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given as a ray of celestial joy, to kindle Hear, in answer to your vindication of on the altar of religion the pure offering Imogine's conduct, our Milton's deof connubial duty, thus to be debased scription of Mental Chastity :into the ministring spark of illicit de. So dear to Heaven is saintly Chastity, sire—or the consuming torch of un

That whep a soul is found sincerely so, restrained passion ?"Gently, good A thousand liveried angels lackey her, Mr. T— gently,” exclaimed the Edi- Driving far off each thing of Sin and Guili; tor's Wife, * reserve this ebollition of

And in clear dream and solemn vision,

Tell her of things that no gross ear can your indignant feeling for your next

hear; Lyrics — the author meant oo such 'Till oft converse with heavenly habitants thing, and only describes the strug. Begin to cast a beam on the outward shape, gles of Imogine against the unyield. The unpolluted temple of the mind. ing strength of her first attachment. " O grant me patience !” exclaimed Had this attachment been blest by the the Lady: “ what would you have an union of its victim with the object of it author do? If he would represent - he ray which you talk about would criminal, must he not delineate the have lost nothing of its purity, nothing crime ?"-" Doubtless, but not jusof its beavenly origin-And in the mar- tify it, Madam,” observed the Doctor riage with Aldobrand, she sacrificed to of Divinity.-" Well then, Sir,” re. filial duty what she had fondly hoped sumed the Advocate of Bertram,' she might have willingly offered to “ I shall not insist upon the moral youthful love. — But let us hear her tendency of this play, if I must sur.. speak for hersel

render that point to your graver obMark me, Clotilda, jections--but I maintain the author's And mark me well: I am no desperate claim to a Poet's honour-and as

wretch, Who borrows an excuse from shameful pas- gine's Address to the Moon, in the 3d

another proof of it, I will select Imosion, To make its shame more vile

scene of the ed act. I am a wretched, but a spotless wife

-Mine own loved light, I'se been a daughter but too dutiful That every soft and solemn spirit worships, But oh the writhings of a generous soul That lovers love so well-Strange joy is Stabb d by a contidence it can't return,

thine, To whom a kind word is a blow on th' heart: Whose infuence o'er all tides of soul bath I cannot paint thy wretchedness."

power, " All this is sad, very sad indeed, Who lendst thy light to rapture and des Madaın,” replied the Poet—" 'tis true pair; 'lis pity, and pity 'tis,'tis true; but there. The glow of hope and wan hue of sick fancy is a maxim which I have read in the Alike reflect thy rays-alike thou lightest

The path of meeting or of parting love ; moral pages of a female writer, who certainly was no dramatist fit for the Thou smil'st in throned beauty-Bertram

Alike on mingling or on breaking hearts present age, which tells me, that the

- Bertram surest way to avoid guilt, is not to How sweet it is to tell the listening night indulge the thoughts wbich engender The name beloved-It is a spell of power it'-dow, in truth, Imogine declares To wake the buried slumberers of the heart, that this indulgence was the hour of Where memory lingers o'er the grave of ker joy. She was in love with Bertram passion, -she married Aldobrand- that love,

Watching its tranced sleep!therefore, ought to have been sup

The thoughts of other days are rushing on pressed in a consciousness of its dan

The loved, the lost, the distant, and the gerous influence-Yet she made his

dead, portrait the companion of ber mid- Are with me now; and I will mingle with Dight pillow yet she viewed it as the them, object of her idolatry-yet sbe fed upon 'Till my sense fails, and my raised hcart is the poison of her soul wretched such wrapt a woman must be, but spotless she can. In secret suspension of mortality. Dot be And had sbe been as con “ You have surrendered the moral of scious of resisting as she was of in- this play, Madam, to your convictions dulging her upchastened joy-she would of its very pernicious tendency," said dot bave had to make this complaint- the Poet-"1 class it with the 'Strangero Oh! wretched is the dame to whom the in principle ; and nothing but the borsound,

ror of its action (which in all its upity * Your Lord will soon return'-10 plea. the author has, happily for its youthful sare brings,

spectators, kept up throughout) pre

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vents it from being as insinuating in its

OBSERVER. baneful influence- The soliloquy which

No. XVII. you have this moment read, had been well applied to the lips of a Juliet

He's not the bappy man, to whom is given and so applied, it had been possessed of A plenteous fortune by indulgent heav'n;

Whose gilded roofs on shining columns rise, beauties which are all withered as soon

And painted walls enchant the gazer's eyes; as the breath of a wife and a mother Whose table fows with hospitable cheer, gives utterance to it. But I would lind And all the various bounty of the year; an excuse for the author, as far as he From whose wide fields unbounded autumn would challenge consistency-Imogine pours had been uneducated, if we may judge A golden tide into his swelling stores: by her own account of herself-and the

Whose winter laughs; for whom the liberal heart unguarded by education is easily Stretch"ibe big sheet; and toiling commerce

gales betrayed into a surrender of its ma

sails; turer duties to the force of early im

When yielding crowds attend, and pleasure pressions, especially when the most na

serves; tural of passions produces those im. While youth, and health, and vigour string pressions. To pourtray, therefore, the

his nerves. effect of a vicious inclination conceal. Ee'n pot all these, in one rich lot combin'd, ing itself from the untutored judgment can make the happy man, without the of its victim by its specious character

mind.

