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and graciously to say, 'He could not be there him- per person to address to, since we know you to be self, but he would send them a brace of bucks.' capable of being convinced, and of changing your

“I would desire you, Sir, to set this affair in a judgment. You are well able to settle this affair, true light, that posterity may not be misled in so im- and to you we submit our cause. We desire you to portant a point: for when the wise man who shall assign the butts and bounds of each of us; and that write your true history shall acquaint the world, for the future we may both enjoy our own. We that you had a diploma sent from the Ugly Club at would desire to be heard by our counsel, but that we Oxford, and that by virtue of it you were admitted fear in their very pleadings they would betray our into it, what a learned war will there be among fu- cause: besides, we have been oppressed so many ture critics about the original of that club, which years, that we can appear in no other way but in both universities will contend so warmly for? And forma pauperis. All which considered, we hope you perhaps some hardy Cantabrigian author may then will be pleased to do that which to right and justice boldly affirm, that the word Oxford was an interpo- shall appertain. lation of some Oxonian instead of Cambridge. This R.

“And your petitioners,” &c. affair will be best adjusted in your life-time; but I hope your affection to your mother will not make

No. 79.) THURSDAY, MAY, 31, 1711. you partial to your aunt. To tell you, Sir, my own opinion : though I

Oderunt peccare boni virtutis amore.—Hor. I Ep. xví. 52 cannot find any ancient records of any acts of the

The good, for virtue's sake, abhor to sin.-CREECH. society of the Ugly Faces, considered in a public ca- I HAVE received very many letters of late from pacity; yet, in a private one, they have certainly my female correspondents, most of whom are very antiquity on their side. I am persuaded they will angry with me for abridging their pleasures, and hardly give place to the Loungers, and the Loungers looking severely upon things in themselves indifferare of the same standing with the uuiversity itself. ent. But I think they are extremely unjust to me

“ Though we well know, Sir, you want no motives in this imputation. All I contend for is, that those to do justice, yet I am commissioned to tell you, excellences which are to be regarded but in the sethat you are invited to be admitted ad eundem at cond place should not precede more weighty conCambridge; and I believe I may venture safely to siderations. The heart of man deceives him, in deliver this as the wish of our whole university.” spite of the lectures of half a life spent in discourses To Mr. SPECTATOR.

on the subjection of passion; and I do not know “ The humble Petition of who and which,

why one may not think the heart of a woman as un

faithful to itself. If we grant an equality in the fa“ SHEWETH,

culties of both sexes, the minds of women are less " That your petitioners being in a forlorn and cultivated with precepts, and consequently may, destitute condition, know not to whom we should without disrespect to them, be accounted more liable apply ourselves for relief, because there is hardly to illusion, in cases wherein 'natural inclination is any man alive who hath not injured us. Nay, we out of the interests of virtue. I shall take up my speak it with sorrow, even you yourself, whom we present time in commenting upon a billet or two should suspect of such a practice the last of all man- which came from ladies, and from thence leave the luind, can hardly acquit yourself of having given us reader to judge whether I am in the right or not, in some cause of complaint. We are descended of thinking it is possible fine women may be mistaken. ancient families, and kept up our dignity and honour The following address seems to have no other design many years, till the jack-sprat that supplanted us. in it, but to tell me the writer will do what she pleaHow often have we found ourselves slighted by the ses, for all me. clergy in their pulpits, and the lawyers at the bar! “MR. SPECTATOR, Nay, hew cften have we heard, in one of the most “I am young, and very much inclined to follow polite and august assemblies in the universe, to our the paths of innocence; but at the same time, as I great mortification, these words, “That that that have a plentiful fortune, and am of quality, I am noble lord urged;' which if one of us had justice unwilling to resign the pleasure of distinction, sorae done, would have sounded nobler thus, that which little satisfaction in being admired in general, and that noble lord urged.'. Senates themselves, the much greater in being beloved by a gentleman, guardians of British liberty, have degraded us, and whom I design to make my husband. But I have preferred that to us; and yet no decree was ever a mind to put off entering into matrimony till anogiven against us. In the very acts of parliament, ther winter is over my head, which (whatever, musty in which the utmost right should be done to every Sir, you may think of the matter) I design to pass body, word, and thing, we tind ourselves often either away in hearing music, going to plays, visiting, and not used, or used one instead of another. In the all other satisfactions which fortune and youth, profirst and best prayer children are taught, they learn tected by innocence and virtue, can procure for, to misuse us : Our Father which art in heaven,'

“Sir, your most humble servant, M. T.. should be, Our Father who art in heaven;' and

My lover does not know I like him, therefore, even a Convocation, after long debates, refused to consent to an alteration of it. In our general Con. having no engagements upon me, I think to stay fession we say, 'Spare thou them, O God, WHICH

and know whether I may not like any one else better. confess their faults, which ought to be, 'who con

I have heard Will Honeycomb say, “ A woo fess their faults. What hopes then have we of man seldom writes her mind but in her postscript." having justice done us, when the makers of our very

I think this gentlewoman has sufficiently discovered prayers and laws, and the most learned in all facul- hers in this. I will lay what wager 'she pleases ties, seem to be in a confederacy against us, and our against her present favorite, and can tell her, that enemies themselves must be our judges ?

she will like ten more before she is fixed, and then “The Spanish proverb says, Il sabro muda conscio, will take the worst man she ever liked ic ber life. il necio no ; i.e. • A wise man changes his mind, a fool There is no end of affection taken in at the eyes never will.' So that we think you, Sir, a very pro only; and you may as well satisfy those eyes with

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seeing, as controi any passion received by them only. mechanical religion, entirely distinct from moraly. It is from loving by sight, that coxcombs so fre- I know a lady so given up to this sort of devotion, quently succeed with women, and very often a young that though she employs six or eight hours of the lady is bestowed by her parents to a man who weds twenty-four at cards, she never misses one constant her' as innocence itself, though she has, in her own hour of prayer, for which time another holds her heart, given her approbation of a different man in cards, to which she returns with no little anxiousevery assembly she was in the whole year before. ness till two or three in the morning. All these acts What is wanting among women as well as among are but empty shows, and, as it were, compliments men, is the love of laudable things, and not to rest made to virtue; the mind is all the while untoucnea only in the forbearance of such as are reproachful. with any true pleasure in the pursuit of it. From

How far removed from a woman of this light im- thence I presume it arises, that so many people caii agination is Eudosia! Eudosia has all the arts of themselves virtuous, from no other pretence to it but life and good-breeding with so much ease, that the an absence of ill. There is Dulciamara, the most virtue of her conduct looks more like instinct than insolent of all creatures to her friends and domeschoice. It is as little difficult to her to think justly tics, upon no other pretence in nature, but that (as of persons and things, as it is to a woman of differ- her silly phrase is) no one can say black is her ent accomplishments to move ill or look awkward. eye.' She has no secrets, forsooth, which should That which was, at first, the effect of instruction, is make her afraid to speak her mind, and therefore grown into a habit ; and it would be as hard for E.. she is impertinently blunt to all her acquaintance, dosia to indulge a wrong suggestion of thought, as it and unseasonably imperious to all her family. Dear Fould be to Flavia, the fine dancer, to come into a Sir, be pleased to put such books into our hands, as room with an unbecoming air.

may make our virtue more inward, and convince But the misapprehensions people themselves have some of us, that, in a mind truly virtuous, the scora of their own state of mind, is laid down with much of vice is always accompanied with the pity of it. discerning in the following letter, which is but an This and other things are impatiently expected extract of a kind epistle from my charming mistress from you by our whole sex ; among the rest by, Hecatissa, who is above the vanity of external beauty,

“Sir, your most humble servant, and is the better judge of the perfections of the mind. R.

“B. D." “ M8. SPECTATOR, “I write this to acquaint you, that very many ladies, as well as myself, spend many hours more No. 80. FRIDAY, APRIL 1, 1711. than we used at the glass, for want of the female

Cælum non animum mutant qui trans mare currunt. hbrary, of which you promised us a catalogue. I

Hor, 1 Ep. ix, 27. hope, Sir, in the choice of authors for us, you will

Those that beyond sea go, will sadly find, have a particular regard to books of devotion. What

They change their climate only, not their mind.--CREECIL. they are, and how many, must be your chief care ;

In the year 1688, and on the same day of that for upon the propriety of such writings depends a great deal. I have known those among us, who year, were born in Cheapside, London, two females think if they every morning and evening spend an Brunetta, the other Phillis. A close intimacy be

of exquisite feature and shape; the one we shall call hour in their closet, and read over so many prayers tween their parents made each of them the first acin six or seven books of devotion, all equally nonsensical, with a sort of warmth (that might as well quaintance the other knew in the world. They be raised by a glass of wine, or a dram of citron), dance and make courtesies, together. They were

played, dressed babies, acted visitings, learned to they may all the rest of their time go on in whatever inseparable companions in all the little entertain. their particular passion leads them to. The beauteous Philautia, who is in your language) an idol, is innocent happiness continued until the beginning

ments their tender years were capable of; which one of these votaries, she has a very pretty-fur: of their fifteenth year, when it happened that Phillis nished closet, to which she retires at her appointed had a head-dress on, which became her so very well, hours. This is her dressing-room, as well as chapel; that instead of being beheld any more with pleasure she has constantly before her a large looking-glass; for their amity to each other, the eyes of the neighand upon the table, according to a very witty author, bourhood were turned to remark them with com, Together lie her prayer-book and paint,

parison of their beauty. They now no longer enjoyed At once t' improve the sinner and the saint.

the ease of mind and pleasing indolence in which "It must be a good scene, if one could be present they were formerly happy, but all their words and at it, to see this idol by turns lift up her eyes to actions were misinterpreted by each other, and heaven, and steal glances at her own dear person. every excellence in their speech and behaviour was It cannot but be a pleasing conflict between vanity looked upon as an act of emulation to surpass the and bumiliation. When you are upon this subject, other. l'hese beginnings of disinclination soon imchoose books which elevate the mind above the proved into a formality of behaviour, a general world, and give a pleasing indifference to little coldness, and by natural steps into an irreconcilable things in it. For want of such instructions I am hatred. apt to believe so many people take it in their heads These two rivals for the reputation of beauty, to be sullen, cross, and angry, under pretence of were, in their stature, countenance, and mien, so being abstracted from the affairs of this life, when at very much alike, that if you were speaking of them the same time they betray their fondness for them in their absence, the words in which you described by doing their duty as a task, and pouting and read the one must give you an idea of the other. They ing good books for a week together. Much of this were hardly distinguishable, you would think, when I lake to proceed from the indiscretion of the books they were apart, though extremely different when themselves, whose very titles of weekly preparations, together. What made their enmity the more enand such limited godliness, lead people of ordinary tertaining to all the rest of their sex was, that in capacities into great errors, and raise in them a detraction from each, neither could fall upon any

POSTSCRIPT.

terms which did not hit herself as much as ber ad- the road, and is now landed in inconsolable despair versary, Their nights grew restless with meditation at Plymouth. of new dresses to outvie each other, and inventing new devices to recal admirers, who observed the After the above melancholy narration, it may percharms of the one rather than those of the other, on haps be a relief to the reader to peruse the following the last meeting. Their colours failed at each other's

expostulation : appearance, flushed with pleasure at the report of a disadvantage, and their countenances withered upon

“To Mr. SPECTATOR. ir-stances of applause. The decencies to which wo- " The just Remonstrance of affronted THAT. men are obliged, made these virgins stifle their resentment so far as not to break into open violences, and WHICH, yet you should not suffer them to be

Though I deny not the petition of Mess. WHO while they equally suffered the tormeuts of a regu, rude, and to call honest people names: for that bears lated anger. Their mothers, as it is usual, engaged in the quarrel, and supported the several pretensions very hard on some of those rules of decency which of their daughters with all that ill-chosen sort of ex- ind fault, and correct speeches in the senate and at

you are justly famous for establishing. They may pensewhich is common with people of plentiful fortunes the bar, but let them try to get themselves so often, and mean taste. The girls preceded their parents and with so much eloquence, repeated in a sentence, like queens of May, in all the gaudy colours imaginable, on every Sunday to church, and were ex

as a great orator doth frequently introduce me. posed to the examination of the audience for supe. sion, That That I say is this ; That, That That gen.

My lords !” says he, “with humble submisriority of beauty.

During this constant struggle it happened, chat tleman has advanced, is not That That he should Phillis one day at public prayers smote the heart of have proved to your lordships. Let these two ques. a gay West Indian, who appeared in all the colours tionary petitioners try to do thus with their whos

and their Whiches. which can affect an eye that could not distinguish between being fine and tawdry. This American, in

“What great advantage was I of to Mr. Dryden

in his Indian Emperor, a Summer-island suit, was too shining and too gay to be resisted by Phillis, and too intent upon her

•You force me still to answer you in Thatcharms to be diverted by any of the laboured attrac- to furnish out a rhyme to Morat ? and what a poor tions of Brunetta. Soon after, Brunetta had the figure would Mr. Bayes have made without his mortification to see her rival disposed of in a wealthy Egad and all That ?'. How can a judicious man marriage, while she was only addressed to in a man- distinguish one thing from another, without saying, ner that shewed she was the admiration of all men, This here,' or 'That there?' And how can a sober but the choice of none. Phillis was carried to the man, without using the expletives of oaths (in which habitation of her spouse in Barbadoes. Brunetta indeed the rakes and bullies have a great advantage had the ill-nature to inquire for her by every op- over others), make a discourse of any tolerable portunity, and had the misfortune to hear of her length, without That is;' and if he be a very grave being attended by numerous slaves, fanned into man indeed, without . That is to say? And how slumbers by successive bands of them, and carried instructive as well as entertaining are those usual from place to place in all the pomp of barbarous expressions in the mouths of great men, 'Such magnificence. Brunetta could not endure these re-things as That,' and The like of that.' peated advices, but employed all her arts and charms “ I am not against reforming the corruptions of in laying baits for any of condition of the same speech you mention, and own there are proper seaisland, out of a mere ambition to confront her once sons for the introduction of other words besides more before she died. She at last succeeded in her That; but I scorn as much to supply the place of a design, and was taken to wife by a gentleman whose Who or a Which at every turn, as they are unequal estate was contiguous to that of her enemy's bus- always to fill mine; and I expect good language and band. It would be endless to enumerate the many civil treatment, and hope to receive it for the future: occasions on which these irreconcilable beauties la- That, That I shall only add is, That I am, boured to excel each other; but in process of time

“ Yours, it happened, that a ship put into the island con- R.

“THAT." signed to a friend of Phillis, who had directions to give her the refusal of all goods for apparel, before Brunetta could be alarmed of their arrival. He did No. 81.] SATURDAY, JUNE 2, 1711. so, and Phillis was dressed in a few days in a bro- Qualis ubi audito' venantum murmure tigris

Horruit in maculas Star. Theb. ii. 128. cade more gorgeous and costly than had ever before appeared in that latitude. Brunetta languished at As when the tigress hears the hunter's din, the sight, and could by no means come up to the

