise kept him silent; but finding the fostering hand was pot stretched forth, kind physician had completed his task, to transplant it to a more genial spot, and had even picked up his wig and re- where it might have been warıned with placed it on bis battered bead, he rose the enlivening beams of the sun, where from the floor, and, limping towards his it inight have been moistened with tbe benefactor, was going to utter a profusive of tbanks for the succour be bad

George 11.

[ocr errors]

sarly dew of moraing : then we should that he devoured was moistened with have seen it bursting forth in superior the tear of affliction : poverty and constrength, then we sbould have seen the sumption were the only inmates of his splendor of its existence, then the pro- chamber, till the hand of death closed dace would well bave repaid the dili- his eyes : destitute of a friend to sootla gence of the transplanter, and its fra- his departing spirit, destitute of á huo grance been more copiously diffused. man being to sympathise in his woe : How many that have charmed the wood- the tear, dropped from the eye of pity, land with their rude minstrelsy, and never rolled down his cheek, the sigh of woke sweet Echo from her hollow caves compassion was unheard to him, the with the simplicity of their strain, that name of friend never broke upon his have soothed the rustic with their art- ear he died, and was buried, not a less tore i-how many, I say, that have drop glistened on his pall, no one exdisplayed lateut charms of a most vi. claimed, “We have lost a brother." gorous Muse, bad they been blessed - Perhaps some may think this picture, with a liberal education, would have the effusion of Fancy, and only traced illumined the track they were destined on the paper to extort the groan of reto pursue, and shone with no mean morse. Let me refer such persons to lustre on the rolls of posterity.

the last days of Chatterton, and I feel ** Bat knowledge to their eyes her ample persuaded they will not think the copage,

louring too strong.--The following lines, Rich with the spoils of time, did ne'er from Hayley's Essay on Epic Poetry, poroll:

pourtray in the most beautiful lana Chill penury represe'd their noble rage, guage the death of that unfortunate And froze the genial current of the and neglected youth.

soul." Sometimes the ashes of the poet are “ If changing times suggest the pleasing reverenced, and we cannot forbear

weep

hope, ing at his turf; his posthumous works That bards no more with adverse fortune are in every body's hands, his praises in

cope!

That in this alter'd clime, where arts in. every one's mouth; panegyric is ex. hausted in bis favour, and elegics are

créase, chanted over bis remains.-Alas! praise That now, if poesy proclaims her son,

And make our polish'd isle a second Greece: will not warm him (he knew not what it And challenges the wreath by fancy won, was); our sighs will not rekindle the Both fame and wealth adopi bim as their extinguished spark of existence, bis heir, sleep will got be the sweeter for our And liberal grandeur makes his life her songs.

From such vain thoughts thy erring mind “Can storied urn, or animated bost,

defend, Back to its mansion call the fleeting And look on Chatterton's disastrous end.

breath Can Honour's voice provoke the silent Oh, ill starr'd youth, whom nature forma

in vain. dust,

With powers on Pindus' splendid height to Or Flattery sooth the dull cold ear of

reign ! death?"

( dread example of what pangs await Revert froin his grave, and follow me Young genius struggling with malignant to the lonely room, that could not cuni

fate! koe bis contemplation, that could not What could the muse, who fir’d thy infant exclude the vigour of his imagination: With the rich promise of poetic fame;

- here the poet sung - here, separated who taught thy hand its magic art to hide, from the noise and tumult of the world, And mock the insolence of critic pride ; be held that soothing, sacred coinmu- What could her unavailing cares oppose, nion with the Muse known only to To save her darling from his desperate foes : few :-'twas here all his productions From pressing want's calamitous controul, were pepped, here at the lone hour of And pride, the fever of the ardent soul? midnight, when the feeble taper could Ah, see, 100 conscious of her failing power, scarce dispel the gloom that surrounded

She quits her nursling in his deathful hour! it, he rose above the frowns of fate, In a chill room, within whose wretched

wall and illumed the darkness with the meteor-like rays that beamed from his Near a vile bed, too crazy to sustain