THOMSON. of harmless indulgence, it would be ne- 'To repine at the situation in which cessary to draw an Imogine—but it is a question, whether these Spartan repre- Providence, is to arraign the decrees of sentations of the offensive character of an all-wise and benevolent Creator, vice, are, in the present age, so benefi- merely because they are too infinite to cial as the display of its virtuous contra- be compressed within the narrow and ries--at all events, when a people have feeble bounds of mortal conception. fallen into vitiating habits, and they be. While daily experience teaches us that coine accustomed to the constant recur no situation of life is exempt from evil, rence of their mischievous effects, tbose it also shows us, that the most abject very habits and this unvarying expe. being is as capable of obtaining happi. rience will induce them to look wilb an ness as the most exalted. To indulge, unwinking eye upon the disgusting de- therefore, sentiments of envy and disformity of vice, and to reflect with an content at the better fortune of others, unimproved heart upon its hateful ty- and conceive ourselves abandoned when ranny over the huinan mind.- With we are surrounded with poverty and these feelings, Madam, I have opposed distress, is to betray a want of confi. your vindication of Bertram, and used dence in the unbounded wisdom of our ibose observations which led to it- heavenly Father. When we look We have enough of conjugal violation around and survey the exalted wonders -enough of adulterous indulgence- of creation, and behold with awful asenough of sophistical apology-enough tonishment His magnificent works, we of the wretched perversion of right and are filled with adoration ; we are struck wrong with which the perpetrators with his omnipotence; and can we then would justify their hideous deeds-We for a moment conceive that He, who have enough also of miserable experi- has thus excited his divine power in the ence in its terrible subversion of public production of such inpumerable bless. character and domestic peace-We wantings, will cause them to be more exclu. not plays like Bertram or the Stranger sively appropriated to one of his crea. to display the ugliness or to extenuate tures than another, without a wise and the infamy of the crime-There is too prudent reason. His love for us is too much personification of the criminals in great to warrant the assertion. We all real life to make it necessary for the stand upon the same footing of equality poet or the player to introduce it upon jo his sight, and though apparently he the stage–But we want restraint of the may bless some more than others, his inmoral feelings which lead to it, and a mercy and love are so great, that his corrective consciousness of the exten care is equally distributed over all his sive mischief of its prevalence-neither people. of which remedies is Bertram or the To those who fancy themselves miseStranger calculated to bestow, but ra- rable because they are excluded from ther to render still more indispensably the possession of many worldly com requisite. (To be continued.) forts, which are so abundantly enjoyed

by others, I would offer the foregoing gay in his appearance, and lively in his reflections, and at the same time, op- Jooks, is one of the greatest objects of pose them to those feelings of envy pity we could offer to notice, a frequent with wbicb we are too apt to regard the succession of bis amusements quickly votaries of wealth, power, and ambi- tire his imagination, pall his appetite, tion. When reason is overcome by and deaden his fancy; be sickens on his the representations of vanity, we feel enjoyments, turns to them with misery, ourselves cast down at the approach of and supports them rather as a burthen those, whose only superiority consist in than a pleasure. The same successive their worldly acquisitions; we sigh for round of objects dim his perception and the enjoyment of pomp, riches, and blunt his gratifications ; till, at last, pleasure, as they glide before our ima enervated by his imprudence he is reginations, and endeavour to arrest the duced to that state of mind that he deeting images which delude the fancy; becomes unable to search after that bat when the glittering chimera of the happiness elsewhere, wbich he in vain braio has subsided, and reason bas once has sought for here. more assumed her dominion over us, Nor is it more incidental to riches. we revert with pleasure to our former Gold indeed may be the means of proideas, the extravagant sallies of the curing many enjoyments, and enable us imagination are checked, we regard to gratify our most ardent inclinations, with indifference the fortunes of the but unassisted and alone it can never great, and once more amuse the mind procure us true happiness. So precawith the pleasant prospects of comfort rious too are this world's riches, that toand content.