Dark angry spots distain her glossy skin. bravery of her antagonist. She communicated her ABOUT the middle of last winter I went to see an anguish of mind to a faithful friend, who, by an in-opera at the theatre in the Hay-market, where I terest in the wife of Phillis's merchant, procured a could not but take notice of two parties of very fine remnant of the same silk for Brunetta. Phillis took women, that had placed themselves in the opposite pains to appear in all public places where she was side-boxes, and seemed drawn up in a kind of battle sure to meet Brunetta; Brunetta was now prepared array one against another. After a short survey of for the insult, and came to a public ball in a plain them, I found they were patched differently; the black silk mantua, attended by a beautiful negro faces on one hand being spotted on the right side of girl in a petticoat of the same brocade with which the forehead, and those upon the other on the left. Phillis was attired. This drew the attention of the I quickly perceived that they cast hostile glances whole company, upon which the unhappy Phillis upon one another; and that their patches were swooned away, and was immediately conveyed to placed in those different situations, as party-signala her house. As soon as she came to herself, she fledio distinguish friends from foes. In the middle from her husband's house, went on board a ship in boxes, between these two opposite bodies, were ko

ral ladies who patched indifferently on both sides of had retreated hither in order to rally their forces I their faces, and seemed to sit there with no other in. cannot tell; but the next night they came in se great tention but to see the opera. Upon inquiry I found a body to the opera, that they outnumbered the that the body of Amazons on my right band were enemy. whigs, and those on my left tories; and that those This account of party-patches will, I am afraid, apwho had placed themselves in the middle boxes were pear improbable to those who live at a distance from a Deutral party, whose faces had not yet declared the fashionable world; but as it is a distinction of a themselves. These last, however, as I afterward very singular nature, and what perhaps may never found, diminished daily, and took their party with meet with a parallel, I think I should not have disone side or the other; insomuch that I observed, in charged the office of a faithful Spectator, had not I reveral of thein, the patches which were before dis-recorded it. persed equally, are now all gone over to the whig or I bave, in former papers, endeavoured to expose tory side of the face. The censorious say, that the this party-rage in women, as it only serves to aggrameen, whose hearts are aimed at, are very often the vate the hatreds and animosities that reign among occasions that one part of the face is thus disho- men, and in a great measure deprives the fair sex poured, and lies under a kind of disgrace, while the of those peculiar charms with which nature has enother is so much set off and adorned by the owner; dowed them. and that the patches turn to the right or to the left, When the Romans and Sabines were at war, and according to the principles of the man who is most just upon the point of giving battle, the women, who in favour. But whatever may be the motives of a were allied to both of them, interposed with so many few fantastical coquettes, who do not patch for the tears and entreaties, that they prevented the mutual public good so much as for their own private ad- slaughter which threatened both parties, and united vantage, it is certain, that there are several women them together in a firm and lasting peace. of honour who patch out of principle, and with an I would recommend this noble example to our eye to the interest of their couniry.-Nay, I am British ladies, at a time when their country is torn informed that some of them adhere so steadfastly to with so many unnatural divisions, that if they contheir party, and are so far from sacrificing their zeal tinue, it will be a misfortune to be born in it.' The for the public to their passion for any particular Greeks thought it so improper for women to interest persun, that, in a late draught of marriage articles, themselves in competitions and contentions, that for a lady has stipulated with her husband, that whatever this reason, among others, they forbade them, under his opinions are, she shall be at liberty to patch on pain of death, to be presew at the Olympic games, which aide she pleases.

notwithstanding these were the piblic diversions of I must here take notice, that Rosalinda, a famons all Greece. whig partisan, has most unfortunately a very beau- As our English women exceed those of all nations tiful mole on the tory part of her forehead; which in beauty, they should endeavour to outshine them being very conspicuous, has occasioned many mis- in all other accomplishments proper to the sex, and takes, and given a handle to her enemies to misre- to distinguish themselves as tender mothers and present her face, as though it had revolted from the faithful wives, rather than as furious partisans. Fewbig interest. But, whatever this natural patch male virtues are of a domestic turn. The family is may seem to insinuate, it is well known that her the proper province for private women to shine in. notions of government are still the same. This un. If they must be shewing their zeal for the public, lucky mole, however, has misled several coxcombs ; let it not be against those who are perhaps of the and, like the banging out of false colours, made some same family, or at least of the same religion or naof them converse with Rosalinda in what they tion, but against those who are the open, professed, thought the spirit of her party, when on a sudden she undoubted enemies of their faith, liberty, and counhas given them an unexpected fire, that has sunk try. When the Romans were pressed with a foreign them all at once. If Rosalinda is unfortunate in her enemy, the ladies voluntarily contributed all their mole, Nigranilla is as unhappy in a pimple, which rings and jewels to assist the government under a forces her, against her inclinations, to patch on the public exigence, which appeared so laudable an acwbig side.