No cheering voice replies to misery's calls mind.- Unktown, and unnoticed, here Misfortune's wasted limbs, convuls’d wille be spent his days .. the scanty crust pain,

care:

On the bare foor, with heaven-directed hearts; we have listened with atteneyes,

tion to the melody of his verse, we The hapless youth in speechless horror lies!

have hung with rapture on the sentiThe poisonous vial, by distraction drained, ments of his theme, and marked with Rolls from his hand, in wild contortion

exultation the moral of bis song.strained; Pale with life-wasting pangs, its dire effect, Where would bave been the “Farner's And stung to madness by the world's neg: Boy," but for the philanthropic soul; lect,

of a Capel Loft; and I am justified He, in abhorrence of the dangerous art, in saying, the world is as much in. Once the dear idol of his glowing heart, debted to his fostering and discrimiTears from his harp the vain detested wires, nating hand for that production, as And in the frenzy of despair expires !" they are to the softly howing pen of

Is not such a scene sufficient to Mr. Bloomfield. - In the remains of “ harrow up one's soul,” to stretch Henry Kirke White are fine speci-: every chord of the feeling heart, or so mens of a depressed Muse struggling disturb the wonted tones of the mind, to burst into knowledge, and sighing as to cause the most painful sensations. for that wisdom that could not be obIt is not often we read of such a case, tained by his exertions alone : bappily 'tis good we do not :--but though the for him, his utmost wishes were grante cry of misery may not reach our ear, ed: but his mind, surcharged with though it may not pierce our heart, thought, could no longer dwell in a still, the number of unfortunates is the tabernacle of clay, and, bursting the same, their vital wants are still un- frail honds that confined it to earth, supplied ; 'tis true we do not behold soared to brighter regions to string the the last long glance, we do not per. chords of a celestial lyre. ceive the scalding tear of anguish that It is a remark made by Dr. Johnson, pensively steals down the pale cheek 'that “the prosperous are feared, hated, of merit, we do not see the last strug- and flattered ; and the unfortunate gle, we do not hear the last groan, avoided, pitied, and despised.”-Nyof expiring nature; nevertheless, the merous passages might be quoted from evil is undiminished, the calamity re- the most respectable authors, who have mains still to be redressed.--Here a lamented, in language truly pathetic, question obtrudes itself upon our no- and in numbers the most touching, the tice ; a question of soine import, and truth of the above melancholy hints : most difficult to be resolved - How can the following concise and energetic exa young bard, unassisted by fortune, tract from White's Melancholy Hours and unaided by friends, rise from the

:-" It is painful to reflect wild of obscurity that surrounds him, how many a bard now lies nameless, to the clear atmosphere, and unsul, and forgotten in the narrow house, lied temperature, of the Bæotian hill? who, had he been born in competence He may spend bis days in writing to and leisure, might have usurped the periodical publications, and never be laurels from the most distinguished pernoticed: if he publish his works with sonages in the temple of Fame. The out a patron, or not prefaced by the very consciousnesss of merit itself oflen hand of science, is not the bantling, acts in direct opposition to a stimulus the offspring of unwedded imagination, to exertions, by exciting that mournful driven by the hard lash of the most indignation of suppositious neglect, wanton criticism to the very deptbs which urges a sullen concealment of of oblivion! the author treated as one talents, and drives its possessor to that proud and presumptuous, striving to misanthropic discontent which preys on arrogate praise which does not belong the vitals, and soon produces mortality. to the unfortunate, enrolling biniself A sentiment like this has no doubt often on the lists of Fame with the most actuated beings who attracted notice, noble competitors, a crime irreparable, perbaps, while they lived only by their an exploit never to be pardoned.-- singularity, and who were forgotten Let me leave this query to some of almost ere their parent earth had closed your readers, who have invention to

over their heads :--beings who lived answer, and more ability to discuss it but to inourn and to languish for what than myself.

they were never destined to enjoy, and In some instances, the poet of genius whose exalted endowments were buried has been brought into notice, and his with them in their graves, by the want music has been most grateful to our of a little of that superfluity which

may suffice :

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »