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they are hereby declared to be the corners of the said townships ;-in regard to every such township as by the plat and survey returned by the surveyor-general is stated to contain four thousand acres in each quarter thereof, the points on each of the boundary lines of such town. ship, which are at an equal distance from those two corners of the same township, which stand on the same boundary line, shall be considered and they are hereby declared to be corners of the respective quarters of such township ; the other boundary lines of the said quarter townships shall be straight lines run from each of the last men, tioned corners of quarter townships to the corner of quarter townships on the opposite boundary line of the same township ; and in regard to every such township as by the said return is stated to contain in any of the quarters thereof more or less than the quantity of four thousand acres, the corners marked in the boundary lines of such township to designate the quarters thereof, shall be considered and they are hereby declared to be the corners of the quarter townships thereof, although the same may be found at unequal distances from the respective cor, ners of such townships : And such townships shall be divided by running lines through the same from the corners of the quarter townships actually marked, whether the interior lines thus extended shall be parallel to the exterior lines of the said township or not; and each of the said quarter townships thus bounded, shall in every proceeding to be had under the above mentioned or this act, be considered as con, taining the exact quantity expressed in the plat and survey thereof returned by the surveyor-general.
78. SECT. II. It shall be lawful for the proprietors or holders of warrants for military services, which have been, or shall be registered at the treasury in pursuance of the act entitled “ An act regulating the grants of land appropriated for military services, and for the society of the united brethren, for propagating the gospel among the heathen," during the time, in the manner, and according to the rights of priority, which may be acquired in pursuance of said act, to locate the quantities of land mentioned in the warrants by them respeclively registered, as aforesaid, on any quarter township or fraclional part of a quarter township, in the general tract mentioned and described in said act: Provided always, That the fractional quarter townships upon the river Sciota, and those upon the river Nuskingum, adjoining the grant made to Ebenezer Zane, or the towns Salem, Gnadenhutten or Shoenbrun, or the Indian boundary line, shail in every case be accepted and taken in full satisfaction for four thousand acres. [See antea 73.]
79. SECT. III, Whenever locations shall be made on any quarter township, which, according to the actual survey and plat thereof, returned by the surveyor-general, is stated to contain less than the quan. tity of four thousand acres, except in the case of fractions provided for in the preceding section, it shall be lawful for the secretary of the treasury to issue, or cause to be issued, certificates, expressing the num. ber of acres remaining unsatisfied of any registry of warrants for the quantity of four thousand acres, made in pursuance of the act beforo recited, which certificates shall have the same validity and effect, and be liabļe to be barred in like manner as warrants granted for military
services, but no certificate shall be granted, nor any claim allowed for less than fifty acres, nor for the navigable water contained within the limits of any quarter township or fractional quarter township.
80. Sect. IV. Whenever a location shall be made on any quarter township, which, according to the actual survey and plat thereof, returned by the surveyor-general, is stated to exceed the quantity of four thousand acres, no patent shall be issued in pursuance thereof, until the person making such location, shall deposit at the treasury, warrants for military services or certificates issued by virtue of the preceding section, equal to the excess above four thousand acres, contained in such quarter township, or shall pay into the treasury of the united states two dollars per acre, in the certificates of the six per cent. funded debt of the united states, or money, for each acre of the excess above four thousand acres as aforesaid.
81. Sect. V. After the pricrity of location shall have been determined, and after the proprietors or holders of warrants for military services shall have designated the tracts by them respectively elected; it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to designate by lot, in the presence of the secretary of war, fifty quarter townships, of the lands remaining unlocated, which quarter townships, together with the fractional parts of townships remaining unlocated, shall be reserved for satisfying warrants granted to individuals for their military servi. ces, in the manner hereafter provided.
82. Sect. VI. The land in each of the quarter townships designated as aforesaid, and in such of the fractional parts of quarter townships, as may then remain unlocated, shall be divided by the secretary of the treasury, upon the respective plats thereof, as returned by the surveyorgeneral, into as many lots, of one hundred acres each, as shall be equal, as nearly as may be, to the quantity such quarter township or fraction is stated to contain ; each of which lots shall be included, where practicable, between parallel lines, one hundred and sixty perches in length, and one hundred perches in width, and shall be designated by progressive numbers upon the plat, or survey of every such quarter town. ship and fraction respectively.