tion in the eyes of their countrymen, that from I am told that many virtuous matrons, who for- thenceforth it was permitted by a law to pronounce merly have been taught to believe that this artificial public orations at the funeral of a woman in praise spotting of the face was unlawful, are now recon- of the deceased person, which till that time was peciled by a zeal for their cause, to what they could not culiar to men. Would our English ladies, instead be prompted to by a concern for their beauty. This way of sticking on a patch against those of their own of declaring war upon one another, puts me in mind country, shew themselves so truly public-spirited as of what is reported of the tigress-that several spots to sacrifice every one her necklace against the comrise in her skin when she is angry, or, as Mr. Cow- mon enemy, what decrees ought not to be made in ley bas imitated the verses that stand as the motto favour of them ? of this paper,

Since I am recollecting upon this subject such - She swells with angry pride,

passages as occur to my memory out of ancient And calls forth all her spots on every side.

authors, I cannot omit a sentence in the celebrated

funeral oration of Pericles, which he made in honour When I was in the theatre the time above men- of those brave Athenians that were slain in a fight tioned, I had the curiosity to count the patches on with the Lacedæmonians. After having addressed both sides, and found the tory patches to be about himself to the several ranks and orders of his countwenty stronger than the whig; but to make amends trymen, and shewn them how they should behave for this small inequality, I the next morning found themselves in the public cause, he turns to the female the whole puppet-show filled with faces spotted after part of his audience: “ And as for yoų,” says he, the whiggish manper. Whether or no the ladies * I shall advise you in very few words. Aspiro only Davideis, Book III. page 409, Vol IL 1710.

1 Thuycd. • Hist'L. IL p. 130, odit, H Steph. 1588. folio. SPECTATOR-Nos. 13 & 14.

H

Juv. Sat. ii. 33

to those virtues that are peculiar to your sex; follow creditor can say the worst thing imaginable of him, your natural modesty, and think ::. your greatest to wit, That he is unjust," without defamatius ; commendation not to be talked of one way or other." and can seize bis person, without being guilty of an

C. assault. Yet such is the loose and abandoned turn

some men's minds, that they can live under these No. 82.] MONDAY, JUNE 4, 1711. constant apprehensions, and still go on to increase

the cause of them. Can there be a more low and -Caput domina venale sub hasta

servile condition, than to be ashamed or afraid to see

any one man breathing? Yet he that is much in His fortunes ruin'd, and himself a slave.

debt, is in that condition with relation to twenty dif. Passing under Ludgate the other day, I heard ferent people. There are indeed circumstances a voice bawling for charity, which I thought I had wherein men of honest natures may become liable somewhere heard before. Coming near to the grate, to debts, by some unadvised behavivur in any great the prisoner called me by my name, and desired 1. point of their life, or mortgaging a man's honesty would throw something into the box; I was out of as a security for that of another, and the like; but countenance for him, and did as he bid me, by put these instances are so particular and circumstanting in half-a-crown. I went away, reflecting upon tiated, that they cannot come within general conthe strange constitution of some men, and how siderations. For one such case as one of these, meanly they behave themselves in all sorts of con. there are ten where a man, to keep up a farce of ditions. The person who begged of me is now, I retinue and grandeur within his own house, shall take it, fifty: I was well acquainted with him till shrink at the expectation of surly demands at his about the age of twenty-five; at which time a good doors. The debtor is the creditor's criminal; and all eztate fell to himn by the death of a relation. Upon the officers of power and state, whom we behold coming to this unexpected good fortune, he ran into make su great a figure, are no other than so many all the extravagances imaginable; was frequently persons in authority to make good his charge agaios in drunken disputes, broke drawers' heads, talked him. Human society depends upon his having the and swore loud, was unmannerly to those above, and vengeance law allots him; and the debtor owes his insolent to thuse below him. I could not but remark, liberty to his neighbour, as much as the murderer that it was the same baseness of spirit which worked does his life to his prince. in his behaviour in both fortunes: the same little

