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by no means be suspected, by what I have said, to ing bumpers, upon this maxim, that it is better to traduce in general the body of fox-hunters ; for trouble others with my impertinence, than to be trouwhilst I louk upon a reasonable creature full speed bled myself with theirs. The necessity of an in. after a pack of dogs by way of pleasure, and not offirmary makes me resolve to fall into that project; business, I shall always make honourable mention and as we should be but five, the terrors of an invoof it.

luntary separation, which our number cannot so well " But the most irksome conversation of all others admit of, would make us exert ourselves in opposiI have met with in the neighbourhood, has been tion to all the particulars mentioned in your instituamong two or three of your travellers who have over- tion of that equitable confinement. This my way of looked men and manners, and have passed through life I know would subject me to the imputation of a France and Italy with the same observation that the motose, coyetous, acd singular fellow. These and all carriers and stage-coachmen do through Great Bri- other hard words, with all manner of insipid jests, tain; that is, their stops and stages have beca re- and all other reproach, would be matter of mirth to gulated according to the liquor they have met with me and my friends : besides, I would destroy the in their passage. They indeed remember the names application of the epithets morose and covetous, by of abundance of places, with the particular fineries a yearly relief of my undeservedly necessitous neighof certain churches; but their distinguishing mark bours, and by treating my friends and domestics is a certain prettiness of foreign languages, the mean with a humanity that should express the obligation ing of which they could have better expressed in to lie rather on my side ; and as for the word sin. their own. The entertaininent of these fine observers gular, I was always of opinion every man must be Shakspeare has described to consist

so, to be what one would desire him. In talking of the Alps and Apennines,

“ Your very humble Servant, J. R.". The Pyrenean, and the river Po:

" MR. SPECTATOR, and then concludes with a sigh,

“ABOUT two years ago I was called upon by the Now this is worshipful society?

younger part of a country family, by ny mother's

side related to me, to visit Mr. Campbell, the dumb “ I would not be thought in all this to hate such man; for they told - me that that was chiefly what honest creatures as dogs; I am only unhappy that I brought them to town, having heard wonders of him cannot partake in their diversions. But I love them in Essex. I, who always wanted faith in matters so well

, as dogs, that I often go with my pockets of this kind, was not easily prevailed on to go; bat, stuffed with bread to dispense my favours, or make lest they should take it ill, I went with thein; when my way through them at ucighbours' houses. There to my surprise, Mr. Campbell related all their past is in particular a young hound of great expectation, life ; in short, had he not been prevented, such a vivacity, and enterprise, that attends my flights discovery would have come out as would have ruined wherever he spies me. This creature observes my the next design of their coming to towu, viz, buying countenance, and behaves himself accordingly. His wedding-clothes. Our names though he never mirth, his frolic, and joy, upon the sight of me, has heard of us before--and we endeavoured to conbeen observed, and I have been gravely desired not ceal-were as familiar to him as to ourselves. To to encourage him so much, for it spoils his parts; be sure, Mr. Spectator, he is a very learned and but I thirik he shows them sufficiently in the several wise man. Being impatient to know my fortune boundings, friskings, and scourings, when he makes having paid my respects in a family Jacobus, be his court to me; but I foresce in a little time he and told me (after his manner) among several other I must keep company with one another only, for we are fit for no other in these parts. Having informed ill of a new fever, be given over by my physicians,

things, that in a year and nine months I should fall you how I do pass my time in the country where I but should with much difficulty recover; that, the am, I must proceed to tell you how I would pass it, first time I took the air afterward, I should be adhad I such a fortune as would put me above ihe ob

dressed to servance of ceremony and custom.

a young gentleman of a plentiful for “ My scheine of a country life, then, should be astor, he is the purest man in the world, for all he said

tune, good sense, and a generous spirit. Mr. Specta. follows. As I am happy in three or four very agree is come to pass, and I am the happiest she in Keot. able friends, these I would constantly have with me; I have been in quest of Mr. Campbell these three and the freedom we took with one another at school mouths, and cannot find him out. Now, hearing and the university, we would maintain and exert you are a dumb man too, I thought you might cor upon all occasions with great courage. There should be certain hours of the day to be employed think myself highly obliged to make his fortune, as

respond, and be able to tell me something: for I in reading, during which time it should be impossi- be has mine. It is very possible your worship, who ble for any one of us to enter the other's chamber, has spies all over this town, can inform me how to unless by storm. After this we would communicate the trash or treasure we had met with, with our own reflections upon the matter; the justness of gian and friend, the Rev. Mr. Richard Parker. This ageret

* This letter was probably written by Steel's fellow colle which we would controvert with good-humoured plished scholar was for many years vicar of Embleton, warmth, and never spare one another out of that Northumberland, a living in the gift of Merion-college', there complaisant spirit of conversation, which makes he and Steele lived in the most cordial familiarity. Not reani

ing the rural sports of Bamboroughshire, he dechned the sie others affirm and deny the same matter in a quarter change of visits with most of the hospitable gentlemeu inn of an hour. If any of the neighbouring gentlemen, neighbourhood : who, invigorated by their diversions, not of our turn, should take it in their heads to vi in copious meals, and were apt to be vociferous in their terih sit me, I should look upon these persons in the saine

and over-importunate with their guests, to jom in their cett

viality. degree enemies to my particular state of happiness, Duncan Campbell announced himself to be public A as ever the French were to that of the public, and Scotch highlander, gifted with the second-sight. lle was the I would be at an annual expense in spies to observe pretended to be, deaf and dumb. and steceeded in making their motions. Whenever I should be surprised with lity of the vulgar in the ignominicus character as a funiunei. visit as I hate drinking, I would be brisk in swill teller.

TER. Eun. act. i. sc. I.

Send to him. If you can, I beseech you be as speedy my Lady Betty Single, who, by the way, has one as possible, and you will highly oblige

of the greatest fortunes about town. I stared him "Your constant Reader and Admirer, full in the face upon so strange a question; upon " DULCIBELLA THANKLEY." which be immediately gave me an inventory of her

jewels and estate, adding that he was resolved to do Ordered, That the inspector I employ about wonders inquire at the Golden Lion, opposite to the nothing in a matter of such consequence without my Half-Moon tavern in Drury-lane, into the merit of I told him if he could get the lady's consent he had

approbation. Finding he would have an answer, this silent sage, and report accordingly.-T.

mine. This is about the tenth match which, to my

knowledge, Will has consulted his friends upon, No. 475. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1712.

without ever opening his mind to the party herself,

I have been engaged in this subject by the follow-Quæ res in se neque consilium, neque modum ing letter, which comes to me from some notable Habet ullum, eam consilio regere non potes.

young female scribe, who, by the contents of it,

seems to have carried matters so far, that she is The thing that in itsell has neither measure nor consideration, ripe for asking advice; but as I would not lose counsel cannot rule.

her good-will, nor forfeit the reputation which I It is an old observation, which has been made of have with her for wisdom, I shall only communicate politicians who would rather ingratiate themselves the letter to the public, without returning any anwith their sovereign, than promote his real service, swer to it. that they accommodate their counsels to his inclina. tions, and advise him to such actions only as his heart

“MR. SPECTATOR, is naturally set upon. The privy.councillor of one in “Now, Sir, the thing is this ; Mr. Shapely is the love must observe the same conduct, unless he would prettiest gentleman about town. He is very tall, forfeit the friendship of the person who desires his but not too tall neither. He dances like an angel. advice. I have known several odd cases of this na. His mouth is made I do not know how, but it is the ture. Hipparchus was going to marry a common prettiest that I ever saw in my life. He is always woman; but being resolved to do nothing without laughing, for he has an infinite deal of wit. If you the advice of his friend Philander, he consulted him did but see bow he rolls his stockings ! He has a thou upon the occasion. Philander told him his mind sand pretty fancies, and I am sure, if you saw him, freely, and represented his mistress to him in such you would like him. He is a very good scholar, and strong colours, that the next morning he received a can talk Latin as fast as English. I wish you could challenge for his pains, and before iwelve o'clock but see him dance. Now you must understand poor was run through the body by the man who had asked Mr. Shapely has no estate; but how can he help his adyice. Celia was more prudent on the like that, you know? And yet my friends are so unoccasion. She desired Leonilla to give her opinion reasonable as to be always teasing me about him, freely upon the young fellow who made his ad. because he has no estate ; but I am sure he has that dresses to her. Leonilla, to oblige her, told her with that is better than an estate ; for he is a good-nagreat frankness, that she looked upon him as one of tured, ingenious, modest, civil, tall, well-bred, hand. the most worthless.-Celia, foreseeing what a cha- some man; and I am obliged to him for his civiliracter she was to expect, begged her not to go on, ties ever since I saw him. I forgot to tell you that he for that she had been privately married to him has black eyes, and looks upon me now and then as above a fortnight. The truth of it is, a woman sel. if he had tears in them. And yet my friends are so undom asks advice before she has bought her wedding reasonable, that they would have me be uncivil to clothes. When she has made her own choice, for him. I have a good portion which they cannot hipform's sake, she sends a congé d'élire to her friends. der me of, and I shall be fourteen on the 29th day

If we look into the secret springs and motives of August nest, and am therefore willing to settle in that set people at work on these occasions, and the world as soon as I can, and so is Mr. Shapely. put them upon asking advice which they never But every body I advise with here is poor Mü intend to take; I look upon it to be done of the Shapely's enemy. I desire therefore you will give kast, that they are incapable of keeping a secret me your advice, for I know you are a wise nian; which is so very pleasing to them. A girl longs to and if you advise ine well, I am resolved to follow it. tell her confidante, that she hopes to be married in I heartily wish you could see him dance; and am, a little time; and, in order to talk of the pretty “Sir, your most humble Servant,

B. D. fellow that dwells so much in her thoughts, asks her C. “ He loves your Spectators mightily.”. very gravely what she would advise her to do in a case of so much difficulty. Why else should Me. lissa, who had not a thousand pounds in the world, No. 476.] FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1712. go into every quarter of the town to ask her acquaintance, whether they would advise her to take Tom Townly, that made his addresses to her with

Method gives light. an estate of five thousand a year? It is very plea- Among my daily papers which I bestow on the sabt, on this occasion, to hear the lady propose her public, there are some which are written with regudoubts ; and to see the pains she is at to get over larity and method, and others that run out into the them.

wildness of those compositions which go by the name I must not here omit a practice that is in use of essays. As for the first, I have the whole scheme among the vainer part of our own sex, who will of the discourse in my mind before I set pen to often ask a friend's advice in relation to a fortune paper. In the other kind of writing, it is sufficient whom they are never like to come at. Wil Huney. Ithat I have several thoughts on a subject, without comb, who is now on the verge of threescore, took troubling myself to range them in such order, that me aside not long since, and asked me in his most they may seem to grow out of one

another, and be serious look, whether I would advise bim to marry Jäisposed under the proper heads. Seneca and MonSPECTATOR-Nos. 69 & 70.

2 N

Lucidus ordo --HOR. Ars Poet. 41.

An me ludit amabilis

I seem to hear, I seem to move,

" SIR,

taigne are patterns for writing in this last kind, as it. Though the matter in debate be about Dsuay or Tully and Aristotle excel in the other. When I read Denain, it is ten to one but half his discourse runs an author of genius who writes without method, I upon the unreasonableness of bigotry and priestfancy myself in a wood that abounds with a great craft. This makes Mr. Puzzle the admiration of all many noble objects, rising among one another in the those who have less sense than himself, and the con greatest confusion and disorder. When I Icad a tempt of all those who have more. There is none in methodical discourse, I am in a regular plantation, town whom Tom dreads so much as my friend Will and can place myself in its several centres, so as to Dry. Will, who is acquainted with Tom's logic, take a view of all the lines, and walks that are struck when he finds him running off the question, cuts bite from them. You may ramble in the one a whole short with a " What then? We allow all this to be day together, and every moment discover something true; but what is it w our present purpose ? ! or other that is new to you; but when you have have known Tom eloquent half an hour together, and done, you will have but a confused imperfect notion triumphing, as he thought, in the superiurity of the of the place: in the other your eye commands the argument, when he has been nouplussed on a sudden whole prospect, and gives you such an idea of it as by Mr. Dry's desiring him to tell the company whab is not easily worn out of the memory.

it was that he endeavoured to prove. In short, Dry Irregularity and want of method are only support-is a man of a clear methodical head, but few words, able in men of great learning or genius, who are often and gains the same advantages over Puzzle, thai too full to be exact, and therefore choose to throw small body of regular troops would gain over a nusdown their pearls in heaps before the reader, rather berless undisciplined militia, than be at the pains of stringing them.

Method is of advantage to a work, both in respect to the writer and the reader. In regard to the first, No. 477.] SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1712. it is a great help to his invention. When a man has planned his discourse, he finds a great many thoughts

Insania ? Audire, et videvt pios rising out of every head, that do not offer themselves

Errare per lucos, amænæ upou the general survey of a subject. His thoughts Quos et aquae subeunt et aura. Horr3 Od iv. 5, are at the same time more intelligible, and better -Does airy fancy cheat discover their drift and meaning, when they are My mind well pleas'd with the deceit? placed in their proper lights and follow one another

And wander through the happy grove, in a regular series, than when they are thrown to

Where smooth springe flow, aud murug'ring breeze gether without order and connexion. There is al- Wantons through the waving trees --Crecta. ways an obscurity in confusion; and the same sen, t'ence that would have enlightened the reader in one part of a discourse, perplexes him in another. For “ Having lately read your essay on The PleaThe same reason, likewise, every thought in a mesures of the Imagination, I was so taken with your thodical discourse shows itself in its greatest beauty, thoughts upon some of our English gardens, that I as the several figures in a piece of painting receive cannot forbear troubling you with a letter upon that new grace from their disposition in the picture. The subject. I am one, you must know, who am looked advantages of a reader from a methodical discourse upon as a humourist in gardening. I have several are correspondent with those of the writer. He com- acres about my house, which I call my garden, and prehends every thing easily, takes it in with plea- which a skilful gardener would not know what to sure, and retains it long,

call. It is a confusion of kitchen and parterre, orMethod is not less requisite in ordinary conversa- chard and flower-garden, which lie so mixt and intertion thau in writing, provided a man would talk to woven with one another, that if a foreigner who had make himself understood. I who hear a thousand seen nothing of our country, should be convered into coffee-house debates every day, am very sensible of my garden at his first landing, he would look upna, this want of method in the thoughts of my honest it as a natural wilderness, and one of the uncolti. countrymen. There is not one dispute in ten which vated parts of our country. My flowers grow up in is managed in those schools of politics, where, after several parts of the garden in the greatest luxuria the three first sentences, the question is not entirely ancy and profusion. I am so far from being fond of lost. Our disputants put me in mind of the scuttle- any particular one, by reason of its rarity, that if I fish, that when he is unable to extricate himself

, meet with any one in a field which pleases me, I blackens all the water about him until he becomes give it a place in my garden. By this means, when invisible. The man who does not know how to me a stranger walks with me, he is surprised to see se. thodize his thoughts, has always, to borrow a phrase veral large spots of ground covered with ten thou from the Dispensary; "a barren superfluity of words:" sand different colours, and has often singled out the fruit is lost amidst the exuberance of leaves. flowers that he might have met with under a com

Tom Puzzle is one of the most eminent immetho- mon hedge, in a field, or in a meadow, as some of dical disputants of any that has fallen under my ob- the greatest beauties of the place. The only method servation. Tom has read enough to make him very I observe in this particular, is to range in the same impertinent: his knowledge is sufficient to raise quarter the products of the same season, that they doubts, but not to clear them. It is pity that he may make their appearance together, and compuse has so much learning, or that he has not a great deal a picture of the greatest variety. There is the sames

Witb these qualifications, Tom sets up for a irregularity in my plantations, which run into as freethinker, finds a great many things to blame in great a wilderness as their natures will permit. I the constitution of his country, and gives shrewd in- take in none that do not naturally rejoice in the sail timations that he does not believe another world. In and am pleased, when I am walking in a labyrinth short, Puzzle is an atheist as much as his parts will of my own raising, pot to know whether the next give him Icave.' He has got about half a dozen tree I shall meet with is an apple or an oak, az elne common-place topics, into which he never fails to or a pear-tree. My kitchen has likewise its parti, turn the conversation, whatever was the occasion of|cular quarters assigned it ; for besides the wholesoine


luxury which that place abounds withi, I have always the verdure of an evergreen comparable to that which thought a kitehen-garden a more pleasant sight than shoots out annually, and clothes our trees in the sumthe finest orangery; or artificial green-house. I mer season. But I have often wondered that those love to see every thing in its perfection; and an who are like myselt, and love to live in gardens, more pleased to survey my rows of coleworts and have never thought of contriving a winter garded, cabbages, with a thousand Dameless pot-herbs, which should consist of such trees only as never cast springing up in their full fragrancy and verdure, their leaves. We have very often little snatches of than to see the tender plants of foreign countries sunshine and fair weather in the most uncomfortable kept alive by artificial heats, or withering in an air parts of the year, and have frequently several days and soil that are not adapted to them. I must not in November and January that are as agreeable as omit, that there is a fountain rising in the upper part any in the finest months. At sứch times, therefore, of my garden, which forms a little wandering rill, I think there could not be a greater pleasure than to and administers to the pleasure as well as the plenty walk in such a winter garden as I have proposed. of the place. I have so conducted it, that it visits In the summer season the whole country blooms, and most of my plantations : and have taken particular is a kind of garden; for which reason we are not so care to let it run in the same manner as it would do sensible of those beauties that at this time may be in an open field, so that it generally passes through every where met with; but when nature is in her debanks of violets and primroses, plats of willow, or solation, and presents us with nothing but bleak and other plants, that seem to be of its own producing. barren prospects, there is something unspeakably There is another circumstance in which I am very cheerful in a spot of ground which is covered with particular, or, as my neighbours call me, very whim. trées that smile amidst all the rigours of winter, and sical: as my garden invites into it all the birds of give us a view of the most gay season in the midst the country, by offering them the conveniency of of that which is the most dead and melancholy. I springs and shades, solitude and shelter, I do not have so far indulged myself in this thought, that I suffer any one to destroy their nests in the spring, have set apart a whole acre of ground for the execu: or drive them from their usual haunts in fruit time; tion of it. The walls are covered with ivy instead of I value my garden more for being full of blackbirds vines. The laurel, the horn-beam, and the bolly, than cherries, and very frankly give them fruit for with many other trees and plants of the same nature, their songs. By this means, I have always the mu- grow so thick in it, that you cannot imagine a more sic of the season in its perfection, and am highly de- lively scene. The glowing redness of the berries, lighted to see the jay or the thrush hopping about with which they are hung at this time, vies with the my walks, and shooting before my eye across the se- verdure of their leaves, and is apt to inspire the veral little glades and alleys that I pass through. I heart of the beholder with that vernal delight which think there are as many kinds of gardening as of you have somewhere taken notice of in your former poetry: your makers of parterres and flower-gardens papers. It is very pleasant, at the same time, to see are epigrammatists and sonneteers in this art; con- the several kinds of birds retiring into this little trivers of bowers and grottos, treillages and cascades, green spot, and enjoying themselves among the are romance writers. Wise and London are our branches and foliage; when my great gardën, whichi beroic poets; and if, as a crític, I may single out I have before mentioned to you; does not afford a any passage of their works to commend, I shall take single leaf for their shelter. totice of that part in the upper garden at Kensing- « You must know, Sir, that I look upon the pleas ton, which was at first nothing but a gravel-pit. It sure which we take in a garden as one of the most miust have been a fine genius for gardening that innocent delights in human life. A garden was the eguld have thought of forming such an unsightly habitation of our first parents before the fall. It is hollow into so beautiful an area, and to have hit the naturally apt to fill the ihind with calmness and tran ege with so uncommon and agreeable a scene'as quillity, and to lay all its turbulent passions at rest. that which it is now wrought into. To give this par. It gives us a great insight into the contrivances and ticular spot of ground the greater effect, they have wisdom of Providence, and suggests innumerable made a very pleasing contrast ; for, as on one side subjects for meditation. I cannot but think the very of the walk you see this hollow basin, with its seves complacency and satisfaction which a man takes in ral bittle plantations, lying so conveniently under the these works of nature to be a laudable, if not a vir. ege of the beholder, on the other side of it there ap- tuous babit of mind. For all which reasons, I hope pears a seeming mount, made up of trees, rising one you will pardon the length of my present letter. higher than another, in proportion as they approach C.

“I am, Sir," &c. the centre. A spectator, who has not heard this ac. coaht of it, would think this circular mount was not No. 478.] MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1712. only a real one, but that it had been actually scooped

Unus, out of that hollow space which I have before men- Quem penes arbitrium est, et jus, et normationed. I never yet met with any one, who bas Facked in this garden, who was not struck with that

Fashion, sole arbitress of dress. part of it which I have here mentioned. As for my- “MR. SPECTATOR, solly you will find, by the account which I have al. " It happened lately that a friend of mine, who ready given you, that my compositions in gardening had many things to buy for his family, would oblige are altogether after the Pindaric manner, and rün me to walk with him to the shops. He was very into the beautiful wildness of nature; without affect- nice in his way, and fond of having every thing ing the niger elegances of art. What I am now showni; which at first made me very uneasy, but as going to mention, will perhaps deserve your atten- his humour still continued, the 'things which I had tione more than any thing I have yet said. I find been staring at along with him began to fill my head, that, in the discourse which I spoke of at the begin- and led me into a set of amusing thoughts conceri ning of my letter, you are against filling an Ēn ing them. glish garden with evergreens; and indeed I'am so * I fancied it must be very surprising to any one farof your opinion, that I can by no means think I who enters into a detail of fasbions to consider how

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HORI Ars Poet. v. 72.

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far the vanity of mankind has laid itself out in dress, sooper draw the eyes of the beholders. And to the what a prodigious number of people it maintains, end that these may be preserved with all due care, and what a circulation of money it occasions. Pro- let there be a keeper appointed, who shall be a genvidence in this case makes use of the foliy which we tleman qualified with a competent knowledge in will not give up, and it becomes instrumental to the clothes, so that by this means the place will be a support of those who are willing to labour. Hence comfortable support for some beau who has spent it is that fringe-makere, lacemen, tire-women, and his estate in dressing. a number of other trades, which would be useless in “ The reasons offered, by- which we expected to a simple state of nature, draw their subsistence; gain the approbation of the public, were as follows:though it is seldom seen that such as these are ex- First, That every one who is considerable tremely rich, because their original fault being enough to be a mode, or has any imperfection of nafounded upon vanity, keeps them poor by the light ture or chance, which it is possible to hide by the inconstancy of its nature. The variableness of advantage of clothes, may, by coming to this reposi

. fashion turns the stream of business, which Aows tory, be furnished herself, and furnisb all, who are from it, now into one channel, and anon into an under the same misfortune, with the most agreeable other; so that different sets of people sink or flourish manner of concealing it : and that on the other in their turns by it.

side, every one who has any beauty in face or shape, “ From the shops we retired to the tavern, where may also be furnished with the most agreeable I found my friend express so much satisfaction for manner of showing it. the bargains he had made, that my moral reflections Secondly, That whereas some of our young (if I had told them) might have passed for a reproof; gentlemen who travel, give us great reason to sus80 I chose rather to fall in with him, and let the dis- pect that they only go abroad to make or improve a course run upon the use of fashions.

