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not in relation to assignations, that es posed a man shall single out some characters of maids, wives, and to a very uneasy adventure. Will Trap and Jack widows, which deserve the imitation of the $94. Stint were chamber-tellows in the Inner Temple She who shall lead this small illustrious pumber of about twenty-five years ago. They one night sat heroines shall be the amiable Fidelia. in the pit together at a comedy, where they both ob- Before I enter upon the particular parts of her served and liked the same young woman in the eharacter, it is necessary to preface, that she is the boxes. Their kindness for her entered both hearts only child of a decrepit father, whose life is bound deeper than they imagined. Stint had a good faculty ap in hers. This gentleman has used Fidelia from at writing letters of love, and made his address pri. her cradle with all the tenderness imaginable, and vately that way; while Trap proceeded in the ordi. has viewed her growing perfections with the parnary course, by money and her waiting-maid. The tiality of a parent, that soon thought her acromkady gave them both encouragement, receiving Trap plished above the children of all other men, but into the utmost favour, and answering at the same never thought she was come to the utmost improve time Stint's letters, and giving him appointments at ment of which she berself was capable. This fondthird places. Trap began to suspect the epistolary ness has had very happy effects upon his own hapcorrespondence of his friend, and discovered also piness; for she reads, she dances, she sinys, uses ber that Stint opened all his letters which came to their spinet and lute to the utmost perfection; and the common lodgings, in order to form his own assigna- lady's use of all these excellences is to divert the old tions. After much anxiety and restlessness, Trap man in his easy chair, when he is out of the pangs came to a resolution, which he thought would break of a chronical distemper. Fidelia is now in the off their commerce with one another without any twenty-third year of her age; but the application hazardous explanation. He therefore writ a letter of many lovers, her vigorous time of life, bier quick in a feigned hand to Mr. Trap at his chambers in sense of all that is truly gallant and elegant in the the Temple. Stint, according to custom, seized and enjoyment of a plentifúl fortune, are not able to opened it, and was not a little surprised to find the draw her from the side of ber good old father. Cerinside directed to himself, when with great pertur- tain it is, that there is no kind of affection so pure bation of spirit he read as follows :

and angelic as that of a father to a daughter. He “ Mr. Stint,

beholds her both with and without regard to her

In love to our wives there is desire, to our " You have gained a slight satisfaction at the ex

sons there is ambition; but in that to our daughters pense of doing a very heinous crime. At the price there is something which there are no words to exof a faithful friend you have obtained an inconstant press. Her life is designed wholly domestic, and mistress. I rejoice in this expedient I have thought she is so ready a friend and companion, that every of to break my mind to you, and tell you you are thing that passes about a man is accompanied with a base fellow, by a means which does not expose you the idea of her presence. Her sex also is naturally to the affront except you deserve it. I know, Sir, so much exposed to hazard, both as to fortune and as criminal as you are, you have still shame enough innocence, that there is perhaps a new cause of to avenge yourself against the hardiness of any one fondness arising from that consideration also. None way odblicly tell you of it. I, therefore, but fathers can have a true sense of these sort of who have received so many secret hurts from you, pleasures and sensations; but my familiarity with shall take satisfaction with safety to myself. I call the father of Fidelia makes me let drop the words şou base, and you must bear it, or acknowledge it; which I have heard him speak, and observe upon I triumph over you that you cannot come at me; his tenderness towards her." nor do I think it dishonourable to come in armour

Fidelia, on her part, as I was going to say, as acto assault him, who was in ambuscade when he complished as she is, with all her beauty, wit, air, wounded me.

and mien, employs her whole time in care and at“ What need more be said to convince you oftendance upon her father.