83. Sect. VII. From and after the sixteenth day of March dest, it shall be lawful for the holder of any warrant granted for military services, to locate at any time before the first day of January, one thousand cight hundred and two, the number of hundred acres expressed in such warrant, on any lot or lots, from time to time, remaining unlocated within the tracts reserved as aforesaid, and upon surrendering such warrant to the treasury, the holder thereof shall be entitled to receive a patent in the manner, and upon the conditions heretofore prescribed by law ; which patent shall in every case express the range, township, quarter township or fraction, and number of the lot located as aforesaid : But no location shall be allowed, nor shall any patent be issued for any lot or lots of one hundred acres, except in the name of the person originally entitled to such warrant, or the heir or heirs of the person so entitled ; nor shall any land, so located and patented, to 2 person originally entitled to such warrant, be considered as in trust for
any purchaser, or be subject to any contract made before the date of such patent, and the title to lands acquired, in consequence of patents issued as aforesaid, shall and may be alienated in pursuance of the laws, which have been, or shall be passed in the territory of the unit. ed states, north-west of the river Ohio, for regulating the transfer of real property, and not otherwise.
84. Sect. VIII. In all cases after the sixteenth of March next, where more than one application is made for the same tract, at the same time, under this act, or under the act to which this is in addition, the secretary of the treasury shall determine the priority of location by lot.
85. Sect. IX. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to advertise the tracts which may be reserved for location, in lots of one hundred acres, in one newspaper in each of the states, and in the territory aforesaid, for and during the term of three months.
86. Sect. X. The actual plat and survey, returned by the surveyorgeneral of quarter townships, and fractional parts of quarter townships, contained in the tract mentioned and described in the act to which this a supplement, shall be considered as final and conclusive, so far as relates to the quantity of land, supposed to be contained in the quarter townships, and fractions, so that no claim shall hereafter be set up against the united states, by any proprietor, or holder of warrants for military services, on account of any deficiency in the quantity of land contained in the quarter township or fractional part of a quarter township, which shall have been located by such proprietor or holder, nor shall any claim be hereafter set up by the united states, against such proprietor or holder, on account of any excess in the quantity of land contained therein.
ACT of April 26, 1802. (Vol. VI. p. 81.) 87. SECT. I. From and after the passing of this act, and until the first day of January next, it shall be lawful for the holders or proprietors of warrants heretofore granted in consideration of military servia ces, or register's certificates of fifty acres, or more, granted, or hereafter to be granted agree able to the third section of an act, entitled “ An acl in addition to an act, entitled an act regulating the grants of land appropriated for military services ; and for the society of the united brethren for propagating the gospel among the heathen," approved the first day of March, one thousand eight hundred, to register and locate the same, in the same manner, and under the same restrictions, as might have been done before the first day of January last: Provided, That persons hoiding register's certificates for a less quantity than one hundred acres, may locate the same on such parts of fractional townships, as shall, for that purpose, be divided by the secretary of the treasury into lots of fifty acres each.' [See antea 79.]
88. SECT. II. It shall be the duty of the secretary of war to receive claims to lands for military services, and claims for duplicates of warrants issued from his office, or from the land-office of Virginia, or of plats and certificates of surveys founded on such warrants, suggested to have been lost or destroyed, until the first day of January next, and no longer; and immediately thereafter, to report the same to congress; designating the numbers of claims of each description, with his opinion thereon.
ACT of April 7, 1798. (Vol. IV. p. 90.) 89. Sect. I. The president of the united shall be, and he hereby is authorized to appoint three commissioners ;* any two of whom shall liave power to adjust and determine with such commissioners as may be appointed under the legislative authority of the state of Georgia, all interfering claims of the united states and that state, to territory situate west of the river Chatahouchee, north of the thirty-first degree of north latitude, and south of the cession made to the united states by SouthCarolina : And also to receive any proposals for the relinquishment or cession of the whole or any part of the other territory claimed by the state of Georgia, and out of the ordinary jurisdiction thereof. [See postea 91.]