fancy for dress, a project of this nature inay be a “Here we remembered how much man is governed means to keep them at home; which is in effect the by his senses, how livelily he is struck by the objects keeping of so much money in the kingdom. And which appear to him in an agreeable manner, how perhaps the balance of fashion in Europe, which much clothes contribute to make us agreeable ob- now leans upon the side of France, may be so aljects, and how much we owe it to ourselves that we tered for the future, that it may become as common should appear so.

with Frenchmen to come to England for their " We considered man as belonging to societies; finishing stroke of breeding, as it bas been for Eosocieties as formed of different ranks, and different glishmen to go to France for it. ranks distinguished by habits, that all proper duty Thirdly, Whereas several great scholars, who or respect might attend their appearance.

might have been otherwise useful to the world, have .“ We took notice of several advantages which spent their time in studying to describe the dresses are met with in the occurrences of conversation; of the ancients from dark bints, wbich they are fain how the bashful man has been sometimes so raised, to interpret and support with much learning: it as to express himself with an air of freedom, when will from henceforth happen that they shall be freed he imagines that his habit introduces him to com- from the trouble, and the world from these useless pany with a becoming manner; and again, how a volumes. This project will be a registry, to which fool' in fine clothes shall be suddenly heard with posterity may have recourse, for the clearing sucha attention, till he has betrayed himself; whereas a obscure passages as tend that way in authors; and man of sense, appearing with a dress of negligence, therefore we shall not for the future submit ourselves shall be but coldly, received till he be proved by to the learning of etymology, which might persuade time, and established in a character. Such things the age to come that the farthingale was worn for as these we could recollect to have happened to our cheapness, or the furbelow for warmth. own knowledge so very often, that we concluded “Fourthly, Whereas they, who are old themselves, the author had his reasons, who advises his son to have often a way of railing at the extravagance of go in dress rather above his fortune than under it. youth, and the whole age in which their children

" At last the subject seemed so considerable, that live; it is hoped that this ill-humour will be much it was proposed to have a repository built for suppressed, when we can have recourse to the fashions, as there are chambers for medals and fashions of their times, produce them in our viodi. other rarities. The building may be shaped as cation, and be able to show that it might have been that which stands among the pyramids in the form as expensive in Queen Elizabeth's time only to wash of a woman's head. This may be raised upon pillars, and qnill a ruff, as it is now to buy cravats or neck. whose ornaments shall bear a just relation to the handkerchiefs. design. Thus there may be an imitation of fringe “ We desire also to have it taken notice of, that carved in the base, a sort of appearance of lace in because we would show a particular respect to the frieze, and a representation of curling locks, foreigners, which nay induce them to perfect their with bows of ribands sloping over them, may fill up breeding here in a knowledge wbich is very proper the work of the cornice. The inside may be di- for pretty gentlemen, we have conceived the motto vided into two apartments appropriated to each sex. for the house in the learned language. There is to The apartments may be tilled with shelves, on which be a picture over the door, with a looking-glass and boxes are to stand as regularly as books in a library. a dressing-chair in the middle of it; then on one These are to have folding-doors, which being opened, side are to be seen, one above another, pateb-baxes, you are to behold a baby dressed out in some fashion pincushions, and little bottles; on the other, pox. which has flourished, and standing upon a pedestal, der-bags, puffs

, combs, and brushes; beyond these, where the time of its reign is marked down. For swords with fine knots, wbose points are hidden, its further regulation let it be ordered, that every and fans almost closed, with the handles downwards, one who invents a fashion shall bring in his box, are to stand out interchangeably from the sides, whose front he may at pleasure have either worked until they meet at the top, ayd form a semicircle or painted with some ainorous or gay device, that, over the rest of the figures; beneath all, the wrilike books with gilded leaves and covers, it may the ting is to run in this pretty sounding manner :

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