How have I been being guilty of the basest practice imaginable, than charmed to see one of the most beauteous women that it is such as has made you liable to be treated the age has produced, on her knees, helping on an after this manner, while you yourself cannot in your old man's slipper! Her filial regard to him is what own conscience but allow the justice of the upbraid she makes her diversion, her business, and her glory, ings of

“ Your injured Friend, When she was asked by a freind of her deceased T.


mother, to admit of the courtship of her son, she

answered, that she had a great respect and gretitude No. 419.] TUESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1712. to her for the overture in behalf of one so near to

her, but that during her father's life she would ad- Tibi scriptus, matrona, libellus.--Mart. iii. 68.

mit into her heart no value for any thirg that should A book the chastest matron may peruse

interfere with her endeavour to make his remaids of When I reflect upon my labours for the public, life as happy and easy as could be expected in his I cannot but observe, that part of the species, of circumstances. The lady adunonished ber of the which I profess myself a friend and guardian, is priine of life with a smile; which Fidelia naswered sometimes treated with severity; that is, there are with a frankness that always attends unfeigned sin in my writings many descriptions given of ill per- tuc: “ It is true, Madam, there are to be sure very sons, and not yet any direct encomium made on great satisfactions to be expected in the commeite those who are good. When I was convinced of this of a man of honour, whom one tenderly loves; but error, I could not but immediately call to mind se- I find so much satisfaction in the reflection bow veral of the fair sex of my acquaintance, whose much I mitigate a good man's pains, whose welfare characters deserve to be transmitted to posterity in depeuds upon my assiduity about him, that I wil

. writings which will long outlive miue. But I do lingly exclude the loose gratifications of not tbink that a reason why I should not give them the solid retlections of duty. I know not whether their place in my diurnal as long as it will last. any man's wife would be allowed, and (what I sull For the service therefore of my female readers, 1 more fear) I know not whether I, a wife, should be

passion for

willing to be as officious as I am at present about my No. 450.) WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1712 parent.” The happy father has her declaration that she will not marry during his life, and the pleasure

Quærenda pecunia primum,

Virtus post nuinmos. Hor. 1 Ep. 1. 53. of seeing that resolution put uneasy to her. Were one to paint glial affection in its utmost beauty, he

Get money, money still,

And then let virtue follow, if she will.POPE could not have a more lively idea of it than in be. holding Fidelia serving her father at his hours of

“ MR. SPECTATOR, risiog, meals, and rest.

"All men, through different paths, make at the When the general crowd of female youth are con- same common thing, money; and it is to her we sulting their glasses, preparing for balls, assemblies, owe the politician, the merchant, and the lawyer; or plays; for a young lady who could be regarded uay, to be free with you, I believe to that also we among the foremost in those places, either for her are beholden for our Spectator. I am apt to think, person, wit, fortune, or conversation, and yet con- that could we look into our own hearts, we should lemn all these entertainments, to sweeten the heavy see money engraved in them in more lively and hours of a decrepit parent, is a resignation truly moving characters than self-preservation; for who heroic. Fidelia performs the duty of a nurse with can reflect upon the merchant hoisting sail in a all the beauty of a bride; nor does she neglect her doubtful pursuit of her, and all mankind sacrificing person, because of her attendance on him, when he their quiet to her, but must perceive that the chais too ill to receive company, to whom she may racters of self-preservation (which were, doubtless, make an appearance.

originally the brightest) are sullied, if not wholly Fidelia, who gives him up her youth, does not defaced; and that those of money (which at first think it any great sacrifice to add to it the spoiling was only valuable as a mean to security) are of late of her dress. Her care and exactness in her habit so brightened, that thc characters of self-preservaconvince her father of the alacrity of her mind; and tion, like a less light set by a greater, are become she bas of all women the best fonndation for affecting almost imperceptible? Thus has money got the the praise of a seeming negligence. What adds to upper hand of what all mankind formerly thought the entertainment of the good old man is, that Fi- most dear, viz. security; and I wish I could say she delia, where merit and fortune cannot be overlooked bad here put a stop to her victories : but, alas! by epistolary lovers, reads over the accounts of her common honesty fell a sacrifice to her. This is the conquests, plays on her spinet the gayest airs (and, way scholastic men talk of the greatest good in the while she is doing so, you would think her formed world; but I, a tradesman, shall give you another only for gallantry) to intimate to him the pleasures account of this matter in the plain narrative of my she despises for his sake.

own life. I think it proper, in the first place, to Those who think themselves the patterns of good acquaint my readers, that since my setting out in Breeding and gallantry would be astonished to hear the world, which was in the year 1660, I never that

, in those intervais when the old gentleman is wanted money: having begun with an indifferent at ease, and can bear company, there are at his good stock in the tobacco-trade, to which I was bred; house, in the most regular order, assemblies of and by the continual successes it has pleased Propeople of the highest merit; where there is conver. vidence to bless my endeavours with, am at last at. sation without mention of the faults of the absent, rived at what they call a plum.* To uphold my beuetolence between men and women without pas discourse in the manner of your wits of philososion, and the highest subjects of morality treated phers, by speaking fine things, or drawing inferences of as natural and accidental discourse; all which is as they pretend, from the nature of the subject, I owing to the genius of Fidelia, who at once makes account it vain; having never found any thing in her father's way to another world easy, and herself the writings of such men, that did not savour moro capable of being an honour to bis name in this. of the invention of the brain, or what is styled specu

lation, than of sound judgment or profitable obser"MR. SPECTATOR,

vation. I will readily grant, indeed, that there is " I was the other

day at the Bear-garden, in hopes what the wits call natural in their talk; which is to have seen your short face; but not being so for the utmost those curious authors can assume to lunate, I must tell you by way of letter, that there themselves, and is, indeed, all they endeavour at, is a mystery among the gladiators which has escaped for they are but lamentable teachers. And what, your spectatorial penetration. For, being in a box I pray, is natural? That which is pleasing and easy. at an alehouse near that renowned seat of honour And what are pleasing and easy? Forsooth a new, above mentioned, I overheard two masters of the thought, or conceit, dressed up in smooth quaint science agreeing to quarrel on the next opportunity. language, to make you smile and wag your head, as This was to happen in the company of a set of the being what you never imagined before, and yet fraternity of basket-hilts, who were to meet that wonder why you had not; mere frothy amusements, evening. When this was settled, one asked the fit only for boys or silly women to be canght with other, Will you give cuts or receive ?" The other “ It is not my present intention to instruct my Baswered, “Receive.' It was replied, 'Are you a readers in the methods of acquiring riches; that passionate man? No, provided you cut no more, may be the work of another essay; but to exhibit Dor no deeper than we agree. I thought it my duty the real and solid advantages I have found by thent to acquaint you with this

, that the people may not in my long and manifold experience ; nor yet all pay their money for fighting, and be cheated.

the advantages of so worthy and valuable a blessing, " Your bumble Servant,

(for who does not know or imagine the comforts of T.

being warm or living at ease, and that power and “ SCABBARD Rusty."

pre-eminence are their inseparable attendants ?) but only to instance the great supports they afford us under the severest calamities and misfortunes ;

A cant word used by commercial people, to signify 100,000L

to me,

to show that the love of them is a special antidote me) of a wealthy spark of the court-end of the against immorality and vice; and that the same. town; of whom I recovered 15,0001., which made vives likewise naturally dispose men to actions of ne amends for what she had idly squandered, and piety and devotion. All which I can make out by put a silence to all my neighbours, taking off my niy own experience, who think myself no ways reproach by the gain they saw I had by it. The particular from the rest of mankind, nor better por last died about two years after I married her, in laworse by nature ihan generally other men are. bour of three children. I conjecture they were le

“In the year 1065, when the sickness* was, I gotten by a country kinsman of bers, whom, at het kost hy it my wife and two children, which were all recommendation, I took into my fainily, and gave my stock. Probably I might have had more, con- wages to as a journeyman. What this creature sidering I was married between four and five years ; expended in delicacies and high diet for her kinsbut finding her to be a teeming woman, I was care- man (as well as I could compute by the poulterer's, ful, as having then little above a brace of thousand fishmonger's, and grocer's bills), amounted in the pounds to carry on my trade and maintain a family said two years to one hundred eighty-six pounds with. I loved them as usually men do their wives four shillings and five-pence halfpenny. The five and children, and therefore could not resist the first apparel, bracelets, lockets, and treats, &c. of the impulses of nature on so wounding a loss; but I other, according to the best calculation, cane, in quickly roused myself, and

found means to alleviate, three years and about three quarters, to seven butand at last conquer, my affliction, by reflecting how dred forty-four pounds seven shillings and ninethat she and her children had been no great expense pence. After this I resolved never to marry more,

the best part of her fortune was still left; and found I had been a gainer by my marriages, that my charge being reduced to myself

, a journey and the damage granted me for the abuses of my man, and a maid, I inight live far cheaper than be, bed (all charges deducted), eight thousand three fore; and that being now a childless widower, 1 hundred pounds within a trifle. might perhaps, marry a no less deserving woman, “ I come now to show the good effects of the love and with a much better fortune than she brought, of money on the lives of men, towards rendering which was but 8001. And to convince my readers them honest, sober, and religious. When I was a that such considerations as these were proper and young man, I had a mind to make the best of my apt to produce such an effect, I remember it was the wits, and over-reached a country chap in a parcel constant observation at that deplorable time when of unsound goods; to whom, upon his upbraiding, so many hundreds were swept away daily, that the and threatening to expose me for it, I returned the rich ever bore the loss of their families and rela equivalent of his loss; and upon his good advice, Lions far better than the poor : the latter, having wherein he clearly demonstrated the folly of secta likle or nothing beforehand, and living from hand artifices, which can never end but in shame, and to mouth, placed the whole comfort and satisfaction the ruin of all correspondence, I never after trans of their lives in their wives and children, and were gressed. Can your courtiers, who take bribes, or therefore inconsolable.

your lawyers or physicians in their practice, or even “ The following year happened the fire; at which the divines who intermeddle in worldly affairs, time, by good providence, it was my fortune to have boast of making but one slip in their lives

, and of converted the greatest part of my effects into ready such a thorough and lasting reformation? Since money, on the prospect of an extraordinary advan. my coming into the world I do not remember I was tage which I was preparing to lay hold on. This ever overtaken in drink, save nine times, once at calamity was very ierrible and astonishing, the fury the christening of my first child, thrice at our city of the flames being such, that whole streets, at seve- feasts, and five times at driving of bargains. My ral distant places, were destroyed, at one and the reformation I can attribute to nothing so much as same time, so tbat (as it is well known) almost all the love and esteem of money, for I found myself to our citizens were burnt out of what they had. But be extravagant in my drink, and apt to turn pre what did I then do?. I did not stand gazing on the jector, and make raská bargains. As for women, ruins of our noble metropolis ; I did not shake my never knew any except my wives : for my reader head, wring my hands, sigh, and shed tears; I con- must know, and it is what we may confide in as an sidered with myself what could this avail ? 'I fell a excellent recipe, that the love of business and plodding what advantages might be made of the money is the greatest mortifier of inordinate deready cash I had; and immediately bethought my: sires imaginable, as employing the mind continually self that wonderful pennyworths might be bought of in the careful oversight of what one bas, in the the goods that were saved out of the fire. In short

, eager quest after more, in looking after the negatwith about 20001. and a little credit, I bought as gences and deceits of servants, in the due entering much tobacco as raised my estate to the value of and stating of accounts, in hunting after chaps, and 10,0001. I then looked on the ashes of our city, in the exact knowledge of the state of markets; and the misery of its late inhabitants, as an effect which things whoever thoroughly attends to, will of the just wrath and indignation of heaven towards find enough and enough to employ his thoughts on a sinful and perverse people.'

every moinent of the day; so that I cannot talt to “After this I married again : and that wife dying mind, that in all the time I was a husband, which, I took another : but both proved to be idle bag; off and on, was about twelve years, lever vaxt gages : the first gave me a great deal of plague and thought of my wives but iu bed. And, lastly, hot vexation by her extravagances, and I became one religion, I have ever been a constant churchmes

, of the by-words of the city. I knew it would be to both foreuoons and afternoons on Sundays, neret no manner of purpose to go about

to curb the fan- forgetting to be thankful for any gain or advantage more for being restrained ; but what I could I did; casting up my accounts

, I always was grateful for in the embraces (for which I had two witnesses with that of the whole year. It is true, perhaps, that may I watched her narrowly, and by good luck found her the sum of my week's profits, and at Christmas fur • The plague.

devotion bas not been the most fervent; which,


think, ought to be imputed to the evenness and se-, famous methods. I have never yet heard of a mi dateners of my tempor, which never would admit of nistry who have inflicted an exemplary punishurent any impetuosities of any sort: and I can remember on an author that has supported their cause with that in my youth and prime of manhood, when my falsehood and scandal, and treated in a most cruel blood rani brisker, I took greater pleasure in reli- manner the names of those who have been looked gious-esercises than at present, or many years past, upon as their rivals and antagonists. Would a goand that my devotion sensibly declined as age, which vernment set an everlasting mark of their displeais dull and unwieldy, came upon me.

sure upon one of those infamous writers, who makes "I bave, I hope, here proved, that the love of his court to them by tearing to pieces the reputamoney prevents all immorality and vice; which, if tion of a competitor, we should quickly see an end you will not allow, you must, that the pursuit of it put to this race of vermin that are a scandal to go. obliges men to the same kind of life as they wouldvernment, and a reproach to lurnau nature. Such follow if they were really virtuous; which is all I a proceeding would make a minister of stute sbine have to say at present, only recommending to you, in history, and would till all mankind with a just that you would think of it, and turn ready wit into abborrence of persons who should treat him unready money as fast as you can. I conclude, worthily, and employ against him those arins which " Your Servant,

he scorned to make use of against his enemies, “ EPHRAIM WEED,” I cannot think that any one will be su unjust as

to imagine what I have bere said is spoken with re

spect to any party or faction. Every one who has No, 451.) THURSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1712.

in him the sentiments either of a Chiistian or geu

tleman, cannot but be highly offended at this wicked -Jam savus apertam lo rabiem verti coepit jucus, et per honestas

and ungenerous practice, which is so much in use Ire domos impune minax- Hor. 2 Ep. i. 148. among us at present, that it is become a kind of -Times corrupt and nature ill-inclin'd

national crime, and distinguishes us from all the Produc'd the point that left the sting behind;

governments that lie about us. I cannot but look Till, friend with friend, and families at strife,

upon the finest strokes of satire which are aimed at "Triumphant malice ray'd throuyda private life.—Pore.

particular persons, and which are supported even There is nothing so scandalous to a government, with the appearances of truth, to be the marks of an and detestable in the eyes of all good men, as de evil mind, and highly criminal in themselves. Infamatory papers and pamphlets; but at the same famy, like other punishments, is under the direction time there is nothing so difficult to tame as a satiri- and distribution of the magistrate, and not of any cal author. An angry writer who cannot appear in private person. Accordingly we learn, from a fragprint

, naturally vents his spleen in libels and lam- ment of Cicero, that though there were very few poons. A gay old woman, says the fable, seeing all capital punishments in the twelve tables, a libel or her wrinkles represented in a large looking-glass, lampoon, which took away the good name of anthrew it upou the ground in a passion, and broke it other, was to be punished by death. But this is into a thousand pieces; but as she was afterward far from being our case. Our satire is nothing but surveying the fragments with a spiteful kind of ribaldry, and Billingsgate. Scurrility passes for pleasure, she could not forbear uttering herself in wit; and he who can call names in the greatest vathe following soliloquy. “What have I got by this riety of phrases, is looked upon to have the shrewdrevengeful blow of mine? I have only multiplied est pen. By this means, the honour of families is my deformity, and see a hundred ugly faces, where ruined, the highest posts and greatest titles are reubefore I saw but one."

dered cheap and vile in the sight of the people, the It has been proposed, to oblige every person that noblest virtues and most exalied parts exposed to writes a book, or a paper, to swear himself the the contenupt of the vicious and the ignorant. Should author of it, and enter down in a public register his a foreigner, who knows nothing of our private facname and place of abode.

tions, or one who is to act his part in the world This indeed would have effectually suppressed all when our present heats and animosities are forgot

, printed scandal, which generally appears under bor. -should, I say, such a one form to himself a notion wowed names, or under none at all. But it is to be of the greatest' men of all sides in the British naleared that such an expedient would not only de- tion, who are now living, from the characters which stroy scandal, but learning. It would operate pro- are given them in some or other of those abominable miscuously, and root up the corn and tares together. writings which are daily published among us, what Not to mention some of the most celebrated works a nation of monsters must we appear ! of piety, which have proceeded frum aponymous As this cruel practice tends to the utter subverauthors

, who have made it their merit to convey to sion of all truth and humanity among us, it deserves us so great a charity in secret; there are few works the utmost detestation and discouragement of all of genius that come out at first with the author's who have either the love of their country or the name. The writer generally makes a trial of them honour of their religion at heart. I would therefore in the world before he owns them; and, I believe, earnestly recommend it to the consideration of those very few, who are capable of writing, would set pen who deal in these pernicious arts of writing, and of to paper, if they knew beforehand that they must those who take pleasure in the reading of them. As ant publish their productions but on such conditions. for the first, I have spoken of them in former papers, For any own part, I trust declare, the papers I pre- and have not stuck to rank them with the murderer sent the prblic are like fairy favours, which shall and assassin. Every honest man sets as high a last no longer than while the author is concealed. value upon a good name, as upon life itself; and I

That which makes it particularly difficult to re- cannot but think that those who privily assault the strain these sonis of calumny and defamation is one, would destroy the other, might they do it with that all sides are equally guilty of it, and that every the same secrecy and impunity. dirty seribbler is countenanced hy great names,

As for persons who take pleasure in the reading mbuse interests he propagates by such vile and in- and dispersing of such detestable libels, I am afraid


they fall very little short of the guilt of the first often in the same words; but their way of cooking composers. By a law of the Emperors Valentinian it is so different, that there is no citizen, who has an and Valens, it was made death for any person not eye to the public good, that can leave the coffeeonly to write a libel, but, if he met with one by house with peace of mind, before he has given every chance, not to tear or burn it. But because I would one of them a reading. These several dishes of not be thought singular in my opinion of this matter, news are so very agreeable to the palate of my I shall conclude my paper with the words of Mon- countrymen, that they are not only pleased with sieur Bayle, who was a man of great freedom of them when they are served up hot, but when they thought as well as of exquisite learning and judg- are again set cold before them, by those penetrating