90. Sect. II. All the lands thus ascertained as the property of the united states,shall be disposed of in such manner as shall be hereafter directed by law; and the nett proceeds thereof shall be applied to the sinking and discharging the public debt of the united states, in the same manner as the proceeds of the other public lands in the territory north-west of the river Ohio. [See Debt 21.]
ACT of May 10, 1800. (Vol. V. p. 164.) 91. Sect. X. It shall be lawful for the commissioners appointed, or who may hereafter be appointed on the part of the united states, in pursuance of the aci, entitled, “ An act for an amicable settlement of Jimits with the state of Georgia ; and authorizing the establishment of a government in the Missisippi territory," or any two of them, finally to settle by compromise with the commissioners, which have been or may be appointed by the state of Georgia, any claims mentioned in said adl, and to receive in behalf of the united states á cession of any lands therein mentioned, or of the jurisdiction thereof, on such terms as to them shall appear reasonable : And also, the said commissioners on the part of the united states, or any two of them, shall be authorized to inquire into the claims which are or shall be made by settlers or any other persons whatsoever, to any part of the aforesaid langis, and to receive from such settlers and claimants any propositions of compromise which may be made by them, and lay a full statement of the claims and the propositions which may be made to them by the settlers or claimants to any part of the said lànds, together with their opinion thereon, before congress, for their decision thereon, as soon as may be: Provided, That the settlement shall be made and completed before the fourth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and three : And provided also, That the said commissioners shall not contract for the payment of any money from the treasury of the united states to the state of Georgia, other than the proceeds of the same lands. [Sce catea 89, 90.]
No:e. The other sections of this and of the preceding act, relate to the Mifflippi territorý. See Territory 23, and seq.
* See Articles of agrecment and cession, appendix, page 124, (fince ratified by Georgia.)
ACT of April 28, 1800. (Vol. V. p. 133.) 92. The president of the united states shall be, and he hereby is authorized to execute and deliver letters patent in the name and behalf of the united states, to the governor of the state of Connecticut for the time being, for the use and benefit of the persons holding and claiming under the state of Connecticut, their heirs and assigns forevers whereby all the right, title, interest and estate of the united states, to the soil of that traci of land lying west of the west line of Pennsylvania, as claimed by the state of Pennsylvania, and as the same has been actually settled, ascertained and run in conformity to an agreement between the said state of Pennsylvania and the state of Virginia, and extending from said line westward one hundred and twenty statute miles in length, and in breadth throughout the said limits in length from the completion of the forty-first degree of north latitude until it comes to forty-two degrees and two minutes north latitude, including all that terá ritory commonly called the western reserve of Connecticut, and which was excepted by said state of Connecticut, out of the cession by the said state heretofore made to the united states, and accepted by a resolution of congress of the fourteenth of September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six,shall be released and conveyed as aforesaid to the said governor of Connecticut, and his successors in said office, forever, for the purpose of quieting the grantees and purchasers under said state of Connecticut, and confirming their titles to the soul of the said tract of land.
Provided however, That such letter's patent shall not be executed and delivered, unless the state of Connecticut shall, within eight months from passing this act, by a legislative act, renounce forever, for the use and benefit of the united states, and of the several individual states who may be therein concerned respectively, and of all those deriving claims or titles from them or any of them, all territorial and jurisdictional claims whatever, under any grant, charter or charters whatever, to the soil and jurisdiction of any and all lands whatever lying westward, north-westward, and south-westward of those counties in the state of Connecticut, which are bounded westwardly by the eastern line of the state of New-York, as ascertained by agreement between Connedicut und New-York in the year one thousand seven hundred and thirtythree, excepting only from such renunciation the claim of said state of Connecticut, and of those claiming from or under the said state, to the soil of said tract of land herein described under the name of the wega ern reserve of Connecticut.
And provided also, That the said state of Conneclicut shall, within the aid eight months from and after passing this act, by the agent or gents of said state duly authorized by the legislature thereof, execute ind deliver to the acceptance of the president of the united states, a leed expressly releasing to the united states the jurisdictional claim of he said state of Connecticut, to the said tract of land herein described Inder the name of the western reserve of Connecticut, and shall des losit an exemplification of said act of renunciation, under tho eal of the said state of Connecticut, together with said deed releasing aid jurisdiction, in the office of the department of state of the united