Our gentry are, generally speaking, in debt; and mind was insolent in riches, and shameless in po- many families have put it into a kind of method of perty. This accident made me muse upon the cir- being so from generation to generation. The latber cumstance of being in debt in general, and solve in mortgages when his son is very young; and the boy my mind what tempers were most apt to fall into this is to marry, as soon as he is at age, to redeem it and error of life, as well as the misfortune it must needs find portions for his sisters. This, forsooth, is no be to languish under such pressures. As for myself, great inconvenience to him; for he may weach, my natural aversion to that sort of conversation keep a public table, or feed dogs, like a worthy Eng. which makes a figure with the generality of man- lish gentleman, till he has out-run half his estate, kind, exempts me from any temptations to expense; and leave the same encumbrance upon his first-bord, and all my business lies within a very narrow com- and so on; till one man of more vigour than ordi. pass, which is only to give an honest inan who takes nary goes quite through the estate, or some man of care of my estate, proper vouchers for his quarterly sense comes into it, and scorns to have an estate in payments to me, and observe what liven my laun- partnership, that is to say, liable to the demand or dress brings and takes away with her once a week. insult of any man living. There is my friend Sir My steward brings his receipt ready for my signing; Andrew, though for many years a great and general and I have a pretty implement with the respective trader, was never the defendant in a law suit, in all names of shirts, cravats

, handkerchiefs, and stock - the perplexity of busidess, and the iniquity of manings, with proper numbers, to know how to reckon kind at present; no one had any colour for the least with my laundress. This being almost all the busi- complaint against his dealings with him. This is ness I have in the world for the care of my own af- certainly as uncommon, and in its proportion as lali. fairs, I am at full leisure to observe upon what others dable in a citizen, as it is in a general never to have do, with reiation to their equipage and economy. suffered a disadvantage in fight. How different

When I walk the street and observe the hurry from this gentleman is Jack Truepenny, who bas about me in this town,

been an old acquaintance of Sir Andrew and myself Where, with like haste, through several ways they run; from boys, but could never learn our caution. Jack Some to undo, and some to be undone !

has a wborish unresisting good nature, which makes I say, when I behold this vast variety of persons and him incapable of having a property in any thing. humours, with the pains they both take for the ac. His fortune, his reputation, his time, and his capacomplishment of the ends mentioned in the above city, are at any man's service that comes tirst. When verses of Denham, † I cannot much wonder at the he was at school he was whipped thrice a week for endeavour after gain, but am extremely astonished faults he took upon him to excuse others; since he that inen can be so insensible of the danger of run. came into the business of the world, he bas been ning into debt. One woulil think it impossible that arrested twice or thrice a-year for debts he had noa man who is given to coutract debts should not thing to do with, but as surety for others; and I reknow, that his creditor has, from that moment in member when a friend of his had suffered in the vice which he transgresses payment, so much as that de- of the town, all the physic his friend took was con. mand comes to, in his debtor's honour, liberty, and veyed to hiin by Jack, and inscribed “A bolus or fortune. One would think he did not know that his an electuary for M. Truepenny.” Jack had a good

estate left him, which came to nothing; because be Ludgate was a prison for such debtors as were (recmen of believed all who pretended to demands upon it. the aty of London; it was taken down in the year 1762, and This easiness and credulity destroy all the other the prisoners removed to the London workhouse 1 From his poem entitled 'Cooper's Hill.'

merit be has; and he has all his life been a sacrifice

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