politicians who oblige the public with their reflec"I cannot imagine, that a man who disperses avions and observations upon every piece of intellilibel is less desirous of doing mischief than the gence that is sent us from abroad. The text is author himself. But what shall we say of the plea- given us by one set of writers, and the comment sure which a man takes in the reading of a defama- by another. tory libel? Is it not a heinous sin in the sight of But notwithstanding we have the same tale told God? We must distiuguish in this point. This us in so many different papers, and, if occasion repleasure is either an agreeable sensation we are af. quires, in so many articles of the same paper; notfected with, when we meet with a witty thought withstanding, in a scarcity of foreign posts, we hear which is well expressed, or it is a joy which we con- the same story repeated by different advices from ceive from the dishonour of the person who is defamed. Paris, Brussels, the Hague, and from every great I will say nothing to the first of these cases ; for town in Europe ; potwithstanding the multitude of perhaps some would think that my morality is not annotations, explanations, reflections, and various severe enough, if I should affirm that a man is not readings, which it passes through, our time lies master of those agreeable sensations, any more than heavy on our hands till the arrival of a fresh mail; of those occasioned by sugar or honey, when they we long to receive further particulars, to hear vbat touch his tongue, but as to the second, every one will be the next step, or what will be the conse will own that pleasure to be a heinous sin. The quences of that which has been already taken. A pleasure in the first case is of no continuance; it westerly wind keeps the whole town in suspense, prevents our reason and retlection, and may be im- and puts a stop to conversation. mediately followed by a secret grief, to see our neigh- This general curiosity has been raised and inbour's honour blasted. If it does not cease imme- flamed by our late wars, and, if rigbtly directed, diately, it is a sign that we are not displeased with might be of good use to a peson who has such a the ill-nature of the satirist, but are glad to see him thirst awakened in him. Why should not a man, defame bis enemy by all kinds of stories; and then who takes delight in reading every thing that is we deserve the punishment to which the writer of new, apply himself to history, travels, and other the libel is subject. I shall here add the words of a writings of the same kind, where he will find permodern author. St. Gregory, upon excommuni. petual fuel for his curiosity, and meet with much cating those writers who had dishonoured Castorius, more pleasure and improvement than in these does not except those who read their works; be- papers of the week ? An honest tradesman, who cause, says he, if calumuies bave always been the languishes a whole summer in expectation of a delight of the hearers, and a gratification of those battle, and perhaps is baulked at last, may here persons who have no other advantage over the meet with half-a-dozen in a day.

He may read the honest man, is not he who takes pleasure in reading news of a whole campaign in less time than he now them as guilty as he who composed them? It is an bestows upon the products of any single post. uncontested maxim, that they who approve an ac- Fights, conquests, and revolutions, lie thick toge tion, would certainly do it if they could ; that is, if ther. The reader's curiosity is raised and satisfied some reason of self-love did not hinder them. There every moment, and his passions disappointed or is no dill oce, says Cicero, between advising a gratified, without being detained in a state of uncrime, and approving it when committed. The certainty from day to day, or lying at the mercy of Roman law confirmed this maxim, having subjected the sea and wind; in short, the mind is not here the approvers and authors of this evil to the same kept in perpetual gape after knowledge, nor pupenalty. We may therefore conclude, that those nished with that eternal thirst which is the portion who are pleased with reading defamatory libels, so of all our modern newsmongers and coffee-house far as to approve the authors and dispersers of them, politicians. are as guilty as if they had composed them; for, if

All matters of fact, which a man did not know they do not write such libels themselves, it is be-before, are news to him; and I do not see bow any cause they have not the talent of writing, or because haberdasher in Cheapside is more concerned in the they will run no hazard."

present quarrel of the Cantons, than he was in that The author produces other authorities to confirm of the League. At least, I believe, every one will his judgment in this particular.-C.

allow me it is of more importance to an Englishman to know the history of his ancestors than that of his

contemporaries who live upon the banks of the Dar No. 452.) FRIDAY, AUGUST 8, 1712. nube of the Borysthenes. “As for those who are of

another mind, I shall recommend to them the fol Est natura hominum novitatis avida.-Plix. apud Lillium.

lowing letter from a projector who is willing to Human nature is fond of novelty.

turn a penny by this remarkable curiosity of his There is no humour in my countrymen which I countrymen. am more inclined to wonder at than their general thirst after news. There are about half-a-dozen in

“MR. SPECTATOR, genious men, who live very plentifully upon this * You must have observed, that men who frequent curiosity of their fellow-subjects. They all of them coffee-houses, and delight in news, are pleased with receive the same advices fruin abroad, and veryl every thing that is matter of fact, so it be what they

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