morrow may not see the prosperity of But before we imagine that these to-day, and to place our trust in them several acquisitions are necessary to would be vain and foolish; besides, happiness, it would be as well to ex. they cannot purchase us true and solid amine how far sucb a connection ex. satisfaction; and as it has plainly been ists, and to discover whether they are shown that those pleasures which it can in themselves worthy of envy. And afford are by no means calculated to first, is it to be found in the acquisition procure it, we cannot reasonably allow of rapk and power? As the lofty oak is their efficacy in this instance. more exposed to the rude blasts of the How great and evident, then, must wintry storm, and stands in more danger be our folly, when we envy others for of the dreadful hurricane, than the tbe enjoyment of those things which trembling reed, so is the votary of experience teaches us cannot produce power a more conspicuous mark for the happiness of themselves : but let it malice and ill-will of mankind. Com- at the same time be remembered, that pelled for ever to be on the alert to I do not insist upon the unreasonablecounteract the intrigues of enemies, ness of desiring these various acquiperplexed with troubles, harassed with sitions, but am only contemning the fatigue, and worn out with anxiety, his uselessness of our wishing to possess mind is continually kept in a state of them merely for the gratitications they uneasy solicitude, his joys, if any he contain. Happiness is seated solely in can boast, are perpetually disturbed by virtue ; and unless these are insepa. the magnitude of his undertakings, the rally connected with it, they will inimportance of his designs banish his fallibly prove sources of misery and quietude of mind, his days are devoted vexation. We may delude ourselves for to anxiety, his nights to misery; and a time, and fancy that we have obtained though by his situation he inay possess our warmest wishes in the possession of a commanding influence over numbers what is esteemed great and noble among of his fellow-creatures, he wears bepeath men; but sooner or later the delusion the borrowed robes of happy importance must vanish, and heap upon us the rethe worn-out visage of care and per- wards of our own folly. plexity.

Since, then, it appears that we are If we look for it in vain in the enjoy- not indebted to worldly enjoyments for ment of power, our search in the more onr present happiness, we cannot but trifing and light amusements of the allow that no one situation in life is world will be equally fruitless. The more capable than another of prossan whose thoughts and attention are ducing it without the aid and assissolely directed to the gratifications of tance of virtuous inclinations. Whalhis senses, and seeks for happiness in ever may be our lot, and in what the fatal charms of sensuality, however ever sphere we are destined to move,

A HINT TO OUR RICR ENIGRATORI.

we should be careful of conducting our prey to their seducing allurements. In selves in it with that degree of pro. sbort, if we are at all impressed with the priety which belongs to it, and endea benevolence of a Creator, we must look your faithfully to discharge the trust upon his decisions as decisions of wisreposed in us. Let not the mind be dom--if we do not, but disregard them, immersed in pride and arrogance, fatal experience will at no great disshould we find ourselves exalted to tance of time compel us, and, in so the more elevated situations of the doing, cast upon us the merited reward world ; let us not forget that we are of an obstinate infidelity. mortals as well as the most abject, subject to the same cares, vexations, and misfortunes as others, and not preferred For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. to any pre-eminence for our superior

TRUE ENGLISH HUMANITY. merit, but rather by the wisdom of God. Should our situation be reversed, and we find ourselves moving in the

AT lower degrees of life, let us not regard

T a time when so many of our

superior families have gone to with envy those that are above us : France, for the purpose of consuming we may console ourselves richly by re in the pursuit of foreign pleasures that flecting, that let whatever happen, we portion of their wealth, of which a are as much the peculiar care of Heaven very small share would bave diffused as others; and though we may be more comfort among the starving labourers immediately exposed to the attacks of of their native residences, we record misfortune, the time is not far distant with heartfelt satisfaction the following when we shall be fully repaid for the circumstance, which in all its bearings oppressive burthen of our calamities. is most honourable to the party, and

Without a proper sense of religion most consolatory to the drooping oband morality, we shall always be un- jects of the beneficence which it dishappy even in the midst of enjoyments. plays : we most earnestly press it upon These are the things which sweeten life, the imitation of those who in the same extend its charms, and diffuse its beau- pursuit have not adopted the same geties ; destitute of them, we may wan ncrous niethod of preventing the me der through the path of mortality, with- lancholy results of their absence to those out being able to smooth its rugged who have been in the habit of being fed track, or soften the gloomy, prospect with the crumbs which fall from their that awaits us. Whether high or low, tables. lord or slave, master or servant, these A gentleman of considerable connex. alone are able to exalt us, and though ions in the city has recently set out with we may be enslaved with all the ag- his family upon an excursion through gravated borrors of bondage, by being France, where they mean to continue guided in all our actions by a Christian during the next two years—but uot unspirit, we are considerably exalted he: mindful of the loss which the poor yond him who inflicts bis cruelty upon of their country-residence must suffer

in the meanwhile, this worthy man * To what purpose, then, is all the has given orders for the establishment pageantry of the great, the splendor of his house in the country to he kept of riches, or the trappings of gran. up, as usual, and the same unsparing deur i We must be aware that they do supplies of food and clothing to be pot add to our felicity; they feed our giver to the indigent inbabitants of the vanity for a while, and please the fancy: village, as they have constantly be. but as they contribute to no solid and stowed upon them. perfect enjoyment, must be looked upon If the great and affluent are resolved with contempt rather than envy: and to go abroad while the peculiar exigenindeed I am fully of opinion, that in eies of their necessitous countrymen many cases our own reflection will tell cry aloud for that relief which the is that it is much preferable to be with accustomed expenditure of the families out them. Where the mind is naturally affords, we take upon ourselves, from weak, the dazzling grandeur of pomp, the foregoing example of genuine cha. and the glare of wealth and affluence, rity, to remind them of their Saviour's would intoxicate it; and not being able INJUNCTION, to resist the temptation, would eagerly GO AND DO TI LIXEWISE, seize the proffered pleasures, and fall

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PRAGMENTA.

of wine, and of your favorite dishes? SHING THOUGHT*, OBSERVATIONS, RE

Be not uneasy; apply to me, and I

will engage to find you one of equal ILECTIONS, AND CRITICISM, WITI

credit, who shall put you under a regi. ANECDOTES AND CHARACTERS ANCIENT

men perfectly opposite to that settled AND MODERN,

by your own adviser.” “ So very fanNo. XI.

tastical is the practice of physic,” adds

our humorist," that I have seen a man MEDICINE.

starve himself until he actually fainted Tere the

NHERE was a time when physicians from mere inanition, to get rid of a towards the welfare of their patients, diculed, by a different physician from by somewhat besides the consideration his own, for having by his painful abof their own credit aod future profit; stinence actually increased the disorder for we find, that at Dijon, in 1386, he had hoped to cure at the cost of such a physician was fined by the bailiff fifty severe self-denial.” golden franks (besides being imprisoned) for not having completed the cures of

In 1393, physicians were so low in some, whose recovery he had under- esteem at the French court, that they taker.* And the beautiful Austrigilda, were actually superseded in their atconsort to Gontram, King of Burgundy, tendance on the unfortunate Charles had, in the sixth century, been permit

VI. of ance, by a professed necroled by her husband, in conipliance with

Mad. de Lussan tells us, und ber dying request, to have her two phy- the story, strange as it is, is confirmed sicians slain, and buried with her. But by, good authorities, that the unhappy wbether from attachment to them, or prince's health was entrusted to the by way of punishment for their ill suc

care of one Arnaud Guillen, who un

dertook to restore him to his senses cess in her case, is not said by M. de St. Foix, who records the fact.

by dint of magic. This wizard vaunted

the possession of a book, entitled The common jocular advice given to gorod,” which he said the Almigbty persons who are sick from the effects of had given to Adam, to console him for intoxication the night before, is, “ to the death of Abel, whose fate that untake a bair of the same dog that bit happy parent had unceasingly lamented them the last night;" 1. e. to set to during one hundred years. He failed, drinking again. This saying seems to however, as every physician had failed. be derived from a ridiculous mode of before bim.“ He had found a charm," cure, prescribed to persons bitten by a he said, " which oppressed the royal mad dog in a French treatisc, entitled, understanding, but it was too powerful " La Medecine aisée," written by “M. for his spells to remove.”

He was Le Clerc, Conseiller-medecin du Roy," driven from the court with disgrace, published at Paris, 1719. In page 103, but bis doctrine as to the cause of the we read, “ Poor la cure de la playe, king's malady gained ground among mettez dessus du poil du chien qui a

the people. mordu. C'est la remede de Paré."

Towards the close of the fifteenth The art of examining and curing century, Lorenzo de Medicis, of Flo. wounds was, by writers of romance,

rence, died of a disease which, it is allotted to princesses, and danisels of said, might have been cured, had not high birth. In later days, Buchanan Leoni, a celebrated physician of Spowrites, that the Scots nobility were

leto, left too much to nature, and remarkably dexterous in the chirurgi- avoided to use any medicine whatever. cal arts and he says of James the IV th Lazaro, an inhabitant of Pavia, equally of Scotland, .“ Quod vulnera scientis celebrated for medical skill with Leoni, semué tractaret."

having made this error publicly known,

raised the resentment of the deceased " Are you out of sorts," says the prince's friends to so high a pitch, that facetious Montaigne, " that your pby. it proved fatal to the mistaken physi. tician has denied you the enjoyment cian. For Pietro, son to Loreozo, à

youth who, though aged only seven• Ducatiana.

teen years, was able to foil the most • + " That he was very skilful in the na expert wrestler, happening to meet the Magement of mounds."

unfortunate Leoni near the brink of a Europ. Mag. Vol. LXX. Jwy, 1316.

D

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